Historical Events in 1851

  • Jan 1 City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • Jan 15 Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • Jan 28 Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • Jan 31 Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk
  • Jan 31 SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
  • Feb 6 Robert Schumann's 3rd Symphony "Rhenisch" premieres in Dusseldorf
  • Feb 11 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
  • Feb 15 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • Feb 26 13th Grand National: T. Abbott aboard Abd-El-Kader IRE wins
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • Mar 6 Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • Mar 7 Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 11 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 25 Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • Apr 15 Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • Apr 23 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 1 Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • May 3 Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • May 4 First major San Francisco fire destroys a quarter of the city
  • May 6 Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • May 6 Linus Yale patents Yale lock
  • May 6 New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • May 6 San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • May 15 Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • May 18 Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked

Conference meetingConference of Interest

May 29 Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Jun 2 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • Jun 3 1st baseball uniforms worn, NY Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt & blue long trousers
  • Jun 9 SF Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • Jun 15 Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • Jun 22 Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City hall and Jenny Lind Theatre
  • Jun 30 Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • Jul 13 John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • Jul 23 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
  • Jul 24 Window tax abolished in Britain
  • Jul 28 Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • Jul 29 Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • Aug 12 1st America's Cup - US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora after race around the Isle of Wight
  • Aug 12 American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • Aug 22 Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • Aug 22 Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
  • Sep 15 Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 18 New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • Sep 22 The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • Oct 1 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • Oct 2 The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • Oct 24 William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • Oct 30 Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 9 Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • Nov 11 Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • Nov 13 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands & Orange"
  • Nov 13 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • Nov 13 The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Nov 22 Opera "La Perle Du BrĂ©sil" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 2 French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • Dec 4 Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • Dec 9 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
  • Dec 22 The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • Dec 24 Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • Dec 29 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts.