Historical Events in 1878

  • Jan 4 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 9 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • Jan 10 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • Jan 14 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • Jan 16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 24 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • Jan 28 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • Jan 28 George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • Jan 28 Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • Feb 2 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • Feb 10 Peace of Zanjón signed between Chileans and the Spanish brings 10 Years War to an end

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 10 Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres

  • Feb 11 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • Feb 11 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • Feb 12 Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
  • Feb 16 Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • Feb 17 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • Feb 18 John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19 Thomas Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 21 World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • Feb 22 Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
  • Feb 28 US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • Mar 1 First winter ascent of Aneto
  • Mar 3 Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • Mar 13 Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
  • Mar 24 British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26 Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26 Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
  • Mar 29 39th Grand National: J. Jones aboard Shifnal wins
  • Apr 2 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • Apr 10 California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • Apr 15 Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • Apr 21 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • Apr 21 NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • Apr 21 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • Apr 21 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • Apr 23 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • May 2 US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • May 4 Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
  • May 8 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • May 14 Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
  • May 19 Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • May 21 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25
  • May 23 Atty John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • May 24 CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
  • May 25 Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • May 27 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
  • May 27 Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
  • May 31 German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
  • May 31 US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
  • Jun 4 Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • Jun 8 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
  • Jun 11 DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • Jun 13 Congress of Berlin redraws the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman empire
  • Jun 15 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground
  • Jul 1 Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Jul 5 The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • Jul 7 Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9 An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
  • Jul 12 Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13 Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
  • Jul 13 Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • Jul 17 Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 20 2nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
  • Jul 26 In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30 German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • Aug 21 American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • Aug 21 Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
  • Sep 1 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
  • Sep 3 British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • Sep 12 Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • Sep 25 British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • Sep 30 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • Sep 30 Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • Oct 4 18th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Oct 15 Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 17 After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Oct 18 Edison makes electricity available for household use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21 German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Oct 22 The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
  • Nov 1 Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • Nov 6 Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo
  • Nov 10 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • Nov 17 First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • Dec 1 1st White House telephone installed
  • Dec 3 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • Dec 9 Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • Dec 12 Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • Dec 18 French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • Dec 18 John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania.
  • Dec 26 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • Dec 28 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)