Historical Events in 1871

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  • Jan 1st Belgium disbands salt tax
  • Jan 2nd King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • Jan 3rd Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • Jan 16th Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • Jan 17th 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18th 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Jan 19th 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • Jan 26th British Rugby Union forms
  • Jan 26th US income tax repealed
  • Jan 28th Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • Jan 31st Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
  • Feb 1st Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • Feb 9th Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • Feb 27th Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • Feb 28th 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • Mar 1st J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3rd US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16th 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17th National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18th Communards revolt in Paris

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21st Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

  • Mar 21st Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of F├╝rst (Prince)
  • Mar 21st 32nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 22nd William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26th Paris Commune founded
  • Mar 27th 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • Mar 28th SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29th Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Apr 10th William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
  • Apr 14th Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • Apr 16th German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • Apr 20th 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • Apr 23rd Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • Apr 30th The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • May 4th 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
  • May 8th British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • May 10th Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • May 12th Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17th Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from Comanches in an ambulance

  • May 21st -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • May 28th Paris communards revolt put down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3rd Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Jun 10th 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
  • Jun 10th Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • Jun 13th Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • Jun 15th Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • Jun 16th Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • Jun 16th The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
  • Jun 20th Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • Jun 30th Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • Jul 1st The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
  • Jul 3rd Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • Jul 5th Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
  • Jul 20th British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • Jul 25th Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • Aug 29th Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • Sep 7th Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
  • Sep 17th Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • Sep 20th Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • Oct 1st General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2nd Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 6th Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • Oct 7th 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8th Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • Oct 8th Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • Oct 11th Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • Oct 12th US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13th The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17th Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
  • Oct 21st 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 23rd Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
  • Oct 24th Mob in Los Angeles, California hang 18 Chinese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27th Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Oct 30th Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • Oct 31st Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • Nov 6th Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa

Agreement"Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Nov 10th Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

  • Nov 21st Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • Nov 21st The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • Nov 23rd Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
  • Nov 24th National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
  • Nov 28th Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • Dec 12th Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • Dec 19th Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • Dec 24th Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
  • Dec 26th Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
  • Dec 27th World's first cat show (Crystal Palace, London)