Historical Events for Year 1877
Events 1 - 103 of 103
Jan 1st - England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
Jan 8th - Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).
Jan 15th - US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
Jan 16th - Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
Jan 22nd - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
Jan 25th - Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
Jan 30th - Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
Feb 7th - 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
Feb 12th - 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass
Feb 12th - US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
Feb 20th - 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Feb 20th - International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
Feb 27th - US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election
Mar 2nd - Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes Mar 3rd - Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
Mar 4th - Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
Mar 5th - Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
Mar 12th - Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
Mar 15th - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at MCG
Mar 16th - Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
Mar 17th - Bill Midwinter completes Test Cricket's 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng
Mar 18th - President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC
Mar 19th - Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
Mar 23rd - 38th Grand National: Mr Fred Hobson aboard Austerlitz wins
Mar 24th - University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
Mar 31st - British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
Mar 31st - Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG
Mar 31st - The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
Cricketer Fred Spofforth Apr 2nd - 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
Apr 6th - 17th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 160 at Musselburgh Links
Apr 10th - 1st human cannonball act performed in London
Apr 10th - Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
Apr 12th - British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
Apr 12th - Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
Apr 15th - 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Mass
Apr 19th - Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
Apr 24th - Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)
Apr 24th - Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on Ottoman Empire.
Apr 27th - Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
Apr 27th - President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull May 5th - Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.
May 7th - Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
May 8th - 1st Westminster Dog Show held
May 9th - Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
May 12th - Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
May 13th - Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres
May 16th - May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
May 17th - Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
May 22nd - 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
May 24th - 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5
Jun 1st - Society of American Artists forms
Jun 1st - US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
Jun 9th - 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46
Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper Jun 15th - Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy
Jun 17th - Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
Jun 21st - The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.
Jul 1st - 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
Jul 9th - First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only
Jul 10th - The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
Jul 11th - Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
Jul 14th - General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
Jul 19th - 1st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
Jul 20th - Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
Jul 21st - -27] US army breaks railroad strike
Jul 23rd - 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
Jul 23rd - 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
Jul 24th - 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
Aug 2nd - SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
Aug 5th - Henry Morton Stanley's letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo
Aug 10th - Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
Aug 11th - Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
Inventor Thomas Edison Aug 12th - Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
Aug 17th - Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
Aug 22nd - Nez Perce-indians flee into Yellowstone National Park
Sep 5th - Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
Sep 11th - Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
Sep 20th - Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
Sep 22nd - Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools
Sep 23rd - Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
Sep 24th - Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
Sep 27th - John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow Sep 30th - 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
Oct 5th - Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
Oct 9th - American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
Oct 15th - 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
Oct 17th - Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
Oct 20th - Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres
Oct 22nd - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
Nov 1st - Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
Nov 9th - American Chemical Society chartered in NY
Nov 17th - Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
Nov 21st - Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
Composer Franz Schubert Nov 29th - US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time
Dec 2nd - Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar
Dec 6th - First recording made of the human voce - Thomas Edison reciting "Mary had a little lamb"
Dec 6th - Washington Post publishes 1st edition
Dec 7th - Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
Dec 15th - Thomas Edison patents phonograph
Dec 16th - Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
Dec 22nd - "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
Dec 26th - Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
Dec 28th - John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
Dec 30th - Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna