Historical Events for Year 1861

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Months in Year 1861: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 270

Jan 1st - Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
Jan 1st - President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War)
Jan 2nd - SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
Jan 2nd - Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
Jan 3rd - Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
Jan 3rd - US Ft Pulaski & Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
Jan 4th - Pres Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
Jan 4th - US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
Jan 5th - 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
Jan 5th - Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan & Gaines at Mobile Bay
Jan 6th - Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
Jan 6th - NYC mayor proposes NY become a free city, trading with N & S
Jan 7th - Florida troops takeover Fort Marion at St Augustine (US Civil War)
Jan 9th - A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Jan 9th - Mississippi secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Jan 10th - Fort Jackson & Fort Philip are taken over by LA state troops (US Civil War)
Jan 10th - US forts & property seized by Mississippi
Jan 10th - Florida secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Jan 11th - Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform
Jan 11th - Alabama secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Jan 12th - Florida state troops demand surrender of Fort Pickens (US Civil War)
Jan 14th - Fort Pikens, Florida, falls into state hands (US Civil War)
Jan 15th - Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
Jan 19th - Misssissippi troops take Fort Massachusetts and Ship Island (US Civil War)
Jan 19th - Georgia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Jan 21st - Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis Jan 24th - Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia, seized by Confederacy
Jan 24th - Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
Jan 26th - Louisiana secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Jan 29th - US state of Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state
Jan 31st - Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
Jan 31st - State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
Feb 1st - Dike breaks in Gelderland, Netherlands
Feb 1st - Texas secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Feb 4th - Confederate constitutional convention meets for 1st time; Jefferson Davis elected President of Confederacy (US Civil War)
Feb 5th - Kinematoscope patented by Coleman Sellers, Phila
Feb 5th - Louisiana delegation except Mr Bouligny withdraws from Congress (US Civil War)
Feb 6th - 1st meeting of Provisional Congress of Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
Feb 6th - British Vice-Admiral Robert Fitzroy issues first storm warnings for ships
Feb 8th - Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
Feb 9th - Jefferson Davis & Alexander Stephens elected President & VP of the Confederate States of America (US Civil War)
Feb 9th - Tennessee votes against secession (US Civil War)
Page one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United StatesPage one of the original copy of the Constitution of the United States Feb 9th - Confederate Provisional Congress declares all laws under the US Constitution were consistent with constitution of Confederate states (US Civil War)
Feb 11th - President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.
Feb 11th - US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
Feb 12th - State troops seize US munitions in Napoleon, AK (US Civil War)
Feb 13th - First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona
Feb 13th - Abraham Lincoln declared US president in Washington, D.C.
Feb 13th - Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
Feb 15th - Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
Feb 18th - Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (US Civil War)
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II Feb 18th - King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st King of Italy
Feb 19th - Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
Feb 20th - Department of Navy of Confederacy forms (US Civil War)
Feb 21st - Steeple of Chichester Cathedral collapses despite the desperate efforts of 70 workmen
Feb 21st - Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
Feb 22nd - On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
Feb 23rd - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
Feb 27th - Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland in Castle Square, Warsaw
Feb 27th - US Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
Feb 28th - Territories of Nevada & Colorado created
Mar 2nd - Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
Mar 2nd - US creates Dakota & Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska & Utah ter
Mar 3rd - Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs [OS=Feb 19].
Mar 4th - Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag (US Civil War)
Mar 4th - Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as 16th US President
Mar 4th - US President Lincoln opens government Printing Office
Mar 6th - Provisionary Confederate Congress establishes Confederate Army
Mar 8th - St Augustine Florida surrenders to Union armies
Mar 9th - Confederate currency authorized-$50, $100, $500, $1,000
Mar 10th - El Hadj Umar Tall seizes the city of Segou, destroying the Bambara Empire of Mali.
Mar 11th - Confederate convention in Montgomery adopts constitution (US Civil War)
