Historical Events in 1872

  • Jan 1 Moerdijk railway bridge over Hollands Diep, South Holland opens - then longest bridge in Europe
  • Jan 3 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12 Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20 California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29 Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7 Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • Feb 20 Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20 Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20 New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20 Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27 Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • Mar 1 Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2 Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Politician
Louis Riel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7 -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11 Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • Mar 11 The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • Mar 16 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers defeat Royal Engineers 1-0 at Kennington Oval in London
  • Mar 21 33rd Grand National: John Page aboard Casse Tete wins
  • Mar 22 Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26 Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2 George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • Apr 9 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 12 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Apr 14 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14 San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 20 SF Bar Association organized
  • Apr 24 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • May 10 Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC
  • May 16 Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17 Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22 Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 1 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • Jun 5 Republican National Convention meets (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 8 Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14 Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18 Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • Jul 9 Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • Jul 18 The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • Jul 30 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23 1st Japanese commercial ship visits SF, carrying tea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 13 12th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 14 Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17 Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18 King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • Sep 21 John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24 Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26 The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29 "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29 Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2 Morgan State University founded
  • Oct 3 Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9 Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
  • Oct 12 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 19 World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
  • Oct 29 J S Risdon patents metal windmill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7 Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later
  • Nov 9 The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18 Suffragette Susan B. Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting
  • Nov 19 E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29 Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Nov 30 First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • Dec 4 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7 HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11 1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • Dec 26 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")