Historical Events in 1868

  • Jan 3rd Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • Jan 4th Wilkie Collins' "The Moonstone" is first serialized in "All the Year Round" owned by Charles Dickins
  • Jan 7th Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • Jan 7th Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • Jan 14th NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • Jan 14th SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • Jan 16th Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • Jan 20th Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
  • Feb 10th Conservatives & military seize Convention Hall in Florida
  • Feb 16th Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • Feb 24th 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 24th US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Feb 29th 1st British government of Disraeli forms
  • Mar 2nd University of Illinois opens
  • Mar 4th 30th Grand National: Mr George Ede aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 5th Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 5th Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • Mar 5th US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 9th The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 12th Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • Mar 12th US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • Mar 12th Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • Mar 13th Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
  • Mar 17th Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20th Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Mar 21st 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • Mar 23rd University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • Mar 24th Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • Mar 27th The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • Mar 31st Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • Apr 1st Hampton Institute opens
  • Apr 3rd A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • Apr 7th Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician.
  • Apr 10th 1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"
  • Apr 10th British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • Apr 11th The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
  • Apr 13th Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide
  • Apr 14th SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • Apr 16th Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • Apr 18th San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • May 9th Anton Bruckner's 1st Symphony in C, premieres
  • May 9th The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.
  • May 14th Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
  • May 15th Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls
  • May 16th Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor" premieres in Prague
  • May 16th US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote.
  • May 20th Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
  • May 22nd Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000
  • May 25th Australian Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins v Surrey Gentlemen
  • May 26th President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
  • May 29th The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
  • May 30th 'Decoration Day', later called Memorial Day, first observed in Northern US states
  • May 31st 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • May 31st Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • Jun 1st Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • Jun 1st Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Jun 4th Van Bosse/Fock government begins
  • Jun 9th 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
  • Jun 10th 2nd Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard General Duke wins in 3:02
  • Jun 13th Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
  • Jun 19th Maj Gen E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
  • Jun 21st Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg" premieres in Munich
  • Jun 22nd Arkansas re-joins the US
  • Jun 23rd Christopher Latham Sholes patents the "Type-writer"
  • Jun 25th FL, AL, LA, GA, NC & SC readmitted to US
  • Jun 25th US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day
  • Jul 4th Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • Jul 4th In New Zealand, Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand; the fugitives landed at Whareongaonga six days later
  • Jul 7th Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • Jul 9th 1st black cabinet member in SC (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
  • Jul 13th Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
  • Jul 14th Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • Jul 20th 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • Jul 25th US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • Jul 28th US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • Aug 8th Earthquake destroyes Arica, Chile
  • Aug 13th Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)
  • Aug 18th French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • Sep 8th New York Athletic Club forms
  • Sep 14th Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole)
  • Sep 22nd Race riots in New Orleans, La
  • Sep 23rd Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • Sep 23rd 9th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 154 at Prestwick Golf Club (three shots better than his father, Tom Morris, Sr.)
  • Sep 25th The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • Sep 28th Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • Sep 28th Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • Sep 30th Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • Oct 1st 1st edition of Maasbode published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1st "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • Oct 7th Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • Oct 10th 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • Oct 10th Cuba revolts for independence against Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11th Thomas Edison patents his 1st invention: electric voice machine

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 17th Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • Oct 21st Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, Calif
  • Oct 22nd Jacques Offenbach's opera "Genevieve de Brabant" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26th White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • Oct 30th John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • Oct 31st Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers
  • Nov 2nd Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • Nov 3rd First black Congressman elected (John W Menard, Louisiana)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3rd Ulysses Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 11th 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)
  • Nov 13th American Philological Association organized in NY
  • Nov 23rd Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • Nov 26th 1st baseball game played in enclosed field in SF, at 25th & Folsom

BattleBattle of Interest

Nov 27th Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

  • Nov 30th The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1st John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Dec 2nd First British government of Disraeli resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3rd 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Dec 5th 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
  • Dec 7th Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
  • Dec 9th 1st British government of Gladstone forms
  • Dec 9th The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • Dec 15th Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
  • Dec 25th Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)