Historical Events in 1875

  • Jan 5 Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
  • Jan 5 President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss
  • Jan 12 Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
  • Jan 24 Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre" premieres
  • Jan 25 Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • Jan 26 Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • Feb 24 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
  • Feb 25 Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • Mar 1 US Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • Mar 3 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 3 Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • Mar 14 Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
  • Mar 15 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • Mar 18 36th Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard Pathfinder wins
  • Apr 17 Modern Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain in Jabalpur India
  • Apr 25 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • May 1 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • May 1 Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
  • May 7 German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • May 11 George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • May 12 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0
  • May 16 Eathquake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
  • May 17 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
  • May 20 International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
  • May 28 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
  • May 31 Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
  • Jun 2 James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission

  • Jun 4 Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • Jun 5 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
  • Jun 6 Netherlands joins the gold standard
  • Jun 7 California Rifle and Pistol Association founded
  • Jun 12 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25
  • Jun 19 Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • Jun 19 The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
  • Jun 22 Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • Jul 1 Universal Postal Union established
  • Jul 4 White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Jul 19 Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC
  • Aug 2 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
  • Aug 14 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • Aug 22 The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
  • Aug 25 Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • Sep 1 A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
  • Sep 9 Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
  • Sep 10 15th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Sr. shoots a 166 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 11 1st newspaper cartoon strip
  • Sep 29 US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
  • Oct 5 Palace Hotel on Market Street opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 16 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 22 Sons of American Revolution organizes
  • Oct 22 First telegraphic connection in Argentina.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.

  • Nov 2 Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
  • Nov 4 Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 die
  • Nov 4 Tonga adopts constitution
  • Nov 4 Massachusetts Rifle Association is founded in Boston
  • Nov 7 Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
  • Nov 13 Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
  • Nov 13 National Bowling Association organized in NYC
  • Nov 16 Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Nov 16 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
  • Nov 17 Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
  • Nov 28 British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Dec 6 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
  • Dec 7 Natives Sons of the West organized
  • Dec 8 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Dec 17 Violent bread riots in Montreal
  • Dec 25 Lambs Club in NY forms
  • Dec 30 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms