Historical Events in 1851

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  • Jan 1st City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • Jan 15th Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • Jan 28th Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • Jan 31st Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk
  • Jan 31st SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
  • Feb 6th Robert Schumann's 3rd Symphony "Rhenisch" premieres in Dusseldorf
  • Feb 11th 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
  • Feb 15th Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • Feb 26th 13th Grand National: T. Abbott aboard Abd-El-Kader IRE wins
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • Mar 6th Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • Mar 7th Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 11th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 25th Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • Apr 15th Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • Apr 23rd Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 1st Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • May 3rd Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • May 4th First major San Francisco fire destroys a quarter of the city
  • May 6th Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • May 6th Linus Yale patents Yale lock
  • May 6th New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • May 6th San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • May 15th Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • May 18th Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked

Conference meetingConference of Interest

May 29th Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Jun 2nd 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • Jun 3rd 1st baseball uniforms worn, NY Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt & blue long trousers
  • Jun 9th SF Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • Jun 15th Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • Jun 22nd Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City hall and Jenny Lind Theatre
  • Jun 30th Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • Jul 13th John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • Jul 23rd Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
  • Jul 24th Window tax abolished in Britain
  • Jul 28th Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • Jul 29th Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia
  • Aug 12th 1st America's Cup - US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora after race around the Isle of Wight
  • Aug 12th American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • Aug 22nd Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • Aug 22nd Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
  • Sep 15th Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 18th New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • Sep 22nd The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • Oct 1st 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • Oct 2nd The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • Oct 24th William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • Oct 30th Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 9th Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • Nov 11th Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • Nov 13th 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands & Orange"
  • Nov 13th Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • Nov 13th The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14th "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Nov 22nd Opera "La Perle Du BrĂ©sil" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 2nd French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • Dec 4th Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • Dec 9th 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
  • Dec 22nd The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • Dec 24th Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • Dec 29th 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts.