Historical Events in 1874

  • Jan 1 New York City annexes the Bronx
  • Jan 13 Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • Jan 13 US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • Jan 14 I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • Jan 17 Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • Jan 21 Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • Jan 24 Gen J van Swieten conquers Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die
  • Jan 24 Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 31 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • Feb 12 King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • Feb 21 Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Feb 23 Major Walter Clopton Winfield patents a game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • Feb 27 Baseball 1st played in England at Lord's Cricket Ground
  • Mar 2 Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
  • Mar 10 Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student
  • Mar 18 Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • Mar 22 Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Mar 26 35th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Reugny FRA wins
  • Apr 5 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 5 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, designed by Joseph Paxton, opens in Birkenhead, England
  • Apr 10 14th British Golf Open: Mungo Park shoots a 159 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 15 NY legislature passes compulsory education law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 16 Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Apr 18 David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 19 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • Apr 27 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • May 5 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • May 9 Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • May 9 The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, plying two routes.
  • May 12 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • May 13 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • May 14 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • May 16 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass)
  • May 26 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5
  • May 29 Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • Jun 13 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39.5
  • Jun 20 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • Jun 22 Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • Jun 22 Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • Jun 28 Freedmen's Bank closes
  • Jun 29 Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • Jul 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • Jul 29 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • Jul 30 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
  • Jul 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
  • Aug 5 Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • Aug 11 Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • Aug 26 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • Sep 1 28th US Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Connecticut takes office
  • Sep 1 Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • Sep 3 The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • Sep 12 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • Sep 26 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • Oct 1 Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • Oct 9 World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • Oct 10 Fiji becomes a British possession
  • Oct 15 Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • Nov 3 James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • Nov 4 Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • Nov 17 Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • Nov 18 National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • Nov 24 American inventor Joseph Glidden patents barbed wire
  • Nov 25 The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • Dec 8 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas
  • Dec 15 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant
  • Dec 24 Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875