Historical Events in 1877

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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 8th Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (Montana Territory).

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • Jan 15th US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • Jan 16th Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • Jan 22nd Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
  • Jan 25th Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • Jan 30th Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • Feb 7th 1st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • Feb 12th 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston & Salem, Mass
  • Feb 12th US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • Feb 20th 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • Feb 20th International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
  • Feb 27th US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 2nd Rutherford B. Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mar 3rd Rutherford Birchard Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president
  • Mar 4th Tchaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer" premieres in Moscow
  • Mar 5th Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
  • Mar 12th Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
  • Mar 15th Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia v England at MCG
  • Mar 16th Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
  • Mar 17th Bill Midwinter completes Test Cricket's 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18th President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Wash DC

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Mar 19th Australia beat England by 45 runs in very first Test match
  • Mar 23rd 38th Grand National: Mr Fred Hobson aboard Austerlitz wins
  • Mar 24th University boat race between Oxford & Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • Mar 31st British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31st Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Fred Spofforth
  • Mar 31st The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
  • Apr 2nd 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • Apr 6th 17th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 160 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 10th 1st human cannonball act performed in London
  • Apr 10th Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, SC
  • Apr 12th British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • Apr 12th Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
  • Apr 15th 1st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville in Massachusetts
  • Apr 19th Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • Apr 24th Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • Apr 24th Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 27th Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • Apr 27th President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5th Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles.

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • May 7th Cincinnati Enquirer first uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory
  • May 8th 1st Westminster Dog Show held
  • May 9th Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania.
  • May 12th Ottawa Rough Riders 1st outside competition vs Britannia
  • May 13th Caesar Franck's "Lesson Eolides" premieres
  • May 16th May 16, 1877 political crisis in France.
  • May 17th Edwin T Holmes installs 1st telephone switchboard burglar alarm
  • May 22nd 3rd Kentucky Derby: Billy Walker aboard Baden-Baden wins in 2:38
  • May 24th 5th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:45.5
  • Jun 1st Society of American Artists forms
  • Jun 1st US troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
  • Jun 9th 11th Belmont: C Holloway aboard Cloverbrook wins in 2:46

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15th Henry Ossian Flipper becomes 1st African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jun 17th Indian Wars: Battle of White Bird Canyon - the Nez Perce defeat the US Cavalry at White Bird Canyon in the Idaho Territory.
  • Jun 21st The Molly Maguires, ten Irish immigrants, are hanged at the Schuylkill County and Carbon County, Pennsylvania prisons.
  • Jul 1st 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
  • Jul 9th First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only
  • Jul 10th The then villa of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico, formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
  • Jul 11th Kate Edger becomes New Zealand’s first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts
  • Jul 14th General strike brings US railroad to a stand still
  • Jul 19th 1st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
  • Jul 20th Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
  • Jul 21st -27] US army breaks railroad strike
  • Jul 23rd 1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
  • Jul 23rd 1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed
  • Jul 24th 1st time federal troops are used to combat strikers
  • Jul 31st Second Russian assault on Plevna, Turkey fails, during Russo-Turkish War, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • Aug 2nd SF Public Library opens with 5,000 volumes
  • Aug 9th Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.
  • Aug 10th Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • Aug 11th Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12th Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Aug 17th Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
  • Aug 22nd Nez Perce (Niimíipu) indians flee into Yellowstone National Park
  • Sep 5th Southern blacks led by Pap Singleton settle in Kansas
  • Sep 11th Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
  • Sep 20th Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22nd Rudolf Virchow delivers an anti-Darwinian speech to the Congress of German Naturalist and Physicians, Munich where he spoke against the teaching of the theory of evolution in schools

Anthropologist/Pathologist Rudolf Virchow
Rudolf Virchow
  • Sep 23rd Hurricane strikes Curacao & Bonaire kills 200
  • Sep 24th Battle of Shiroyama, decisive victory of the Imperial Japanese Army over the Satsuma Rebellion
  • Sep 27th John Mercer Langston named minister of Haiti
  • Sep 30th 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club)
  • Oct 5th Chief Joseph surrenders, ending Nez Perce War
  • Oct 9th American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
  • Oct 15th 45th Congress (1877-79) convenes
  • Oct 17th Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 20th Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Oct 22nd The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
  • Nov 1st Dutch government of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
  • Nov 9th American Chemical Society chartered in NY
  • Nov 17th Gilbert and Sullivan's operette "Sorcerer" premieres in London
  • Nov 17th Russia launches a surprise night attack that overruns Turkish forces at Kars, Armenia
  • Nov 21st Tom Edison announces his "talking machine" invention (phonograph) - first machine to play and record sound
  • Nov 29th US inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time
  • Dec 2nd Camille Saint-Saëns' opera "Samson et Dalila" premieres in Weimar
  • Dec 6th First recording made of the human voce - Thomas Edison reciting "Mary had a little lamb"
  • Dec 6th Washington Post publishes 1st edition
  • Dec 7th Thomas Edison demonstrates his phonograph (gramophone) to the editors of "Scientific American"
  • Dec 15th Thomas Edison patents phonograph
  • Dec 16th Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
  • Dec 22nd "American Bicycling Journal" begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • Dec 26th Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
  • Dec 28th John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
  • Dec 30th Johnannes Brahms' 2nd Symphony in D, premieres in Vienna