Historical Events in 1895

  • Jan 1 Norway adopts Mid-European time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 5 Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London
  • Jan 5 Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days
  • Jan 5 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later exonerated
  • Jan 12 The National Trust is founded in Britain.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Jan 15 Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
  • Jan 15 French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

  • Jan 17 French president Casimir-Perier resigns
  • Jan 17 Félix Faure installed as president of France
  • Jan 18 Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms
  • Jan 22 National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati
  • Jan 29 King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed
  • Jan 30 C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic)
  • Jan 30 SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed
  • Jan 30 Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years
  • Jan 31 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
  • Feb 3 Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs)
  • Feb 4 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago
  • Feb 8 Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Feb 9 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3)
  • Feb 9 Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts
  • Feb 11 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • Feb 11 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 13 Moving picture projector patented
  • Feb 14 Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
  • Feb 15 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • Feb 20 Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 21 NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Feb 23 Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • Feb 23 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • Feb 24 Cuban war for independence begins
  • Feb 26 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio, patents a glass-blowing machine
  • Mar 4 Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 6 England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2
  • Mar 6 J T Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 mins) Eng v Aust
  • Mar 9 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1
  • Mar 11 Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die
  • Mar 18 200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia
  • Mar 19 Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
  • Mar 22 Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience
  • Mar 25 Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
  • Mar 26 King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day
  • Mar 29 57th Grand National: Mr Joe Widger aboard Wild Man From Borneo wins
  • Mar 30 British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race
  • Apr 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)
  • Apr 5 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices
  • Apr 11 Anaheim completes its new electric light system
  • Apr 13 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG)
  • Apr 14 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
  • Apr 15 Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record)
  • Apr 17 Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed ending the First Sino-Japanese War (1894-95)
  • Apr 24 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • May 6 21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37.50
  • May 7 Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver in St. Petersberg. Celebrated as Radio Day in Russia.
  • May 8 China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki
  • May 17 W G Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol
  • May 20 1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC)
  • May 24 Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight
  • May 25 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5
  • May 25 Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency
  • May 25 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president.
  • May 27 British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector
  • May 30 W G Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days
  • Jun 11 Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile
  • Jun 13 Emile Levassor wins 1st Paris-Bordeaux-Paris auto race (24 kph)
  • Jun 13 35th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 322 at St Andrews
  • Jun 17 US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan
  • Jun 20 1st female PhD from an American University, earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin (in Science) at Cornell University
  • Jun 20 Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation
  • Jun 21 British Roseberry government falls
  • Jun 28 El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua form Central American Union
  • Jun 29 Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government.
  • Jun 29 9th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Helen Hellwig (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Jul 3 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG)
  • Jul 4 Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
  • Jul 8 Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South Africa
  • Jul 11 First ever automobile race: Paris to Bordeaux 1,178 km in 48 hours, 48 minutes
  • Jul 11 Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 15 12th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats H Jackson (7-5 8-6)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 15 19th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats W Eaves (4-6 2-6 8-6 6-2 6-3)
  • Jul 16 Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton
  • Aug 10 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • Aug 19 American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • Aug 20 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG)
  • Aug 25 15th U.S. Men's National Championship: Fred Hovey beats Robert Wrenn (6-3, 6-2, 6-4)
  • Aug 26 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • Aug 29 The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
  • Aug 30 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • Aug 31 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)
  • Sep 3 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
  • Sep 5 George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC
  • Sep 9 American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
  • Sep 11 FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
  • Sep 12 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Sep 18 Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa gives the first chiropractic adjustment
  • Sep 21 First auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
  • Sep 23 French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms
  • Sep 24 1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months)
  • Sep 26 Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea
  • Sep 30 France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar
  • Oct 1 Romanians in Costantinople massacred
  • Oct 2 1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper
  • Oct 4 Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI)
  • Oct 4 1st US Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport GC RI
  • Oct 5 The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London.
  • Oct 8 Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms
  • Oct 11 Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia rejects a treaty with Italy
  • Oct 21 The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade.
  • Oct 22 David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 22 In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
  • Nov 2 29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11½
  • Nov 5 1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car
  • Nov 5 Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays"
  • Nov 5 US state Utah accepts female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 8 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Nov 11 Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
  • Nov 13 First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii
  • Nov 19 Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
  • Nov 21 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG)
  • Nov 23 4th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 48-0 in Tuscaloosa
  • Nov 26 Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

Chemist, Engineer & Innovator Alfred Nobel
Chemist, Engineer & Innovator
Alfred Nobel
  • Nov 28 America's 1st auto race organised by the "Chicago Times-Herald" Chicago to Evanston and back; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH
  • Dec 2 54th Congress (1895-97) convenes
  • Dec 7 Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies
  • Dec 8 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out
  • Dec 13 First complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony
  • Dec 17 Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 17 George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)
  • Dec 28 Filmmakers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris
  • Dec 29 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg