Historical Events in 1888

  • Jan 3rd 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 5th Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • Jan 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Valley of Fear" (BG)
  • Jan 13th National Geographic Society founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Jan 27th National Geographic Society formed in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30th Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • Feb 2nd Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • Feb 22nd John Reid of Scotland demonstrates golf to Americans (Yonkers NY)
  • Feb 24th Louisville, Ky, becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot (i.e. secret ballot on standard voting forms)
  • Feb 28th Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • Feb 28th Vincent d'Indy's Wallenstein-trilogy, premieres
  • Mar 2nd The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • Mar 10th 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"
  • Mar 10th Heavyweight Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds
  • Mar 11th Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern US
  • Mar 12th 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
  • Mar 13th Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
  • Mar 14th 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • Mar 20th Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia"
  • Mar 20th The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • Mar 21st Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • Mar 22nd English Football League established
  • Mar 23rd 50th Grand National: George Mawson aboard Playfair wins
  • Mar 25th Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • Apr 1st Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
  • Apr 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • Apr 11th The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • Apr 16th Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • Apr 20th 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
  • Apr 24th Eastman Kodak founded by George Eastman
  • Apr 29th Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha
  • Apr 30th Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
  • May 4th Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • May 7th Edouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 7th George Eastman patents "Kodak box camera"

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • May 11th 16th Preakness: F Littlefield aboard Refund wins in 2:49
  • May 12th Crouching start 1st used by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • May 13th DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • May 13th Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery
  • May 14th 14th Kentucky Derby: George Covington aboard MacBeth II wins in 2:38.00
  • May 16th CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC
  • May 22nd Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • Jun 1st California gets its 1st seismograph
  • Jun 3rd "Casey at the Bat" published (SF Examiner)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5th US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Jun 5th The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place.
  • Jun 9th 22nd Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Sir Dixon wins in 2:40.25
  • Jun 13th US Congress creates Department of Labor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 15th Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jun 15th 2nd U.S. Women's National Championship: Bertha Townsend beats Ellen Hansell (6-3, 6-5)
  • Jun 20th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 23rd Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 25th Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jun 29th First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder
  • Jul 4th 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Ariz
  • Jul 11th 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • Jul 11th Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • Jul 15th Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • Jul 16th 5th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-3 6-3)
  • Jul 16th 12th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Ernest Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-3 7-5 6-0)
  • Jul 23rd John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • Jul 27th Philip Pratt unveils 1st American electric tricycle
  • Aug 7th Theophilus Van Kannel of Philadelphia patents revolving door
  • Aug 10th NY Giant pitcher Tim Keefe sets a 19 game win streak record
  • Aug 11th California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12th Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Aug 20th Longest US men's single tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80-game 1st-round contest
  • Aug 21st American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine
  • Aug 28th 8th U.S. Men's National Championship: Henry Slocum beats Howard Taylor (6-4, 6-1, 6-0)
  • Aug 30th Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day
  • Aug 31st The body of Jack the Ripper's first victim, Mary Ann 'Polly' Nichols, is found in Whitechapel , in London's East End.
  • Sep 1st Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
  • Sep 4th George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera & registers "Kodak"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6th Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnon's Imperial British East Africa Company political & commercial rights

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Sep 6th Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times).
  • Sep 7th Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York
  • Sep 8th In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • Sep 11th Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • Sep 12th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
  • Sep 18th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Sign of Four" (BG)
  • Sep 19th World's 1st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium)
  • Sep 25th Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • Sep 25th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Hound of Baskervilles" (BG)
  • Sep 30th "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • Oct 1st National Geographic magazine publishes for the 1st time
  • Oct 3rd New Zealand Natives, a privately organised and mainly Māori rugby team, plays first game in UK; the first national rugby team to wear the silver fern
  • Oct 8th 28th British Golf Open: Jack Burns shoots a 171 at St Andrews
  • Oct 9th Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10th Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 at Mud Run, Pennsylvania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 17th Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 19th Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 20th Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
  • Oct 23rd Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • Oct 29th Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company
  • Oct 30th John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30th Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • Oct 31st Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre
  • Nov 3rd Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes
  • Nov 6th Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats President Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland received slightly more votes
  • Nov 9th Jack Ripper's 5th and probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed
  • Nov 14th St Andrews Golf Club, Yonkers NY, opens with just 6 holes
  • Nov 14th USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Nov 17th Tchaikovsky's 5th Symphony premieres in St Petersburg

  • Nov 20th Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • Dec 11th French Panama Canal Company fails
  • Dec 18th Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Anasazi ruins of Mesa Verde, Colorado
  • Dec 19th Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
  • Dec 22nd Heavyweight boxing champ John L Sullivan challenges Jake Kilrain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23rd Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping

  • Dec 25th 1st indoor baseball game played at fairgrounds in Philadelphia
  • Dec 30th Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star