Historical Events in 1896

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Jan 2 Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • Jan 3 Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid
  • Jan 4 AFL charters Actors' National Protective Union, NYC
  • Jan 4 Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
  • Jan 5 Isaac Albeniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez" premieres in Barcelona
  • Jan 5 "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article
  • Jan 6 1st US women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden
  • Jan 6 Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony
  • Jan 7 Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook "The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book"
  • Jan 12 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • Jan 15 Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London
  • Jan 16 Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • Jan 18 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • Jan 18 British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • Jan 23 Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • Jan 27 Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • Jan 29 Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 1 Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • Feb 8 Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 8 Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Feb 14 George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v South Africa, 8-7 for inning
  • Feb 14 South Africa all out for 30 v England - their lowest ever
  • Feb 14 Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
  • Feb 14 Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
  • Feb 17 Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • Feb 18 Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs
  • Feb 23 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
  • Feb 24 Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15, Jarvis 4-27
  • Feb 25 Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • Feb 28 France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
  • Mar 1 Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1 Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • Mar 2 George Lohmann takes 9-28 v South Africa at Johannesburg
  • Mar 5 Italian premier Crispi resigns
  • Mar 5 Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • Mar 6 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"
  • Mar 7 Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • Mar 8 Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • Mar 10 Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
  • Mar 10 Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18 [OS]
  • Mar 10 After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world Heavyweight championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
  • Mar 12 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
  • Mar 14 Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • Mar 16 Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
  • Mar 20 Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
  • Mar 20 Uprising in Matabeleland
  • Mar 22 Charilaos Vasilakos wins 1st marathon (3:18)
  • Mar 23 Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 23 The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
  • Mar 25 Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece [NS=Apr 6]
  • Mar 27 58th Grand National: Mr David Campbell aboard The Soarer wins
  • Mar 28 The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
  • Apr 4 Announcement of Gold in Yukon
  • Apr 6 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece [3/25 OS] American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history
  • Apr 10 Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
  • Apr 12 Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston

  • Apr 15 First modern Olympic games close in Athens, Greece
  • Apr 19 Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
  • Apr 20 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 23 Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial's Music Hall (NYC)
  • Apr 25 Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
  • Apr 25 Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Seven days after parliament was dissolved, Charles Tupper is sworn in as the 6th Prime Minister of Canada

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • May 4 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • May 4 Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado
  • May 6 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75
  • May 6 Samuel Pierpont Langley flies his unpiloted Number 5 aircraft using a catapult launch from a boat on the Potomac River, USA. The aircraft travels almost 3/4 of a mile - ten times further than any previous heavier-than-air flying machine.
  • May 8 Yorkshire Cricket all out for 887 against Warwickshire
  • May 9 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
  • May 14 Lowest US temperature in May recorded (-10°F /-23°C at Climax, Colorado)
  • May 15 Tornado kills 78 in Texas
  • May 18 US Supreme court affirms legitimacy of racial separation (Plessy v Ferguson)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 1st auto (Karl Benz) to arrive in Netherlands

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • May 20 The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.
  • May 26 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY
  • May 26 Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
  • May 26 Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • May 26 James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.
  • May 27 Bay District Race Track closes
  • May 27 Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255 & leaving thousands homeless
  • May 30 1st car accident occurs, Henry Wells hits a cyclist in NYC
  • Jun 2 30th Belmont: Henry Griffin aboard Hastings wins in 2:24.5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Guglielmo Marconi applies to patent the radio, accepted 2 July 1897

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Henry Ford takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 6 21st Preakness: Henry Griffin aboard Margrave wins in 1:51
  • Jun 6 Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo leave NY harbor to row across Atlantic; their 55 day record for rowing was not broken for 114 year
  • Jun 8 First car thief; Baron de Zuylen’s Peugeot is stolen by his mechanic in Paris
  • Jun 11 US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
  • Jun 12 J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets in a season.
  • Jun 13 36th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 316 at Muirfield
  • Jun 15 Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku, Japan; 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured and 13,000 houses destroyed.
  • Jun 16 Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, Calif
  • Jun 20 10th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Juliette Atkinson (6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2)
  • Jun 26 1st movie theater in the US opens - Vitascope Hall in New Orleans, charging 10 cents for admission
  • Jun 30 W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • Jul 1 Harbor of Ymuiden opens
  • Jul 1 Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier of Canada

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 8 William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8 Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Jul 13 Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
  • Jul 18 2nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
  • Jul 18 George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
  • Jul 18 Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut v Aust, Old Trafford
  • Jul 21 National Federation of Afro-American Women & Colored Women's

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 21 13th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats A Pickering (6-2 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 21 20th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Harold Mahony beats W Baddeley (6-2 6-8 5-7 8-6 6-3)
  • Jul 28 City of Miami incorporated
  • Aug 1 George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
  • Aug 6 France annexes Madagascar
  • Aug 11 Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • Aug 12 Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Aug 16 Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Alaska by George Carmack
  • Aug 18 Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times
  • Aug 20 Dial telephone patented
  • Aug 23 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • Aug 26 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • Aug 26 16th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Fred Hovey (7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 1-6, 6-1)
  • Aug 27 Britain defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
  • Aug 29 Chop suey invented in NYC by chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador
  • Aug 30 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija
  • Aug 31 Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 7 A H Whiting wins 1st automobile race held on a closed-circuit track in Cranston, RI
  • Sep 21 General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22 Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Oct 1 Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
  • Oct 5 William Gillette's "Secret Service" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6 Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Oct 8 Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • Oct 13 First public screening of a motion picture in New Zealand
  • Oct 17 Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka" premieres in St Petersburg
  • Oct 26 Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
  • Oct 27 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • Oct 30 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • Nov 1 First bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine
  • Nov 3 J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales
  • Nov 3 Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3 William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Nov 11 Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
  • Nov 11 Samuel Pierpont Langley's Number 6 'heavier-than-air' aircraft model flies over 1,500 m (5,000 ft).
  • Nov 14 Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
  • Nov 19 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • Nov 24 1st US absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
  • Nov 26 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats U of Mich 7-6
  • Nov 26 A A Stagg of U Chicago creates American football huddle
  • Nov 27 "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt
  • Dec 1 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Dec 5 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 6 D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
  • Dec 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG)
  • Dec 10 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
  • Dec 10 Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 14 The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
  • Dec 25 "Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
  • Dec 30 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
  • Dec 30 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish.