Historical Events in 1858

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  • Jan 1st Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • Jan 9th Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • Jan 14th French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 25th Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jan 30th Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • Jan 30th William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • Feb 11th First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13th Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • Feb 21st Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass)
  • Feb 22nd Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 2nd Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks
  • Mar 6th 20th Grand National: William Archer aboard Little Charley wins
  • Mar 9th Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • Mar 18th Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • Mar 23rd Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • Mar 30th Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • Apr 10th "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
  • Apr 12th 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • Apr 15th Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • Apr 16th The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • May 4th War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz

Conference meetingConference of Interest

May 8th John Brown holds antislavery convention

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • May 11th Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • May 15th Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • May 22nd Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms
  • May 28th Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • May 30th Hudson's Bay Company's rights to Vancouver Island revoked
  • Jun 2nd Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16th Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Jun 21st Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • Jun 29th Great fire in London docks
  • Jun 29th Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • Jul 1st 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1st The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Jul 2nd Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • Jul 6th Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • Jul 20th Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents) (NY beats Bkln 22-18)
  • Jul 20th Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
  • Jul 23rd Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • Jul 26th Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament
  • Jul 28th First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • Jul 28th Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • Jul 29th Treaty of Amity and Commerce/Harris Treaty signed between US & Japan opening Japanese ports to trade
  • Aug 2nd 1st mailboxes installed in Boston & NYC streets
  • Aug 2nd Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown
  • Aug 5th Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • Aug 11th First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • Aug 15th Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
  • Aug 16th Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan
  • Aug 17th 1st bank in Hawaii opens
  • Aug 18th Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
  • Aug 21st 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • Aug 24th Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • Aug 26th First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • Sep 1st 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • Sep 8th Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"
  • Sep 10th John Holden hits 1st recorded HR (Bkln vs NY)
  • Sep 10th George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • Sep 13th Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • Sep 16th 1st overland mail for California
  • Sep 28th Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
  • Oct 21st In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • Oct 21st Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphée aux Enfers" premieres in Paris
  • Oct 26th Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • Oct 28th R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • Nov 9th 1st performance of NY Symphony Orchestra
  • Nov 17th Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • Dec 12th 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • Dec 16th Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • Dec 18th Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini