Historical Events in 1870

  • Jan 3rd Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
  • Jan 6th The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • Jan 8th US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
  • Jan 10th Georgia legislature reconvenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10th John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Jan 15th Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
  • Jan 16th Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Jan 20th "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 20th Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jan 23rd 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • Jan 25th Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • Jan 26th US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • Jan 27th 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • Jan 27th After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
  • Jan 27th Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
  • Feb 2nd Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • Feb 3rd US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • Feb 5th 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • Feb 9th US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • Feb 10th City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • Feb 10th YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)
  • Feb 12th Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • Feb 15th Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
  • Feb 17th Esther Morris appointed first female in Justice of the Peace in the United States
  • Feb 17th Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Feb 23rd Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • Feb 25th Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • Feb 26th Beach Pneumatic Transit - 1st attempt to demonstrate a subway in New York opens (pneumatic powered)
  • Feb 28th The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.


Mar 4th On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Mar 7th Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
  • Mar 14th California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • Mar 17th Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • Mar 18th 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • Mar 19th The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 30th 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • Mar 30th Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Mar 30th Florida territorial government established.
  • Mar 31st 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
  • Apr 4th Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • Apr 9th American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • Apr 13th Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • Apr 15th Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • Apr 16th Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • May 10th Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch
  • May 12th Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • May 20th Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
  • May 24th Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
  • May 25th Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • May 31st Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • May 31st E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • Jun 4th 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
  • Jun 5th Constantinople fire; 900 die
  • Jun 9th Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
  • Jun 11th 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
  • Jun 14th All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
  • Jun 22nd 1st Boardwalk in America invented
  • Jun 22nd US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • Jun 25th Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • Jun 26th 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • Jun 26th Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
  • Jun 26th The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • Jun 30th Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
  • Jul 1st James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
  • Jul 2nd Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
  • Jul 8th US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • Jul 8th Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13th King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14th The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Jul 15th Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • Jul 15th Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
  • Jul 15th Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • Jul 18th Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • Jul 19th France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • Jul 23rd Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • Jul 24th 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30th Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30th The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • Aug 1st Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
  • Aug 2nd Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • Aug 4th British Red Cross Society forms
  • Aug 6th Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • Aug 6th White conservatives capture the Tennessee legislature by suppressing the black vote
  • Aug 8th Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
  • Aug 8th The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • Aug 15th Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • Aug 16th Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
  • Aug 17th 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • Aug 17th Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
  • Aug 18th Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • Aug 24th The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
  • Sep 1st Napoleon III captured at Sedan
  • Sep 2nd Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • Sep 4th The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • Sep 6th Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
  • Sep 8th Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • Sep 10th Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • Sep 15th Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • Sep 15th 11th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 149 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 19th Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20th Capture of Rome by Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II unifies Italy and ends 1,116 year reign of Papal States

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20th Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Sep 20th Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
  • Oct 2nd Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • Oct 7th Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • Oct 9th Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • Oct 13th Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • Oct 19th 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • Oct 19th British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
  • Oct 25th Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • Oct 25th Postcards first used in USA
  • Nov 1st US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
  • Nov 8th Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
  • Nov 15th Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
  • Nov 16th Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
  • Nov 27th NY Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
  • Nov 29th Compulsory education proclaimed in England
  • Dec 6th Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)
  • Dec 12th Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
  • Dec 22nd Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
  • Dec 26th The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
  • Dec 31st J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)