Historical Events in 1873

  • Jan 1st Origin of Japanese Era
  • Jan 6th Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • Jan 6th US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal
  • Jan 11th 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • Jan 13th P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
  • Jan 14th "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • Jan 14th Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • Jan 17th A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
  • Jan 22nd British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 30th "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Feb 11th Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • Feb 12th US Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins
  • Feb 20th University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/SF)
  • Feb 20th British Naval Officer John Morseby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, and claims for Britain
  • Feb 27th Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • Mar 1st E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • Mar 3rd US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively
  • Mar 3rd Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
  • Mar 22nd Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico
  • Mar 27th 34th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Disturbance wins
  • Apr 1st British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • Apr 1st Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • Apr 13th Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • May 1st 1st US postal card issued
  • May 1st Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • May 7th US marines attack Panama
  • May 9th Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
  • May 12th Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 20th Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent first blue jeans with copper rivets

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • May 23rd 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
  • May 23rd Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • May 23rd Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • May 24th Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris
  • May 27th Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's Treasure" a cache of gold and other objects in Hisarlik (Troy) in Anatolia
  • Jun 2nd Construction begins on Clay St (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad
  • Jun 4th 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname
  • Jun 5th Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar
  • Jun 7th 7th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75
  • Jun 9th Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
  • Jun 16th Pres Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians
  • Jun 18th Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President
  • Jun 22nd Prince Edward Island joins Canada

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 1st Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jul 1st Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • Jul 4th Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 10th French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 21st Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Aug 1st SF's 1st cable car begins service
  • Aug 2nd 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 4th Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).

  • Aug 14th "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • Aug 18th 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • Aug 23rd Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
  • Aug 26th First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 30th Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • Sep 1st Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • Sep 6th Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street
  • Sep 15th Last German troops leave France
  • Sep 16th German troops leave France
  • Sep 17th 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • Sep 18th Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • Sep 20th Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • Sep 23rd Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • Oct 3rd Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • Oct 4th Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • Oct 4th 13th British Golf Open: Tom Kidd shoots a 179 at St Andrews
  • Oct 8th First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • Oct 11th Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • Oct 18th 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • Oct 18th Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • Oct 20th P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (NYC)
  • Oct 30th P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)
  • Nov 4th Dentist John Beers of SF patents gold crown

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 5th Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7th Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Nov 12th Bay District Race Track opens

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 19th William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Nov 19th James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • Nov 20th Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • Dec 6th 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1
  • Dec 30th American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money