Historical Events in 1852

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  • Jan 1st 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
  • Jan 1st National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
  • Jan 1st Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • Jan 3rd 1st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • Jan 17th British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • Feb 2nd 1st British public men's toilet opens (Fleet St London)
  • Feb 2nd Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 11th First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • Feb 15th Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • Feb 16th Studebaker Brothers wagon company, precursor of the automobile manufacturer, is established.
  • Feb 19th The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21st George Bancroft becomes the American Geographical Society's first president

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • Feb 26th British troopship Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die, 193 survive
  • Mar 1st Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • Mar 3rd 14th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Miss Mowbray wins
  • Mar 7th Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • Mar 13th Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20th Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Mar 25th Friedrich Hebbel's "Agnes Bernauer" premieres in Munich
  • Mar 26th Decree regarding streets of Paris passed
  • Mar 29th Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day
  • Apr 19th California Historical Society forms
  • Apr 29th 1st edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus published
  • Apr 30th Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi" premieres in St Petersburg
  • May 1st The Philippine peso is introduced into circulation.
  • May 18th Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • Jul 3rd Congress authorizes US's 2nd mint (San Francisco, California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 5th Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 9th Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal, Canada
  • Jul 23rd 1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • Jul 31st Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
  • Aug 1st SF Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • Aug 3rd 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • Aug 13th Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • Aug 21st Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • Sep 3rd Anti-Jewish riots break out in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Sep 11th Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • Sep 14th Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office as 18th US Postmaster General
  • Sep 24th Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st engine powered dirigible/airship flight with steam power
  • Sep 27th George L Aiken's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" premieres in Troy, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1st Alfred Russel Wallace returns to the U.K. after four years of travel, collecting, and research in South America

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Oct 11th The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • Oct 16th Dutch government recognize Catholics right to organize

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2nd Franklin Pierce elected as president of US

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Nov 4th Count Camillo Benso di Cavour becomes the prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, which soon expands to become Italy.
  • Nov 18th State funeral of Duke of Wellington (St Paul's Cathedral, London)
  • Nov 18th Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II.
  • Nov 20th Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces" premieres in London
  • Nov 21st Duke U, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • Nov 23rd Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m)
  • Dec 1st Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • Dec 8th Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • Dec 17th 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • Dec 23rd 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
  • Dec 29th Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants