Historical Events in 1863

Events 1 - 200 of 261

  • Jan 1 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • Jan 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4 The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
  • Jan 10 January-uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11 Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11 Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13 Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
  • Jan 14 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Jan 15 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2 Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Feb 7 HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • Feb 10 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • Feb 24 Arizona Territory created
  • Feb 24 Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Feb 25 Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • Feb 26 Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • Feb 28 Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • Mar 3 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4 Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11 25th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblem wins
  • Mar 17 Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • Mar 19 Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 20 Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • Mar 21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • Mar 25 Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • Mar 26 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31 Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
  • Apr 1 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7 Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10 Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
  • Apr 11 Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Apr 13 Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • Apr 13 Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • Apr 14 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17 R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
  • Apr 19 Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24 Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29 Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30 -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30 Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • May 1 Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
  • May 1 Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1 Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1 Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2 South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3 Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • May 3 Battle of Salem Church, VA
  • May 4 Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • May 4 End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • May 5 Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
  • May 8 Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12 Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • May 14 American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
  • May 16 Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17 Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
  • May 17 Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
  • May 18 Siege of Vicksburg, MS
  • May 19 Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21 Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22 General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 22 War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23 Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • May 27 CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • May 27 Siege of Port Hudson LA
  • May 28 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • Jun 5 Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run)
  • Jun 5 CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic
  • Jun 6 Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA & Williamsport, MD
  • Jun 7 Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt
  • Jun 7 Mexico City captured by French troops
  • Jun 9 Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 10 Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Jun 13 Second Battle of Winchester VA
  • Jun 13 Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon", Christchurch, NZ
  • Jun 13 Skirmish at Berryville Virginia
  • Jun 14 Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • Jun 15 2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
  • Jun 17 Battle at Middleburg, Virginia
  • Jun 17 Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • Jun 17 Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • Jun 17 Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • Jun 18 After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • Jun 19 Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • Jun 20 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • Jun 20 Skirmish at Greencastle, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20 West Virginia admitted as 35th US state of the Union
  • Jun 21 Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • Jun 23 Tullahoma campaign, TN
  • Jun 24 Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • Jun 25 US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • Jun 27 Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • Jun 29 Battle at Westminster Maryland: Federal assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29 George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General

  • Jun 29 Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 29 Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • Jun 30 Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • Jun 30 Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • Jun 30 Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • Jul 1 -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • Jul 1 Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • Jul 1 Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • Jul 1 Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • Jul 2 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • Jul 2 R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 3 Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • Jul 3 Battle of Gettysburg: Largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union during the US Civil War
  • Jul 4 Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • Jul 4 Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jul 4 Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • Jul 4 Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • Jul 5 Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
  • Jul 6 Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • Jul 6 Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • Jul 7 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
  • Jul 7 Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked
  • Jul 9 R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • Jul 9 Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • Jul 10 Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • Jul 10 Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
  • Jul 11 Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • Jul 11 Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • Jul 12 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • Jul 13 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • Jul 13 Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • Jul 13 Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • Jul 13 Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 14 Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • Jul 14 Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • Jul 15 Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • Jul 16 Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • Jul 17 Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • Jul 17 Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • Jul 18 Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • Jul 19 Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • Jul 23 Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • Jul 24 Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • Jul 25 Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • Jul 26 Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • Jul 30 President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • Jul 30 Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • Aug 1 Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
  • Aug 1 Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • Aug 3 Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
  • Aug 3 Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • Aug 8 American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • Aug 9 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • Aug 11 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • Aug 12 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • Aug 15 Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • Aug 15 The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • Aug 16 Chickamauga campaign GA
  • Aug 17 Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC
  • Aug 21 Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • Aug 26 Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • Sep 1 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1 Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1 Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5 Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6 -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7 Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8 -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8 Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
  • Sep 8 Battle of Telford's Depot TN
  • Sep 9 Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN