Historical Events in 1864

Events 1 - 200 of 349

  • Jan 11 Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • Jan 14 Battle of Cosby Creek, TN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 14 General Sherman begins his march to the South

  • Jan 16 Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 General longstreet's command ends heavy fighting at Dandridgem TN

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • Jan 21 The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
  • Jan 27 Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
  • Jan 27 Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
  • Jan 28 Battle of New Bern, NC
  • Feb 1 -Feb 8th] Battle of Yazoo River, MS
  • Feb 1 2nd German-Danish war begins
  • Feb 1 Austrian and Prussian troops occupy Schleswig-Holstein
  • Feb 2 -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Feb 3 Sherman's march through Mississippi
  • Feb 4 Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • Feb 5 Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • Feb 6 -7] Skirmish at Barnett's Ford Virginia
  • Feb 7 Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • Feb 13 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi
  • Feb 15 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen
  • Feb 16 Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • Feb 17 Confederate submarine HL Hunley sinks Union ship Housatonic
  • Feb 19 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • Feb 20 Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • Feb 21 -22] Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
  • Feb 21 1st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • Feb 22 -27] Battle at Dalton Georgia
  • Feb 22 2nd/last day of Battle of Okolona, MS
  • Feb 22 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Battle of Dug Hill), Tennessee
  • Feb 24 -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard's Roost)
  • Feb 27 6th & last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • Feb 27 Near Andersonville, GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • Feb 28 -Mar 3rd] Skirmish at Albemarle County Virginia (Burton's Ford)
  • Feb 28 -Mar 4th) Raid at Kilpatrick's Richmond
  • Mar 1 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • Mar 1 Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • Mar 5 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 Ulysses S. Grant is appointed commander of Union Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Mar 9 26th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblematic wins
  • Mar 10 Ullyses Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • Mar 10 Red River campaign begun in Louisiana by Union forces
  • Mar 11 The Great Sheffield Flood: the largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.
  • Mar 14 Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 14 Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
  • Mar 15 Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, LA
  • Mar 18 Dale Dike on Humber River crumbles drowning some 240
  • Mar 19 Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 21 Battle at Henderson's Hill (Bayou Rapids) Louisiana
  • Mar 23 Encounter at Camden AR
  • Mar 25 Battle of Paducah, KY (Forrest's raid)
  • Mar 29 Great Britain gives the Ionian Islands back to Greece
  • Mar 29 Union General Steeles troops reach Arkadelphia Arkansas
  • Mar 30 Skirmish at Mount Elba, Arkansas
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • Apr 2 Skirmish at Spoonville/Antoine, Arkansas
  • Apr 3 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • Apr 4 Skirmish at Elkin's Ford (Little Missouri River), Arkansas
  • Apr 8 Battle of Mansfield, La; Federals routed by Gen Richard Taylor
  • Apr 9 Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • Apr 9 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Austrian Archduke Maximilian becomes Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico

Emperor of Mexico Maximilian I
Emperor of Mexico
Maximilian I
  • Apr 12 Battle of Blair's Landing LA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • Apr 15 General Steeles' Union troops occupies Camden, Arkansas
  • Apr 17 Battle of Plymouth, NC
  • Apr 17 Bread revolt in Savannah, Georgia
  • Apr 17 Grant suspends prisoner-of-war exchanges
  • Apr 18 Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 22 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • Apr 23 Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)
  • Apr 25 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • Apr 29 -30] Skirmish at Jenkins' Ferry, Arkansas
  • Apr 29 The Theta Xi fraternity is founded at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York.
  • Apr 29 Battle of Gate Pa (Pukehinahina): 1,700 British troops suffer their worst defeat of the New Zealand Wars at the hands of 230 entrenched Maori warriors in Tauranga
  • Apr 30 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry, Arkansas; Gen W R Scurry is killed
  • Apr 30 New York becomes 1st state to charge a hunting license fee
  • May 1 -8] Battle at Alexandria, Louisiana (Red River Campaign)
  • May 1 Atlanta campaign, GA begins
  • May 3 3rd day in Battle at Alexandria Louisiana: Confederate assault
  • May 4 -16] actions at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia
  • May 4 General Ulysses S. Grant's Union Army at Potomac attacks Robert E. Lee's Confederates at Rappahannock River
  • May 5 Atlanta Campaign: 5 days fighting begins at Rocky Face Ridge
  • May 5 Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke
  • May 5 Battle of Wilderness, VA (Germanna Ford, Wilderness Tavern)
  • May 5 Campaign in Northern Georgia - Chattanooga GA to Atlanta GA
  • May 6 US Civil War: Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA
  • May 6 US Civil War: Battle of Wilderness - Confederate General longstreet seriously injured
  • May 6 US Civil war: General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia
  • May 7 Battle of Wilderness ends (total losses: USA-17,666; CSA-7,500)
  • May 7 Skirmish at Port Walthall Junction Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Actions at Stony Creek/Nottoway bridge Virginia (Drewry's Bluff)
  • May 8 Atlanta Campaign: Severe fighting near Dalton
  • May 8 Battle of Spotslyvania Court House begins
  • May 9 -20] Skirmish at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia
  • May 9 Battle of Cloyd's Mt, & Swift Creek, VA (Drewery's Bluff, Ft Darling)
  • May 9 Ship battle at Helgoland, Austria-Denmark
  • May 10 Battles at Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia
  • May 10 Skirmish at Ny River, Virginia
  • May 11 Battle of Yellow Tavern, VA (Sheridan's Raid, South Anna Bridge)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Gen J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded at Yellow Tavern

Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart
Confederate General
J.E.B. Stuart
  • May 12 US Civil war: Battle of Drewry's Bluff, VA (Ft Darling)
  • May 12 US Civil War Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
  • May 12 Battle of Todd's Tavern, VA (Sheridan's Raid), cavalry battle during US Civil War
  • May 12 US Union colonel Emory Upton (24) promoted to brigadier general
  • May 13 -16] Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca Georgia
  • May 15 Battle of New Market, Virginia
  • May 15 Skirmish at Marksville (Avoyelles) (Red River Campaign)
  • May 16 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Resaca, ends (since May 13)
  • May 16 Battle of Bermuda Hundred, VA
  • May 16 Last battles at Drewry's Bluff, Virginia (6,666 casualties)
  • May 17 Battle of Adairsville Georgia, Union forces Confederates to retreat
  • May 18 Battle of Yellow Bayou, LA (Bayou de Glaize, Old Oaks)
  • May 19 Battle of Port Walthall Junction, VA (Bermuda Hundred)
  • May 19 Last engagement in series of battles known as Spotsylvania
  • May 19 Skirmish at Cassville Georgia
  • May 20 Battle at Ware Bottom Church, Virginia, 1,400 killed or injured
  • May 20 Spotsylvania campaign ends after 10,920 killed/injured
  • May 21 Gen David Hunter takes command of Department of West Virginia
  • May 21 Russia declares an end to the Russian-Circassian War and many Circassians are forced into exile. The day is designated to be the Circassian Day of Mourning.
  • May 22 Battle of N Anna River, VA (Totopotamy River, Haw's Shop, Hanovertown)
  • May 23 Battle of North Anna, Va, 1st of 3 days of fighting
  • May 25 Battle of New Hope Church, GA
  • May 26 Battle of Dallas, Georgia begins (US Civil War)
  • May 26 -30] Skirmish along the Totopotomoy Creek, Virginia
  • May 26 Territory of Montana formed
  • May 27 Skirmish at Salem Church (Haw's Shop), Virginia
  • May 29 Mexican Emperor Maximilian arrives at Vera Cruz
  • May 30 Cavalry fight at Battle of Bethesda Church/Totopotomoy Creek Virginia during US Civil War
  • May 31 Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
  • Jun 1 -Nov] Shenandoah Valley campaign
  • Jun 1 Battle of Cold Harbor, VA (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
  • Jun 1 Confederate cruiser Georgia sold to a British merchant in Liverpool.
  • Jun 2 Battle of Cold Harbour, Day 2

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 3 General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Jun 5 Battle of Piedmont, VA (Augusta City)
  • Jun 6 Battle of Lake Chicot, AR (Dutch Bayou)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 7 Abraham Lincoln renominated for US President by Republican Party

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Jun 9 Battle of Big Shanty, GA
  • Jun 9 Battle of Kenesaw Mountain, GA (Pine Mt, Pine Knob, Golgotha)
  • Jun 10 Battle of Kellar's Bridge KY (Licking River)
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle of Trevillian Station, VA (Central Railroad)
  • Jun 11 300' (90 m) of Meigg's Wharf washed away in storm
  • Jun 11 Battle at Cynthiana Kentucky: Gen Hobsons unit caught
  • Jun 11 Battle of Laurel Hill, WV
  • Jun 11 Confederate warship CSS Alabama runs into harbor of Cherbourg
  • Jun 12 Lee sends Early into Shenandoah Valley
  • Jun 12 Skirmish at Mcafee's Cross Road Georgia, about 57 dies in battle
  • Jun 14 US Union warship USS Kearsarge appears off Cherbourg
  • Jun 15 -17] Skirmish at Gilgal Church, Georgia
  • Jun 15 Battle for Petersburg begins as General Ulysses S. Grant assaults Confederate line
  • Jun 15 Capt Mendell begins building 640m long ponton bridge over James R Va
  • Jun 15 US Congress passes legislation equalizing pay for Black soldiers
  • Jun 15 Robert E. Lee's home area (Arlington, VA) becomes a military cemetery
  • Jun 16 Battle of Lynchburg, VA
  • Jun 16 Skirmish at Golgotha, Georgia
  • Jun 16 Union General Ulysses S. Grant begin siege of Petersburg, Va
  • Jun 17 -18] Confederate troops pull back out Solves/lost Mt, Georgia
  • Jun 17 640m long ponton bridge over James River Virginia finished
  • Jun 17 General John B Hood replaces General Johnston
  • Jun 17 Skirmish at Mud Creek/Noyes's (Nose) Creek, Georgia
  • Jun 18 At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
  • Jun 19 CSS "Alabama" sunk by USS "Kearsarge" off Cherbourg, France
  • Jun 19 Skirmish at Pine Knob Georgia
  • Jun 20 Battle of Kinston, NC, & Battle of Abingdon, VA
  • Jun 20 Battle of Petersburgs, VA - in trenches
  • Jun 20 Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
  • Jun 21 New Zealand Wars: The Tauranga Campaign ends
  • Jun 22 Battle of Ream's Station, VA (Wilson's Raid)
  • Jun 22 Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
  • Jun 25 Horse tramway at the Hague, opens
  • Jun 25 Petersburg Campaign-Federals begin digging tunnels under Reb lines
  • Jun 27 Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain GA
  • Jun 29 Grand Trunk Railway accident; 100 killed
  • Jun 29 Samuel Crowther, bishop of Niger, becomes the first Black bishop of the Church of England
  • Jul 1 Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS---
  • Jul 2 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, GA [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, WV - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 4 -9] Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, MS (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 6 Battle of Chattahoochee River, GA [->JUL 10] US730 CS600
  • Jul 7 S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken.
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400
  • Jul 11 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash DC
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 & injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces Gen Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • Jul 18 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, VA (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US soldiers die
  • Jul 23 Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
  • Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]