Historical Events in 1893

  • Jan 1st 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
  • Jan 1st Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Jan 1st The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic.
  • Jan 2nd 1st US commemoratives & 1st US stamp to picture a woman issued (Queen Isabella, patron of Columbus)
  • Jan 2nd World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago [or 0501]
  • Jan 4th US President Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
  • Jan 6th Great Northern Railway connects Seattle with east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6th The Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress. The charter is signed by President Benjamin Harrison.

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • Jan 7th Hermann Sudermanns "Heimat" premieres in Berlin
  • Jan 10th Richard Drigo's ballet "Magic Flute" premieres, St Petersburg

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Jan 11th Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Jan 13th British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
  • Jan 13th U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
  • Jan 17th -17°F (-27°C), Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
  • Jan 17th Queen Liliuokalani deposed, Kingdom of Hawaii becomes a republic
  • Jan 19th Henrik Ibsen's play The Master Builder premieres in Berlin.
  • Jan 21st The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
  • Jan 28th Edward Mcdowell's "Hamlet & Ophelia" premieres in Boston
  • Jan 31st "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
  • Feb 1st Puccini's Opera "Manon Lescaut" premieres in Turin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 1st Thomas Edison complete's worlds 1st movie studio (West Orange NJ)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 2nd 1st movie close-up (of a sneeze), Edison studio, West Orange, NJ
  • Feb 5th Alfred Naess skates world record 500m (49.4 sec)
  • Feb 9th Canal builder De Lesseps & others sentenced to prison for fraud

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 9th Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Falstaff" premieres in Milan

Composer Giuseppe Verdi
Composer
Giuseppe Verdi
  • Feb 22nd 1st Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 32-22 in Birmingham
  • Feb 24th The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
  • Feb 26th 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Mich
  • Feb 26th Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
  • Feb 28th Edward Acheson, Penn, patents an abrasive he names "carborundum"
  • Mar 1st Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
  • Mar 2nd 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
  • Mar 3rd Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Department of Agriculture
  • Mar 4th Francis Dhanis' army attacks the Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US President (2nd term)

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Mar 9th Congo cannibals killed 1000s of Arabs
  • Mar 10th Ivory Coast becomes a French colony (Cote d'Ivoire)
  • Mar 10th New Mexico State University cancels its 1st graduation ceremony; its only graduand Sam Steele was robbed & killed the night before
  • Mar 24th 55th Grand National: Bill Dollery aboard Cloister wins
  • Mar 30th Thomas F Bayard becomes 1st US ambassador in Great Britain
  • Apr 3rd 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • Apr 5th Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • Apr 6th Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • Apr 6th Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • Apr 8th The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink
  • Apr 12th Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • Apr 22nd Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
  • Apr 22nd Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • Apr 26th 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • Apr 27th Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • May 1st World Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
  • May 4th Cowboy Bob Pickett invents bulldogging
  • May 5th Panic of 1893: Great crash on NY Stock Exchange
  • May 10th 19th Kentucky Derby: Eddie Kunze aboard Lookout wins in 2:39.25
  • May 10th Imperial Institute in London opens
  • May 11th Henri Desgrange establishes 1st bicycle-world record (35.325 km)
  • May 19th Heavy rain wash "quick clay" into a deep valley, kills 111 (Norway)
  • May 22nd Montreal Athletic Association beat Ottawa Generals 2-1, in 1st Cup Game
  • May 27th Audath Yisroel forms at Kattowitz (Katowice) Poland
  • May 31st Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)
  • Jun 1st Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7th Gandhi's first act of civil disobedience.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jun 10th 27th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Commanche wins in 1:53.25
  • Jun 16th RW Rueckheim invents Cracker Jack

