Historical Events in 1853

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  • Jan 1st 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • Jan 3rd Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York
  • Jan 4th Solomon Northup, author of the memoir "Twelve Years a Slave", regains his freedom

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6th Franklin Pierce, the President-elect of the United States at the time, and his family are involved in a train wreck in Massachusetts

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Jan 8th 1st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • Jan 10th Charles Reade's "Gold," premieres in London
  • Jan 19th Verdi's opera "Il Trovatore" premieres in Rome
  • Jan 21st Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd John Wilkes Booth is baptized at St. Timothy's Protestant Episcopal Church

  • Feb 21st US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • Mar 2nd Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • Mar 2nd 15th Grand National: Tom Oliver aboard Peter Simple wins
  • Mar 3rd Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3rd US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • Mar 4th Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
  • Mar 4th William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 6th Giuseppe Verdi's Opera "La Traviata" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Apr 1st Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
  • Apr 15th Protestant church questions king Willem III RC bishops
  • Apr 16th The first passenger rail opens in India, from Bori Bunder, Bombay to Thane.
  • Apr 17th Johan Rudolf Thorbecke's government in the Netherlands resigns
  • Apr 17th US Marine Hospital at Presidio (SF) forms
  • Apr 18th 1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • Apr 19th Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • Apr 26th Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • Apr 29th Comet C/1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • May 1st Argentina adopts its constitution
  • May 2nd Franconi's Hippodrome opens (NYC)
  • May 6th 1st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
  • May 14th Gail Borden, land surveyor, newspaper publisher, and inventor, patents his process for condensed milk
  • May 17th Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • May 23rd Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • May 31st Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance
  • Jun 24th Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile (76,800 square km) from Mexico (now southern Arizona and New Mexico) for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 6th National Black convention meets in Rochester NY, ex-slave Frederick Douglass attends

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 6th William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel", 1st novel by an African American
  • Jul 8th Commodore Matthew C. Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay, opening Japan to Western influence and trade
  • Jul 9th Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
  • Jul 14th 1st US World's fair opens at New York's Crystal Palace
  • Jul 14th Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
  • Jul 14th US President Franklin Pierce opens 1st industrial exposition (NY)
  • Jul 14th New Zealand holds its first general election
  • Jul 18th Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine & Montreal
  • Jul 25th Joaquin Murietta, the famous Californio bandit known as "Robin Hood of El Dorado", is killed.
  • Aug 8th Russian fleet appears at Nagasaki, Japan
  • Aug 24th 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
  • Sep 11th 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
  • Sep 15th First US woman ordained a minister, Antoinette Blackwell
  • Sep 24th 1st round-the-world trip by yacht (Cornelius Vanderbilt)
  • Sep 24th France annexes New Caledonia
  • Sep 24th Northern Daily Times, 1st provincial daily newspaper, starts in London
  • Sep 29th Emigrant ship "Annie Jane" sinks off Scotland, drowning 348
  • Oct 2nd Austrian law forbids Jews from owning land
  • Oct 6th 4th National Women's Rights Convention opens in Cleveland Ohio
  • Oct 12th John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
  • Oct 19th First flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
  • Oct 23rd Maastricht-Aken railway in Netherlands opens
  • Nov 9th Origin of Carrington rotation numbers for rotation of Sun
  • Nov 17th Street signs authorized at San Francisco intersections
  • Nov 28th Olympia forms as capital of Washington Territory
  • Dec 30th A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.