Historical Events for Year 1865

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Months in Year 1865: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 183

Jan 1st - -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
Jan 3rd - Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
Jan 4th - The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
Jan 11th - Battle of Beverly, WV
Jan 12th - -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
Jan 13th - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
Jan 15th - Ft Fisher, NC, falls to Union troops
Jan 16th - Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
Jan 16th - Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
Jan 16th - SF Dramatic Chronicle started
Jan 18th - Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC
Jan 19th - NV Suriname Bank established
Jan 19th - Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC
Jan 23rd - -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
Jan 25th - CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
Jan 28th - Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis Jan 31st - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
Jan 31st - Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
Feb 1st - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
Feb 1st - General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins
Feb 1st - JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
Feb 3rd - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
Feb 4th - Hawaiian Board of Education formed
Feb 4th - Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
Feb 5th - Battle of Hatcher's Run, VA (Armstrong's Mill, Dabney's Mill)
Feb 6th - 2nd day of battle at Dabney's Mills (Hatcher's Run)
Feb 8th - 1st black major in US Army appointed during US Civil war - Martin Robison Delany
Feb 12th - Henry Highland Garnet is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee Feb 17th - -18] Battle of Charleston SC
Feb 17th - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
Feb 18th - Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
Feb 18th - Evacuation of Charleston, SC
Feb 18th - Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
Feb 20th - Massachusetts Institute of Technology forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
Feb 22nd - Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
Feb 22nd - Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
Feb 27th - Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
Mar 2nd - British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
Mar 2nd - Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
Mar 2nd - Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro VA during American Civil War
Mar 2nd - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 3rd - US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
Mar 3rd - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
Mar 4th - Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
Mar 4th - Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president
Mar 6th - Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
Mar 6th - President Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Ball
Mar 7th - -10] Battles round Kinston NC
Mar 8th - Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
Mar 8th - 27th Grand National: Capt. Henry Coventry aboard Alcibiade FRA wins
Mar 10th - Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
Mar 11th - General William T. Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC
Mar 13th - US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman Mar 13th - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
Mar 16th - Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
Mar 18th - Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL
Mar 18th - Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
Mar 19th - Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
Mar 20th - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
Mar 20th - Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
Mar 21st - Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
Mar 22nd - Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
Mar 23rd - General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC
Mar 25th - Battle of Bluff Spring, FL
Mar 25th - Battle of Fort Stedman, VA - in front of Petersburg
Mar 25th - Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
Mar 25th - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
Mar 27th - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
Mar 29th - -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA, 7582 killed
Mar 29th - Battle of Quaker Road, VA
Mar 30th - -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia
Mar 31st - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
Mar 31st - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
Apr 1st - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
Apr 1st - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
Apr 2nd - Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland's Station)
Apr 2nd - US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA
Apr 2nd - Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL
Apr 3rd - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 3rd - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg
Apr 4th - Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
Apr 5th - Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 6th - Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee's army cut off
Apr 6th - Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;
Apr 7th - Battle of Farmville VA
Apr 9th - US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Apr 10th - At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
Apr 11th - Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
Apr 11th - Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
Apr 13th - Battle of Raleigh, NC
Apr 13th - Sherman's march through Georgia begins
Apr 14th - Mobile, Alabama is captured
Apr 14th - US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting
Apr 14th - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
Apr 14th - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Apr 15th - Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen
Apr 15th - Abraham Lincoln is shot & killed while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre
Apr 16th - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
Apr 17th - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination
Apr 18th - Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina
Apr 20th - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
Apr 21st - Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
Apr 24th - Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
Apr 26th - Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
Apr 26th - Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
Apr 26th - Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC
Apr 27th - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
Apr 27th - Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
Apr 28th - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
May 2nd - US President Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
May 4th - Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders
May 4th - Battle of Mobile, AL
May 5th - 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
May 10th - US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia
May 10th - Surrender of Sam Jones
May 11th - Confederate Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson surrenders at Jacksonport, Arkansas
May 12th - Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
May 13th - Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
May 17th - The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.
May 23rd - -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
May 23rd - Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot
May 26th - Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
Jun 2nd - At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
Jun 8th - Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
Jun 9th - Battle of Grand Gulf, MS
Jun 10th - Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" 1st performance Munich Germany
17th US President Andrew Johnson17th US President Andrew Johnson Jun 13th - President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states
Jun 19th - Siege of Richmond, VA
Jun 19th - Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
Jun 22nd - 1st class cricket debut of Dr W G Grace
Jun 23rd - At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army
Jun 28th - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
Jun 30th - 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
Jul 2nd - One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
Jul 4th - First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" is published
Jul 5th - Great Britain delegate's world 1st maximum speed laws
Jul 5th - US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
Jul 13th - Horace Greeley reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
Jul 13th - P T Barnum's museum burns down
Jul 14th - Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill HickokFolk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok Jul 21st - In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
Jul 22nd - V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire
Jul 26th - Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
Jul 26th - The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
Jul 27th - Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
Jul 30th - Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
Jul 31st - The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
Aug 2nd - Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"
Aug 2nd - Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps & is lost
Aug 12th - Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

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