Historical Events in 1874

  • Monday 1
  • Tuesday 2
  • Wednesday 3
  • Thursday 4
  • Friday 5
  • Saturday 6
  • Sunday 7
  • Monday 8
  • Tuesday 9
  • Wednesday 10
  • Thursday 11
  • Friday 12
  • Saturday 13
  • Sunday 14
  • Monday 15
  • Tuesday 16
  • Wednesday 17
  • Thursday 18
  • Friday 19
  • Saturday 20
  • Sunday 21
  • Monday 22
  • Tuesday 23
  • Wednesday 24
  • Thursday 25
  • Friday 26
  • Saturday 27
  • Sunday 28
  • Monday 29
  • Tuesday 30
  • Jan 1st New York City annexes the Bronx
  • Jan 13th Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • Jan 13th US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
  • Jan 14th I. D. Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Mississippi legislature
  • Jan 17th Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • Jan 21st Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
  • Jan 24th Gen J van Swieten conquerors Kraton Atjeh, after thousands die
  • Jan 24th Mussorgsky's opera "Boris Godunov" premieres in St Petersburg

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31st Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Feb 12th King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit US

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 21st Benjamin Disraeli succeeds William Gladstone as British premier

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • Feb 21st Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • Feb 23rd Mjr Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • Feb 27th Baseball 1st played in England at Lord's Cricket Ground
  • Mar 2nd Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
  • Mar 10th Purdue University (Indiana) admits its 1st student
  • Mar 18th Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
  • Mar 22nd Young Men's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Mar 26th 35th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Reugny FRA wins
  • Apr 5th Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • Apr 5th Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, is opened in Birkenhead, England. Designed by Joseph Paxton
  • Apr 10th 14th British Golf Open: Mungo Park shoots a 159 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 15th NY legislature passes compulsory education law

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 16th Dr David Livingstone's body arrives in Southampton

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Apr 18th David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey
  • Apr 19th Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • Apr 27th White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • May 5th Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • May 9th Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • May 9th The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, plying two routes.
  • May 12th US Assay Office in Helena, Montana, authorized
  • May 13th Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • May 14th 1st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats Uni of McGill (Montreal) 3-0
  • May 16th 1st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Mass)
  • May 26th 2nd Preakness: William Donohue aboard Culpepper wins in 2:56.5
  • May 29th Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • Jun 13th 8th Belmont: G Barbee aboard Saxon wins in 2:39.5
  • Jun 20th 1st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • Jun 22nd Dr Andrew T Still, discovers the science of osteopathy
  • Jun 22nd Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • Jun 28th Freedmen's Bank closes
  • Jun 29th Greek politician Charilaos Trikoupis publishes a manifesto in the Athens daily Kairoi entitled "Who's to Blame?" in which he lays out his complaints against King George. He is elected Prime Minister of Greece the next year.
  • Jul 1st 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1st 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1st 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4th Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7th 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8th The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12th Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 12th Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • Jul 23rd Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • Jul 29th Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • Jul 30th 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Phila in British Isles
  • Jul 31st Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as pres of Georgetown U
  • Aug 5th Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.
  • Aug 11th Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • Aug 26th 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • Sep 1st 28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Conn takes office
  • Sep 1st Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
  • Sep 3rd The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
  • Sep 12th 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
  • Sep 26th 1st Grand International Rifle match held
  • Oct 1st Rotterdam opens drinking water pipes
  • Oct 9th World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
  • Oct 10th Fiji becomes a British possession
  • Oct 15th Child labor law takes 12 year olds out of work force
  • Nov 3rd James Theodore Holly, elected bishop of Haiti
  • Nov 4th Samuel J Tilden elected governor of NY

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7th 1st cartoon depicting elephant as Republican Party symbol, by Thomas Nast

Political Cartoonist Thomas Nast
Political Cartoonist
Thomas Nast
  • Nov 17th Emigrant ship Cospatrick catches fire & sinks off Auckland, NZ
  • Nov 18th National Woman's Christian Temperance Union organizes in Cleveland
  • Nov 24th Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire
  • Nov 25th The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
  • Dec 8th Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas
  • Dec 15th 1st reigning king to visit US (of Hawaii) received by Pres Grant
  • Dec 24th Pope Pius IX proclaims a jubilee for 1875