Historical Events for Year 1871

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Months in Year 1871: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 88 of 88

Jan 1st - Belgium disbands salt tax
Jan 2nd - King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
Jan 3rd - Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
Jan 16th - Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
Jan 17th - 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
Jan 18th - 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck
Jan 19th - 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
Jan 26th - British Rugby Union forms
Jan 26th - US income tax repealed
Jan 28th - Paris surrenders to Prussians
Jan 31st - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
Feb 1st - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
Feb 9th - Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
Feb 27th - Meeting of Alabama claims commission
Feb 28th - 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Mar 1st - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
Mar 3rd - US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
Mar 3rd - US Congress establishes the civil service system
Mar 16th - 1st fertilizer law enacted
Mar 17th - National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
Mar 18th - Communards revolt in Paris
Mar 21st - Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
Mar 21st - Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of F├╝rst (Prince)
Mar 21st - 32nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard The Lamb IRE wins
Mar 22nd - William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
Mar 26th - Paris Commune founded
Mar 27th - 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
Mar 28th - SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
Queen of the United Kingdom VictoriaQueen of the United Kingdom Victoria Mar 29th - Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London
Apr 10th - William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
Apr 14th - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
Apr 16th - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
Apr 20th - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
Apr 23rd - Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
Apr 30th - The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
May 4th - 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
May 8th - British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
May 10th - Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
May 12th - Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman May 17th - Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes Comanches in an ambulance
May 21st - -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
May 28th - Paris communards revolt put down
Jun 3rd - Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000
Jun 10th - 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
Jun 10th - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
Jun 13th - Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
Jun 15th - Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
Jun 16th - Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
Jun 16th - The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James Jun 20th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford Miss
Jun 30th - Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
Jul 1st - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
Jul 3rd - Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
Jul 5th - Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
Jul 20th - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
Jul 25th - Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
Aug 29th - Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
Sep 7th - Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
Sep 17th - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
Sep 20th - Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
Oct 1st - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham YoungFounder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young Oct 2nd - Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy
Oct 6th - Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
Oct 7th - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
Oct 8th - Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
Oct 8th - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
Oct 11th - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
Oct 12th - US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
Oct 13th - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
Oct 17th - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
Oct 21st - 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
Oct 23rd - Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
Oct 24th - Mob in Los Angeles, California hang 18 Chinese
Oct 27th - Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
Politician Boss TweedPolitician Boss Tweed Oct 30th - Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant
Oct 31st - Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
Nov 6th - Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa
Nov 10th - Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'
Nov 21st - Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
Nov 21st - The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
Nov 23rd - Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
Nov 24th - National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
Nov 28th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone Dec 12th - Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
Dec 19th - Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
Dec 24th - Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
Dec 26th - Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
Dec 27th - World's first cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

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