Historical Events in 1883

  • Jan 2 Battle of Boschberg takes place in South Africa as part of the Mapoch War
  • Jan 4 Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
  • Jan 6 Ontario Rugby Football Union forms
  • Jan 10 Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • Jan 13 Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
  • Jan 13 Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 16 Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • Jan 16 Quebec Rugby Football Union forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 19 The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 20 Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England v Aust MCG
  • Jan 22 England complete 1st innings victory in Tests v Aust MCG
  • Jan 30 England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • Feb 1 French Lt-Col Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • Feb 7 Lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • Feb 8 Louis Waterman begins experiment to invent the fountain pen
  • Feb 10 Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, kills 71
  • Feb 14 1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions
  • Feb 16 "Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • Feb 17 A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • Feb 21 2nd French government of Ferry begins
  • Feb 23 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • Feb 23 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 27 Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • Feb 28 1st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • Mar 19 Jan Matzeliger invents first machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • Mar 20 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • Mar 24 1st telephone call between NY & Chicago
  • Mar 30 45th Grand National: Count Karel Kinsky AUT aboard Zoedone AUT wins
  • Mar 31 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
  • Mar 31 Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • Apr 2 Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • Apr 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • Apr 12 French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • Apr 13 US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism
  • Apr 14 Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 16 Paul Kruger chosen as President of Transvaal
  • Apr 23 John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • Apr 24 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • May 1 "Buffalo Bill" Cody puts on his 1st Wild West Show
  • May 1 Amsterdam World's Fair opens
  • May 1 Baseball returns to Philadelphia, 1st NL game since 1876
  • May 1 NY Athletic Club hires Bob Rogers as 1st American pro sports trainer
  • May 4 John Gordon Cashmans publishes 1st edition "Vicksburg Evening Post" (Mississippi))
  • May 15 Italy signs military treaty with Austria-Hungary & Germany
  • May 17 Buffalo Bill Cody's 1st wild west show premieres in Omaha
  • May 22 Cubs' Billy Sunday's 1st at bat, begins 14 consecutive strikes out
  • May 23 9th Kentucky Derby: William Donohue aboard Leonatus wins in 2:43
  • May 23 Baseball game between one-armed & one-legged players

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Brooklyn Bridge opened by President Arthur & NY Governor Cleveland

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • May 26 11th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Jacobus wins in 2:42.5
  • May 27 Tsar Alexander III crowned in Moscow
  • May 30 Stampede caused by a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge was going to collapse kills 12
  • May 31 French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
  • Jun 2 1st night baseball under lights, Fort Wayne Indiana
  • Jun 2 Chicago's "El" opens to traffic
  • Jun 9 17th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard George Kinney wins in 2:42.5
  • Jun 16 1st baseball "Ladies' Day" (NY Gothams beat Cleve Spiders 5-2)
  • Jun 16 The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children
  • Jul 1 ANWB forms in Utrecht, the Netherlands
  • Jul 3 SS Daphne sinks on Clyde River Scotland; 195 die
  • Jul 4 Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebraska
  • Jul 16 7th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (2-6 6-3 6-3 4-6 6-3)
  • Jul 24 Arabi Pasha declares a holy war in Egypt
  • Jul 28 Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
  • Aug 1 A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • Aug 1 Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • Aug 1 Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • Aug 12 The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • Aug 17 The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • Aug 21 Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks and passballs counted as errors prior to 1888)
  • Aug 24 3rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats James Dwight (6-2, 6-0, 9-7)
  • Aug 27 Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
  • Aug 29 Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
  • Sep 6 Cub's Burns (extra bases), Williamson & Pfeiffer get 3 hits in 1 inn
  • Sep 8 NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies
  • Sep 8 Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
  • Sep 11 James Cutler patents postal mail chute
  • Sep 13 Hugh Daily, a one-armed pitcher for Cleveland (Forest City), tosses 1-0 no-hitter against Philadelphia
  • Sep 21 First direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
  • Sep 24 National black convention meets in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Oct 4 Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail
  • Oct 4 First meeting of the Boys' Brigade in Glasgow, Scotland.
  • Oct 15 Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • Oct 20 Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre" 1st performed
  • Oct 20 Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
  • Oct 22 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
  • Oct 22 Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
  • Oct 30 Austria-Hungary, Germany and Romania sign military treaty
  • Nov 3 Race riots in Danville Virginia (4 blacks killed)
  • Nov 3 US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can't be Americans
  • Nov 3 American Old West: Self-described "Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
  • Nov 5 Battle at El Obeid Sudan: Mahdi's army destroys Egyptian army
  • Nov 5 Musical "Cordelia's Aspirations" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 6 NYAC organizes 1st American cross-country championship race
  • Nov 8 English freighter Nisero stranded at Atjeh (crew taken hostage)
  • Nov 10 Toronto Argonauts defeat Ottawa FC 9-7, for 1st ORFU Championship
  • Nov 17 23rd British Golf Open: Willie Fernie shoots a 158 at Musselburgh Links
  • Nov 18 Antonin Dvorák's "Husitska" premieres
  • Nov 18 Standard time zones forms by railroads in US & Canada
  • Dec 2 John Brahms' 3rd Symphony in F premieres
  • Dec 3 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • Dec 9 New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • Dec 16 Tonkin Campaign: The French capture the citadel in Hanoi
  • Dec 20 Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
  • Dec 22 August Strindberg's "Lycko-Pers Reja" premieres
  • Dec 26 The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.