Historical Events in 1876

  • Jan 1st The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • Jan 15th "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • Jan 31st The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • Feb 2nd Baseball's National League forms with teams in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia, St Louis
  • Feb 3rd Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football
  • Feb 7th Pres Grant's private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
  • Feb 12th Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • Feb 14th A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • Feb 15th Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • Feb 17th Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • Feb 18th Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand
  • Feb 22nd Johns Hopkins University opens
  • Feb 24th Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt" premieres in Oslo
  • Mar 1st Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • Mar 4th US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7th Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone

  • Mar 7th Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Mar 10th 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • Mar 16th Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
  • Mar 17th 1st record high jump over 6' (Marshall Jones Brooks)
  • Mar 17th Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • Mar 24th 37th Grand National: Joe Cannon aboard Regal wins
  • Mar 25th Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • Apr 1st 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
  • Apr 2nd Philadelphia A's and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • Apr 8th Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan
  • Apr 11th Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • Apr 11th Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • Apr 18th Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • Apr 22nd 1st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
  • Apr 22nd Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • Apr 22nd Philadelphia Nationals Wes Fisler scores baseball's 1st run
  • Apr 25th Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • May 2nd Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • May 2nd The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • May 10th Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • May 13th Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • May 15th 2nd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Swim aboard Vagrant wins in 2:38.25

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17th 7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

  • May 23rd 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • May 25th 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • May 25th 4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
  • May 26th HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • May 30th Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • Jun 2nd Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • Jun 3rd Lacrosse introduced in Britain & Canada
  • Jun 4th An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
  • Jun 5th Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
  • Jun 10th 10th Belmont: William Donohue aboard Algerine wins in 2:40.5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11th Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Jun 14th 1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 14th California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
  • Jun 15th Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • Jun 15th Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000
  • Jun 17th 1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's)
  • Jun 17th Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother
  • Jun 25th Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed
  • Jun 27th 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 27th Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate
  • Jun 30th Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 3rd Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 4th 1st public exhibition of electric light in SF
  • Jul 4th Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • Jul 8th White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • Jul 9th Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC
  • Jul 13th 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • Jul 15th Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford
  • Jul 20th 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • Jul 31st US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
  • Aug 1st Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • Aug 8th Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8th Thomas Edison patents mimeograph

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 10th 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • Aug 12th Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13th The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 14th Prairie View State University forms
  • Aug 15th US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • Aug 16th Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 17th Wagner's opera "Götterdämmerung" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 24th Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
  • Aug 31st Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • Sep 6th Race riot in Charleston SC
  • Sep 6th Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed
  • Sep 7th Bank robbery by James/Younger fails (Cole/Bob/Jim Younger arrested)
  • Sep 12th King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
  • Sep 14th Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda
  • Sep 14th Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • Sep 17th Race riots in South Carolina
  • Sep 19th 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
  • Sep 19th Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • Sep 20th Ottawa Football Club forms
  • Sep 23rd Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • Sep 26th 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • Oct 2nd 16th British Golf Open: Bob Martin shoots a 176 at St Andrews
  • Oct 6th American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • Oct 9th 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • Oct 16th Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Oct 17th Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
  • Oct 23rd New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • Oct 26th President sends federal troops to SC
  • Oct 31st Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), resulting in over 200,000 human deaths.
  • Nov 1st King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • Nov 1st New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
  • Nov 4th John Brahms' 1st Symphony in C premieres
  • Nov 5th Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe
  • Nov 7th Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD from a US college (Yale)
  • Nov 7th Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
  • Nov 7th President Rutherford B. Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17th Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

  • Nov 21st Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
  • Nov 23rd Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • Nov 25th Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • Dec 5th Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • Dec 5th Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • Dec 6th 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn
  • Dec 6th City of Anaheim incorporated for 2nd time
  • Dec 6th US Electorial College picks Rep Hayes as pres (although Tilden won)
  • Dec 7th NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • Dec 8th Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • Dec 23rd Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • Dec 29th 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die