Historical Events in 1870

  • Jan 3 Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
  • Jan 6 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • Jan 8 US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
  • Jan 10 Georgia legislature reconvenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Jan 15 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
  • Jan 16 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Jan 20 "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 20 Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jan 23 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • Jan 25 Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • Jan 26 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • Jan 27 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • Jan 27 After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
  • Jan 27 Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
  • Feb 2 Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • Feb 3 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • Feb 5 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • Feb 9 US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • Feb 10 City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • Feb 10 YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)
  • Feb 12 Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • Feb 15 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
  • Feb 17 Esther Morris appointed first female in Justice of the Peace in the United States
  • Feb 17 Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Feb 23 Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • Feb 25 Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • Feb 26 Beach Pneumatic Transit - 1st attempt to demonstrate a subway in New York opens (pneumatic powered)
  • Feb 28 The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.

BattleExecution

Mar 4 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel
  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
  • Mar 14 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • Mar 17 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • Mar 18 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • Mar 19 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 30 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • Mar 30 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Mar 30 Florida territorial government established.
  • Mar 31 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
  • Apr 4 Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • Apr 9 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • Apr 13 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • Apr 15 Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • Apr 16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • May 10 Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch
  • May 12 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • May 20 Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
  • May 24 Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
  • May 25 Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • May 31 Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • May 31 E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • Jun 4 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
  • Jun 5 Constantinople fire; 900 die
  • Jun 9 Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
  • Jun 11 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
  • Jun 14 All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
  • Jun 22 1st Boardwalk in America invented
  • Jun 22 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • Jun 25 Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • Jun 26 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • Jun 26 Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
  • Jun 26 The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • Jun 30 Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
  • Jul 1 James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
  • Jul 2 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
  • Jul 8 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • Jul 8 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Jul 15 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • Jul 15 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
  • Jul 15 Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • Jul 18 Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • Jul 19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • Jul 23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • Jul 24 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • Aug 1 Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
  • Aug 2 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • Aug 4 British Red Cross Society forms
  • Aug 6 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • Aug 6 White conservatives capture the Tennessee legislature by suppressing the black vote
  • Aug 8 Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
  • Aug 8 The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • Aug 15 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • Aug 16 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
  • Aug 17 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • Aug 17 Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
  • Aug 18 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • Aug 24 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
  • Sep 1 Napoleon III captured at Sedan
  • Sep 2 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • Sep 4 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • Sep 6 Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
  • Sep 8 Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • Sep 10 Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • Sep 15 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • Sep 15 11th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 149 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Capture of Rome by Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Sep 20 Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
  • Oct 2 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • Oct 7 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • Oct 9 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • Oct 13 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • Oct 19 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • Oct 19 British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
  • Oct 25 Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • Oct 25 Postcards first used in USA
  • Nov 1 US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
  • Nov 8 Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
  • Nov 15 Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
  • Nov 16 Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
  • Nov 27 The New York Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
  • Nov 29 Compulsory education proclaimed in England
  • Dec 6 Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)
  • Dec 12 Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
  • Dec 22 Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
  • Dec 26 The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
  • Dec 31 J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)