Historical Events for Year 1869
Events 1 - 95 of 95
Jan 13th - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
Jan 18th - Elegant California Theater opens in SF
Jan 20th - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
Feb 2nd - James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
Feb 3rd - Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
Feb 6th - Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
Feb 15th - Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
Feb 19th - US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
Feb 20th - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
Feb 23rd - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
Feb 26th - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
Feb 26th - Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres
Feb 27th - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
Composer Franz Schubert Mar 1st - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
Mar 3rd - University of South Carolina opens to all races
Mar 3rd - 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins
Mar 4th - Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President
Mar 6th - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
Mar 13th - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
Mar 14th - Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
Mar 16th - Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate
Apr 6th - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels Apr 8th - American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
Apr 9th - Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
Apr 10th - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
Apr 10th - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
Apr 12th - North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
Apr 13th - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
Apr 16th - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
Apr 17th - 1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
Apr 18th - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
Apr 30th - Hawaiian YMCA organized
May 1st - Folies Bergère opens in Paris
May 4th - The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
May 10th - Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
May 15th - National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton May 16th - Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
May 18th - Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
May 26th - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Jun 1st - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
Jun 2nd - Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cin Red Stockings)
Jun 5th - 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
Jun 8th - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
Jun 9th - Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Phila)
Jun 10th - 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
Jun 15th - Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
Jun 15th - Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
Jun 28th - Amsterdam typographer strike
Jul 1st - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
Jul 1st - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
Jul 6th - Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
Jul 9th - Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
Jul 15th - Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
Politician Louis Riel Jul 19th - Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion
Jul 30th - The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
Aug 1st - 1st voyage down Colorado River
Aug 10th - O B Brown patents moving picture projector
Aug 12th - Self-proclaimed Emperor, Emperor Norton of the USA issues edit abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
Aug 15th - The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
Aug 16th - Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton Aug 17th - 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
Aug 23rd - 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
Aug 24th - Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
Sep 6th - 1st westbound train arrives in SF
Sep 6th - Mine fire kills 179 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
Sep 10th - Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
Sep 13th - Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
Sep 16th - 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
Sep 22nd - Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich
Sep 24th - Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
Oct 1st - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
Oct 5th - A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
Composer Richard Wagner Oct 6th - John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
Oct 16th - Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
Oct 18th - Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
Oct 21st - 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
Oct 26th - 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
Nov 1st - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
Nov 3rd - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
Nov 6th - 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
Nov 15th - Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
Nov 17th - Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
Nov 17th - Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas
Nov 23rd - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
Nov 24th - American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
Dec 8th - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
Dec 8th - Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
Dec 9th - Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
Dec 10th - Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
Dec 10th - The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
Dec 18th - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
Dec 28th - William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
Dec 30th - Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms