Historical Events for Year 1878
Events 1 - 96 of 96
Jan 4th - Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
Jan 8th - Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
Jan 9th - Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
Jan 10th - US Senate proposes female suffrage
Jan 14th - US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
Jan 16th - Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
Jan 24th - Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
Jan 28th - 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
Jan 28th - George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
Jan 28th - Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
Feb 2nd - Greece declares war on Turkey
Feb 10th - Peace of Zanjón
Feb 10th - Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres
Feb 11th - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
Feb 11th - 1st weekly weather report published in UK
Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Feb 12th - Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
Feb 16th - Silver dollar became US legal tender
Feb 17th - 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
Feb 18th - John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
Feb 19th - Thomas Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
Feb 21st - World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
Feb 22nd - Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
Feb 28th - US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
Mar 1st - First winter ascent of Aneto
Mar 3rd - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
Mar 13th - Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
Inventor Thomas Edison Mar 24th - British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
Mar 26th - Hastings College of Law founded in California
Mar 26th - Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
Mar 29th - 39th Grand National: J. Jones aboard Shifnal wins
Apr 2nd - 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
Apr 10th - California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
Apr 15th - Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
Apr 21st - First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
Apr 21st - NY installs 1st firehouse pole
Apr 21st - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
Apr 21st - Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
Apr 23rd - 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
May 2nd - US stops minting 20 cent coin
May 4th - Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
May 8th - 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
May 14th - Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
May 19th - Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
May 21st - 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25
May 23rd - Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
May 24th - CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
May 25th - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
May 27th - 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
May 27th - Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
May 31st - German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
May 31st - US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
Jun 4th - Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
Jun 8th - 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
Jun 11th - DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
Jun 13th - Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization
Jun 15th - 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground
Jul 1st - Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization
Jul 1st - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
Jul 5th - The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
Jul 7th - Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
Jul 9th - An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
Jul 12th - Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
Jul 13th - Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
Jul 13th - Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
Jul 17th - Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
Jul 20th - 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
Jul 20th - 2nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
Jul 26th - In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
Jul 30th - German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
Jul 30th - Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties
Aug 21st - American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
Aug 21st - Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
Sep 1st - 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
Sep 3rd - British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
Sep 12th - Cleopatra Needle installed in London
Sep 25th - British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
Sep 30th - 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
Sep 30th - Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
Oct 4th - 18th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
Oct 15th - Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald Oct 17th - After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada
Oct 18th - Edison makes electricity available for household use
Oct 21st - German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
Oct 22nd - The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
Nov 1st - Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
Nov 6th - Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo
Nov 10th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
Nov 17th - First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
Dec 1st - 1st White House telephone installed
Dec 3rd - Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
Dec 9th - Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
Dec 12th - Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Dec 18th - French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
Dec 18th - John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania.
Dec 26th - 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
Dec 28th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)