Historical Events in 1863

Events 1 - 200 of 263

  • Jan 1st 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1st Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • Jan 1st Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2nd Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4th 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4th The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8th American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9th -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10th 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10th General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
  • Jan 10th January-uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11th Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11th Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12th President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13th Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
  • Jan 14th Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Jan 15th 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16th -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17th Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19th General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21st City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22nd Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25th Battle of Kinston, NC
  • Jan 25th General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26th American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29th Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31st 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2nd Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Feb 7th HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • Feb 10th 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • Feb 24th Arizona Territory created
  • Feb 24th Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Feb 25th Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • Feb 26th Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • Feb 28th Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • Mar 3rd 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3rd Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3rd Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3rd Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3rd Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4th Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4th Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11th 25th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblem wins
  • Mar 17th Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • Mar 19th The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 20th Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • Mar 21st Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25th 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • Mar 25th Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • Mar 26th Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27th American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30th Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31st Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
  • Apr 1st 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2nd Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7th Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10th Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
  • Apr 11th Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12th -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Apr 13th Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • Apr 13th Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • Apr 14th William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17th R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
  • Apr 19th Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21st Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24th Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27th Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29th Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30th -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30th Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • May 1st Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
  • May 1st Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1st Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1st Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2nd South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2nd Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3rd Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • May 3rd Battle of Salem Church, VA
  • May 4th Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • May 4th End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • May 5th Battle of Tupelo, MS
  • May 5th Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
  • May 8th Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12th Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • May 14th American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
  • May 16th Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17th Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
  • May 17th Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
  • May 18th Siege of Vicksburg, MS
  • May 19th Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21st Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22nd General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 22nd War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23rd Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • May 27th CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • May 27th Siege of Port Hudson LA
  • May 28th 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2nd Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • Jun 5th Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run)
  • Jun 5th CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic
  • Jun 6th Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA & Williamsport, MD
  • Jun 7th Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt
  • Jun 7th Mexico City captured by French troops
  • Jun 9th Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 10th Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds

Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Jun 13th Second Battle of Winchester VA
  • Jun 13th Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon", Christchurch, NZ
  • Jun 13th Skirmish at Berryville Virginia
  • Jun 14th Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
  • Jun 15th 2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
  • Jun 17th Battle at Middleburg, Virginia
  • Jun 17th Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
  • Jun 17th Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
  • Jun 17th Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
  • Jun 18th After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
  • Jun 19th Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
  • Jun 20th 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
  • Jun 20th Skirmish at Greencastle Pennsylvania
  • Jun 20th West Virginia admitted as 35th US state
  • Jun 21st Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
  • Jun 23rd Tullahoma campaign, TN
  • Jun 24th Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
  • Jun 25th US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
  • Jun 27th Skirmish at Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia
  • Jun 29th Battle at Westminster Maryland: Federal assault

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 29th George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General

  • Jun 29th Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 29th Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
  • Jun 30th Battles in Hanover, Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
  • Jun 30th Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
  • Jun 30th Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
  • Jul 1st -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
  • Jul 1st Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
  • Jul 1st Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
  • Jul 1st Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
  • Jul 2nd Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
  • Jul 2nd R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 3rd Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
  • Jul 3rd Battle of Gettysburg, Pa, the largest battle ever fought on the American continent, ends in a major victory for the Union.
  • Jul 4th Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
  • Jul 4th Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4th General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jul 4th Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
  • Jul 4th Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
  • Jul 5th Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
  • Jul 6th Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
  • Jul 6th Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
  • Jul 7th 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)
  • Jul 7th Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked
  • Jul 9th R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
  • Jul 9th Union troops enter Port Hudson
  • Jul 10th Battle of Charleston, SC (Morris Island) [->SEP 06]
  • Jul 10th Battle of Jackson, MS - captured by federals [->JUL 16] US1000 CS1339
  • Jul 11th Battle at Green River, Ky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
  • Jul 11th Japanese battle cruiser shoots at Dutch warship Medusa, kills 4
  • Jul 12th In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • Jul 13th Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • Jul 13th Battle of Bayou La Fourche, LA
  • Jul 13th Battle of Tupelo, MS (Harrisburg) [->JUL 15] US648 CS700
  • Jul 13th Rebellion at Morgan's, Ohio [->JUL 26]
  • Jul 14th Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
  • Jul 14th Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
  • Jul 15th Pres Davis orders service duty for confederate army
  • Jul 16th Utrecht-Swells railway opens
  • Jul 17th Battle of Honey Springs - largest battle in Indian Territory
  • Jul 17th Māori forces are defeated by British troops at Koheroa, Waikato, in the New Zealand Wars between Maori tribes and British colonials
  • Jul 18th Battle of Fort Wagner, SC - Second assault US1500 CS174
  • Jul 19th Battle of Buffington's Island (St George Creek), Ohio
  • Jul 23rd Alexandra Park opens in North London
  • Jul 24th Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia
  • Jul 25th Skirmish at Barbee's Crossroads, Virginia
  • Jul 26th Battle of Salineville OH, John Hunt Morgan & 364 troops surrender
  • Jul 30th President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • Jul 30th Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
  • Aug 1st Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
  • Aug 1st Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • Aug 3rd Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
  • Aug 3rd Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • Aug 8th American Civil War: Tennessee's "military" Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves. Celebrated as a holiday by Tennessee African Americans (early 20th century)
  • Aug 9th Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • Aug 11th Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • Aug 12th 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • Aug 15th Submarine "HL Hunley" arrives in Charleston on railroad cars
  • Aug 15th The Anglo-Satsuma War begins between the Satsuma Domain of Japan and the United Kingdom (Traditional Japanese date: July 2, 1863).
  • Aug 16th Chickamauga campaign GA
  • Aug 17th Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC
  • Aug 21st Raid at Lawrence KS by William Quantrill
  • Aug 26th Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • Sep 1st 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
  • Sep 1st Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
  • Sep 1st Rail & ferry connection between San Francisco & Oakland inaugurated
  • Sep 5th Bread revolt in Mobile, Alabama
  • Sep 6th -7] After 59 day siege Confederate troops vacate Fort Wagner SC (1700 casualties)
  • Sep 7th Federal naval expedition arrives off Sabine Pass
  • Sep 8th -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
  • Sep 8th Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces