Historical Events in 1871

  • Jan 1 Belgium disbands salt tax
  • Jan 2 King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • Jan 3 Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • Jan 16 Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • Jan 17 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Jan 19 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • Jan 26 British Rugby Union forms
  • Jan 26 US income tax repealed
  • Jan 28 Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • Jan 31 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
  • Feb 1 Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • Feb 9 Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • Feb 27 Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • Feb 28 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • Mar 1 J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3 US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3 US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17 National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18 Communards revolt in Paris

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21 Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

  • Mar 21 Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of F├╝rst (Prince)
  • Mar 21 32nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 22 William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26 Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • Mar 27 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • Mar 28 SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29 Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Apr 10 William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
  • Apr 14 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • Apr 16 German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • Apr 20 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • Apr 23 Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • Apr 30 The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • May 4 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
  • May 8 British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • May 10 Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • May 12 Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from Comanches in an ambulance

  • May 21 -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • May 28 Paris communards revolt put down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3 Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Jun 10 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
  • Jun 10 Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • Jun 13 Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • Jun 15 Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • Jun 16 Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • Jun 16 The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
  • Jun 20 Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • Jun 30 Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • Jul 1 The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
  • Jul 3 Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • Jul 5 Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
  • Jul 20 British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • Jul 25 Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • Aug 29 Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • Sep 7 Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
  • Sep 17 Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • Sep 20 Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • Oct 1 General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 6 Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • Oct 7 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8 Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • Oct 8 Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • Oct 11 Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • Oct 12 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13 The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17 Great Britain annexes Griqualand, South Africa
  • Oct 21 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 23 Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
  • Oct 24 Mob in Los Angeles, California hangs 18 Chinese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27 Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Oct 30 Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • Oct 31 Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • Nov 6 Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa

Agreement"Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Nov 10 Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

  • Nov 21 Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • Nov 21 The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is fired
  • Nov 24 National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
  • Nov 28 Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • Dec 12 Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • Dec 19 Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • Dec 24 Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
  • Dec 26 Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
  • Dec 27 World's first cat show (Crystal Palace, London)