Historical Events in 1855

  • Jan 9th Clipper "Guiding Star" disappears in Atlantic, 480 dead
  • Jan 23rd The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge.
  • Jan 28th The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway.
  • Jan 31st Western railroads blocked by snow
  • Feb 3rd Wisconsin Supreme Coutt declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • Feb 4th Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • Feb 5th British government of Palmerston forms
  • Feb 8th The Devil's Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.
  • Feb 10th US citizenship laws amended; all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship
  • Feb 11th Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
  • Feb 12th Michigan State University was established.
  • Feb 14th Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas.
  • Feb 24th US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
  • Mar 2nd Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes registered mail
  • Mar 6th Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
  • Mar 7th 17th Grand National: John Hanlon aboard Wanderer IRE wins
  • Mar 8th 1st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • Mar 15th Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • Mar 24th Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston Kansas

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 27th Abraham Gesner patents kerosene

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner
  • Apr 21st 1st train crosses Miss River's 1st bridge, Rock Is Ill-Davenport Ia
  • Apr 26th Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • Apr 28th 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • May 3rd Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • May 5th NYC regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • Jun 1st US adventurer William Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • Jun 2nd The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine.
  • Jun 5th Anti-foreign anti-Roman Catholic Know-Nothing Party's 1st convention
  • Jun 13th Opera "Les Vêpres Sicilenne" is produced (Paris)
  • Jun 17th Heavy French/British bombing of Sebastopol, Crimea: 2,000+ killed
  • Jun 20th Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • Jun 28th The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4th In Brooklyn, New York, the first edition of Walt Whitman's book of poems, titled Leaves of Grass, is published.

  • Jul 20th 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
  • Jul 31st Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)
  • Aug 1st Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • Aug 3rd Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • Aug 4th John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • Aug 9th Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • Sep 3rd Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
  • Sep 8th Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta
  • Sep 8th British and French troops capture Sevastopol from the Russians, effectively ending the Crimean War.
  • Sep 27th George F Bristow's "Rip Van Winkle", 2nd American opera, opens in NYC
  • Oct 9th Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • Oct 9th Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Massachusetts, patents first calliope
  • Oct 17th Bessemer steelmaking process patented

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 18th Franz Liszt's "Prometheus," premieres

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Composer/Pianist
Franz Liszt

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17th David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe.

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone