Historical Events in 1866

  • Jan 9 Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jan 11 Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • Jan 12 The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • Jan 15 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori v Cechach" premieres in Prague
  • Jan 18 Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • Jan 20 Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4 Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • Feb 10 Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 16 Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War
  • Feb 21 Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • Feb 26 New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • Mar 1 Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • Mar 2 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • Mar 7 28th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Salamander IRE wins
  • Mar 19 Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • Mar 21 US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • Mar 27 Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 28 1st ambulance goes into service
  • Mar 30 Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
  • Mar 31 The Spanish navy bombards the harbor of Valpara√≠so, Chile.
  • Apr 1 US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
  • Apr 2 US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
  • Apr 4 Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • Apr 6 Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson
  • Apr 8 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • Apr 9 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Apr 10 American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • Apr 16 Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • Apr 16 Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • May 1 American Equal Rights Association forms
  • May 2 Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • May 4 Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 7 German premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • May 16 Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • May 16 US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • May 18 French government of De Putte resigns
  • May 21 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • May 24 Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • May 28 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • May 30 Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • Jun 1 General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • Jun 1 Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • Jun 2 Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • Jun 7 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec
  • Jun 11 The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
  • Jun 13 US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • Jun 15 Prussia attacks Austria
  • Jun 20 Italy declares war on Austria
  • Jun 24 Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage
  • Jul 4 Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Maine, US
  • Jul 10 Indelible pencil patented by Edson P. Clark, Northampton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 17 Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • Jul 19 Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Jul 20 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 23 Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
  • Jul 24 Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25 David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25 Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 26 Canoe Club opens in England
  • Jul 27 Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
  • Jul 28 Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30 New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • Aug 11 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • Aug 20 President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
  • Aug 23 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • Sep 1 Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
  • Sep 4 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Sep 13 7th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 169 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 22 Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Sep 25 (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
  • Oct 1 Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • Oct 2 J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • Oct 6 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • Oct 15 Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • Oct 22 Paraguay: Battle of Curupayt√≠ against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • Oct 30 Jesse James' gang robs bank in Lexington, Missouri ($2000)
  • Nov 4 Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • Nov 17 Opera "Mignon" is produced in Paris
  • Nov 20 First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • Nov 20 Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Nov 20 Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • Nov 30 Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel in Chicago
  • Dec 6 Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • Dec 11 1st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 21 Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre