Historical Events for Year 1883

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Months in Year 1883: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 108 of 108

Jan 2nd - Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
Jan 4th - Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
Jan 6th - Ontario Rugby Football Union forms
Jan 10th - Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
Jan 13th - Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
Jan 13th - Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
Jan 16th - Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
Jan 16th - Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
Jan 19th - The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
Jan 20th - Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
Jan 22nd - England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Aust MCG
Jan 30th - England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
Feb 1st - French lt-col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
Feb 7th - Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison Feb 8th - Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
Feb 10th - Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
Feb 14th - 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
Feb 16th - "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
Feb 17th - A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
Feb 21st - 2nd French government of Ferry begins
Feb 23rd - Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
Feb 23rd - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
Feb 27th - Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
Feb 28th - 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
Mar 4th - John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
Mar 19th - Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
Mar 20th - Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
Mar 24th - 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
Mar 30th - 45th Grand National: Count Karel Kinsky AUT aboard Zoedone AUT wins
Mar 31st - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
Mar 31st - Utrecht begins water pipe system
Apr 2nd - Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
Apr 6th - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
Apr 12th - French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
Apr 13th - US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
Apr 14th - Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
Apr 16th - Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
Apr 23rd - John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
Apr 24th - 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
May 1st - "Buffalo Bill" Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show
May 1st - Amsterdam World's Fair opens
May 1st - Baseball returns to Phila, 1st NL game since 1876
May 1st - NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
May 4th - John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Miss)
May 15th - Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
May 17th - Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha
May 22nd - Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
May 23rd - 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
May 23rd - Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players
21st US President Chester A. Arthur21st US President Chester A. Arthur May 24th - Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur & NY Governor Cleveland
May 26th - 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5
May 27th - Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
May 30th - Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
May 31st - French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
Jun 2nd - 1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana
Jun 2nd - Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
Jun 9th - 17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5
Jun 16th - 1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2)
Jun 16th - The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
Jul 1st - ANWB forms in Utrecht
Jul 3rd - SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
Jul 4th - Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
Jul 16th - 7th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
Jul 24th - Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
Jul 28th - Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
Aug 1st - A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
Aug 1st - Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
Aug 1st - Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
Aug 12th - The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
Aug 17th - The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
Aug 21st - Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
Aug 23rd - Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
Aug 24th - 3rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats James Dwight (6-2, 6-0, 9-7)
Aug 27th - Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
Aug 29th - Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
Sep 6th - Cub's Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
Sep 8th - NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies
Sep 8th - Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
Sep 11th - James Cutler patents postal mail chute
Sep 13th - Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
Sep 21st - First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
Sep 24th - National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky
Oct 4th - Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
Oct 4th - First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
Oct 15th - Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
Oct 20th - Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
Oct 20th - Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
Oct 22nd - 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
Oct 22nd - Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
Oct 30th - Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
Nov 3rd - Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)
Nov 3rd - US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans
Nov 3rd - American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
Nov 5th - Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
Nov 5th - Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC
Nov 6th - NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
Nov 8th - English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
Nov 10th - Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship
Nov 17th - 23rd British Golf Open: Willie Fernie shoots a 158 at Musselburgh Links
Nov 18th - Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
Nov 18th - Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
Dec 2nd - John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F premieres
Dec 3rd - 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
Dec 9th - New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
Dec 20th - Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
Dec 22nd - August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres
Dec 26th - The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.

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