MurderMurder of Interest

Jun 20th Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts

Acquitted Murderer Lizzie Borden
Acquitted Murderer
Lizzie Borden
  • Jun 21st 1st Ferris wheel premieres (Chicago's Columbian Exposition)
  • Jun 22nd British fleet under Vice Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
  • Jun 23rd 7th U.S. Women's National Championship: Aline Terry beats Augusta Schultz (6-1, 6-3)
  • Jun 27th Great stock crash on NY stock exchange
  • Jun 30th Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
  • Jul 1st SF Bay City Club opens 1st US bicycle race track, made of wood
  • Jul 6th The small town of Pomeroy, Iowa, is nearly destroyed by a tornado that kills 71 people and injures 200.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 9th Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Jul 11th The first cultured pearl is obtained by Kokichi Mikimoto.
  • Jul 11th A revolution led by the liberal general and politician, José Santos Zelaya, takes over state power in Nicaragua.
  • Jul 17th Arthur Shrewsbury is 1st to score 1,000 runs in Test Cricket
  • Jul 18th Australian Harry Graham scores 107 on cricket debut Australia v England, Lord's
  • Jul 20th 10th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Bingley (6-8 6-1 6-4)
  • Jul 20th 17th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (3-6 6-1 6-3 6-2)
  • Jul 22nd Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful" in Colorado
  • Jul 24th For only time in history of US Tennis championships, an event is held off the Eastern seaboard. Men's double championship in Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28th A petition organised by Kate Sheppard, demanding women's suffrage, is delivered to New Zealand's parliament; signed by over 25,000 women, a 5th of the adult European female population

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 31st Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
  • Jul 31st Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture
  • Aug 1st Henry Perky & William Ford patent shredded wheat
  • Aug 7th 53rd Congress (1893-95) convenes
  • Aug 9th 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • Aug 10th Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act
  • Aug 10th Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany
  • Aug 14th France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • Aug 15th US no longer allowed exclusive rights in Bering Sea
  • Aug 20th Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland
  • Aug 24th Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • Aug 28th 13th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Fred Hovey (6-4, 3-6, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Sep 1st Gladstones' Second Home Rule Bill for Ireland passes in the House of Commons but vetoed by The House of Lords by 419 votes to 41
  • Sep 1st 33rd British Golf Open: William Auchterlonie shoots a 322 at Prestwick Golf Club

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4th English author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Sep 11th Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
  • Sep 11th Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
  • Sep 11th First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
  • Sep 16th Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma opens white settlement homesteaders
  • Sep 19th New Zealand is first country to grant all women the right to vote
  • Sep 21st Frank Duryea drives first US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
  • Sep 21st 1st auto built in US (by Duryea brothers) runs in Springfield
  • Oct 1st 3rd worst hurricane in US history kills 1,800 (Mississippi)
  • Oct 6th Nabisco Foods invents Cream of Wheat
  • Oct 13th Vigilant (US) beats Valkyrie II (UK) in 9th America's Cup, in New York
  • Oct 14th George Edwarde's "Gaiety Girl" premieres in London
  • Oct 14th Harry Wright suggests umps keep ball-strike count a secret
  • Oct 23rd C Dazey's "In Old Kentucky" premieres in NYC (27 seasons)
  • Oct 25th Battle of Shangani, Matabeleland: Dr Jameson beats Ndebeles
  • Oct 27th Hurricane hits coast between Savannah Ga & Charleston SC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28th Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducts first performance of his Symphony Number Six in B minor, "Pathetique"

  • Oct 30th US Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • Nov 4th Dr Jamesons Legertje occupies Bulawayo Matabeleland
  • Nov 7th US State Colorado accepts female suffrage
  • Nov 12th The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Hanneles Himmelfahrt" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 18th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Providentissimus Deus
  • Nov 19th 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
  • Nov 28th Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New Zealand general election.
  • Nov 29th Ziqiang Institute, today known as Wuhan University, is founded by Zhang Zhidong, governor of Hubei and Hunan Provinces in late Qing Dynasty of China after his memorial to the throne is approved by the Qing Government.
  • Nov 30th 2nd Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 40-16 in Montgomery
  • Dec 5th 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
  • Dec 11th 11 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • Dec 15th Dvoráks "From the New World" premieres at Carnegie Hall NYC
  • Dec 16th Anton Dvorak's "New World Symphony" premieres
  • Dec 17th Russia ratifies Double Alliance with France
  • Dec 20th 1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia
  • Dec 23rd Opera "Hansel und Gretel" is produced (Weimar)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 24th Henry Ford completes his first useful petrolm fuelled engine

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Dec 28th French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • Dec 30th Russia signs military accord with France