Historical Events for Year 1881
Events 1 - 117 of 117
Jan 1st - Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
Jan 2nd - Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
Jan 4th - Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau
Jan 22nd - Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park, New York
Jan 25th - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
Jan 26th - Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
Jan 28th - Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British
Feb 1st - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
Feb 5th - Phoenix, Az incorporates
Feb 7th - Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
Feb 10th - Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman" premieres in Paris
Feb 13th - The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
Feb 19th - Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
Inventor Alexander Graham Bell Feb 24th - De Lesseps' Company begins work on Panama Canal
Feb 24th - China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
Feb 26th - -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
Feb 26th - SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
Feb 27th - Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs Brit army under Gen Colley
Mar 4th - California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
Mar 4th - Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together
Mar 4th - James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president
Mar 4th - South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
Mar 12th - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
Mar 16th - Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts
Mar 18th - Barnum & Bailey's "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (Madison Square Garden)
20th US President James Garfield Mar 23rd - Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
Mar 23rd - Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
Mar 25th - 43rd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Woodbrook wins
Mar 26th - Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
Mar 27th - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
Mar 28th - "Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey
Apr 1st - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
Apr 1st - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
Apr 5th - Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
Apr 11th - River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River, Ontario, 180 die
Apr 11th - Spelman College founded
Apr 14th - The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas.
Apr 16th - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
Apr 18th - Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid Apr 18th - Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
Apr 23rd - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
Apr 25th - 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
Apr 25th - French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia
Apr 27th - Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
May 5th - Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
May 8th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
May 10th - Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
May 11th - Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa" premieres in Prague
May 12th - Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
May 16th - World's 1st electric tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
May 17th - 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40
Abolitionist Frederick Douglass May 17th - Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Wash DC
May 17th - Revised version of New Testament
May 21st - American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
May 21st - US Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms
May 24th - Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
May 24th - Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.
May 27th - 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40.5
Jun 1st - Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
Jun 2nd - Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
Jun 7th - 15th Belmont: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47
Jun 12th - The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
Jun 13th - The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
Humanitarian Clara Barton Jun 14th - Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Mass)
Jun 16th - Austria-Hungary & Serbia sign military treaty
Jun 19th - Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
Jun 24th - 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico
Jun 29th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud
Jun 30th - Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
Jul 1st - 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
Jul 1st - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
Jul 1st - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
Jul 2nd - US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later
Jul 4th - Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)
Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington Jul 13th - 5th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats J Hartley (6-0 6-1 6-1)
Jul 20th - Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops
Jul 26th - French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
Aug 1st - US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay
Aug 3rd - Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
Aug 3rd - US National Lawn Tennis Association removes "National" from its name
Aug 4th - 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
Aug 13th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
Aug 27th - Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die
Aug 31st - 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
Sep 3rd - 1st US Men's Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (6-0 6-3 6-2)
Sep 3rd - Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony
Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull Sep 3rd - 1st U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats William E. Glyn (6-0, 6-3, 6-2)
Sep 9th - Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
Sep 11th - Triple landslides bury Elm Switz
Sep 13th - Lewis Latimer invents & patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
Sep 18th - Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
Sep 20th - Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president
Sep 24th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
Sep 27th - Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12
Oct 4th - Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
Oct 11th - David Houston patents roll film for cameras
Oct 12th - Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
Oct 13th - Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
21st US President Chester A. Arthur Oct 14th - 21st British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 170 at Prestwick Golf Club
Oct 15th - 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
Oct 22nd - Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its first concert
Oct 24th - Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty
Oct 26th - Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az
Oct 29th - Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.
Oct 31st - Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)
Nov 2nd - Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
Nov 5th - French government-Ferry resigns
Nov 5th - 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau Nov 14th - Charles J. Guiteau put on trial for the assassination of US President Garfield
Nov 14th - Leon Gambetta forms French government
Nov 15th - American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)
Nov 19th - A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
Dec 3rd - Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)
Dec 4th - The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
Dec 5th - 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
Dec 8th - Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
Dec 19th - Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels)