Historical Events in 1857

  • Jan 6 Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • Jan 8 Dion Boucicauly's "Poor of NY" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 9 7.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • Jan 15 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW v Vic at The Domain
  • Jan 22 National Association of Baseball Players founded, NY
  • Jan 24 The University of Calcutta is formally founded as the first full-fledged university in south Asia.
  • Feb 16 Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Chinese residents in the fledging state of Sarawak rebel against the "White Rajah" James Brooke

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Feb 21 Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • Feb 21 US issues flying eagle cents
  • Feb 24 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • Feb 24 LA Vineyard Society organized
  • Mar 3 Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
  • Mar 4 19th Grand National: Charlie Boyce aboard Emigrant wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6 Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens

US Slave Dred Scott
US Slave
Dred Scott
  • Mar 7 Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 12 Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Mar 21 Earthquake hits Tokyo killing around 107,000 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Mar 25 Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 1 Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Apr 12 Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
  • Apr 21 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • Apr 27 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • Apr 29 US Army, Pacific Div HQ permanently forms at Presidio (SF)
  • Apr 30 San Jose State University forms
  • May 1 William Walker, conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • May 10 Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut
  • May 19 William Francis Channing & Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • May 26 US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them.
  • Jun 1 Charles Baudelaire's Fleurs du mal is published.
  • Jun 2 James Gibbs of Virgina, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • Jun 5 Walter Woodbury & James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Jakarta)
  • Jun 10 Britain passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
  • Jun 15 San Francisco Water Works organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jun 27 Bibighar massacre of 120 British women and children following the seige of Cawnpore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 James Donnelly becomes engaged in a drunken brawl with Patrick Farrell, who suffers a fatal blow to the head. Farrell dies two days later, which makes James Donnelly a wanted man and draws the Donnelly family into the notorious feud

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Jun 29 Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • Jul 16 Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
  • Jul 18 Louis Faidherbe, French governor of Senegal, arrives to relieve French forces at Kayes, effectively ending El Hajj Umar Tall's war against the French.
  • Aug 24 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • Sep 11 Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
  • Sep 12 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
  • Sep 15 Timothy Alder of NY patents a typesetting machine
  • Sep 16 Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
  • Sep 23 Russian warship Leffort disappears in a storm in the Gulf of Finland; 826 die
  • Sep 25 Relief of Lucknow by Havelock & Outram begins
  • Sep 30 US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Is south of Hawaii
  • Oct 5 The City of Anaheim is founded
  • Oct 6 American Chess Association organized; 1st major US chess tournament (NYC)
  • Oct 10 American Chess Association formed (NYC)
  • Oct 24 World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England
  • Nov 9 Atlantic Monthly magazine 1st published
  • Dec 8 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of New York"
  • Dec 16 Earthquake in Naples, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 29 Franz Liszt's "Die Hunnenschlacht" premieres in Weimar

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt