Historical Events for Year 1885
Events 1 - 104 of 104
Jan 2nd - Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of Gen Gordon in Khartoum
Jan 4th - Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
Jan 11th - Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo
Jan 17th - British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
Jan 19th - Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
Jan 25th - Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres
Jan 26th - Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum
Jan 28th - Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.
Feb 5th - News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
Feb 5th - King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession
Feb 9th - 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
Feb 12th - Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
Feb 17th - Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa
Feb 18th - Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"
Author Mark Twain Feb 21st - Washington Monument dedicated (Washington, D.C.)
Feb 25th - US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
Feb 26th - Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain
Mar 3rd - 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
Mar 3rd - American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
Mar 3rd - US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
Mar 3rd - US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
Mar 4th - Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London
Mar 4th - Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War
Mar 14th - Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London
US President Grover Cleveland Mar 15th - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
Mar 19th - Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
Mar 20th - John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
Mar 20th - Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta
Mar 21st - 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
Mar 26th - Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
Mar 26th - Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
Mar 27th - 47th Grand National: Mr Ted Wilson aboard Roquefort wins
Mar 28th - US Salvation Army officially organized
Mar 30th - The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
Mar 31st - Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
Apr 30th - Boston Pops Orchestra forms
May 1st - Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
Politician Louis Riel May 2nd - "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
May 2nd - Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium
May 7th - John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
May 8th - Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
May 12th - The Battle of Batoche concludes. Louis Riel and and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel
May 14th - 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37.25
May 15th - Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
May 19th - 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
May 19th - German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon & Togoland
May 22nd - 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Jun 6th - 19th Belmont: Paul Duffy aboard Tyrant wins in 2:43
Jun 6th - Opera "Lakmé" is produced (Paris)
Jun 12th - Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
Jun 17th - Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'
Jun 24th - British government of Salisbury forms
Jun 24th - Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
Jul 1st - The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
Jul 2nd - Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
Jul 6th - Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine
Jul 17th - 9th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (7-5, 6-2 4-6 7-5)
Aug 7th - Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
Aug 10th - Leo Daft opens America's 1st coml operated electric streetcar (Balt)
Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur Aug 11th - $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
Aug 14th - Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
Aug 22nd - 5th U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats Godfrey M. Brinley (6-3, 4-6, 6-0, 6-3)
Aug 29th - Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
Aug 29th - Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0
Aug 29th - Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan & Dominick McCaffrey
Aug 30th - 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
Sep 2nd - In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
Sep 4th - 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)
Sep 5th - 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
Sep 6th - Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
Sep 11th - Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
Sep 12th - Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
Sep 16th - Puritan (US) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
Sep 18th - Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
Sep 21st - Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
Sep 22nd - Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right".
Sep 24th - Five German warships depart to Zanzibar
Sep 29th - The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
Sep 30th - Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
Oct 1st - Special delivery mail service begins in US
Oct 3rd - 25th British Golf Open: Bob Martin shoots a 171 at St Andrews
Oct 13th - The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
Oct 15th - Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
Oct 17th - Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
Oct 22nd - John Ward & several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
Oct 24th - Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
Oct 25th - John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E premieres
Nov 1st - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
Nov 3rd - Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
Nov 6th - US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
Nov 7th - Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
Nov 9th - Opera "Ermine," premieres in London
Nov 10th - Gottlieb Daimler's unveils the world's first motorcycle
Nov 12th - Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
Nov 13th - Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
Nov 23rd - Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
Nov 26th - 1st meteor photograph
Nov 27th - Earliest photograph of a meteor shower taken
Nov 30th - Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
Dec 2nd - Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna
Dec 7th - 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
Dec 17th - France declares Madagascar a protectorate
Dec 22nd - Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
Dec 22nd - Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan.