Historical Events in 1877

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 8 Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • Jan 15 US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • Jan 16 Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • Jan 22 Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • Jan 25 Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • Jan 30 Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • Feb 7 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • Feb 12 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass
  • Feb 12 US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • Feb 20 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • Feb 20 International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
  • Feb 27 US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 2 Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 3 Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
  • Mar 4 Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 5 Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • Mar 15 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at MCG
  • Mar 16 Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
  • Mar 17 Bill Midwinter completes Test Cricket's 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington, D.C.

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Mar 19 Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 23 38th Grand National: Mr Fred Hobson aboard Austerlitz wins
  • Mar 24 University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 31 British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31 Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Cricketer
Fred Spofforth
  • Mar 31 The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
  • Apr 2 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • Apr 6 17th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 160 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 10 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • Apr 10 Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • Apr 12 British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • Apr 12 Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
  • Apr 15 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville in Massachusetts
  • Apr 19 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • Apr 24 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • Apr 24 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 27 Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • Apr 27 President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • May 7 Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • May 8 1st Westminster Dog Show held
  • May 9 Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
  • May 12 Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • May 13 Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres
  • May 16 May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
  • May 17 Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
  • May 22 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
  • May 24 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5
  • Jun 1 Society of American Artists forms
  • Jun 1 US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
  • Jun 9 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15 Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jun 17 Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
  • Jun 21 The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.
  • Jul 1 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • Jul 9 First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only
  • Jul 10 The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • Jul 11 Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • Jul 14 General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • Jul 19 1st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
  • Jul 20 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • Jul 21 -27] US army breaks railroad strike
  • Jul 23 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • Jul 23 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • Jul 24 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • Jul 31 Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • Aug 2 SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Aug 10 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • Aug 11 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 17 Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
  • Aug 22 Nez Perce (Niimíipu) indians flee into Yellowstone National Park
  • Sep 5 Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • Sep 11 Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • Sep 20 Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Anthropologist/Pathologist
Rudolf Virchow
  • Sep 23 Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • Sep 24 Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • Sep 27 John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • Sep 30 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • Oct 5 Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • Oct 9 American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • Oct 15 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • Oct 17 Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 20 Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Oct 22 The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • Nov 1 Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • Nov 9 American Chemical Society chartered in NY
  • Nov 17 Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • Nov 17 Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • Nov 21 Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
  • Nov 29 US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time
  • Dec 2 Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar
  • Dec 6 First recording made of the human voice - Thomas Edison reciting "Mary had a little lamb"
  • Dec 6 Washington Post publishes 1st edition
  • Dec 7 Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
  • Dec 15 Thomas Edison patents the phonograph
  • Dec 16 Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
  • Dec 22 "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • Dec 26 Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • Dec 28 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
  • Dec 30 Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna