Historical Events for Year 1862

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Months in Year 1862: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 282

Jan 1st - 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
Jan 1st - Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)
Jan 3rd - Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
Jan 4th - Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
Jan 7th - Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
Jan 7th - Romney Campaign; Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
Jan 9th - The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
Jan 10th - Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
Jan 10th - Battle of Romney, WV
Jan 17th - -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
Jan 18th - Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
Jan 19th - Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
Jan 22nd - Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
Jan 23rd - Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
Jan 24th - Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.
Union General George McClellanUnion General George McClellan Jan 26th - Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order
Jan 30th - USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
Jan 31st - Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
Feb 1st - Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"
Feb 6th - General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee
Feb 6th - American Civil Was; naval engagement on Tennessee River-USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
Feb 6th - Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
Feb 7th - Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
Feb 8th - Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
Feb 8th - Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
US President & Union General Ulysses S. GrantUS President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant Feb 10th - Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
Feb 13th - -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
Feb 14th - Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
Feb 15th - Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
Feb 16th - Ft Donelson captured by General Ulysses S. Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
Feb 21st - Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
Feb 21st - Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
Feb 25th - Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
Feb 25th - Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln
Feb 26th - Battle of Woodburn, KY
Feb 28th - Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris
Mar 3rd - Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 5th - Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
Mar 6th - Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
Mar 7th - Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Gens McCulloch & McIntosh killed
Mar 8th - Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
Mar 8th - Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
Mar 8th - Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
Mar 9th - USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
Mar 10th - Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
Mar 10th - US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
Mar 11th - Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief
Mar 11th - 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
Mar 12th - 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
Confederate General Stonewall JacksonConfederate General Stonewall Jackson Mar 14th - Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
Mar 15th - Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
Mar 16th - Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
Mar 22nd - San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
Mar 23rd - Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
Mar 26th - Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
Mar 28th - Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
Mar 31st - Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
Apr 1st - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
Apr 4th - Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
Apr 4th - US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
Apr 5th - Siege of Yorktown VA
Apr 6th - Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
Apr 7th - Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
Apr 8th - John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
Apr 11th - Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
Apr 12th - James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
Apr 12th - Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia
Apr 14th - Battle of Ft Pillow TN
Apr 16th - Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
Apr 16th - American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
Apr 18th - Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA
Bacteriologist Louis PasteurBacteriologist Louis Pasteur Apr 20th - The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.
Apr 21st - Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co
Apr 21st - Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
Apr 25th - Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut
Apr 29th - 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
Apr 29th - New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War
Apr 30th - Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
May 1st - Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
May 4th - -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
May 4th - Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
May 5th - French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
US Civil War Admiral David FarragutUS Civil War Admiral David Farragut May 5th - Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
May 7th - Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
May 7th - Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
May 8th - Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
May 9th - Battle of Farmington, MS
May 9th - Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
May 9th - US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
May 10th - Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
May 11th - Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
May 12th - Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge Louisiana
May 14th - Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
May 15th - -May 17] Battle of Princeton WV
May 15th - Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia
May 15th - Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
May 15th - US Department of Agriculture created
May 15th - Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores
May 15th - Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
May 16th - Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
May 17th - Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
May 19th - US Homestead Act becomes law - provides cheap land for settlement of American West
May 20th - Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West
May 23rd - Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
May 24th - Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
May 24th - Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
May 25th - First Battle of Winchester VA
May 27th - Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
May 30th - Battle of Booneville MS - captured Gen Beauregard evacuates Corinth
May 31st - Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
Jun 1st - 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee Jun 1st - General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines
Jun 1st - Slavery abolished in all US possessions
Jun 2nd - Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgin during US Civil War
Jun 2nd - Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.
Jun 4th - Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee
Jun 6th - Battle of Memphis-city is surrendered
Jun 6th - Skirmish at Harrisonburg, PA
Jun 7th - Skirmish at Union Church, VA (Peninsular)
Jun 7th - Gen B Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed & destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint
Jun 7th - The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
Jun 8th - Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
Jun 9th - Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp
Confederate General J.E.B. StuartConfederate General J.E.B. Stuart Jun 15th - Gen Jeb Stuart completes his "ride around Mcclellan"
Jun 19th - Slavery outlawed in US territories
Jun 20th - Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
Jun 25th - Battle of Oak Grove, VA (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
Jun 26th - Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
Jun 26th - Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
Jun 26th - US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
Jun 27th - -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
Jun 27th - Battle of Gaines' Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
Jun 28th - Day 4 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station/Garnett's Farm, VA
Jun 29th - Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
Jun 30th - Battle at Nelson's Farm/Glendale/Frayser's Farm, Virginia: Confederate assault attack. 6th day of 7 days battles US Civil War
Jun 30th - Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
Jul 1st - Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
Jul 1st - Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
Jul 1st - US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
Jul 1st - Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
Jul 1st - US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
Jul 1st - The Russian State Library is founded.
Jul 2nd - Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
Author and Mathematician Lewis CarrollAuthor and Mathematician Lewis Carroll Jul 4th - Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford
Jul 4th - R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
Jul 6th - Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
Jul 7th - Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
Jul 8th - Theodore R Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity.
Jul 9th - Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
Jul 10th - US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad

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