Historical Events in 1873

  • Jan 1 Origin of Japanese Era
  • Jan 6 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • Jan 6 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal
  • Jan 11 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • Jan 13 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
  • Jan 14 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • Jan 14 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • Jan 17 A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
  • Jan 22 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Feb 11 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • Feb 12 US Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins
  • Feb 20 University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/SF)
  • Feb 20 British Naval Officer John Morseby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, and claims for Britain
  • Feb 27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • Mar 1 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • Mar 3 US Congress & government retroactively raise own salaries
  • Mar 3 Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
  • Mar 22 Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico
  • Mar 27 34th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Disturbance wins
  • Apr 1 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • Apr 1 Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • Apr 13 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • May 1 1st US postal card issued
  • May 1 Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • May 7 US marines attack Panama
  • May 9 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
  • May 12 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent the first blue jeans with copper rivets

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • May 23 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
  • May 23 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • May 23 Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • May 24 Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris
  • May 27 Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's Treasure" a cache of gold and other objects in Hisarlik (Troy) in Anatolia
  • Jun 2 Construction begins on Clay St (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad
  • Jun 4 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname
  • Jun 5 Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar
  • Jun 7 7th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75
  • Jun 9 Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
  • Jun 16 US President Ullyses Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 18 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • Jun 22 Prince Edward Island joins Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jul 1 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • Jul 4 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Aug 1 SF's 1st cable car begins service
  • Aug 2 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, US 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the 1st time with the Sioux near the Tongue River. 1 man killed on each side.

  • Aug 14 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • Aug 18 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • Aug 23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • Aug 26 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • Sep 1 Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • Sep 6 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street, San Francisco
  • Sep 15 Last German troops leave France
  • Sep 16 German troops leave France
  • Sep 17 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • Sep 18 Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • Sep 20 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • Sep 23 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • Oct 3 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • Oct 4 Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • Oct 4 13th British Golf Open: Tom Kidd shoots a 179 at St Andrews
  • Oct 8 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • Oct 11 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • Oct 18 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • Oct 18 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • Oct 20 P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (NYC)
  • Oct 30 P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)
  • Nov 4 Dentist John Beers of SF patents gold crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Nov 12 Bay District Race Track opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • Nov 19 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • Nov 20 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • Dec 6 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1
  • Dec 30 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money