Historical Events in 1888

  • Jan 3rd 1st wax drinking straw patented, by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 5th Dutch Heidemaatschappij (land reclamation) established
  • Jan 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Valley of Fear" (BG)
  • Jan 13th National Geographic Society founded (Washington, D.C.)
  • Jan 27th National Geographic Society formed in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30th Harry Moses 297 not out for NSW against Victoria
  • Feb 2nd Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • Feb 22nd John Reid of Scotland demonstrates golf to Americans (Yonkers NY)
  • Feb 24th Louisville, Ky, becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot (i.e. secret ballot on standard voting forms)
  • Feb 28th Ferry in San Pablo Bay explodes
  • Feb 28th Vincent d'Indy's Wallenstein-trilogy, premieres
  • Mar 2nd The Convention of Constantinople is signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.
  • Mar 10th 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Psyche"
  • Mar 10th HW Boxing champ John L Sullivan draws Charlie Mitchell in 30 rounds
  • Mar 11th Great blizzard of '88 strikes northeastern US
  • Mar 12th 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
  • Mar 13th Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
  • Mar 14th 2nd largest snowfall in NYC history (21")
  • Mar 20th Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia"
  • Mar 20th The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
  • Mar 21st Arthur Pinero's "Sweet Lavender" premieres in London
  • Mar 22nd English Football League established
  • Mar 23rd 50th Grand National: George Mawson aboard Playfair wins
  • Mar 25th Socialist leader Domela Nieuwenhuis elected to Dutch 2nd chamber
  • Apr 1st Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
  • Apr 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • Apr 11th The Concertgebouw in Amsterdam is inaugurated.
  • Apr 16th Drentse & Friese peat cutters go on strike
  • Apr 20th 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
  • Apr 24th Eastman Kodak forms
  • Apr 29th Old Kavallison, Congo: Henry Morton Stanley meets Emin Pasha
  • Apr 30th Hail stones kills about 250 in Moradabad district of Delhi
  • May 4th Italy & Spain sign military covenant
  • May 7th Edouard Lalo's opera "Le roi d'Ys" premieres in Paris

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

May 7th George Eastman patents "Kodak box camera"

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • May 11th 16th Preakness: F Littlefield aboard Refund wins in 2:49
  • May 12th Crouching start 1st used by Charles Sherrill of Yale
  • May 13th DeWolf Hooper 1st recited "Casey at Bat"
  • May 13th Princess Isabel of Brazil signs "Lei Auréa" abolishing slavery
  • May 14th 14th Kentucky Derby: George Covington aboard MacBeth II wins in 2:38.00
  • May 16th CPR opens Hotel Vancouver, Vancouver, BC
  • May 22nd Leroy Buffington patents a system to build skyscrapers
  • Jun 1st California gets its 1st seismograph
  • Jun 3rd "Casey at the Bat" published (SF Examiner)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 5th US Democrats nominate Grover Cleveland for president

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Jun 5th The Rio de la Plata Earthquake takes place.
  • Jun 9th 22nd Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Sir Dixon wins in 2:40.25
  • Jun 13th US Congress creates Department of Labor

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 15th Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jun 15th 2nd U.S. Women's National Championship: Bertha Townsend beats Ellen Hansell (6-3, 6-5)
  • Jun 20th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 23rd Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jun 25th Republican Convention in Chicago nominates Benjamin Harrison

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jun 29th First (known) recording of classical music made, Handel's Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder.
  • Jul 4th 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Ariz
  • Jul 11th 118°F (48°C), Bennett, Colorado (state record)
  • Jul 11th Pennsylvania's Monongehela River rises 32' after 24 hour rainfall
  • Jul 15th Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
  • Jul 16th 5th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-3 6-3)
  • Jul 16th 12th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ernest Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-3 7-5 6-0)
  • Jul 23rd John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire
  • Jul 27th Philip Pratt unveils 1st electric automobile
  • Aug 7th Theophilus Van Kannel of Phila patents revolving door
  • Aug 10th NY Giant pitcher Tim Keefe sets a 19 game win streak record
  • Aug 11th California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • Aug 12th Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour
  • Aug 20th Longest US men's single tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80-game 1st-round contest
  • Aug 21st William Seward Burroughs patents adding machine
  • Aug 28th 8th U.S. Men's National Championship: Henry Slocum beats Howard Taylor (6-4, 6-1, 6-0)
  • Aug 30th Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day
  • Sep 1st Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
  • Sep 4th George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera & registers "Kodak"

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 6th Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnons' Imperial British East Africa Company political & commercial rights

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Sep 6th Charles Turner becomes the first bowler to take 250 wickets in an English season - a feat since accomplished only by Tom Richardson (twice), J.T. Hearne, Wilfred Rhodes (twice) and Tich Freeman (six times).
  • Sep 7th Edith Eleanor McLean is 1st baby to be placed in an incubator at State Emigrant Hospital on Ward’s Island, New York
  • Sep 8th In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
  • Sep 11th Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
  • Sep 12th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
  • Sep 18th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Sign of Four" (BG)
  • Sep 19th World's 1st beauty contest (Spa Belgium)
  • Sep 25th Royal Court Theatre, London, opens
  • Sep 25th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Hound of Baskervilles" (BG)
  • Sep 30th "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London
  • Oct 1st National Geographic magazine publishes for 1st time
  • Oct 3rd New Zealand Natives, a privately organised and mainly Māori rugby team, plays first game in UK; the first national rugby team to wear the silver fern
  • Oct 8th 28th British Golf Open: Jack Burns shoots a 171 at St Andrews
  • Oct 9th Washington Monument opens for public admittance
  • Oct 10th Teatotalers excursion train crushed, killing 64 (Mud Run Pa)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 17th Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 19th Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • Oct 20th Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
  • Oct 23rd Pelham Bay Park in Bronx vested
  • Oct 29th Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for British South Africa Company
  • Oct 30th John J Loud patents ballpoint pen
  • Oct 30th Ndebele-king Lobengula grants Cecil Rhodes, Mashonaland £100 per month
  • Oct 31st Scottish vet John Boyd Dunlop patents pneumatic bicycle tyre
  • Nov 3rd Amsterdam: 1st concerto of Concert worker, under Willem Kes
  • Nov 6th Benjamin Harrison (R-Sen-Ind) beats Pres Grover Cleveland (D), 233 electoral votes to 168, Cleveland received slightly more votes
  • Nov 9th Jack Ripper's 5th and probably last victim, Mary Jane Kelly, found on her bed
  • Nov 14th St Andrews Golf Club, Yonkers NY, opens with just 6 holes
  • Nov 14th USC Trojans (then Methodists) play their 1st football game

Music-releaseMusic Release

Nov 17th Tchaikovsky's 5th Symphony premieres in St Petersburg

  • Nov 20th Willard Bundy patents timecard clock
  • Dec 11th French Panama Canal Company fails
  • Dec 18th Richard Wetherill and his brother in-law discover the ancient Anasazi ruins of Mesa Verde, Colorado
  • Dec 19th Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
  • Dec 22nd Heavyweight boxing champ John L Sullivan challenges Jake Kilrain

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 23rd Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping

  • Dec 25th 1st indoor baseball game played at fairgrounds in Philadelphia
  • Dec 30th Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star