Historical Events for Year 1869

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Months in Year 1869: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 95 of 95

Jan 13th - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
Jan 18th - Elegant California Theater opens in SF
Jan 20th - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
Feb 2nd - James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
Feb 3rd - Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
Feb 6th - Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
Feb 15th - Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
Feb 19th - US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
Feb 20th - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
Feb 23rd - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
Feb 26th - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
Feb 26th - Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres
Feb 27th - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert Mar 1st - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
Mar 3rd - University of South Carolina opens to all races
Mar 3rd - 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins
Mar 4th - Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President
Mar 6th - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
Mar 13th - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
Mar 14th - Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
Mar 16th - Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate
Apr 6th - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels Apr 8th - American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
Apr 9th - Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
Apr 10th - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
Apr 10th - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
Apr 12th - North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
Apr 13th - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
Apr 16th - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
Apr 17th - 1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
Apr 18th - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
Apr 30th - Hawaiian YMCA organized
May 1st - Folies Bergère opens in Paris
May 4th - The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
May 10th - Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
May 15th - National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton May 16th - Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
May 18th - Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
May 26th - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Jun 1st - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
Jun 2nd - Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cin Red Stockings)
Jun 5th - 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
Jun 8th - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
Jun 9th - Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Phila)
Jun 10th - 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
Jun 15th - Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
Jun 15th - Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
Jun 28th - Amsterdam typographer strike
Jul 1st - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
Jul 1st - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
Jul 6th - Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
Jul 9th - Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
Jul 15th - Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel Jul 19th - Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion
Jul 30th - The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
Aug 1st - 1st voyage down Colorado River
Aug 10th - O B Brown patents moving picture projector
Aug 12th - Self-proclaimed Emperor, Emperor Norton of the USA issues edit abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
Aug 15th - The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
Aug 16th - Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
Emperor of the USA Emperor NortonEmperor of the USA Emperor Norton Aug 17th - 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
Aug 23rd - 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
Aug 24th - Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
Sep 6th - 1st westbound train arrives in SF
Sep 6th - Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
Sep 10th - Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
Sep 13th - Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
Sep 16th - 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
Sep 22nd - Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich
Sep 24th - Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
Oct 1st - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
Oct 5th - A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
Composer Richard WagnerComposer Richard Wagner Oct 6th - John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
Oct 16th - Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
Oct 18th - Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
Oct 21st - 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
Oct 26th - 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
Nov 1st - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
Nov 3rd - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
Nov 6th - 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
Nov 15th - Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
Nov 17th - Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
Nov 17th - Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas
Nov 23rd - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
Nov 24th - American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
Dec 8th - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
Dec 8th - Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
Dec 9th - Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
Dec 10th - Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
Dec 10th - The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
Dec 18th - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
Dec 28th - William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
Dec 30th - Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms

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