Historical Events in 1894

  • Jan 1st Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • Jan 1st Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • Jan 1st South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
  • Jan 4th France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • Jan 7th Early 5 second film of Fred Ott sneezing shot by Edison Manufacturing - 1st ever copyrited
  • Jan 8th Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • Jan 9th "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters
  • Jan 9th Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 9th New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • Jan 13th Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • Jan 21st Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • Jan 23rd G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • Jan 25th James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jan 27th 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
  • Jan 27th Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • Jan 30th Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • Jan 30th US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • Feb 2nd US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
  • Feb 3rd 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
  • Feb 5th Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
  • Feb 7th The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • Feb 8th Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • Feb 12th Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
  • Feb 14th Venus is both a morning star & evening star
  • Feb 16th British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
  • Feb 24th Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
  • Mar 3rd "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
  • Mar 3rd 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
  • Mar 4th Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Mar 5th Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
  • Mar 5th Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)
  • Mar 8th The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law.
  • Mar 12th Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
  • Mar 12th Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Mar 13th J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
  • Mar 16th Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 17th US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
  • Mar 22nd Stanley Cup: Montreal Hockey Club defeats Ottawa Generals, 3-1 to win 1st ever Stanley Cup competition
  • Mar 24th 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
  • Mar 25th Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 30th 56th Grand National: Arthur Nightingall aboard Why Not wins
  • Apr 5th 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • Apr 5th Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • Apr 9th 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
  • Apr 12th British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 14th 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Apr 19th Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 20th 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Apr 21st George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • Apr 24th French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
  • Apr 24th Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Bkln Dodgers
  • Apr 29th The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
  • May 11th American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
  • May 12th Ludwig Englander's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC
  • May 14th Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
  • May 15th 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41
  • May 16th Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium & 170 other buildings
  • May 17th 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25
  • May 21st 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. His last words were reputed to be "Courage, camarades! Vive l'anarchie!"
  • May 23rd William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • May 26th Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • May 30th Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 HRs in 1 baseball game
  • Jun 12th 34th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 326 at Royal St. George's Golf Club
  • Jun 15th Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
  • Jun 16th 8th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Hellwig beats Aline Terry (7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 3-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 17th 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont
  • Jun 18th Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • Jun 19th 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5
  • Jun 21st Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • Jun 23rd The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
  • Jun 24th Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years
  • Jun 24th Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • Jun 25th American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
  • Jun 25th Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)
  • Jun 26th Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto
  • Jun 28th Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees
  • Jun 28th The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • Jun 30th Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • Jun 30th London's Tower Bridge opens
  • Jul 2nd Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • Jul 4th Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • Jul 4th Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • Jul 6th Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
  • Jul 16th Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • Jul 16th Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
  • Jul 18th 11th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats E Austin (6-1 6-1)
  • Jul 18th 18th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (10-8 6-2 8-6)
  • Jul 20th 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
  • Aug 2nd Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
  • Aug 2nd Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
  • Aug 14th Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • Aug 16th Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • Aug 17th Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
  • Aug 18th US Congress creates Bureau of Immigration

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Aug 22nd Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 25th -26] Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
  • Aug 25th Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet.
  • Aug 26th Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • Aug 27th Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • Aug 27th 14th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Manliff Goodbody (6-8, 6-1, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Aug 30th Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger
  • Aug 31st Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • Aug 31st The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • Sep 2nd -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • Sep 2nd Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • Sep 4th In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
  • Sep 4th Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms
  • Sep 10th London taxi driver George Smith is first fined for drunk driving
  • Sep 14th Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails
  • Sep 15th Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • Sep 27th Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
  • Sep 28th Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • Oct 1st Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Oct 1st First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • Oct 15th Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
  • Oct 17th Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Oct 28th German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Oct 29th First election of Hawaiian Republic
  • Oct 30th Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • Oct 30th Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • Nov 1st Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 1st Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • Nov 5th Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
  • Nov 5th Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels" premieres
  • Nov 10th Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • Nov 12th Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • Nov 14th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez" (BG)
  • Nov 16th 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • Nov 16th French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa
  • Nov 17th Daily Racing Form founded

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 17th Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • Nov 18th 1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World)
  • Nov 18th 1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species" by Richard Outcault
  • Nov 19th 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • Nov 19th Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • Nov 20th US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
  • Nov 25th Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
  • Nov 26th King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France
  • Nov 29th 3rd Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-0 in Montgomery
  • Dec 5th Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 9th Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • Dec 14th Day One 1st Test Cricket Aus v Eng Aust 5-346 (Giffen 161, Gregory 85)
  • Dec 14th Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren
  • Dec 15th Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130
  • Dec 17th Cricket day 3 1T Australia v Engand; England 325 all out, 261 behind on 1st innings
  • Dec 18th Cricket day 4 1T Aus v Eng England following on 4-268, 7 in front
  • Dec 19th Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113
  • Dec 20th England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket, Australia needed 177 to win, all out at 166 on 6th day

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 21st Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell
  • Dec 22nd -23] Dutch coast hit by hurricane

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Dec 22nd Claude Debussy's "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy
  • Dec 22nd United States Golf Association forms (NYC)
  • Dec 22nd French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • Dec 24th Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
  • Dec 24th Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
  • Dec 25th 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football