Historical Events in 1883

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  • Saturday 30
  • Jan 2nd Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • Jan 4th Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
  • Jan 6th Ontario Rugby Football Union forms
  • Jan 10th Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • Jan 13th Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
  • Jan 13th Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 16th Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • Jan 16th Quebec Rugby Football Union forms

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 19th The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 20th Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
  • Jan 22nd England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Aust MCG
  • Jan 30th England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • Feb 1st French Lt-Col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • Feb 7th Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • Feb 8th Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • Feb 10th Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
  • Feb 14th 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
  • Feb 16th "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • Feb 17th A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • Feb 21st 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • Feb 23rd Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • Feb 23rd American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
  • Feb 27th Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • Feb 28th 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • Mar 4th John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
  • Mar 19th Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • Mar 20th Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • Mar 24th 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • Mar 30th 45th Grand National: Count Karel Kinsky AUT aboard Zoedone AUT wins
  • Mar 31st 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
  • Mar 31st Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • Apr 2nd Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • Apr 6th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • Apr 12th French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • Apr 13th US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • Apr 14th Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 16th Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
  • Apr 23rd John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • Apr 24th 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • May 1st "Buffalo Bill" Cody put on his 1st Wild West Show
  • May 1st Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • May 1st Baseball returns to Phila, 1st NL game since 1876
  • May 1st NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
  • May 4th John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Miss)
  • May 15th Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 17th Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha
  • May 22nd Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
  • May 23rd 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
  • May 23rd Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 24th Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur & NY Governor Cleveland

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • May 26th 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5
  • May 27th Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • May 30th Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
  • May 31st French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • Jun 2nd 1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana
  • Jun 2nd Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
  • Jun 9th 17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5
  • Jun 16th 1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2)
  • Jun 16th The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • Jul 1st ANWB forms in Utrecht
  • Jul 3rd SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • Jul 4th Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
  • Jul 16th 7th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
  • Jul 24th Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • Jul 28th Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • Aug 1st A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • Aug 1st Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • Aug 1st Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • Aug 12th The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • Aug 17th The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • Aug 21st Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • Aug 23rd Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
  • Aug 24th 3rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats James Dwight (6-2, 6-0, 9-7)
  • Aug 27th Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
  • Aug 29th Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
  • Sep 6th Cub's Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
  • Sep 8th NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies
  • Sep 8th Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • Sep 11th James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • Sep 13th Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • Sep 21st First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • Sep 24th National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Oct 4th Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
  • Oct 4th First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Oct 15th Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20th Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20th Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22nd 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 22nd Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
  • Oct 30th Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • Nov 3rd Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)
  • Nov 3rd US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans
  • Nov 3rd American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • Nov 5th Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • Nov 5th Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 6th NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
  • Nov 8th English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • Nov 10th Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship
  • Nov 17th 23rd British Golf Open: Willie Fernie shoots a 158 at Musselburgh Links
  • Nov 18th Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • Nov 18th Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • Dec 2nd John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F premieres
  • Dec 3rd 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • Dec 9th New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • Dec 16th Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • Dec 20th Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
  • Dec 22nd August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres
  • Dec 26th The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.