Historical Events in 1852

  • Jan 1 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
  • Jan 1 National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • Jan 1 Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • Jan 3 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • Jan 17 British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • Feb 2 1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London)
  • Feb 2 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • Feb 15 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • Feb 16 Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • Feb 19 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • Feb 26 British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
  • Mar 1 Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • Mar 3 14th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Miss Mowbray wins
  • Mar 7 Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • Mar 13 Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Mar 25 Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • Mar 26 Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • Mar 29 Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day
  • Apr 19 California Historical Society forms
  • Apr 29 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
  • Apr 30 Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • May 1 The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
  • May 18 Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • Jul 3 Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 5 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 9 Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • Jul 23 1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • Jul 31 Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • Aug 1 SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • Aug 3 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • Aug 13 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • Aug 21 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • Sep 3 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Sep 11 Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • Sep 14 Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • Sep 24 Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • Sep 27 George L Aiken's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" premieres in Troy, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Oct 11 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • Oct 16 Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Nov 4 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • Nov 18 State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • Nov 18 Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • Nov 20 Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • Nov 21 Duke Uiversity, founded in 1838 as Union Institute, chartered as Normal College
  • Nov 23 Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced, California, to drop 30' (9m)
  • Dec 1 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • Dec 8 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • Dec 17 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 18 George Hamilton-Gordon becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after the downfall of the Conservative government of Edward Smith-Stanley

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • Dec 23 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • Dec 29 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants