Historical Events in 1884

  • Jan 4 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • Jan 4 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • Jan 8 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • Jan 18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • Jan 18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.
  • Jan 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Manon" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 26 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • Feb 1 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • Feb 7 Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • Feb 18 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Police seize all copies of tolstoy's "What I Believe In"

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • Feb 19 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
  • Feb 26 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • Mar 8 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite
  • Mar 8 Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony's argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.
  • Mar 12 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • Mar 13 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • Mar 13 US adopts Standard Time
  • Mar 17 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif
  • Mar 27 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • Mar 28 46th Grand National: Mr Ted Wilson aboard Voluptuary wins
  • Apr 2 London prison for debtors closed
  • Apr 10 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
  • Apr 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • Apr 21 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • Apr 22 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
  • Apr 22 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Apr 24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • May 1 Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • May 1 Moses Walker became 1st African American player in major league baseball in US
  • May 1 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • May 13 Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York
  • May 14 Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • May 16 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25
  • May 17 Alaska becomes a US territory
  • May 19 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • May 22 1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • May 23 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
  • May 24 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 & 7-3 v England XI in 4 hours

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Fred Spofforth
  • May 29 1st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • May 31 Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • Jun 3 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • Jun 4 18th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Panique wins in 2:42
  • Jun 5 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"
  • Jun 16 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)
  • Jun 24 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • Jul 3 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • Jul 4 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 4 Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris
  • Jul 5 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • Jul 5 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Jul 10 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
  • Jul 19 8th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-0 6-4 9-7)
  • Jul 21 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's
  • Jul 27 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system
  • Aug 2 Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent
  • Aug 5 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC)
  • Aug 7 Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
  • Aug 11 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust
  • Aug 12 Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
  • Aug 27 4th U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats Howard Taylor (6-0, 1-6, 6-0, 6-2)
  • Aug 28 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, SD
  • Aug 28 Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
  • Aug 30 Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
  • Sep 4 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia.
  • Sep 10 Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
  • Sep 20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • Sep 20 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • Sep 23 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • Sep 24 Dixey, Rice & Gill's musical "Adonis" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • Oct 3 24th British Golf Open: Jack Simpson shoots a 160 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Oct 6 Naval War College forms in Newport RI
  • Oct 13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Oct 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • Oct 22 Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
  • Oct 22 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • Oct 23 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0
  • Oct 25 1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps NY Mets (AA) in 3
  • Oct 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • Nov 1 The Gaelic Athletic Association is founded to promote Irish sport and games; The association denies membership to the police and army and is immediately infiltrated by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 4 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term. The only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Nov 6 British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
  • Nov 6 Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 8 German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Nov 15 Colonization of Africa orgainized at international conference in Berlin
  • Nov 17 Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
  • Nov 22 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • Nov 25 John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk
  • Dec 1 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • Dec 6 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC
  • Dec 9 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain is first published in the UK and Canada (US Feb 1885, due to printing error)

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Dec 12 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 16 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 27 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 30 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig