Historical Events in 1879

  • Jan 1 John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Cricketer
Fred Spofforth
  • Jan 2 British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • Jan 2 Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
  • Jan 2 Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
  • Jan 9 Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • Jan 9 Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • Jan 11 Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
  • Jan 12 British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • Jan 16 January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • Jan 20 British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
  • Jan 21 Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
  • Jan 22 Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana, South Africa
  • Jan 22 James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota
  • Jan 22 Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
  • Jan 23 US National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville, Ind)
  • Jan 25 The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.

BattleBattle of Interest

Jan 29 Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established

  • Jan 30 French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
  • Feb 5 Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
  • Feb 8 Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
  • Feb 10 1st electric arc light used (California Theater)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 10 Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Feb 12 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)
  • Feb 12 News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • Feb 14 Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • Feb 15 US Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • Feb 18 Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi is awarded a patent for his design for the Statue of Liberty

  • Feb 22 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W. Woolworth in Utica, New York (failed almost immediately)
  • Feb 25 US Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • Feb 27 Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
  • Feb 28 "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
  • Mar 1 Library of Hawaii founded
  • Mar 3 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
  • Mar 3 US Geological Survey director authorized in Department of the Interior
  • Mar 23 War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
  • Mar 27 Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
  • Mar 28 40th Grand National: J. Moore aboard The Liberator IRE wins
  • Mar 29 Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin," premieres in Moscow
  • Apr 5 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • Apr 8 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
  • Apr 8 Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
  • Apr 18 Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
  • Apr 20 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • May 8 George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
  • May 10 Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa
  • May 14 The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
  • May 16 Antonin Dvorák's "Slavic Dancing" premieres
  • May 16 Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
  • May 20 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
  • May 21 Battle of Iquique: Chilean naval forces overcome Peruvian ships (War of the Pacific)
  • May 24 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5
  • May 30 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
  • May 30 Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden
  • May 30 An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
  • May 31 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 31 Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison

4th US President James Madison
4th US President
James Madison
  • Jun 1 Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
  • Jun 5 13th Belmont: George Evans riding Spendthrift wins in 2:42.75
  • Jun 16 Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
  • Jun 18 W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
  • Jun 21 Frank W. Woolworth opens his 1st successful "F. W. Woolworth Great Five Cent Store" on North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 26 Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
  • Jun 30 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
  • Jul 1 Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
  • Jul 1 Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
  • Jul 4 Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
  • Jul 4 Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo
  • Jul 16 3rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats V Goold (6-2 6-4 6-2)
  • Jul 17 1st railroad opens in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • Jul 31 The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies
  • Aug 4 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • Aug 7 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • Aug 12 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • Aug 17 Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • Aug 20 Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • Aug 21 The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • Aug 23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
  • Sep 5 George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
  • Sep 15 Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
  • Sep 19 Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2½" at age 17 years & 198 days
  • Sep 19 The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Sep 23 Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
  • Sep 23 Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
  • Sep 28 Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
  • Sep 29 NL owners meeting in Buffalo adopt reserve clause, giving each team exclusive rights to their players
  • Sep 29 19th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 169 at St Andrews
  • Oct 1 Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
  • Oct 2 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
  • Oct 7 Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
  • Oct 8 War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
  • Oct 12 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
  • Oct 19 Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 22 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Nov 2 In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km
  • Nov 4 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus
  • Nov 4 James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his saloon in Dayton, Ohio
  • Nov 6 Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day
  • Nov 19 National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
  • Nov 28 Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu
  • Dec 5 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
  • Dec 13 First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • Dec 20 Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
  • Dec 26 Johannes Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture" premieres
  • Dec 28 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • Dec 30 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres
  • Dec 31 Cornerstone laid for Honolulu's Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US)
  • Dec 31 Edison gives 1st public demonstration of his incandescent lamp
  • Dec 31 Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera "Pirates of Penzance" premieres in NYC