Historical Events in 1879

  • S 1
  • M 2
  • T 3
  • W 4
  • T 5
  • F 6
  • S 7
  • S 8
  • M 9
  • T 10
  • W 11
  • T 12
  • F 13
  • S 14
  • S 15
  • M 16
  • T 17
  • W 18
  • T 19
  • F 20
  • S 21
  • S 22
  • M 23
  • T 24
  • W 25
  • T 26
  • F 27
  • S 28
  • S 29
  • M 30
  • Jan 1st John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2nd 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Fred Spofforth
  • Jan 2nd British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • Jan 2nd Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • Jan 2nd Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
  • Jan 9th Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • Jan 9th Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • Jan 11th Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
  • Jan 12th British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • Jan 16th January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • Jan 20th British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
  • Jan 21st Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
  • Jan 22nd Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa
  • Jan 22nd James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota
  • Jan 22nd Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
  • Jan 23rd US National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville, Ind)
  • Jan 25th The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 29th Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

  • Jan 30th French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • Feb 5th Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
  • Feb 8th Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
  • Feb 10th 1st electric arc light used (California Theater)
  • Feb 10th Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo
  • Feb 12th 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)
  • Feb 12th News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • Feb 14th Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • Feb 15th US Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • Feb 18th Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18th Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi is awarded a patent for his design for the Statue of Liberty

  • Feb 22nd 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W. Woolworth in Utica, New York (failed almost immediately)
  • Feb 25th US Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • Feb 27th Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
  • Feb 28th "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
  • Mar 1st Library of Hawaii founded
  • Mar 3rd 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • Mar 3rd US Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
  • Mar 23rd War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • Mar 27th Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • Mar 28th 40th Grand National: J. Moore aboard The Liberator IRE wins
  • Mar 29th Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin," premieres in Moscow
  • Apr 5th Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • Apr 8th Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
  • Apr 8th Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
  • Apr 18th Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • Apr 20th 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • May 8th George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
  • May 10th Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa
  • May 14th The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
  • May 16th Antonin Dvorák's "Slavic Dancing" premieres
  • May 16th Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • May 20th 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
  • May 21st Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)
  • May 24th 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5
  • May 30th 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
  • May 30th Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden
  • May 30th An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
  • May 31st 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 31st Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Jun 1st Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
  • Jun 5th 13th Belmont: George Evans riding Spendthrift wins in 2:42.75
  • Jun 16th Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
  • Jun 18th W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
  • Jun 21st Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 26th Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
  • Jun 30th Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
  • Jul 1st Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • Jul 1st Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • Jul 4th Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • Jul 4th Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo
  • Jul 16th 3rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats V Goold (6-2 6-4 6-2)
  • Jul 17th 1st railroad opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19th Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • Jul 31st The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies
  • Aug 4th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • Aug 7th The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • Aug 12th 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • Aug 17th Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • Aug 20th Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • Aug 21st The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • Aug 23rd Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • Sep 5th George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • Sep 15th Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • Sep 19th Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2½" at age 17 years & 198 days
  • Sep 19th The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20th Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Sep 23rd Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • Sep 23rd Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • Sep 28th Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
  • Sep 29th NL owners meeting in Buffalo adopt reserve clause, giving each team exclusive rights to their players
  • Sep 29th 19th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 169 at St Andrews
  • Oct 1st Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
  • Oct 2nd Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • Oct 7th Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • Oct 8th War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • Oct 12th British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Oct 19th Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22nd Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Nov 2nd In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km
  • Nov 4th Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus
  • Nov 4th James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio saloon
  • Nov 6th Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day
  • Nov 19th National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • Nov 28th Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu
  • Dec 5th 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
  • Dec 13th First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • Dec 20th Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
  • Dec 26th Johannes Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture" premieres
  • Dec 28th North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • Dec 30th Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres
  • Dec 31st Cornerstone laid for Honolulu's Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US)
  • Dec 31st Edison gives 1st public demonstration of his incandescent lamp
  • Dec 31st Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera "Pirates of Penzance" premieres in NYC