Historical Events in 1875

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  • Jan 5th Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
  • Jan 5th President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss
  • Jan 12th Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • Jan 24th Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres
  • Jan 25th Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • Jan 26th Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • Feb 24th The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
  • Feb 25th Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • Mar 1st US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • Mar 3rd 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 3rd Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • Mar 14th Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • Mar 15th 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • Mar 18th 36th Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard Pathfinder wins
  • Apr 17th Modern Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain in Jabalpur India
  • Apr 25th Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • May 1st 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • May 1st Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • May 7th German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • May 11th George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • May 12th 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0
  • May 16th Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • May 17th 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
  • May 20th International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
  • May 28th 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
  • May 31st Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
  • Jun 2nd James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2nd Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • Jun 4th Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • Jun 5th Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • Jun 6th Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • Jun 7th California Rifle and Pistol Association founded
  • Jun 12th 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25
  • Jun 19th Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • Jun 19th The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • Jun 22nd Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • Jul 1st Universal Postal Union established
  • Jul 4th White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7th Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Jul 19th Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC
  • Aug 2nd 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • Aug 14th Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • Aug 22nd The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • Aug 25th Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • Sep 1st A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
  • Sep 9th Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
  • Sep 10th 15th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 11th 1st newspaper cartoon strip
  • Sep 29th US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • Oct 5th Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 16th 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16th Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 22nd Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • Oct 22nd First telegraphic connection in Argentina.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25th The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.

  • Nov 2nd Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
  • Nov 4th Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 die
  • Nov 4th Tonga adopts constitution
  • Nov 4th Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston
  • Nov 7th Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
  • Nov 13th Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
  • Nov 13th National Bowling Association organized in NYC
  • Nov 16th Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Nov 16th William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
  • Nov 17th Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
  • Nov 28th British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4th William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Dec 6th 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • Dec 7th Natives Sons of the West organized
  • Dec 8th Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Dec 17th Violent bread riots in Montreal
  • Dec 25th Lambs Club in NY forms
  • Dec 30th Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms