Historical Events in 1880

  • Jan 1st Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • Jan 6th Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • Jan 9th 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • Jan 9th The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • Jan 21st 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27th Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 1st The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • Feb 2nd SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • Feb 4th Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke" premieres in NYC

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4th The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Feb 10th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • Feb 12th US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 13th Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • Feb 16th American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • Feb 17th Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • Feb 29th Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • Mar 4th NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • Mar 10th Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
  • Mar 19th 41st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 19th 42nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 23rd Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • Mar 24th Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
  • Mar 31st 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • Apr 9th 20th British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 162 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 18th An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • Apr 24th Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
  • May 18th 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5
  • May 28th 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
  • May 31st League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
  • Jun 1st 1st pay telephone installed
  • Jun 1st US census at 50,155,783
  • Jun 7th War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • Jun 10th Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • Jun 12th John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
  • Jun 14th 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
  • Jun 16th Salvation Army forms in London
  • Jun 17th John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
  • Jun 24th First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28th Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Jun 29th France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Jul 15th 4th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
  • Jul 16th Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • Jul 19th SF Public Library starts lending books
  • Jul 21st Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • Jul 23rd 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 27th A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • Jul 27th Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • Aug 2nd British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 14th Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16th The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Sep 6th Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval
  • Sep 6th W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval
  • Sep 7th Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
  • Sep 9th President Hayes visits SF
  • Sep 10th Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • Sep 23rd Jules Ferry forms French government
  • Sep 29th 1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings
  • Sep 30th Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1st John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

  • Oct 4th University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • Oct 15th Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
  • Oct 15th Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • Oct 20th Amsterdam Free University opens

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2nd James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 8th Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
  • Nov 11th Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • Nov 21st Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • Nov 24th Southern University forms
  • Dec 8th 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16th Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 16th Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 20th Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20th NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"