Historical Events in 1895

  • Jan 1st Norway adopts Mid-European time

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 1st Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 5th Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • Jan 5th Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days
  • Jan 5th French Capt Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated
  • Jan 12th The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 13th Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 15th Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
  • Jan 15th French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jan 15th Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

  • Jan 17th French president Casimir-Perier resigns
  • Jan 17th Félix Faure installed as president of France
  • Jan 18th Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms
  • Jan 22nd National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 29th King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30th C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30th SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30th Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31st Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • Feb 3rd Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • Feb 4th 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
  • Feb 8th Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Feb 9th 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
  • Feb 9th Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts
  • Feb 11th -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • Feb 11th Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13th Moving picture projector patented
  • Feb 14th Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • Feb 15th 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • Feb 20th Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 21st NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Feb 23rd Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Feb 23rd William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • Feb 24th Cuban war for independence begins
  • Feb 26th Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine
  • Mar 4th Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 6th England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
  • Mar 6th J T Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 mins) Eng v Aust
  • Mar 9th Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1
  • Mar 11th Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • Mar 18th 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia
  • Mar 19th Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • Mar 22nd Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • Mar 25th Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Mar 26th King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • Mar 29th 57th Grand National: Mr Joe Widger aboard Wild Man From Borneo wins
  • Mar 30th British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race
  • Apr 5th Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)
  • Apr 5th Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
  • Apr 11th Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • Apr 13th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG)
  • Apr 14th 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
  • Apr 15th Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • Apr 17th Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • Apr 24th Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • May 6th 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37.50
  • May 7th In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day.
  • May 8th China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • May 17th W G Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol
  • May 20th 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)
  • May 24th Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
  • May 25th 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5
  • May 25th Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency
  • May 25th The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • May 27th British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • May 30th W G Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days
  • Jun 11th 1st auto race
  • Jun 11th Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • Jun 13th Emile Levassor wins 1st Paris-Bordeaux-Paris auto race (24 kph)
  • Jun 13th 35th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 322 at St Andrews
  • Jun 17th US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
  • Jun 20th 1st female PhD (science) earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin) from an American University
  • Jun 20th Canal of Smock officially opens
  • Jun 20th Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • Jun 21st British Roseberry government falls
  • Jun 28th El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • Jun 29th Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • Jun 29th 9th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Helen Hellwig (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Jul 3rd Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
  • Jul 4th Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • Jul 8th Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
  • Jul 11th Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Jul 15th 12th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats H Jackson (7-5 8-6)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 15th 19th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats W Eaves (4-6 2-6 8-6 6-2 6-3)
  • Jul 16th Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton
  • Aug 10th 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • Aug 19th American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • Aug 20th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG)
  • Aug 25th 15th U.S. Men's National Championship: Fred Hovey beats Robert Wrenn (6-3, 6-2, 6-4)
  • Aug 26th Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
  • Aug 29th The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
  • Aug 30th Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • Aug 31st 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • Sep 3rd 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
  • Sep 5th George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • Sep 9th American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • Sep 11th FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
  • Sep 12th Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Sep 18th Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Sep 18th Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • Sep 21st First auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • Sep 23rd French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • Sep 24th 1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months)
  • Sep 26th Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • Sep 30th France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • Oct 1st Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • Oct 2nd 1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper
  • Oct 4th Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
  • Oct 4th 1st US Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport GC RI
  • Oct 5th The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
  • Oct 8th Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • Oct 11th Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians
  • Oct 21st The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • Oct 22nd David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22nd In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
  • Nov 2nd 29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11½
  • Nov 5th 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • Nov 5th Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • Nov 5th US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 8th German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Nov 11th Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • Nov 13th First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
  • Nov 19th Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • Nov 21st Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • Nov 23rd 4th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 48-0 in Tuscaloosa
  • Nov 26th Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

Nov 27th Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Nov 28th America's 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH
  • Dec 2nd 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • Dec 7th Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • Dec 8th Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out
  • Dec 13th First complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony
  • Dec 17th Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 17th George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • Dec 28th Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
  • Dec 29th Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg