Historical Events in 1894

  • Jan 1 Denmark adopts Mid-European time
  • Jan 1 Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
  • Jan 1 South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg.
  • Jan 4 France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
  • Jan 7 Early 5 second film of Fred Ott sneezing shot by Edison Manufacturing - 1st ever copyrited
  • Jan 8 Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire
  • Jan 9 "Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters
  • Jan 9 Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 9 New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
  • Jan 13 Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
  • Jan 21 Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
  • Jan 23 G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
  • Jan 25 James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jan 27 1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
  • Jan 27 Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
  • Jan 30 Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit
  • Jan 30 US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham
  • Feb 2 US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
  • Feb 3 1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched at Bath, Maine
  • Feb 5 Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms
  • Feb 7 The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado.
  • Feb 8 Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks
  • Feb 12 Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20.
  • Feb 14 Venus is both a morning star & evening star
  • Feb 16 British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast
  • Feb 24 Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
  • Mar 3 "NY Atlantis" 1st Greek-language publication in US begins
  • Mar 3 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
  • Mar 4 Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
  • Mar 5 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, becomes First Lord of the Treasury (the official title of the UK Prime Minister)

British Prime Minister Archibald Primrose
British Prime Minister
Archibald Primrose
  • Mar 8 The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law.
  • Mar 12 Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
  • Mar 12 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time in Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • Mar 13 J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
  • Mar 16 Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 17 US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
  • Mar 22 Stanley Cup: Montreal Hockey Club defeats Ottawa Generals, 3-1 to win 1st ever Stanley Cup competition
  • Mar 24 37 miners killed at Franklin, WA
  • Mar 25 Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 30 56th Grand National: Arthur Nightingall aboard Why Not wins
  • Apr 5 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • Apr 9 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz
  • Apr 12 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Apr 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 20 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • Apr 24 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18
  • Apr 24 Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Bkln Dodgers
  • Apr 29 The 500-strong Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Washington, D.C., to protest against unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol
  • May 11 American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co
  • May 12 Ludwig Englander's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC
  • May 14 Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings
  • May 15 20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41
  • May 16 Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium & 170 other buildings
  • May 17 19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25
  • May 21 22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. His last words were reputed to be "Courage, camarades! Vive l'anarchie!"
  • May 23 William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal
  • May 26 Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player
  • May 30 Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 HRs in 1 baseball game
  • Jun 12 34th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 326 at Royal St. George's Golf Club
  • Jun 15 Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8
  • Jun 16 8th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Hellwig beats Aline Terry (7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 3-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 17 1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont
  • Jun 18 Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
  • Jun 19 28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5
  • Jun 21 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company
  • Jun 23 The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin
  • Jun 24 Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years
  • Jun 24 Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio.
  • Jun 25 American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike
  • Jun 25 Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Jun 28 Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees
  • Jun 28 The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa
  • Jun 30 Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
  • Jun 30 London's Tower Bridge opens
  • Jul 2 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers
  • Jul 4 Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH
  • Jul 4 Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president
  • Jul 6 Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike
  • Jul 16 Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners
  • Jul 16 Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England
  • Jul 18 11th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats E Austin (6-1 6-1)
  • Jul 18 18th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (10-8 6-2 8-6)
  • Jul 20 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
  • Aug 2 Death duties 1st introduced in Britain
  • Aug 2 Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter
  • Aug 14 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • Aug 16 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • Aug 17 Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
  • Aug 18 US Congress creates Bureau of Immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 22 Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Aug 25 -26] Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
  • Aug 25 Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
  • Aug 26 Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • Aug 27 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • Aug 27 14th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Manliff Goodbody (6-8, 6-1, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Aug 30 Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger
  • Aug 31 Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases
  • Aug 31 The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon’s Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration
  • Sep 2 -3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens
  • Sep 2 Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die
  • Sep 4 In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops
  • Sep 4 Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms
  • Sep 10 London taxi driver George Smith is the first to be fined for drunk driving
  • Sep 14 Hottentotten uprising in Southwest Africa fails
  • Sep 15 Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang
  • Sep 27 Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY
  • Sep 28 Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester
  • Oct 1 Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska
  • Oct 1 First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
  • Oct 15 Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France
  • Oct 17 Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 German Emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & Premier Botho zu Eulenburg

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Oct 29 First election of Hawaiian Republic
  • Oct 30 Daniel Cooper patents time clock
  • Oct 30 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread).
  • Nov 1 Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

  • Nov 5 Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki
  • Nov 5 Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels" premieres
  • Nov 10 Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki
  • Nov 12 Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire
  • Nov 14 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez" (BG)
  • Nov 16 6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan
  • Nov 16 French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa
  • Nov 17 Daily Racing Form founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 17 Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • Nov 18 Richard Outcault's early comic strip "Origin of a New Species" published in World
  • Nov 19 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
  • Nov 19 Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
  • Nov 20 US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
  • Nov 25 Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
  • Nov 26 King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France
  • Nov 29 3rd Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-0 in Montgomery
  • Dec 5 Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 9 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • Dec 14 Day One 1st Test Cricket Aus v Eng Aust 5-346 (Giffen 161, Gregory 85)
  • Dec 14 Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren
  • Dec 15 Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130
  • Dec 17 Cricket day 3 1T Australia v Engand; England 325 all out, 261 behind on 1st innings
  • Dec 18 Cricket day 4 1T Aus v Eng England following on 4-268, 7 in front
  • Dec 19 Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113
  • Dec 20 England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket, Australia needed 177 to win, all out at 166 on 6th day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell
  • Dec 22 -23] Dutch coast hit by hurricane

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 22 Claude Debussy's "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy
  • Dec 22 United States Golf Association forms (NYC)
  • Dec 22 French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated)
  • Dec 24 Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm
  • Dec 24 Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes
  • Dec 25 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football