Historical Events in 1891

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  • Jan 1st French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1st King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26th Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 27th Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29th Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
  • Jan 31st The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
  • Feb 6th 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
  • Feb 7th Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England
  • Feb 9th 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
  • Feb 15th AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • Feb 18th Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • Feb 24th French troops under capt Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
  • Feb 26th 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • Feb 26th Henrik Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 28th Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • Mar 3rd US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • Mar 3rd US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • Mar 3rd The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • Mar 10th Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
  • Mar 17th British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • Mar 18th Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • Mar 20th 53rd Grand National: Mr Harry Beasley IRE aboard Come Away wins
  • Mar 28th 1st world weightlifting championship held
  • Apr 1st London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • Apr 1st Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
  • Apr 1st The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Apr 7th Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • Apr 11th 8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • Apr 23rd Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • Apr 24th Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25th US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1st Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5th Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in New York, Tchaikovsky is guest conductor

  • May 6th Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • May 7th Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 11th The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • May 12th Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • May 13th 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25
  • May 15th British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
  • May 15th Jules Massenet's opera "Griselde" premieres in Paris
  • May 15th Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland
  • May 15th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum
  • May 16th George A. Hormel & Co introduces Spam
  • May 19th Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20th History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women's Club

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • May 21st Boxers Peter Jackson & Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds
  • May 31st Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
  • Jun 9th Painter Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • Jun 10th 25th Belmont: Ed Garrison riding Foxford wins in 2:08.75
  • Jun 11th Puerto Rican flag adopted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16th John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister.

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Jun 27th 5th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mabel Cahill beats Ellen Roosevelt (6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 29th US National Forest Service organized
  • Jun 29th Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • Jul 5th Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
  • Jul 8th 61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila
  • Jul 9th 8th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-2 6-1)
  • Jul 9th 15th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim (6-4 1-6 7-5 6-0)
  • Jul 14th John T Smith patents corkboard
  • Jul 26th Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • Jul 26th France annexes Tahiti.
  • Jul 27th Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • Aug 5th world's 1st traveler's cheques issued (American Express)
  • Aug 15th San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.
  • Aug 16th President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont
  • Aug 17th 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath)
  • Aug 17th Electric self-starter for automobile patented
  • Aug 18th Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • Aug 19th William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
  • Aug 21st Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • Aug 24th Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera
  • Aug 31st 11th U.S. Men's National Championship: Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart (2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2)
  • Sep 3rd Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • Sep 3rd John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • Sep 7th Captain Frederick Lugard's army reaches Kavalli, Equatoria
  • Sep 11th The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • Sep 14th "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • Sep 18th Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief
  • Sep 20th The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
  • Oct 1st In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • Oct 7th 31st British Golf Open: Hugh Kirkaldy shoots a 166 at St Andrews
  • Oct 12th Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • Oct 18th 1st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins
  • Oct 20th 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • Oct 25th 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • Oct 28th Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • Nov 10th 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • Nov 10th Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • Nov 30th Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published
  • Dec 2nd 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • Dec 7th 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • Dec 19th 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • Dec 19th Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • Dec 20th Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21st 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts

Basketball Inventor James Naismith
Basketball Inventor
James Naismith
  • Dec 29th Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)