Historical Events in 1889

  • Jan 3 Admissions convention meets in Ellensburg, WA, asks for statehood
  • Jan 8 Dr Herman Hollerith receives 1st US patent for a mechanical tabulating machine
  • Jan 10 Ivory Coast declared a protectorate of France
  • Jan 16 128°F (53°C), Cloncurry, Queensland (Australian record)
  • Jan 22 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jan 30 John Herschel uses camera obscura to photograph 48" (120cm) telescope
  • Jan 30 Victoria beat NSW after following on (NSW all out 63 needed 76)
  • Jan 30 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, is found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.
  • Feb 7 Astronomical Society of Pacific holds 1st meeting in SF
  • Feb 8 Flood ravages Dutch coast
  • Feb 9 The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is established as a Cabinet-level agency.
  • Feb 11 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • Feb 12 Caesar Franck's Symphony in D premieres
  • Feb 12 Henrik Ibsen's "Fruen fra Haven" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 14 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east
  • Feb 22 US President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana & Washington state to the union
  • Mar 2 Kansas passes 1st US antitrust

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Mar 9 Battle at Gallabat (Metema): Mahdi's beat Abyssinian emperor John IV
  • Mar 9 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in US
  • Mar 12 Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
  • Mar 12 Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
  • Mar 14 August Strindberg's "Froken Julie" premieres in Copenhagen

1stHistoric Invention

Mar 14 German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his "Navigable Balloon"

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Mar 15 6 US & German warships sunk by a typhoon in Apia harbour, Samoa, 200 die
  • Mar 23 Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization
  • Mar 23 The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London
  • Mar 23 The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
  • Mar 25 1st Test Cricket match played at Newlands, Cape Town v England
  • Mar 26 Bernard Tancred carries bat for 26* out of 47! South Africa v England
  • Mar 26 Johnny Briggs took 15-26 (7-17 & 8-11) v South Africa at Newlands
  • Mar 26 South Africa all out 47, then follow-on all out 43 v England
  • Mar 29 51st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Frigate IRE wins
  • Mar 30 John T Reid opens 1st US golf course (Yonkers, NY)

CommunicationOpening of the Eiffel Tower

Mar 31 Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris. Built for the Exposition Universelle, at 300m high it retains the record for the tallest man made structure for 41 years.

  • Apr 1 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
  • Apr 3 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 6 George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film for the first time

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Apr 22 Oklahoma land rush officially starts
  • Apr 30 1st US national holiday, on centennial of Washington's inauguration
  • May 1 2nd International Congress calls for 1st International Workers Day 1st May 1890 to mark protests in Chicago in 1886
  • May 1 Bayer introduces aspirin in powder form (Germany)
  • May 2 Abyssinian Emperor Menelik II and Italy sign Treaty of Wichale

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 6 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris opens with the recently completed Eiffel Tower serving as the entrance arch

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • May 9 15th Kentucky Derby: Thomas Kiley aboard Spokane wins in 2:34.50
  • May 10 17th Preakness: W Anderson aboard Buddhist wins in 2:17.5
  • May 14 The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) is launched in London.
  • May 18 Jules Massenet's opera "Esclarmonde" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 28 Édouard and André Michelin incorporate the Michelin tyre company

Industrialist André Michelin
André Michelin
  • May 29 August Strindberg's "Hemsoborna" premieres in Copenhagen
  • May 31 Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
  • Jun 3 The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast.
  • Jun 6 Great Fire in Seattle destroys 25 downtown blocks
  • Jun 8 Cable Cars begin service in LA
  • Jun 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Boscombe Valley Mystery" (BG)
  • Jun 12 88 people are killed in the Armagh rail disaster, Ireland.
  • Jun 13 2' of snow accumulates in Rawlins, Wyoming
  • Jun 13 23rd Belmont: W Hayward aboard Eric wins in 2:47.25
  • Jun 15 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Stockbroker's Clerk" (BG)
  • Jun 15 3rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Bertha Townsend beats Lida Voorhees (7-5, 6-2)
  • Jun 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Man with the Twisted Lip"
  • Jun 22 Louisville Colonels set ML baseball record with 26th consecutive loss

