Historical Events in 1860

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  • Jan 1st Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
  • Jan 20th Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • Jan 28th Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • Jan 29th American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • Feb 1st 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of NYC
  • Feb 3rd Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • Feb 10th John Brahms' 2nd Serenade in A, premieres
  • Feb 13th King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • Feb 16th Dutch Rochussen/Van Bosse government resigns
  • Feb 22nd Organized baseball played in SF for 1st time
  • Feb 22nd Shoe-making workers of Lynn, Ms, strike successfully for higher wages

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 27th Abraham Lincoln makes a speech at Cooper Union in the city of New York that is largely responsible for his election to the Presidency.

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 5th Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
  • Mar 7th 22nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard Anatis IRE wins
  • Mar 9th 1st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • Mar 12th Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • Mar 17th Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • Mar 21st US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • Mar 24th Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of NY
  • Mar 27th M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)
  • Mar 28th First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins (New Zealand).
  • Mar 29th Dion Boucicault's "Colleen Bawn" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 2nd 1st Italian Parliament met at Turin
  • Apr 3rd Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
  • Apr 6th Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • Apr 7th Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • Apr 13th 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • Apr 14th 1st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St Joseph, Mo
  • Apr 23rd Democratic convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 27th Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Apr 30th Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • May 3rd Charles XV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Sweden.
  • May 6th SF Olympic Club, 1st US athletic club forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6th Giuseppe Garibaldi's Mille sets sail from Genoa to the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • May 16th -18] Chicago: Republican convention selects Abraham Lincoln as candidate
  • May 17th German football club TSV 1860 München is founded
  • May 18th Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president
  • May 26th Giuseppe Garibaldi occupies Palermo, Italy
  • Jun 3rd Comanche, Iowa, completely destroyed by one of a series of tornadoes
  • Jun 7th Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, SF
  • Jun 9th 1st US "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter," by Mrs Ann Stevens
  • Jun 12th The State Bank of the Russian Empire is established.
  • Jun 15th 1st White settlement in Idaho (Franklin)
  • Jun 23rd Congress establishes Government Printing Office

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 30th Famous debate on Charles Darwin's theory of evolution held at the Oxford University Museum and dominated by arguments between Thomas Henry Huxley and Bishop Samuel Wilberforce

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • Jul 9th Temperature hits 115°F in Ft Scott & 112°F in Topeka Kansas
  • Jul 19th 1st railroad reaches Kansas
  • Jul 25th 1st US intercollegiate billiard match (Harvard vs Yales)
  • Aug 3rd American Canoe Association founded at Lake George NY
  • Aug 3rd The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand.
  • Aug 5th Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway in Trondheim.
  • Aug 8th Queen of Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) arrives in NYC
  • Aug 11th US's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nev)
  • Aug 30th 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
  • Sep 7th Excursion steamer "Lady Elgin" drowns 340 in Lake Michigan
  • Sep 8th Loss of paddle steamer "Lady Elgin" on Lake Michigan approximately 300 people drowned
  • Sep 20th First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
  • Sep 21st In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
  • Oct 8th Telegraph line between LA & SF opens
  • Oct 12th British & French troops capture Beijing
  • Oct 13th 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
  • Oct 15th 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • Oct 17th 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
  • Oct 18th The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty.
  • Nov 6th Abraham Lincoln (Rep-R-Ill) elected 16th American President
  • Dec 17th Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
  • Dec 20th South Carolina secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
  • Dec 24th Joseph Jefferson's "Rip Van Winkle" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 26th Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
  • Dec 26th Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter
  • Dec 26th The first ever inter-club football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 28th Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NY, on her last mission to free slaves, evading capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman
  • Dec 29th The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS Warrior is launched.