Mar 13th - 23rd Grand National: Joseph Kendall aboard Jealousy wins
Mar 16th - Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union (US Civil War)
Mar 16th - Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain
Texan Revolutionary Sam HoustonTexan Revolutionary Sam Houston Mar 16th - Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (US Civil War)
Mar 17th - Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed
Mar 19th - The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand
Mar 20th - An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.
Mar 22nd - 1st US nursing school chartered
Mar 23rd - London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating
Mar 31st - Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War)
Apr 5th - Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
Apr 8th - US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
Apr 12th - Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War
Apr 13th - After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War)
Apr 14th - Formal Union surrender of Ft Sumter (US Civil War)
Apr 15th - Federal army (75,000 volunteers) mobilized by US President Lincoln (US Civil War)
Apr 16th - US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (US Civil War)
Apr 17th - Indianola TX - "Star of West" taken by Confederacy
Apr 17th - Virginia secedes from the Union (US Civil War)
Apr 18th - Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee Apr 18th - Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War)
Apr 19th - Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
Apr 19th - Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
Apr 20th - Battle of Norfolk, VA
Apr 23rd - Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)
Apr 23rd - Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
Apr 25th - Battle of Lavaca, Texas (US Civil War)
Apr 25th - The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)
Apr 27th - US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)
Apr 27th - West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
Apr 29th - Maryland's House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (US Civil War)
Apr 30th - President Lincoln ordered Federal Troops to evacuate Indian Territory (US Civil War)
May 1st - Lee orders Confederate troops under T J Jackson to Harper's Ferry
May 3rd - Gen Winfield Scott presents his Anaconda Plan for the North against the South in American Civil War
May 3rd - Lincoln asks for 42,000 Army Volunteers & another 18,000 seamen
May 4th - At Gretna LA, one of 1st guns of Rebel navy is cast
May 5th - Alexandria, VA - CS troops abandon city
May 6th - Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US
May 6th - Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between the Union & the Confederacy
May 7th - Riot occurs between prosecessionist & Union supporters in Knoxville TN
May 8th - Richmond, Va, is named the capital of the Confederacy
May 10th - Union troops march on state militia in St Louis, MI
Queen of the United Kingdom VictoriaQueen of the United Kingdom Victoria May 13th - Queen Victoria announces Britain's position of neutrality
May 13th - The Great Comet of 1861 is discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.
May 14th - The Canellas meteorite, an 859-gram chondrite-type meteorite, strikes the earth near Barcelona, Spain.
May 16th - Twiggs Surrender, San Antonio, Texas during US Civil war
May 16th - Confederate government offers war volunteers $10 premium
May 16th - Kentucky proclaims its neutrality
May 18th - Battle of Sewall's Point VA-1st Federal offense against South
May 18th - Friedrich Hebbel's "Kriemhildes Rache" premieres in Weimar
May 20th - Cornerstone of University of Washington laid in Seattle
May 20th - Kentucky proclaims its neutrality in Civil War
May 20th - North Carolina becomes 11th & last state to secede from Union
May 20th - US marshals appropriate previous year's telegraph dispatches, to reveal prosecessionist evidence
May 21st - Richmond, Va, is designated Confederate Capital
May 23rd - 3 fleeing slaves enter Fort Monroe Virginia
May 23rd - Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union
May 24th - Alexandria, VA occupied by Federal troops
May 24th - Maj Gen Benjamin Butler declares slaves "contraband of war"
May 25th - John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
May 26th - US Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South
May 26th - Union blockades New Orleans LA & Mobile AL
May 29th - Dorothea Dix offers help in setting up hospitals for Union Army
May 31st - Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
May 31st - Mint at New Orleans closes
Jun 1st - 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Va
Jun 1st - British territorial waters & ports off-limits during Civil War
Jun 1st - Skirmish at Arlington Mills, VA
Jun 1st - US & Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
Jun 3rd - 1st Civil War land battle-Union defeats Confederacy at Philippi, WV
Jun 5th - Federal marshals seize arms & gunpower at Du Pont works DE
Jun 6th - Lincoln's cabinet declares Union government will pay for expenses once states have mobilized volunteers
Jun 8th - US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval
Jun 8th - American Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union.
Jun 10th - Battle of Big Bethel VA (Bethel Church, Great Bethal)-Union retreats
Jun 12th - Missouri Governor Claiborne Jackson calls for 50,000 volunteers to stop Federates from taking over his state
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan Jun 14th - Harpers Ferry evacuated by rebels in face of General George McClellan's advance
Jun 15th - Johnston evacuates Harpers Ferry

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