Historical Events in 1858

  • Jan 1 Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • Jan 9 Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide.
  • Jan 14 French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 25 Mendelssohn's "Wedding March" first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Jan 30 Charles Halle founds Halle Orchestra in Manchester, England
  • Jan 30 William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • Feb 11 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • Feb 21 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Mass)
  • Feb 22 Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown" premieres in NYC
  • Mar 2 Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston

Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks
Former Slave and Seaman
Crispus Attucks
  • Mar 6 20th Grand National: William Archer aboard Little Charley wins
  • Mar 9 Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • Mar 18 Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • Mar 23 Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • Mar 30 Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • Apr 10 "Big Ben", a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster
  • Apr 12 1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • Apr 15 Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • Apr 16 The Wernerian Natural History Society, a former Scottish learned society, is wound up.
  • May 4 War of Reform (Mexico); Liberals establish capital at Vera Cruz

Conference meetingConference of Interest

May 8 John Brown holds antislavery convention

Abolitionist John Brown
Abolitionist
John Brown
  • May 11 Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • May 15 Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • May 22 Confederación Granadina (now Colombia) forms
  • May 28 Dion Boucicault's "Foul Play" premieres in London
  • May 30 Hudson's Bay Company's rights to Vancouver Island revoked
  • Jun 2 Donati Comet 1st seen named after its discoverer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand" accepting Illinois Republican Party's nomination for the Senate

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Jun 21 Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • Jun 29 Great fire in London docks
  • Jun 29 Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • Jul 1 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • Jul 2 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • Jul 6 Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • Jul 20 Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents) (NY beats Bkln 22-18)
  • Jul 20 Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Cavour
  • Jul 23 Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • Jul 26 Baron Lionel de Rothschild becomes the 1st Jewish person elected to the British Parliament
  • Jul 28 First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service
  • Jul 28 Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • Jul 29 Treaty of Amity and Commerce/Harris Treaty signed between US & Japan opening Japanese ports to trade
  • Aug 2 1st mailboxes installed in Boston & NYC streets
  • Aug 2 Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown
  • Aug 5 Cyrus W Field completes 1st transatlantic telegraph cable
  • Aug 11 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • Aug 15 Regular mail to Pacific coast begins
  • Aug 16 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan
  • Aug 17 1st bank in Hawaii opens
  • Aug 18 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
  • Aug 21 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate (Illinois)
  • Aug 24 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • Aug 26 First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • Sep 1 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
  • Sep 8 Abraham Lincoln supposedly says in a speech "You may fool all the people some of the time; you can even fool some of the people all the time; but you can’t fool all of the people all the time"
  • Sep 10 John Holden hits 1st recorded HR (Bkln vs NY)
  • Sep 10 George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
  • Sep 13 Hamburg-US ship Austria catches fire & sinks, 471 die
  • Sep 16 1st overland mail for California
  • Sep 28 Donati's comet becomes 1st to be photographed
  • Oct 21 In Paris, the Can-Can is 1st performed
  • Oct 21 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Orphée aux Enfers" premieres in Paris
  • Oct 26 Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
  • Oct 28 R. H. Macy & Co opens 1st store, (6th Ave-NYC) Gross receipts $11.06
  • Nov 9 1st performance of NY Symphony Orchestra
  • Nov 17 Origin of Modified Julian Period
  • Dec 12 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • Dec 16 Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
  • Dec 18 Passy, at Paris: 1st "Samedi soir" i/d villa of lovers Rossini