Historical Events in 1891

  • Jan 1 French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
  • Jan 1 King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua" premieres in NYC

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 27 Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29 Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch.
  • Jan 31 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
  • Feb 6 1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17)
  • Feb 7 Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England
  • Feb 9 1st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento
  • Feb 15 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • Feb 18 Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
  • Feb 24 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
  • Feb 26 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
  • Feb 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Hedda Gabler" premieres in Oslo
  • Feb 28 Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec)
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Courts of Appeal
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
  • Mar 3 The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
  • Mar 10 Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching.
  • Mar 17 British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
  • Mar 18 Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone
  • Mar 20 53rd Grand National: Mr Harry Beasley IRE aboard Come Away wins
  • Mar 28 1st world weightlifting championship held
  • Apr 1 London-Paris telephone connection opens
  • Apr 1 Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
  • Apr 1 The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
  • Apr 7 Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • Apr 11 8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews
  • Apr 23 Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • Apr 24 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in New York, Tchaikovsky is guest conductor

  • May 6 Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike
  • May 7 Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Muslim rebellion, 300 killed

MurderAssassination Attempt

May 11 The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt

  • May 12 Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname
  • May 13 17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25
  • May 15 British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms
  • May 15 Jules Massenet's opera "Griselde" premieres in Paris
  • May 15 Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland
  • May 15 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum
  • May 16 George A. Hormel & Co introduces Spam
  • May 19 Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope to members of the National Federation of Women's Club

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • May 21 Boxers Peter Jackson & Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds
  • May 31 Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
  • Jun 9 Painter Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti
  • Jun 10 25th Belmont: Ed Garrison riding Foxford wins in 2:08.75
  • Jun 11 Puerto Rican flag adopted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister.

3rd Prime Minister of Canada John Abbott
3rd Prime Minister of Canada
John Abbott
  • Jun 27 5th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mabel Cahill beats Ellen Roosevelt (6-4, 6-1, 4-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 29 US National Forest Service organized
  • Jun 29 Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation.
  • Jul 5 Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD
  • Jul 7 Marcellus F. Berry, an American Express employee is granted four copyrights for what he called "the travelers cheque"
  • Jul 8 61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila
  • Jul 9 8th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-2 6-1)
  • Jul 9 15th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim (6-4 1-6 7-5 6-0)
  • Jul 14 John T Smith patents corkboard
  • Jul 26 Henry James' "American" premieres in London
  • Jul 26 France annexes Tahiti.
  • Jul 27 Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname
  • Aug 5 world's 1st traveler's cheques issued (American Express)
  • Aug 15 San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed.
  • Aug 16 President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont
  • Aug 17 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath)
  • Aug 17 Electric self-starter for automobile patented
  • Aug 18 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • Aug 19 William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
  • Aug 21 Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • Aug 24 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera
  • Aug 31 11th U.S. Men's National Championship: Oliver Campbell beats Clarence Hobart (2-6, 7-5, 7-9, 6-1, 6-2)
  • Sep 3 Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas
  • Sep 3 John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti
  • Sep 7 Captain Frederick Lugard's army reaches Kavalli, Equatoria
  • Sep 11 The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
  • Sep 14 "Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M
  • Sep 18 Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief
  • Sep 20 The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
  • Oct 1 In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
  • Oct 7 31st British Golf Open: Hugh Kirkaldy shoots a 166 at St Andrews
  • Oct 12 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
  • Oct 18 1st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins
  • Oct 20 1st International 6 day bike race at New York's Madison Square Garden begins
  • Oct 25 1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends
  • Oct 28 Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300
  • Nov 10 1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston)
  • Nov 10 Granville T Woods patents electric railway
  • Nov 30 Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published
  • Dec 2 52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes
  • Dec 7 52nd US Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session
  • Dec 19 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • Dec 19 Canadian Rugby Union forms
  • Dec 20 Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts

Basketball Inventor James Naismith
Basketball Inventor
James Naismith
  • Dec 29 Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)