Historical Events in 1862

Events 1 - 200 of 283

  • Jan 1st 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
  • Jan 1st Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 3rd Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Jan 4th Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • Jan 7th Battle of Manassas Junction, VA
  • Jan 7th Romney Campaign; Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, WV
  • Jan 9th The first petroleum shipment (1,329 barrels) from the U.S. to Europe arrives at Victoria Docks, London, England aboard the Elizabeth Watts
  • Jan 10th Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • Jan 10th Battle of Romney, WV
  • Jan 16th Hartley Colliery disaster results in 204 deaths
  • Jan 17th -Jan 22nd) BBT Ft Henry, TN by USS Lexington
  • Jan 18th Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • Jan 19th Battle of Mill Springs, KY (Fishing Creek, Logan's Crossroads)
  • Jan 22nd Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • Jan 23rd Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, California imports 10,000 grape vine cuttings
  • Jan 24th Romanian principality arises under King Alexander Cuza. Bucharest proclaimed its capital.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26th Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jan 30th USS Monitor, the US Navy's 1st ironclad warship launched
  • Jan 31st Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
  • Feb 1st Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of Republic"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 6th General Ulysses S. Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Feb 6th American Civil Was; naval engagement on Tennessee River-USS Conestago vs CSS Appleton Belle
  • Feb 6th Ulysses S. Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • Feb 7th Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island NC
  • Feb 8th Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • Feb 8th Opera "Lily of Killarney" premieres in London
  • Feb 10th Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • Feb 13th -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
  • Feb 14th Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
  • Feb 15th Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • Feb 16th Ft Donelson captured by General Ulysses S. Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
  • Feb 21st Confederate Constitution & presidency are declared permanent
  • Feb 21st Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, NM
  • Feb 25th Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 25th Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Feb 26th Battle of Woodburn, KY
  • Feb 28th Opera "La Reine de Saba" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 3rd Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • Mar 5th Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • Mar 6th Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • Mar 7th Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • Mar 8th Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • Mar 8th Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • Mar 8th Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • Mar 9th USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
  • Mar 10th Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • Mar 10th US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • Mar 11th Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief
  • Mar 11th 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
  • Mar 12th 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
  • Mar 14th Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • Mar 15th Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • Mar 16th Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • Mar 22nd San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • Mar 23rd Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • Mar 26th Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • Mar 28th Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • Mar 31st Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
  • Apr 1st Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Apr 4th Battle of Yorktown (US Civil War) begins
  • Apr 4th US begins Peninsular Campaign aimed at capturing Richmond during US Civil War
  • Apr 5th Siege of Yorktown VA
  • Apr 6th Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • Apr 7th Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • Apr 8th John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • Apr 11th Rebels surrender Ft Pulaski, Georgia-Rebels surrender
  • Apr 12th James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA
  • Apr 12th Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia
  • Apr 14th Battle of Ft Pillow TN
  • Apr 16th Slavery abolished in District of Columbia
  • Apr 16th American Confederate Congress approves conscription act for all white males (18-35 years)
  • Apr 18th Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 20th The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • Apr 21st Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Co
  • Apr 21st Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 25th Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Apr 29th 100,000 federal troops prepare to march into Corinth, Miss
  • Apr 29th New Orleans fell to Union forces during US Civil War
  • Apr 30th Swift Run Gap, WV skirmishes
  • May 1st Major General Benjamin Butler's Union forces occupy New Orleans in US Civil War
  • May 4th -5] Battle at Williamsburg, Virginia
  • May 4th Yorktown, VA - Mcclellan halted his troop before town as it is full of armed torpedoes left by CS Brigadier General Gabrial Rains
  • May 5th French army intervenes in Puebla, Mexico: Cinco de Mayo
  • May 5th Peninsular Campaign-Battle of Williamsburg, VA
  • May 7th Battle of West Point, VA (Eltham's Landing, Barnhamsville)
  • May 7th Much of Enschede, Netherlands, destroyed by fire
  • May 8th Valley Campaign: Federals repulsed at Battle of McDowell Va
  • May 9th Battle of Farmington, MS
  • May 9th Battle of Ft Pickens, FL (Pensacola), evacuated by CS
  • May 9th US Naval Academy relocated from Annapolis MD to Newport, RI
  • May 10th Battle of Plum Run Bend, TN (Plum Point Bend)
  • May 11th Confederates scuttle CSS Virginia off Norfolk, VA
  • May 12th Federal troops occupies Baton Rouge Louisiana
  • May 14th Adolphe Nicole of Switzerland patents chronograph
  • May 15th -May 17] Battle of Princeton WV
  • May 15th Battle of Drewry's Bluff (Ft Darling), Virginia
  • May 15th Confederate ship Alabama launched as the Enrica at Birkenhead, England, where she had been built in secret
  • May 15th US Department of Agriculture created
  • May 15th Major Gen Benjamin F Butler issues order (New Orleans) that confederate women abusing union soldiers be treated as whores
  • May 15th Union Grounds, Brooklyn, 1st baseball enclosure, opens
  • May 16th Jean Joseph Etienne Lenoir builds 1st automobile
  • May 17th Battle of Princeton WV, ends, about 128 casualities
  • May 19th US Homestead Act becomes law - provides cheap land for settlement of American West
  • May 20th Homestead Act provides cheap land for settlement of West
  • May 23rd Valley Campaign: Stonewall Jackson takes Fort Royal, Virginia
  • May 24th Beardslee field telegraph used for 1st time
  • May 24th Westminster Bridge across Thames opens
  • May 25th First Battle of Winchester VA
  • May 27th Battle of Hanover Court House, VA (Slash Church, Peake's Station)
  • May 30th Battle of Booneville MS - captured Gen Beauregard evacuates Corinth
  • May 31st Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
  • Jun 1st 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Va (11,165 casualties)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 1st General Robert E. Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at Seven Pines

