Historical Events in 1853

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  • Monday 13
  • Tuesday 14
  • Wednesday 15
  • Thursday 16
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  • Saturday 18
  • Sunday 19
  • Monday 20
  • Tuesday 21
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  • Thursday 23
  • Friday 24
  • Saturday 25
  • Sunday 26
  • Monday 27
  • Tuesday 28
  • Wednesday 29
  • Thursday 30
  • Jan 1st 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • Jan 3rd Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
  • Jan 4th Solomon Northup, author of the memoir "Twelve Years a Slave", regains his freedom
  • Jan 6th Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts
  • Jan 8th 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • Jan 10th Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
  • Jan 19th Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 21st Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23rd John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • Feb 21st US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • Mar 2nd Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • Mar 2nd 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins
  • Mar 3rd Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3rd US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • Mar 4th Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • Mar 4th William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 6th Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Apr 1st Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
  • Apr 15th Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
  • Apr 16th The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • Apr 17th Thorbecke government resigns
  • Apr 17th US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms
  • Apr 18th 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • Apr 19th Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • Apr 26th Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • Apr 29th Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • May 1st Argentina adopts its constitution
  • May 2nd Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC)
  • May 6th 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
  • May 14th Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher, and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk
  • May 17th Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • May 23rd Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • May 31st Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 24th Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce

Conference-meetingMeeting of Interest

Jul 6th National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 6th William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
  • Jul 8th Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
  • Jul 9th Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
  • Jul 14th 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
  • Jul 14th Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
  • Jul 14th Pres Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
  • Jul 14th New Zealand holds its first general election
  • Jul 18th Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
  • Jul 25th Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
  • Aug 8th Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
  • Aug 24th 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
  • Sep 11th 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
  • Sep 15th First US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • Sep 24th 1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
  • Sep 24th France annexes New Caledonia
  • Sep 24th Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • Sep 29th Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • Oct 2nd Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • Oct 6th 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • Oct 12th John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
  • Oct 19th First flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
  • Oct 23rd Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
  • Nov 9th Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
  • Nov 17th Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
  • Nov 28th Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
  • Dec 30th A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.