Historical Events for Year 1853

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Months in Year 1853: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 59 of 59

Jan 1st - 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
Jan 3rd - Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
Jan 8th - 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
Jan 10th - Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
Jan 19th - Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premieres in Rome
Jan 21st - Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
Jan 23rd - John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church
Feb 21st - US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
Mar 2nd - Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
Mar 2nd - 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins
Mar 3rd - Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
Mar 3rd - US Assay Office in NYC authorized
Mar 4th - Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
Assassin John Wilkes BoothAssassin John Wilkes Booth Mar 4th - William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
Mar 6th - Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice
Apr 1st - Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
Apr 15th - Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
Apr 16th - The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
Apr 17th - Thorbecke government resigns
Apr 17th - US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms
Apr 18th - 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
Apr 19th - Netherlands Van Hall government forms
Apr 26th - Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
Apr 29th - Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
May 1st - Argentina adopts its constitution
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi May 2nd - Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC)
May 6th - 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
May 14th - Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher, and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk
May 17th - Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
May 23rd - Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
May 31st - Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance
Jun 24th - Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce
Jul 6th - National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends
Jul 6th - William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
Abolitionist Frederick DouglassAbolitionist Frederick Douglass Jul 8th - Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
Jul 9th - Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
Jul 14th - 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
Jul 14th - Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
Jul 14th - Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
Jul 14th - New Zealand holds its first general election
Jul 18th - Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
Jul 25th - Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
Aug 8th - Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
Aug 24th - 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
Sep 11th - 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
Sep 15th - 1st US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
14th US President Franklin Pierce14th US President Franklin Pierce Sep 24th - 1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
Sep 24th - France annexes New Caledonia
Sep 24th - Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
Sep 29th - Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
Oct 2nd - Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
Oct 6th - 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
Oct 12th - John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
Oct 19th - 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
Oct 23rd - Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
Nov 9th - Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
Nov 17th - Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
Nov 28th - Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
Dec 30th - A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.

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