Historical Events in 1857

  • Jan 6th Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • Jan 8th Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 9th 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • Jan 15th 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain
  • Jan 22nd National Association of Baseball Players founded, NY
  • Jan 24th The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
  • Feb 16th Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18th Chinese residents in the fledging state of Sarawak rebel against the "White Rajah" James Brooke

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Feb 21st Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • Feb 21st US issues flying eagle cents
  • Feb 24th 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • Feb 24th LA Vineyard Society organized
  • Mar 3rd Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • Mar 4th 19th Grand National: Charlie Boyce aboard Emigrant wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6th Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott
  • Mar 7th Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 12th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 21st Earthquake hits Tokyo killing around 107,000 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23rd Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Mar 25th Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1st Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Apr 12th Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
  • Apr 21st Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • Apr 27th Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • Apr 29th US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)
  • Apr 30th San Jose State University forms
  • May 1st William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • May 10th Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut
  • May 19th William Francis Channing & Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • May 26th US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them.
  • Jun 1st Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
  • Jun 2nd James Gibbs of Virgina, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • Jun 5th Walter Woodbury & James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • Jun 10th Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
  • Jun 15th San Francisco Water Works organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26th The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jun 27th Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the seige of Cawnpore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27th James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Jun 29th Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • Jul 16th Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • Jul 18th Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • Aug 24th The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • Sep 11th Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • Sep 12th 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • Sep 15th Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • Sep 16th Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • Sep 23rd Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • Sep 25th Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins
  • Sep 30th US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
  • Oct 5th The City of Anaheim is founded
  • Oct 6th American Chess Association organized; 1st major US chess tournament (NYC)
  • Oct 10th American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • Oct 24th World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England
  • Nov 9th Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
  • Dec 8th 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of New York"
  • Dec 16th Earthquake in Naples, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 29th Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht" premieres in Weimar

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt