Historical Events in 1872

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  • Jan 3rd 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12th Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20th California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29th Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7th Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14th 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • Feb 20th Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20th Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20th New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20th Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22nd 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27th Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • Mar 1st Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2nd Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7th -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11th Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • Mar 11th The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • Mar 16th 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • Mar 21st 33rd Grand National: John Page aboard Casse Tete wins
  • Mar 22nd Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26th 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26th Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1st 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2nd George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • Apr 9th Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10th 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10th 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12th Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 14th Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14th San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 20th SF Bar Association organized
  • Apr 24th Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • May 10th Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC
  • May 16th Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17th Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22nd Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 1st 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • Jun 5th Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 8th Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14th Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18th Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • Jul 9th Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • Jul 18th The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • Jul 30th Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18th 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23rd 1st Japanese commercial ship visits SF, carrying tea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10th Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 13th 12th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 14th Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17th Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18th King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • Sep 21st John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24th Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26th The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29th "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29th Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2nd Morgan State University founded
  • Oct 3rd Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9th Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
  • Oct 12th Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 19th World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
  • Oct 29th J S Risdon patents metal windmill
  • Nov 5th American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5th Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7th Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later.
  • Nov 9th The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18th American suffragette Susan B Anthony is arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18th Suffragette Susan Brownell Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

  • Nov 19th E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22nd Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29th Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Nov 30th First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • Dec 4th The ship the Mary Celeste discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7th HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11th 1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • Dec 26th 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")