Historical Events in 1872

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  • Saturday 29
  • Sunday 30
  • Jan 3rd 1st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • Jan 12th Yohannes IV is crowned Emperor of Ethiopia in Axum, the first imperial coronation in that city in over 200 years.
  • Jan 20th California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • Jan 29th Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • Feb 7th Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College opens
  • Feb 14th 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • Feb 20th Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • Feb 20th Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • Feb 20th New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art opens
  • Feb 20th Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • Feb 22nd 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • Feb 27th Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer in USA, graduated from Howard University
  • Mar 1st Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 2nd Louis Riel goes into voluntary exile in St. Paul, Minnesota

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Mar 5th George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Mar 7th -8°F (-22°C ) in Boston, MA
  • Mar 11th Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
  • Mar 11th The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
  • Mar 16th 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton
  • Mar 21st 33rd Grand National: John Page aboard Casse Tete wins
  • Mar 22nd Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • Mar 26th 7.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • Mar 26th Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • Apr 1st 1st edition of The Standard
  • Apr 2nd George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • Apr 9th Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • Apr 10th 1st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • Apr 10th 1st Arbor Day celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to Apr 22

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12th Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 14th Dominion Lands Act passed-Canada's Homestead Act
  • Apr 14th San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • Apr 20th SF Bar Association organized
  • Apr 24th Volcano Vesuvius erupts
  • May 10th Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US presidency by Equal Rights Party at Apollo Hall, NYC
  • May 16th Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • May 17th Bohemian Club incorporated in San Francisco
  • May 22nd Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • Jun 1st 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58.25
  • Jun 5th Republican National Convention meets (Phila)
  • Jun 8th Congress endorses penny post card
  • Jun 14th Trade unions are legalised in Canada.
  • Jun 18th Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
  • Jul 9th Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
  • Jul 18th The Ballot Act introduces the secret ballot in elections in Britain; previously votes were made openly.
  • Jul 30th Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy
  • Aug 18th 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • Aug 23rd 1st Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 10th Karl Marx speaks in Amsterdam

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Sep 13th 12th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 14th Britain pays US$15½m for damages during Civil War
  • Sep 17th Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
  • Sep 18th King Oscar II accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
  • Sep 21st John Henry Conyers of SC becomes first black student at Annapolis
  • Sep 24th Franz Grillparzer's "Ein Bruderzwist in Habsburg" premieres in Vienna
  • Sep 26th The first Shriners Temple (called Mecca) was established in New York City.
  • Sep 29th "3 Fingers" Mackenzie destroys Kwahadi-Commanche village
  • Sep 29th Kiowa-chief Lone Wolf captures Satanta & Big Tree
  • Oct 2nd Morgan State University founded
  • Oct 3rd Bloomingdale's department store in NY opens
  • Oct 9th Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
  • Oct 12th Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
  • Oct 19th World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
  • Oct 29th J S Risdon patents metal windmill
  • Nov 5th American women's right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant

Electoral-defeatElectoral Victory

Nov 5th Ulysses S. Grant re-elected US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Nov 7th Cargo ship Mary Celeste sails from Staten Island for Genoa; mysteriously found abandoned 4 weeks later.
  • Nov 9th The Great Boston Fire of 1872. Close to 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Nov 18th American suffragette Susan B Anthony is arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18th Suffragette Susan Brownell Anthony is arrested by a U.S. Deputy Marshal and charged with illegally voting

  • Nov 19th E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first 'calculator', an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals
  • Nov 22nd Franz Grillparzer's "Die Judin von Toledo" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 29th Indian Wars: The Modoc War begins with the Battle of Lost River.
  • Nov 30th First international soccer game, Scotland draws with England (0-0) in Glasgow
  • Dec 4th The ship the Mary Celeste discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean
  • Dec 7th HMS Challenger sets sail on 3½ year world oceanographic cruise
  • Dec 11th 1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • Dec 26th 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")