Historical Events in 1866

  • The Peace of Prague signed, ending the Austro-Prussian War
  • Jan 9th Fisk University establishes
  • Jan 11th Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • Jan 12th The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • Jan 15th Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori v Cechach" premieres in Prague
  • Jan 18th Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • Jan 20th Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 4th Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • Feb 10th Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 13th Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 16th Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
  • Feb 21st Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • Feb 26th New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • Mar 1st Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • Mar 2nd 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • Mar 7th 28th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Salamander IRE wins
  • Mar 19th Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • Mar 21st US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • Mar 27th Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • Mar 27th President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment
  • Mar 28th 1st ambulance goes into service
  • Mar 30th Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
  • Mar 31st The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valpara√≠so, Chile.
  • Apr 1st US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
  • Apr 2nd US President Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
  • Apr 4th Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • Apr 6th G.A.R. forms
  • Apr 8th Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 9th Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Apr 10th American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • Apr 16th Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • Apr 16th Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • May 1st American Equal Rights Association forms
  • May 2nd Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • May 4th Woodward's Gardens opens to public

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 7th German premier Otto Von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • May 16th Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • May 16th US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • May 18th French government of De Putte resigns
  • May 21st 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • May 24th Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • May 28th Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • May 30th Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • Jun 1st General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • Jun 1st Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • Jun 2nd Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • Jun 7th 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec
  • Jun 11th The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
  • Jun 13th US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • Jun 15th Prussia attacks Austria
  • Jun 20th Italy declares war on Austria
  • Jun 24th Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage.
  • Jul 4th Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Mainee, US
  • Jul 10th Indelible pencil patented by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass
  • Jul 17th Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • Jul 19th Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Jul 20th Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21st Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 23rd Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
  • Jul 24th Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25th 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25th David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 25th Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 26th Canoe Club opens in England
  • Jul 27th Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
  • Jul 28th Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30th New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • Aug 11th World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)
  • Aug 20th President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
  • Aug 23rd Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • Sep 1st Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
  • Sep 4th 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 6th Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Sep 13th 7th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 169 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 22nd Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Sep 25th (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
  • Oct 1st Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • Oct 2nd J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • Oct 6th 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • Oct 15th Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • Oct 22nd Paraguay: Battle of Curupayt√≠ against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • Oct 30th Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)
  • Nov 4th Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • Nov 17th Opera "Mignon" is produced (Paris)
  • Nov 20th First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • Nov 20th Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Nov 20th Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • Nov 30th Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago
  • Dec 3rd Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies
  • Dec 6th Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • Dec 11th 1st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 21st Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre