Historical Events in 1876

  • Jan 1 The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • Jan 15 "Die Afrikaanse Patriot", the first newspaper in Afrikaans, is published in Paarl
  • Jan 31 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • Feb 2 Baseball's National League forms with teams in Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Hartford, Louisville, New York, Philadelphia, St Louis
  • Feb 3 Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, & football
  • Feb 7 Pres Grant's private-secretary Orville acquitted in Whiskey Ring
  • Feb 12 Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • Feb 14 A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • Feb 15 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • Feb 17 Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine
  • Feb 18 Direct telegraph link established between Britain & New Zealand
  • Feb 22 Johns Hopkins University opens
  • Feb 24 Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt" premieres in Oslo
  • Mar 1 Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • Mar 4 US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone

  • Mar 7 Battle at Gura: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • Mar 10 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • Mar 16 Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
  • Mar 17 1st record high jump over 6' (Marshall Jones Brooks)
  • Mar 17 Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • Mar 24 37th Grand National: Joe Cannon aboard Regal wins
  • Mar 25 Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • Apr 1 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
  • Apr 2 Philadelphia A's and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • Apr 8 Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan
  • Apr 11 Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • Apr 11 Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • Apr 18 Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min
  • Apr 22 1st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
  • Apr 22 Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • Apr 22 Philadelphia Nationals Wes Fisler scores baseball's 1st run
  • Apr 25 Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • May 2 Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • May 2 The April Uprising breaks out in Bulgaria.
  • May 10 Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • May 13 Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • May 15 2nd Kentucky Derby: Bobby Swim aboard Vagrant wins in 2:38.25

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 7th US Cavalry under General George Armstrong Custer leaves Ft Lincoln

  • May 23 1st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • May 25 1st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • May 25 4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
  • May 26 HMS Challenger returns from 128,000-km oceanographic exploration
  • May 30 Ottoman sultan Abd-ul-Aziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murat V.
  • Jun 2 Hristo Botev, a Bulgarian poet and national revolutionary, is killed in Stara Planina
  • Jun 3 Lacrosse introduced in Britain & Canada
  • Jun 4 An express train called the Transcontinental Express arrives in San Francisco, California, via the First Transcontinental Railroad only 83 hours and 39 minutes after having left New York City.
  • Jun 5 Bananas become popular in US, at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia
  • Jun 10 10th Belmont: William Donohue aboard Algerine wins in 2:40.5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 Republicans pick Rutherford B. Hayes as US presidental candidate

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Jun 14 1st player to hit for cycle (George Hall, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 14 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise
  • Jun 15 Sara Spencer (R) is 1st woman to address a US presidential convention
  • Jun 15 Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000
  • Jun 17 1st to hit 2 HRs; & score 5 runs in 9 inn NL game (George Hall, A's)
  • Jun 17 Battle of Rosebud/Battle Where Girl Saved Her Brother
  • Jun 25 Battle of the Little Bighorn: 7th Cavalry under Lieutenant Colonel (sometime Brevet Major General) George Armstrong Custer wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne, Custer killed
  • Jun 27 1st NLer to get 6 hits in 9 inn game (Dave Force, Philadelphia Athletics)
  • Jun 27 Democratic Party elects Samuel Tilden as US presidential candidate
  • Jun 30 Serbia declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 3 Montenegro declares war on Turkey
  • Jul 4 1st public exhibition of electric light in SF
  • Jul 4 Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
  • Jul 8 White terrorists attack Black Republicans in Hamburg SC, killing 5
  • Jul 9 Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC
  • Jul 13 29th US Postmaster General: James N Tyner of Ind takes office
  • Jul 15 Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford
  • Jul 20 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
  • Jul 31 US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
  • Aug 1 Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • Aug 8 Dan O'Leacy completes 500 mile walk in 139h32m

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 8 Thomas Edison patents the mimeograph

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 10 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • Aug 12 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner
  • Aug 14 Prairie View State University forms
  • Aug 15 US law removes Indians from Black Hills after gold find
  • Aug 16 Opera "Siegfried" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 17 Wagner's opera "Götterdämmerung" premieres in Bayreuth
  • Aug 24 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
  • Aug 31 Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • Sep 6 Race riot in Charleston SC
  • Sep 6 Southern Pacific line from LA to SF completed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 7 Frank James and his gang are involved in a disastrous raid in Northfield, Minnesota, results in the death or capture of multiple gang members (Cole/Bob/Jim Younger arrested)

Outlaw Frank James
Outlaw
Frank James
  • Sep 12 King Leopold II opens Congo-conference

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 14 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Rwanda

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Sep 14 Leopold II closes Congo-conference
  • Sep 17 Race riots in South Carolina
  • Sep 19 1st carpet sweeper patented (Melville Bissell of Grand Rapids, Mich)
  • Sep 19 Talks begin to set up a football club in Ottawa
  • Sep 20 Ottawa Football Club forms
  • Sep 23 Ottawa Rough Riders play their 1st game
  • Sep 26 1st Belgian parachute jump (Glorieux)
  • Oct 2 16th British Golf Open: Bob Martin shoots a 176 at St Andrews
  • Oct 6 American Library Association organized in Philadelphia
  • Oct 9 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • Oct 16 Race riot at Cainhoy SC (5 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
  • Oct 23 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
  • Oct 26 US President sends federal troops to Southern Carolina
  • Oct 31 Great Backerganj Cyclone of 1876 ravages British India (Modern-day Bangladesh), over 200,000 killed
  • Nov 1 King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
  • Nov 1 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
  • Nov 4 Johannes Brahms' 1st Symphony in C premieres in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden
  • Nov 5 Henry Morton Stanley's expedition leaves Nyangwe
  • Nov 7 Edward Bouchet, is 1st black to receive a PhD from a US college (Yale)
  • Nov 7 Meharry Medical College forms at Central Tennesse College
  • Nov 7 President Rutherford B. Hayes & Samuel J Tilden claim presidential victory Tilden (D) wins election but Electoral college selects Hayes (R)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's patriotic Slavonic March made its premiere in Moscow to a warm reception by the Russian people.

  • Nov 21 Skirmish between HM Stanley's expedition & natives
  • Nov 23 Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Association
  • Nov 25 Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
  • Dec 5 Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • Dec 5 Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • Dec 6 1st crematorium in US begins operation, Washington, Penn
  • Dec 6 City of Anaheim incorporated for 2nd time
  • Dec 6 US Electorial College picks Rep Hayes as pres (although Tilden won)
  • Dec 7 NY Mutuals & Philadelphia A's expelled from NL for not completing sked
  • Dec 8 Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • Dec 23 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
  • Dec 29 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula Ohio, 92 die