Historical Events in 1868

  • Jan 3 Meiji Restoration returns authority to Japan's emperors
  • Jan 4 Wilkie Collins' "The Moonstone" is first serialized in "All the Year Round" owned by Charles Dickins
  • Jan 7 Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • Jan 7 Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • Jan 14 NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • Jan 14 SC constitutional convention meets with a black majority
  • Jan 16 Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • Jan 20 Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
  • Feb 10 Conservatives & military seize Convention Hall in Florida
  • Feb 16 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • Feb 24 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 24 US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Feb 29 1st British government of Disraeli forms
  • Mar 2 University of Illinois opens
  • Mar 4 30th Grand National: Mr George Ede aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 5 Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 5 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • Mar 5 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 9 The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • Mar 12 US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • Mar 12 Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
  • Mar 13 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial
  • Mar 17 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Mar 21 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • Mar 23 University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • Mar 24 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • Mar 27 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • Mar 31 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • Apr 1 Hampton Institute opens
  • Apr 3 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • Apr 7 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician.
  • Apr 10 1st performance of John Brahms' "A German Requiem"
  • Apr 10 British defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • Apr 11 The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.
  • Apr 13 Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide
  • Apr 14 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • Apr 16 Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • Apr 18 San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • May 9 Anton Bruckner's 1st Symphony in C, premieres
  • May 9 The city of Reno, Nevada, is founded.
  • May 14 Japanese Boshin War: end of the Battle of Utsunomiya Castle, former Shogunate forces withdraw northward to Aizu by way of Nikkō.
  • May 15 Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls
  • May 16 Bedrich Smetana's opera "Dalibor" premieres in Prague
  • May 16 US Senate fails to impeach President Andrew Johnson by one vote.
  • May 20 Republican National Convention, meets in Chicago, nominates Grant
  • May 22 Train robbery at Marshfield, Indiana by the Reno Brothers Gang, who make off with $98,000
  • May 25 Australian Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins v Surrey Gentlemen
  • May 26 President Andrew Johnson avoids impeachment by 1 vote
  • May 29 The assassination of Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia, in Belgrade.
  • May 30 'Decoration Day', later called Memorial Day, first observed in Northern US states
  • May 31 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
  • May 31 Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
  • Jun 1 Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
  • Jun 1 Treaty of Bosque Redondo is signed allowing the Navajos to return to their lands in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Jun 4 Van Bosse/Fock government begins
  • Jun 9 1st meeting of Board of Regents, University of California
  • Jun 10 2nd Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard General Duke wins in 3:02
  • Jun 13 Oscar J Dunn (a black) is elected Lt Governor of Louisiana
  • Jun 19 Maj Gen E R S Canby removes mayor of Columbia SC
  • Jun 21 Wagner's opera "Meistersinger von Nuernberg" premieres in Munich
  • Jun 22 Arkansas re-joins the US
  • Jun 23 Christopher Latham Sholes patents the "Type-writer"
  • Jun 25 FL, AL, LA, GA, NC & SC readmitted to US
  • Jun 25 US President Andrew Johnson passes a law that government workers would work 8 hr day
  • Jul 4 Battle at Ueno, Japan: last Tokugawa armies defeated
  • Jul 4 In New Zealand, Maori leader Te Kooti and 300 of his followers captured the schooner Rifleman and sailed for New Zealand; the fugitives landed at Whareongaonga six days later
  • Jul 7 Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey v Sussex
  • Jul 9 1st black cabinet member in SC (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
  • Jul 13 Oscar J Dunn, former slave, installed as lt governor of Louisiana
  • Jul 14 Alvin J Fellows patents tape measure
  • Jul 20 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
  • Jul 25 US Congress forms Wyoming Territory (Dakota, Utah & Idaho)
  • Jul 28 US Secretary of State William H. Seward announces 14th Amendment ratified by states, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • Aug 8 Earthquake destroyes Arica, Chile
  • Aug 13 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)
  • Aug 18 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • Sep 8 New York Athletic Club forms
  • Sep 14 Golf's 1st recorded hole-in-one (Tom Morris at Prestwick's 8th hole)
  • Sep 22 Race riots in New Orleans, La
  • Sep 23 Grito de Lares proclaims Puerto Rico's independence (crushed by Spain)
  • Sep 23 9th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 154 at Prestwick Golf Club (three shots better than his father, Tom Morris, Sr.)
  • Sep 25 The Imperial Russian steam frigate Alexander Nevski shipwrecks off Jutland while carrying Grand Duke Alexei of Russia.
  • Sep 28 Battle of Alcolea, causes Queen Isabella II of Spain to flee to France
  • Sep 28 Opelousas Massacre at St Landry Parish Louisiana (200 blacks killed)
  • Sep 30 Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France
  • Oct 1 1st edition of Maasbode published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 "Little Women" by Louisa May Alcott is published in America by Roberts Brothers of Boston

  • Oct 7 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) opens
  • Oct 10 1st written account of a Canadian football game
  • Oct 10 Cuba revolts for independence against Spain
  • Oct 17 Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
  • Oct 21 Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, Calif
  • Oct 22 Jacques Offenbach's opera "Genevieve de Brabant" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
  • Oct 30 John Menard of Louisiana is 1st African American elected to US Congress
  • Oct 31 Standard uniform approved for US postal carriers
  • Nov 2 Time zone: New Zealand officially adopts a standard time to be observed nationally
  • Nov 3 First black Congressman elected (John W Menard, Louisiana)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 3 Ulysses Grant (R) wins US presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 11 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)
  • Nov 13 American Philological Association organized in NY
  • Nov 23 Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
  • Nov 26 1st baseball game played in enclosed field in SF, at 25th & Folsom

BattleBattle of Interest

Nov 27 Battle at Washita River, Oklahoma. General Custer attacks group of Native American Indians, their chief Black Kettle dies in the attack

  • Nov 30 The inauguration of a statue of King Charles XII of Sweden takes place in the King's garden in Stockholm.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Dec 2 First British government of Disraeli resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Dec 5 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)
  • Dec 7 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1
  • Dec 9 1st British government of Gladstone forms
  • Dec 9 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • Dec 15 Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
  • Dec 25 Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)