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jun 1st Slavery abolished in all US possessions
  • Jun 2nd Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virgin during US Civil War
  • Jun 2nd Raid at Early's: Maryland towards Washington, D.C.
  • Jun 4th Confederates evacuate Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • Jun 6th Battle of Memphis-city is surrendered
  • Jun 6th Skirmish at Harrisonburg, PA
  • Jun 7th Skirmish at Union Church, VA (Peninsular)
  • Jun 7th Gen B Butler orders William Mumford hanged after he removed & destroyed US flag on display over New Orleans Mint
  • Jun 7th The United States and Britain agree to suppress the slave trade.
  • Jun 8th Valley Campaign-Battle of Cross Keys, Virginia
  • Jun 9th Battle of Port Republic, last of 5 battles in Jacksons Valley camp

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 15th Gen Jeb Stuart completes his "ride around Mcclellan"

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • Jun 19th Slavery outlawed in US territories
  • Jun 20th Barbu Catargiu, the Prime Minister of Romania, is assassinated.
  • Jun 25th Battle of Oak Grove, VA (Orchard, Henrico, French's Field) (Kings's Schoolhouse) Day 1 of 7 Days
  • Jun 26th Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
  • Jun 26th Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville VA (Meadow Bridge)
  • Jun 26th US Army of Virginia established under Gen John Pope
  • Jun 27th -28] Battle at Garnett's/Golding's Farms, Virginia
  • Jun 27th Battle of Gaines' Mill, VA (Cold Harbor, Chickahominy Bluffs) Day 3
  • Jun 28th Day 4 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station/Garnett's Farm, VA
  • Jun 29th Day 5 of 7 Days-Battle of Savage's Station, Va
  • Jun 30th Battle at Nelson's Farm/Glendale/Frayser's Farm, Virginia: Confederate assault attack. 6th day of 7 days battles US Civil War
  • Jun 30th Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
  • Jul 1st Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
  • Jul 1st Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
  • Jul 1st US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
  • Jul 1st Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
  • Jul 1st US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
  • Jul 1st The Russian State Library is founded.
  • Jul 2nd Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4th Charles Dodgson (Lewis Carroll) creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice Liddell on a family boat trip on the river Isis (Thames) in Oxford

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Jul 4th R Morgan's: Tomkinsville, KY to Somerset, KY [->JUL 28]
  • Jul 6th Skirmish at Devall's Bluff, Arkansas (106 casualties)
  • Jul 7th Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
  • Jul 8th Theodore R Timby is granted a US patent for discharging guns in a revolving turret, using electricity.
  • Jul 9th Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
  • Jul 10th US begins construction of Central Pacific Railroad
  • Jul 11th Lincoln appoints General Halleck general-in-chief
  • Jul 12th Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • Jul 12th Federal troops occupy Helena Arkansas
  • Jul 13th Battle of Murfreesboro, TN (Forrest's Raid) US895 CS150
  • Jul 15th CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet & Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
  • Jul 16th David Farragut is 1st Rear Admiral in US Navy
  • Jul 17th Naval Engagement at Pascagoula River MS: USS Potomac Expedition
  • Jul 17th US army authorized to accept blacks as laborers
  • Jul 17th United army officially divides corps
  • Jul 17th R John Hunt Morgan:Cynthiana, KY CS24 US17 Skirmish at Columbia, TN
  • Jul 18th Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
  • Jul 19th Forrest's 1st raid
  • Jul 20th Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
  • Jul 27th Hurricane hits Canton; about 40,000 die
  • Jul 27th Steamer "Golden Gate" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico
  • Jul 28th Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
  • Aug 4th US government collects its 1st income tax
  • Aug 5th Battle of Baton Rouge, LA
  • Aug 6th Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • Aug 9th Battle of Cedar Mountain VA during US Civil War (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • Aug 9th Berlioz' opera "Beatrice et Benedict" premieres in Baden-Baden
  • Aug 10th Battle of Nueces River TX
  • Aug 12th Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • Aug 14th Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president
  • Aug 17th Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • Aug 18th General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured
  • Aug 18th Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • Aug 21st The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.
  • Aug 22nd Battle of Catlett's Station, VA
  • Aug 22nd Santee Sioux indian attack Fort Ridgely
  • Aug 23rd Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
  • Aug 25th US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • Aug 27th Battle of Cub Run, VA
  • Aug 28th Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • Aug 28th Battle of Groveton, VA (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19] US7000 CS7000
  • Aug 28th Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • Aug 29th 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va (Manassas) during US Civil War
  • Aug 29th Battle of Aspromonte; Italian royal forces defeat rebels
  • Aug 29th US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
  • Aug 30th Last day of 2nd Battle of Bull Run Va - Confederates beat Union forces
  • Aug 30th Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
  • Aug 30th Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • Sep 1st Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
  • Sep 1st Federal tax levied on tobacco
  • Sep 4th General Lee invades North with 50,000 Confederate troops
  • Sep 4th North Beach & Mission Railway Company organized in San Francisco
  • Sep 4th Maryland Campaign (Antietam Campaign)
  • Sep 5th Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland
  • Sep 6th Stonewall Jackson occupies Frederick, Maryland