Historical Events in 1862

Events 1 - 200 of 281

  • Jan 1 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • Jan 1 Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Jan 4 Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • Jan 7 Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
  • Jan 7 Romney Campaign; Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
  • Jan 9 The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • Jan 10 Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • Jan 10 Romney expedition, West Virginia starts (US Civil War)
  • Jan 16 Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • Jan 17 -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
  • Jan 18 Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • Jan 19 Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • Jan 22 Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • Jan 23 Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • Jan 24 Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jan 30 USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
  • Jan 31 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • Feb 1 Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 6 General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Feb 6 American Civil War: Naval engagement on Tennessee River, USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6 Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7 Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8 Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • Feb 8 Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • Feb 10 Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
  • Feb 14 Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16 Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers
  • Feb 21 Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
  • Feb 21 Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
  • Feb 25 Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 25 Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 26 Battle of Woodburn, KY
  • Feb 28 Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 3 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • Mar 5 Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • Mar 6 Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • Mar 7 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • Mar 8 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • Mar 8 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • Mar 8 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • Mar 9 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
  • Mar 10 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • Mar 10 US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • Mar 11 Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief
  • Mar 11 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • Mar 12 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
  • Mar 14 Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • Mar 15 Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • Mar 16 Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • Mar 22 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • Mar 23 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • Mar 26 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • Mar 28 Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • Mar 31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • Apr 1 Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Apr 4 Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
  • Apr 4 US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
  • Apr 5 Siege of Yorktown Virginia, begins by Army of the Potomac (US Civil War)
  • Apr 6 Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • Apr 7 Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • Apr 8 John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • Apr 11 Confederates surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia
  • Apr 12 James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
  • Apr 12 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • Apr 14 Battle of Ft Pillow TN
  • Apr 16 Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • Apr 16 American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • Apr 18 Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 First pasteurization test completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • Apr 21 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • Apr 21 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Apr 29 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
  • Apr 29 New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War
  • Apr 30 Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
  • May 1 Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
  • May 4 -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
  • May 4 Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • May 5 French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • May 5 Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
  • May 7 Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • May 7 Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • May 8 Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
  • May 9 Battle of Farmington, MS
  • May 9 Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
  • May 9 US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
  • May 10 Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • May 11 Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
  • May 12 Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge, Louisiana
  • May 14 Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • May 15 -May 17] Battle of Princeton WV
  • May 15 Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia
  • May 15 Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • May 15 US Department of Agriculture created
  • May 15 Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores
  • May 15 Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
  • May 16 Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • May 17 Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
  • May 20 US Homestead Act becomes law which provides cheap land for the settlement of the American West
  • May 23 Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
  • May 24 Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • May 24 Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
  • May 25 First Battle of Winchester VA
  • May 27 Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
  • May 30 Battle of Booneville MS - captured Gen Beauregard evacuates Corinth
  • May 31 Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • Jun 1 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jun 1 Slavery abolished in all US possessions
  • Jun 2 Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgin during US Civil War
  • Jun 2 Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 4 Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • Jun 6 Battle of Memphis-city is surrendered
  • Jun 6 Skirmish at Harrisonburg, PA
  • Jun 7 Skirmish at Union Church, VA (Peninsular)
  • Jun 7 Gen B Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed & destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint
  • Jun 7 The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • Jun 8 Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • Jun 9 Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Gen Jeb Stuart completes his "ride around Mcclellan"

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 19 Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Jun 20 Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • Jun 25 Battle of Oak Grove, VA (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • Jun 26 Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • Jun 26 Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • Jun 26 US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • Jun 27 -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • Jun 27 Battle of Gaines' Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • Jun 28 Day 4 of 7 Day Battle of Savage's Station [Garnett's Farm] in Virginia
  • Jun 29 Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • Jun 30 Battle at Nelson's Farm/Glendale/Frayser's Farm, Virginia: Confederate assault attack. 6th day of 7 days battles US Civil War
  • Jun 30 Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • Jul 1 Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • Jul 1 Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • Jul 1 US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
  • Jul 1 Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • Jul 1 US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • Jul 1 The Russian State Library is founded.
  • Jul 2 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Jul 4 R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • Jul 6 Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • Jul 7 Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • Jul 8 Theodore R Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity.
  • Jul 9 Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
  • Jul 10 US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • Jul 11 Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • Jul 12 US Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • Jul 12 Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
  • Jul 13 Battle of Murfreesboro, Tennessee (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150 (US Civil War)
  • Jul 15 CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • Jul 16 David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy
  • Jul 17 Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River MS: USS Potomac Expedition
  • Jul 17 US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • Jul 17 United army officially divides corps
  • Jul 17 R John Hunt Morgan:Cynthiana, KY CS24 US17 Skirmish at Columbia, TN
  • Jul 18 Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • Jul 20 Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
  • Jul 27 Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • Jul 27 Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • Jul 28 Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
  • Aug 4 US government collects its 1st income tax
  • Aug 5 Battle of Baton Rouge, LA
  • Aug 6 Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • Aug 9 Battle of Cedar Mountain VA during US Civil War (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • Aug 9 Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict" premieres in Baden-Baden
  • Aug 10 Battle of Nueces River TX
  • Aug 12 Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • Aug 14 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president
  • Aug 17 Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • Aug 18 General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured
  • Aug 18 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • Aug 21 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • Aug 22 Battle of Catlett's Station, VA
  • Aug 22 Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • Aug 23 Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • Aug 25 US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • Aug 28 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • Aug 28 Battle of Groveton, VA (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19] US7000 CS7000
  • Aug 28 Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 29 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va (Manassas) during US Civil War
  • Aug 29 Battle of Aspromonte; Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • Aug 29 US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • Aug 30 Last day of 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va - Confederates beat Union forces
  • Aug 30 Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
  • Aug 30 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • Sep 1 Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • Sep 1 Federal tax levied on tobacco
  • Sep 4 General Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederate troops during US Civil war
  • Sep 4 North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • Sep 4 Maryland Campaign (Antietam Campaign)
  • Sep 5 General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland
  • Sep 6 Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland
  • Sep 9 Robert E. Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
  • Sep 11 3rd British Golf Open: Tom Morris Sr shoots a 163 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 12 Battle of Harpers Ferry VA