Historical Events in 1863

Events 1 - 200 of 263

  • Jan 1st 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
  • Jan 1st Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • Jan 1st Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1st Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2nd Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4th 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4th The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8th American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9th -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10th 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10th General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
  • Jan 10th January-uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11th Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11th Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12th President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13th Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
  • Jan 14th Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Jan 15th 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16th -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17th Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19th General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21st City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22nd Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25th Battle of Kinston, NC
  • Jan 25th General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26th American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29th Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31st 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 2nd Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Feb 7th HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • Feb 10th 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • Feb 24th Arizona Territory created
  • Feb 24th Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Feb 25th Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • Feb 26th Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • Feb 28th Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • Mar 3rd 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 3rd Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3rd Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3rd Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3rd Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4th Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4th Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11th 25th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblem wins
  • Mar 17th Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • Mar 19th The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 20th Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • Mar 21st Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25th 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • Mar 25th Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • Mar 26th Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 27th American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30th Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31st Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
  • Apr 1st 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2nd Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7th Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10th Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
  • Apr 11th Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12th -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Apr 13th Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • Apr 13th Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • Apr 14th William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17th R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
  • Apr 19th Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21st Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24th Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27th Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29th Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30th -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30th Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • May 1st Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
  • May 1st Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1st Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1st Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2nd South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 2nd Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3rd Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • May 3rd Battle of Salem Church, VA
  • May 4th Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • May 4th End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • May 5th Battle of Tupelo, MS
  • May 5th Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
  • May 8th Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12th Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • May 14th American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
  • May 16th Battle of Champion's Hill, MS-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17th Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
  • May 17th Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
  • May 18th Siege of Vicksburg, MS
  • May 19th Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21st Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 22nd General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 22nd War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23rd Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • May 27th CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • May 27th Siege of Port Hudson LA
  • May 28th 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 2nd Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • Jun 5th Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run)
  • Jun 5th CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic
  • Jun 6th Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA & Williamsport, MD
  • Jun 7th Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt
  • Jun 7th Mexico City captured by French troops
  • Jun 9th Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)

Victory-in-battleVictory in Battle

Jun 10th Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds

Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Jun 13th Second Battle of Winchester VA
  • Jun 13th Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon", Christchurch, NZ
  • Jun 13th Skirmish at Berryville Virginia
  • Jun 14th Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • Jun 15th 2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
  • Jun 17th Battle at Middleburg, Virginia
  • Jun 17th Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • Jun 17th Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • Jun 17th Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • Jun 18th After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • Jun 19th Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • Jun 20th 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • Jun 20th Skirmish at Greencastle Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20th West Virginia admitted as 35th US state
  • Jun 21st Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • Jun 23rd Tullahoma campaign, TN
  • Jun 24th Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • Jun 25th US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • Jun 27th Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • Jun 29th Battle at Westminster Maryland: Federal assault

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 29th George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General

  • Jun 29th Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 29th Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • Jun 30th Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • Jun 30th Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • Jun 30th Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • Jul 1st -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • Jul 1st Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • Jul 1st Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • Jul 1st Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • Jul 2nd Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • Jul 2nd R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 3rd Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • Jul 3rd Battle of Gettysburg, Pa, the largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union.
  • Jul 4th Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • Jul 4th Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 4th General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jul 4th Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • Jul 4th Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • Jul 5th Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
  • Jul 6th Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • Jul 6th Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • Jul 7th 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
  • Jul 7th Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked
  • Jul 9th R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • Jul 9th Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • Jul 10th Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • Jul 10th Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
  • Jul 11th Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • Jul 11th Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • Jul 12th In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • Jul 13th Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • Jul 13th Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • Jul 13th Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • Jul 13th Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 14th Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • Jul 14th Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • Jul 15th Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • Jul 16th Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • Jul 17th Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • Jul 17th Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • Jul 18th Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • Jul 19th Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • Jul 23rd Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • Jul 24th Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • Jul 25th Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • Jul 26th Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • Jul 30th President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • Jul 30th Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • Aug 1st Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
  • Aug 1st Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • Aug 3rd Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
  • Aug 3rd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • Aug 8th American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • Aug 9th Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • Aug 11th Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • Aug 12th 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • Aug 15th Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • Aug 15th The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • Aug 16th Chickamauga campaign GA
  • Aug 17th Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC
  • Aug 21st Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • Aug 26th Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • Sep 1st 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1st Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1st Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5th Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6th -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7th Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8th -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8th Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces