Historical Events in 1866

  • Jan 9th Fisk University opens in Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jan 11th Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
  • Jan 12th The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
  • Jan 15th Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori v Cechach" premieres in Prague
  • Jan 18th Wesley College is established in Melbourne
  • Jan 20th Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 4th Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • Feb 10th Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13th Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 16th Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
  • Feb 21st Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • Feb 26th New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • Mar 1st Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • Mar 2nd 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • Mar 7th 28th Grand National: Mr Alec Goodman aboard Salamander IRE wins
  • Mar 19th Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • Mar 21st US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
  • Mar 27th Andrew Rankin patents the urinal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27th US President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 28th 1st ambulance goes into service
  • Mar 30th Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
  • Mar 31st The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valpara√≠so, Chile.
  • Apr 1st US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
  • Apr 2nd US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
  • Apr 4th Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
  • Apr 6th Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson
  • Apr 8th Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • Apr 9th Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
  • Apr 10th American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • Apr 16th Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • Apr 16th Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
  • May 1st American Equal Rights Association forms
  • May 2nd Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
  • May 4th Woodward's Gardens opens to the public in San Francisco

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 7th German premier Otto Von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • May 16th Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • May 16th US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • May 18th French government of De Putte resigns
  • May 21st 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • May 24th Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • May 28th Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
  • May 30th Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • Jun 1st General Dutch Typographer Union forms
  • Jun 1st Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
  • Jun 2nd Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
  • Jun 7th 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec
  • Jun 11th The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
  • Jun 13th US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
  • Jun 15th Prussia attacks Austria
  • Jun 20th Italy declares war on Austria
  • Jun 24th Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage.
  • Jul 4th Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Mainee, US
  • Jul 10th Indelible pencil patented by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass
  • Jul 17th Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
  • Jul 19th Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
  • Jul 20th Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
  • Jul 21st Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
  • Jul 23rd Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
  • Jul 24th Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Jul 25th 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
  • Jul 25th David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 25th Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Jul 26th Canoe Club opens in England
  • Jul 27th Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
  • Jul 28th Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
  • Jul 30th New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
  • Aug 11th World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)
  • Aug 20th President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
  • Aug 23rd Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
  • Sep 1st Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
  • Sep 4th 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6th Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Sep 13th 7th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 169 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 22nd Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Sep 25th (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
  • Oct 1st Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
  • Oct 2nd J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
  • Oct 6th 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
  • Oct 15th Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • Oct 22nd Paraguay: Battle of Curupayt√≠ against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
  • Oct 30th Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)
  • Nov 4th Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
  • Nov 17th Opera "Mignon" is produced (Paris)
  • Nov 20th First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
  • Nov 20th Howard University founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Nov 20th Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
  • Nov 30th Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago
  • Dec 3rd Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies
  • Dec 6th Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
  • Dec 11th 1st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 21st Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre