Historical Events in 1878

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  • Jan 4th Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 8th Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 9th Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • Jan 10th US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • Jan 14th US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • Jan 16th Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 24th Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • Jan 28th 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • Jan 28th George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • Jan 28th Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • Feb 2nd Greece declares war on Turkey
  • Feb 10th Peace of Zanjón

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 10th Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres

  • Feb 11th 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • Feb 11th 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • Feb 12th Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
  • Feb 16th Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • Feb 17th 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • Feb 18th John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 19th Thomas Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 21st World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • Feb 22nd Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
  • Feb 28th US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • Mar 1st First winter ascent of Aneto
  • Mar 3rd Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • Mar 13th Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
  • Mar 24th British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • Mar 26th Hastings College of Law founded in California
  • Mar 26th Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
  • Mar 29th 39th Grand National: J. Jones aboard Shifnal wins
  • Apr 2nd 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • Apr 10th California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • Apr 15th Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • Apr 21st First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • Apr 21st NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • Apr 21st Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • Apr 21st Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • Apr 23rd 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • May 2nd US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • May 4th Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
  • May 8th 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • May 14th Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
  • May 19th Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
  • May 21st 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25
  • May 23rd Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
  • May 24th CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
  • May 25th Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
  • May 27th 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
  • May 27th Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
  • May 31st German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
  • May 31st US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
  • Jun 4th Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
  • Jun 8th 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
  • Jun 11th DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
  • Jun 13th Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization
  • Jun 15th 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground
  • Jul 1st Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization
  • Jul 1st Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Jul 5th The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
  • Jul 7th Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 9th An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
  • Jul 12th Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
  • Jul 13th Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
  • Jul 13th Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
  • Jul 17th Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
  • Jul 20th 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
  • Jul 20th 2nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
  • Jul 26th In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
  • Jul 30th German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
  • Jul 30th Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties
  • Aug 21st American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • Aug 21st Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
  • Sep 1st 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
  • Sep 3rd British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
  • Sep 12th Cleopatra Needle installed in London
  • Sep 25th British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
  • Sep 30th 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
  • Sep 30th Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
  • Oct 4th 18th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Oct 15th Edison Electric Light Company incorporated

Electoral-defeatElectoral Victory

Oct 17th After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Oct 18th Edison makes electricity available for household use

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 21st German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Oct 22nd The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
  • Nov 1st Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • Nov 6th Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo
  • Nov 10th Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
  • Nov 17th First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
  • Dec 1st 1st White House telephone installed
  • Dec 3rd Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
  • Dec 9th Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • Dec 12th Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • Dec 18th French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
  • Dec 18th John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania.
  • Dec 26th 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
  • Dec 28th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)