Historical Events in 1874

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  • Jan 1st New York City annexes the Bronx
  • Jan 13th Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • Jan 13th US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • Jan 14th I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • Jan 17th Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • Jan 21st Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • Jan 24th Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die
  • Jan 24th Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31st Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 12th King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21st Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British premier

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • Feb 21st Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Feb 23rd Major Walter Clopton Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • Feb 27th Baseball 1st played in England at Lord's Cricket Ground
  • Mar 2nd Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
  • Mar 10th Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student
  • Mar 18th Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • Mar 22nd Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Mar 26th 35th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Reugny FRA wins
  • Apr 5th Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 5th Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, designed by Joseph Paxton, opens in Birkenhead, England
  • Apr 10th 14th British Golf Open: Mungo Park shoots a 159 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 15th NY legislature passes compulsory education law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16th Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Apr 18th David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 19th Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • Apr 27th White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • May 5th Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • May 9th Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • May 9th The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, plying two routes.
  • May 12th US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • May 13th Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • May 14th 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • May 16th 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass)
  • May 26th 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5
  • May 29th Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • Jun 13th 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39.5
  • Jun 20th 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • Jun 22nd Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • Jun 22nd Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • Jun 28th Freedmen's Bank closes
  • Jun 29th Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • Jul 1st 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1st 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1st 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4th Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7th 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8th The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12th Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 12th Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • Jul 23rd Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • Jul 29th Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • Jul 30th 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
  • Jul 31st Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
  • Aug 5th Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • Aug 11th Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • Aug 26th 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • Sep 1st 28th US Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
  • Sep 1st Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • Sep 3rd The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • Sep 12th 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • Sep 26th 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • Oct 1st Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • Oct 9th World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • Oct 10th Fiji becomes a British possession
  • Oct 15th Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • Nov 3rd James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • Nov 4th Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7th 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • Nov 17th Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • Nov 18th National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • Nov 24th Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire
  • Nov 25th The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • Dec 8th Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas
  • Dec 15th 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant
  • Dec 24th Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875