Historical Events in 1878

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  • Jan 4th Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 8th Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 9th Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • Jan 10th US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • Jan 14th US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • Jan 16th Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 24th Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • Jan 28th 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • Jan 28th George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • Jan 28th Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • Feb 2nd Greece declares war on Turkey
  • Feb 10th Peace of Zanjón signed between Chileans and the Spanish brings 10 Years War to an end

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 10th Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres

  • Feb 11th 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • Feb 11th 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • Feb 12th Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
  • Feb 16th Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • Feb 17th 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • Feb 18th John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 19th Thomas Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 21st World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • Feb 22nd Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
  • Feb 28th US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • Mar 1st First winter ascent of Aneto
  • Mar 3rd Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • Mar 13th Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
  • Mar 24th British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26th Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26th Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
  • Mar 29th 39th Grand National: J. Jones aboard Shifnal wins
  • Apr 2nd 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • Apr 10th California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • Apr 15th Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • Apr 21st First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • Apr 21st NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • Apr 21st Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • Apr 21st Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • Apr 23rd 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • May 2nd US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • May 4th Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
  • May 8th 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • May 14th Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
  • May 19th Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • May 21st 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25
  • May 23rd Atty John Henry Smyth named US minister to Liberia
  • May 24th CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
  • May 25th Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • May 27th 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
  • May 27th Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
  • May 31st German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
  • May 31st US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
  • Jun 4th Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • Jun 8th 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
  • Jun 11th DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • Jun 13th Congress of Berlin redraws the terms of Treaty of San Stefano to give Russia less influence in old Ottoman empire
  • Jun 15th 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground
  • Jul 1st Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Jul 5th The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • Jul 7th Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9th An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
  • Jul 12th Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13th Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
  • Jul 13th Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • Jul 17th Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20th 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 20th 2nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
  • Jul 26th In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30th German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • Aug 21st American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • Aug 21st Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
  • Sep 1st 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
  • Sep 3rd British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • Sep 12th Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • Sep 25th British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • Sep 30th 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • Sep 30th Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • Oct 4th 18th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Oct 15th Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Oct 17th After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Oct 18th Edison makes electricity available for household use

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 21st German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Oct 22nd The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
  • Nov 1st Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • Nov 6th Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo
  • Nov 10th Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • Nov 17th First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • Dec 1st 1st White House telephone installed
  • Dec 3rd Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • Dec 9th Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • Dec 12th Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • Dec 18th French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • Dec 18th John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania.
  • Dec 26th 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • Dec 28th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)