Historical Events in 1889

  • Jan 3rd Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
  • Jan 8th Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
  • Jan 10th Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • Jan 15th The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia
  • Jan 16th 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • Jan 22nd Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jan 30th John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • Jan 30th Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • Jan 30th Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • Feb 7th Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF
  • Feb 8th Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • Feb 9th The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • Feb 11th Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • Feb 12th Caesar Franck's Symphony in D premieres
  • Feb 12th Henrik Ibsen's "Fruen fra Haven" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 14th 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • Feb 22nd US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union
  • Mar 2nd Kansas passes 1st US antitrust

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Mar 9th Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • Mar 9th Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • Mar 12th Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • Mar 12th Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • Mar 14th August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14th German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Mar 15th 6 US & German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
  • Mar 23rd Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • Mar 23rd The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
  • Mar 23rd The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • Mar 25th 1st Test Cricket match played at Newlands, Cape Town v England
  • Mar 26th Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • Mar 26th Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • Mar 26th South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • Mar 29th 51st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Frigate IRE wins
  • Mar 30th John T Reid opens 1st US golf course (Yonkers, NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31st Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • Apr 1st 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • Apr 3rd Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • Apr 5th Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6th George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film for the first time

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Apr 22nd Oklahoma land rush officially starts
  • Apr 30th 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
  • May 1st 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
  • May 1st Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
  • May 2nd Abyssinian emperor Menelik II/Italy signs Treaty of Wichale
  • May 6th Exposition Universelle (World Fair) opens in Paris with the completed Eiffel Tower
  • May 9th 15th Kentucky Derby: Thomas Kiley aboard Spokane wins in 2:34.50
  • May 10th 17th Preakness: W Anderson aboard Buddhist wins in 2:17.5
  • May 14th The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.
  • May 18th Jules Massenet's opera "Esclarmonde" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28th Édouard and André Michelin incorporate the Michelin tyre company

Industrialist André Michelin
Industrialist
André Michelin
  • May 29th August Strindberg's "Hemsoborna" premieres in Copenhagen
  • May 31st Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
  • Jun 3rd The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • Jun 6th Great Fire in Seattle destroys 25 downtown blocks
  • Jun 8th Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • Jun 8th Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Boscombe Valley Mystery" (BG)
  • Jun 12th 88 are killed in the Armagh rail disaster near Armagh in what is now Northern Ireland.
  • Jun 13th 2' of snow accumulates in Rawlins, Wyoming
  • Jun 13th 23rd Belmont: W Hayward aboard Eric wins in 2:47.25
  • Jun 15th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Stockbroker's Clerk" (BG)
  • Jun 15th 3rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Bertha Townsend beats Lida Voorhees (7-5, 6-2)
  • Jun 19th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"
  • Jun 22nd Louisville Colonels set ML baseball record with 26th consecutive loss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1st Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 1st US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • Jul 4th Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • Jul 8th John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
  • Jul 8th Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • Jul 11th Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
  • Jul 13th 6th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Lena Rice (4-6 8-6 6-4)
  • Jul 13th 13th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (6-4 6-1 3-6 6-0)
  • Jul 30th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty" (BG)
  • Aug 10th Dan Rylands patents screw cap
  • Aug 13th William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • Aug 23rd 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
  • Aug 29th 1st American International professional lawn tennis contest (Newport RI)
  • Aug 31st Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • Sep 3rd 9th U.S. Men's National Championship: Henry Slocum beats Quincy Shaw (6-3, 6-1, 4-6, 6-2)
  • Sep 5th German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • Sep 6th King Kabaka Mwanga of Buganda resigns
  • Sep 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Engineer's Thumb" (BG)
  • Sep 11th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
  • Sep 23rd Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • Sep 24th Alexander Dey patents dial time recorder
  • Sep 28th The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
  • Oct 1st Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
  • Oct 1st Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • Oct 2nd 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • Oct 2nd In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • Oct 6th Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6th Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 10th Barnard College is founded in New York City after Colubmia refuses to accept women
  • Oct 15th Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • Oct 18th 1st all NYC World Series NY Giants (NL) play Bkln (AA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Oct 24th Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
  • Oct 29th NY Giants (NL) beat Bkln (AA) in world series 6 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29th Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • Oct 29th Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
  • Nov 2nd North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • Nov 3rd Chaplain Ariëns founds first roman catholic workers group
  • Nov 4th Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball's NL
  • Nov 5th Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
  • Nov 8th Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union
  • Nov 11th Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA
  • Nov 11th 29th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Jr. shoots a 155 at Musselburgh Links

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14th New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) began her attempt to surpass fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg by traveling around world in less than 80 days She succeeded, finishing the trip in January in 72 days and 6 hours

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • Nov 15th Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed
  • Nov 17th Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & SF
  • Nov 18th Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • Nov 20th Gustav Mahler's 1st Symphony
  • Nov 23rd Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • Nov 27th 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)
  • Nov 27th Hermann Sudermann's "Ehre" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 4th Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • Dec 7th Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • Dec 9th President Harrison visits opening of Chicago Auditorium
  • Dec 13th Belgium rules on women/child labor law
  • Dec 14th American Academy of Political & Social Science organized, Phila
  • Dec 19th Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • Dec 24th Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake