Historical Events in 1883

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  • Jan 2nd Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • Jan 4th Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
  • Jan 6th Ontario Rugby Football Union forms
  • Jan 10th Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • Jan 13th Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
  • Jan 13th Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 16th Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • Jan 16th Quebec Rugby Football Union forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19th The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 20th Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
  • Jan 22nd England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Aust MCG
  • Jan 30th England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • Feb 1st French Lt-Col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • Feb 7th Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • Feb 8th Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • Feb 10th Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
  • Feb 14th 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
  • Feb 16th "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • Feb 17th A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • Feb 21st 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • Feb 23rd Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • Feb 23rd American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
  • Feb 27th Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • Feb 28th 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • Mar 4th John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
  • Mar 19th Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • Mar 20th Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • Mar 24th 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • Mar 30th 45th Grand National: Count Karel Kinsky AUT aboard Zoedone AUT wins
  • Mar 31st 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
  • Mar 31st Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • Apr 2nd Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • Apr 6th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • Apr 12th French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • Apr 13th US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • Apr 14th Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 16th Paul Kruger chosen as president of Transvaal
  • Apr 23rd John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • Apr 24th 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • May 1st "Buffalo Bill" Cody puts on his 1st Wild West Show
  • May 1st Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • May 1st Baseball returns to Phila, 1st NL game since 1876
  • May 1st NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
  • May 4th John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Miss)
  • May 15th Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 17th Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha
  • May 22nd Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
  • May 23rd 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
  • May 23rd Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24th Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur & NY Governor Cleveland

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • May 26th 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5
  • May 27th Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • May 30th Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
  • May 31st French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • Jun 2nd 1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana
  • Jun 2nd Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
  • Jun 9th 17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5
  • Jun 16th 1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2)
  • Jun 16th The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • Jul 1st ANWB forms in Utrecht
  • Jul 3rd SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • Jul 4th Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • Jul 16th 7th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
  • Jul 24th Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • Jul 28th Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • Aug 1st A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • Aug 1st Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • Aug 1st Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • Aug 12th The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • Aug 17th The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • Aug 21st Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • Aug 23rd Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
  • Aug 24th 3rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats James Dwight (6-2, 6-0, 9-7)
  • Aug 27th Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
  • Aug 29th Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
  • Sep 6th Cub's Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
  • Sep 8th NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies
  • Sep 8th Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • Sep 11th James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • Sep 13th Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • Sep 21st First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • Sep 24th National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Oct 4th Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
  • Oct 4th First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Oct 15th Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20th Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20th Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22nd 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 22nd Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
  • Oct 30th Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • Nov 3rd Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)
  • Nov 3rd US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans
  • Nov 3rd American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • Nov 5th Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • Nov 5th Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 6th NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
  • Nov 8th English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • Nov 10th Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship
  • Nov 17th 23rd British Golf Open: Willie Fernie shoots a 158 at Musselburgh Links
  • Nov 18th Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • Nov 18th Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • Dec 2nd John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F premieres
  • Dec 3rd 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • Dec 9th New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • Dec 16th Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • Dec 20th Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
  • Dec 22nd August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres
  • Dec 26th The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.