Historical Events in 1880

  • Jan 1 Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • Jan 6 Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • Jan 9 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • Jan 9 The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • Jan 21 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27 Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 1 The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • Feb 2 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • Feb 4 Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke" premieres in NYC

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4 The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee

Squatter James Donnelly
Squatter
James Donnelly
  • Feb 10 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • Feb 12 US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 13 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • Feb 16 American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • Feb 17 Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • Feb 29 Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • Mar 4 NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • Mar 10 Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
  • Mar 19 41st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 19 42nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 23 Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • Mar 24 Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
  • Mar 31 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • Apr 9 20th British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 162 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 18 An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • Apr 24 Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
  • May 18 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5
  • May 28 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
  • May 31 League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
  • Jun 1 1st pay telephone installed
  • Jun 1 US census at 50,155,783
  • Jun 7 War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • Jun 10 Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • Jun 12 John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
  • Jun 14 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
  • Jun 16 Salvation Army forms in London
  • Jun 17 John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
  • Jun 24 First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28 Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Jun 29 France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Jul 15 4th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
  • Jul 16 Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • Jul 19 SF Public Library starts lending books
  • Jul 21 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • Jul 23 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 27 A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • Jul 27 Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • Aug 2 British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 14 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • Sep 6 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval
  • Sep 6 W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval
  • Sep 7 Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
  • Sep 9 President Hayes visits SF
  • Sep 10 Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • Sep 23 Jules Ferry forms French government
  • Sep 29 1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings
  • Sep 30 Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

  • Oct 4 University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • Oct 15 Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
  • Oct 15 Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • Oct 20 Amsterdam Free University opens

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 8 Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
  • Nov 11 Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • Nov 21 Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • Dec 8 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16 Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 16 Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 20 Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20 NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"