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • Jul 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
  • Jul 4 Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
  • Jul 8 John L Sullivan KOs Jake Kilrain in 75 rounds (last bare-knuckle bout)
  • Jul 8 Wall Street Journal begins publishing
  • Jul 11 Tijuana in Mexico becomes a city
  • Jul 13 6th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Lena Rice (4-6 8-6 6-4)
  • Jul 13 13th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats E Renshaw (6-4 6-1 3-6 6-0)
  • Jul 30 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty" (BG)
  • Aug 10 Dan Rylands patents screw cap
  • Aug 13 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • Aug 23 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
  • Aug 29 1st American International professional lawn tennis contest (Newport RI)
  • Aug 31 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG)
  • Sep 3 9th U.S. Men's National Championship: Henry Slocum beats Quincy Shaw (6-3, 6-1, 4-6, 6-2)
  • Sep 5 German Christine Hardt patents the first modern brassiere
  • Sep 6 King Kabaka Mwanga of Buganda resigns
  • Sep 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Engineer's Thumb" (BG)
  • Sep 11 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
  • Sep 23 Nintendo Koppai (Later Nintendo Company, Limited) founded by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce and market the playing card game Hanafuda.
  • Sep 24 Alexander Dey patents dial time recorder
  • Sep 28 The first General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) defines the length of a meter as the distance between two lines on a standard bar of an alloy of platinum with ten percent iridium, measured at the melting point of ice
  • Oct 1 Soccer team HFC Haarlem forms
  • Oct 1 Washington voters adopt state constitution in referendum
  • Oct 2 1st Pan American conference (Washington, D.C.)
  • Oct 2 In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the American Old West.
  • Oct 6 Moulin Rogue opens in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Thomas Edison shows his 1st motion picture

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 10 Barnard College is founded in New York City after Colubmia refuses to accept women
  • Oct 15 Amsterdam Central Station officially opens
  • Oct 18 1st all NYC World Series NY Giants (NL) play Bkln (AA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Oct 24 Softball rules adopted by Mid Winter Indoor Baseball League
  • Oct 29 NY Giants (NL) beat Bkln (AA) in world series 6 games to 3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 29 Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Oct 29 Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
  • Oct 31 Exposition Universelle (World's Fair) in Paris closes after 32 million visitors
  • Nov 2 North Dakota becomes 39th & South Dakota becomes 40th state in the United States
  • Nov 3 Chaplain Ariëns founds first roman catholic workers group
  • Nov 4 Players League begins, declaring independence from baseball's NL
  • Nov 5 Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (US Cumberland Presbyterian Church).
  • Nov 8 Montana admitted as 41st state of the Union
  • Nov 11 Washington admitted as 42nd state of USA
  • Nov 11 29th British Golf Open: Willie Park, Jr. shoots a 155 at Musselburgh Links

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 New York World reporter Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane) begins her attempt to surpass fictitious journey of Jules Verne's Phileas Fogg by traveling around the world in under 80 days. She succeeds, finishing the trip in 72 days, 6 hours

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Nov 15 Dom Pedro II, Emperor of Brazil, deposed; republic proclaimed
  • Nov 17 Union Pacific begins daily through service, Chicago-Portland & SF
  • Nov 18 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
  • Nov 20 Gustav Mahler's 1st Symphony
  • Nov 23 Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
  • Nov 27 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)
  • Nov 27 Hermann Sudermann's "Ehre" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 4 Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • Dec 7 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Gondoliers" premieres in London
  • Dec 9 US President Benjamin Harrison dedicates the Chicago Auditorium
  • Dec 13 Belgium rules on women/child labor law
  • Dec 14 American Academy of Political & Social Science organized, Phila
  • Dec 19 Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • Dec 24 Daniel Stover & William Hance patent bicycle with back pedal brake