Historical Events in 1885

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  • Jan 2nd General Wolseley receives last distress signal of General Gordon in Khartoum
  • Jan 3rd The beginning of the Battle of Nui Bop in the Sino-French War
  • Jan 4th Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
  • Jan 11th Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo
  • Jan 17th British beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan
  • Jan 19th Battle of Abu Klea, Sudan, between the British Desert Column and Mahdist forces: 76 British and 1,100 Mahdists killed
  • Jan 25th Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie" premieres
  • Jan 26th Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 28th Commission for Auguste Rodin's sculpture 'The Burghers of Calais' signed by the Municipal Council of Calais.

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Feb 5th News of fall of Khartoum reaches London
  • Feb 5th King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession
  • Feb 9th 1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii
  • Feb 12th Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17th Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18th Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" in the US

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Feb 21st Washington Monument dedicated (Washington, D.C.)
  • Feb 25th US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds
  • Feb 26th Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain
  • Mar 3rd 1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission
  • Mar 3rd American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
  • Mar 3rd US Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of federal government)
  • Mar 3rd US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 14th Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London at the Savoy Theatre
  • Mar 15th 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19th Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Mar 20th John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
  • Mar 20th Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta
  • Mar 21st 2nd French government of Ferry resigns
  • Mar 26th Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film
  • Mar 26th Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask
  • Mar 27th 47th Grand National: Mr Ted Wilson aboard Roquefort wins
  • Mar 28th US Salvation Army officially organized
  • Mar 30th The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • Mar 31st Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
  • Apr 30th Boston Pops Orchestra forms
  • May 1st Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands
  • May 2nd "Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published
  • May 2nd Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium
  • May 7th John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti
  • May 8th Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl
  • May 12th Battle of Batoche: Louis Riel and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel
  • May 14th 11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37.25
  • May 15th Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan
  • May 19th 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)
  • May 19th German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon and Togoland
  • May 22nd 13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49
  • Jun 6th 19th Belmont: Paul Duffy aboard Tyrant wins in 2:43
  • Jun 6th Opera "Lakmé" is produced (Paris)
  • Jun 12th Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France
  • Jun 17th Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship `Isere'
  • Jun 24th British government of Salisbury forms
  • Jun 24th Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop
  • Jul 1st The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
  • Jul 2nd Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6th Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Louis Pasteur
  • Jul 17th 9th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (7-5, 6-2 4-6 7-5)
  • Aug 7th Five German warships anchor off Zanzibar
  • Aug 10th Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore
  • Aug 11th $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
  • Aug 14th Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • Aug 22nd 5th U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats Godfrey M. Brinley (6-3, 4-6, 6-0, 6-3)
  • Aug 29th Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
  • Aug 29th Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0
  • Aug 29th Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan & Dominick McCaffrey
  • Aug 30th 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • Sep 2nd In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
  • Sep 4th 1st cafeteria opens (NYC)
  • Sep 5th 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind)
  • Sep 6th Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished.
  • Sep 11th Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 12th Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
  • Sep 16th Puritan (US) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
  • Sep 18th Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination.
  • Sep 21st Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
  • Sep 22nd Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right".
  • Sep 24th Five German warships depart to Zanzibar
  • Sep 29th The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England.
  • Sep 30th Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate
  • Oct 1st Special delivery mail service begins in US
  • Oct 3rd 25th British Golf Open: Bob Martin shoots a 171 at St Andrews
  • Oct 13th The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • Oct 15th Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season
  • Oct 17th Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
  • Oct 22nd John Ward & several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
  • Oct 24th Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 25th John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E premieres
  • Nov 1st Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
  • Nov 3rd Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses
  • Nov 6th US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close
  • Nov 7th Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie
  • Nov 9th Opera "Ermine" premieres in London
  • Nov 10th Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle
  • Nov 12th Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 13th Serbian army occupies Bulgaria
  • Nov 17th The Serbian Army, with Russian support, invades Bulgaria
  • Nov 19th Bulgarians, led by Stefan Stambolov, repulse a larger Serbian invasion force at Slivinitza
  • Nov 23rd Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
  • Nov 27th 1st meteor photograph taken by Austro-Hungarian photographer Ladislaus Weinek in Prague
  • Nov 27th Earliest photograph of a meteor shower taken
  • Nov 30th Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris)
  • Dec 2nd Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna
  • Dec 7th 49th Congress (1885-87) convenes
  • Dec 17th France declares Madagascar a protectorate
  • Dec 22nd Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee
  • Dec 22nd Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan.