Historical Events in 1851

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  • Jan 1st City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • Jan 15th Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • Jan 28th Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • Jan 31st Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk
  • Jan 31st SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
  • Feb 6th Robert Schumann's 3rd Symphony "Rhenisch" premieres in Dusseldorf
  • Feb 11th 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania v Vic, Launceston
  • Feb 15th Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • Feb 26th 13th Grand National: T. Abbott aboard Abd-El-Kader IRE wins
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • Mar 6th Dion Boucicault's "Love in a Maze" premieres in London
  • Mar 7th Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 11th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 25th Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • Apr 15th Earl G Andressy sentenced to death in Hungary
  • Apr 23rd Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • May 1st Great Exhibition opens in the Crystal Palace, London
  • May 3rd Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • May 4th 1st major SF fire
  • May 6th Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • May 6th Linus Yale patents Yale lock
  • May 6th New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • May 6th San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • May 15th Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • May 18th Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 29th Sojourner Truth addresses 1st Black Women's Rights Convention (Akron)

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Jun 2nd 1st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • Jun 3rd 1st baseball uniforms worn, NY Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt & blue long trousers
  • Jun 9th SF Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • Jun 15th Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • Jun 22nd Fire destroys part of San Francisco, including City hall and Jenny Lind Theatre
  • Jun 30th Battle of Viervoet (Basotho-British war)
  • Jul 13th John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • Jul 23rd Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US
  • Jul 24th Window tax abolished in Britain
  • Jul 28th Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • Jul 29th Annibale de Gasparis discovers asteroid 15 Eunomia.
  • Aug 12th 1st America's Cup - US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora after race around the Isle of Wight
  • Aug 12th Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
  • Aug 22nd Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • Aug 22nd Yacht "America" wins 1st Royal Yacht Squadron Cup (America's Cup)
  • Sep 15th Saint Joseph's University is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Sep 18th New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • Sep 22nd The city of Des Moines, Iowa was incorporated as Fort Des Moines.
  • Oct 1st 1st Hawaiian stamps issued
  • Oct 2nd The pasilalinic-sympathetic compass is demonstrated but proves to be a fake.
  • Oct 24th William Lassell discovers Ariel & Umbriel, satellites of Uranus
  • Oct 30th Alfred de Musset's "Bettine" premieres in Paris
  • Nov 9th Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape.
  • Nov 11th Alvan Clark patents telescope
  • Nov 13th 1st meeting of anti-revolutionary "Netherlands & Orange"
  • Nov 13th Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked
  • Nov 13th The Denny Party lands at Alki Point, the first settlers of what would become Seattle, Washington.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 14th "Moby-Dick" by Herman Melville first published by Harper and Brothers in the US

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Nov 22nd Opera "La Perle Du BrĂ©sil" is produced (Paris)
  • Dec 2nd French President Charles Louis Bonaparte in a Coup d'etat overthrows the Second Republic establishing himself as Emperor.
  • Dec 4th Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • Dec 9th 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America (Montreal)
  • Dec 22nd The first freight train is operated in Roorkee, India.
  • Dec 24th Fire devastates US Library of Congress in Washington, destroys 35,000 volumes
  • Dec 29th 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston Massachusetts.