Historical Events in 1862

Events 1 - 200 of 281

  • Jan 1st 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • Jan 1st Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3rd Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Jan 4th Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • Jan 7th Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
  • Jan 7th Romney Campaign; Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
  • Jan 9th The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • Jan 10th Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • Jan 10th Romney expedition, West Virginia starts (US Civil War)
  • Jan 16th Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • Jan 17th -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
  • Jan 18th Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • Jan 19th Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • Jan 22nd Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • Jan 23rd Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • Jan 24th Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26th Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jan 30th USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
  • Jan 31st Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • Feb 1st Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6th General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Feb 6th American Civil Was; naval engagement on Tennessee River-USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6th Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7th Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8th Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • Feb 8th Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • Feb 10th Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13th -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
  • Feb 14th Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15th Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16th Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers
  • Feb 21st Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
  • Feb 21st Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
  • Feb 25th Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25th Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 26th Battle of Woodburn, KY
  • Feb 28th Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 3rd Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • Mar 5th Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • Mar 6th Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • Mar 7th Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • Mar 8th Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • Mar 8th Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • Mar 8th Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • Mar 9th USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
  • Mar 10th Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • Mar 10th US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • Mar 11th Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief
  • Mar 11th 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • Mar 12th 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
  • Mar 14th Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • Mar 15th Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • Mar 16th Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • Mar 22nd San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • Mar 23rd Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • Mar 26th Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • Mar 28th Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • Mar 31st Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • Apr 1st Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Apr 4th Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
  • Apr 4th US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
  • Apr 5th Siege of Yorktown Virginia, begins by Army of the Potomac (US Civil War)
  • Apr 6th Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • Apr 7th Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • Apr 8th John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • Apr 11th Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
  • Apr 12th James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
  • Apr 12th Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia
  • Apr 14th Battle of Ft Pillow TN
  • Apr 16th Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • Apr 16th American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • Apr 18th Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20th The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • Apr 21st Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co
  • Apr 21st Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25th Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Apr 29th 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
  • Apr 29th New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • Apr 30th Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
  • May 1st Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
  • May 4th -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
  • May 4th Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • May 5th French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • May 5th Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
  • May 7th Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • May 7th Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • May 8th Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
  • May 9th Battle of Farmington, MS
  • May 9th Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
  • May 9th US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
  • May 10th Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • May 11th Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
  • May 12th Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • May 14th Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • May 15th -May 17] Battle of Princeton WV
  • May 15th Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia
  • May 15th Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • May 15th US Department of Agriculture created
  • May 15th Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores
  • May 15th Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
  • May 16th Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • May 17th Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
  • May 20th US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American West
  • May 23rd Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
  • May 24th Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • May 24th Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
  • May 25th First Battle of Winchester VA
  • May 27th Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
  • May 30th Battle of Booneville MS - captured Gen Beauregard evacuates Corinth
  • May 31st Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • Jun 1st 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1st General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jun 1st Slavery abolished in all US possessions
  • Jun 2nd Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgin during US Civil War
  • Jun 2nd Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 4th Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • Jun 6th Battle of Memphis-city is surrendered
  • Jun 6th Skirmish at Harrisonburg, PA
  • Jun 7th Skirmish at Union Church, VA (Peninsular)
  • Jun 7th Gen B Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed & destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint
  • Jun 7th The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • Jun 8th Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • Jun 9th Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15th Gen Jeb Stuart completes his "ride around Mcclellan"

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 19th Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Jun 20th Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • Jun 25th Battle of Oak Grove, VA (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • Jun 26th Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • Jun 26th Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • Jun 26th US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • Jun 27th -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • Jun 27th Battle of Gaines' Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • Jun 28th Day 4 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station/Garnett's Farm, VA
  • Jun 29th Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • Jun 30th Battle at Nelson's Farm/Glendale/Frayser's Farm, Virginia: Confederate assault attack. 6th day of 7 days battles US Civil War
  • Jun 30th Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • Jul 1st Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • Jul 1st Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • Jul 1st US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
  • Jul 1st Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • Jul 1st US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • Jul 1st The Russian State Library is founded.
  • Jul 2nd Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4th Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Jul 4th R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • Jul 6th Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • Jul 7th Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • Jul 8th Theodore R Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity.
  • Jul 9th Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
  • Jul 10th US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • Jul 11th Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • Jul 12th US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • Jul 12th Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • Jul 13th Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150 (US Civil War)
  • Jul 15th CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • Jul 16th David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy
  • Jul 17th Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River MS: USS Potomac Expedition
  • Jul 17th US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • Jul 17th United army officially divides corps
  • Jul 17th R John Hunt Morgan:Cynthiana, KY CS24 US17 Skirmish at Columbia, TN
  • Jul 18th Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • Jul 20th Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
  • Jul 27th Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • Jul 27th Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • Jul 28th Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
  • Aug 4th US government collects its 1st income tax
  • Aug 5th Battle of Baton Rouge, LA
  • Aug 6th Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • Aug 9th Battle of Cedar Mountain VA during US Civil War (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • Aug 9th Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict" premieres in Baden-Baden
  • Aug 10th Battle of Nueces River TX
  • Aug 12th Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • Aug 14th Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president
  • Aug 17th Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • Aug 18th General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured
  • Aug 18th Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • Aug 21st The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • Aug 22nd Battle of Catlett's Station, VA
  • Aug 22nd Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • Aug 23rd Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • Aug 25th US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • Aug 27th Battle of Cub Run, VA
  • Aug 28th Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • Aug 28th Battle of Groveton, VA (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19] US7000 CS7000
  • Aug 28th Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 29th 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va (Manassas) during US Civil War
  • Aug 29th Battle of Aspromonte; Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • Aug 29th US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • Aug 30th Last day of 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va - Confederates beat Union forces
  • Aug 30th Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
  • Aug 30th Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • Sep 1st Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • Sep 1st Federal tax levied on tobacco
  • Sep 4th General Lee invades North with 50,000 Confederate troops
  • Sep 4th North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • Sep 4th Maryland Campaign (Antietam Campaign)
  • Sep 5th Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland
  • Sep 6th Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland
  • Sep 9th Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
  • Sep 11th 3rd British Golf Open: Tom Morris Sr shoots a 163 at Prestwick Golf Club