Historical Events in 1896

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen
  • Jan 2nd Battle at Doornkop, South Africa (Boers beat Dr Jamesons troops)
  • Jan 3rd Emperor Wilhelm congratulates Pres Kruger on the Jameson Raid
  • Jan 4th AFL charters Actors' National Protective Union, NYC
  • Jan 4th Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
  • Jan 5th Isaac Albeniz' opera "Pepita Jiminez" premieres in Barcelona
  • Jan 5th "Die Presse" newspaper (Germany) publicly announces Wilhelm Röntgen's discovery of X-rays and their potential for new methods of medical diagnoses in a front-page article
  • Jan 6th 1st US women's 6-day bicycle race starts, Madison Square Garden
  • Jan 6th Cecil Rhodes resigns as premier of Cape colony
  • Jan 7th Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook "The Boston Cooking-School Cook Book"
  • Jan 12th 1st X-ray photo in US (Dr Henry Smith, Davidson NC)
  • Jan 15th Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael & his Lost Angel" premieres in London
  • Jan 16th Defeat of Cymru Fydd at South Wales Liberal Federation AGM, Newport, Monmouthshire.
  • Jan 18th 1st demonstration of an X-ray machine in US (NYC)
  • Jan 18th British troops occupy Kumasi, West Africa
  • Jan 23rd Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E premieres
  • Jan 27th Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
  • Jan 29th Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 1st Giacomo Puccini's Opera "La Boheme," premieres in Turin

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • Feb 8th Georges Feydeau's "Le Dindon" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 8th Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 11th Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • Feb 14th George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v South Africa, 8-7 for inning
  • Feb 14th South Africa all out for 30 v England - their lowest ever
  • Feb 14th Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
  • Feb 14th Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
  • Feb 17th Muzzling Order on the London County Council enforced
  • Feb 18th Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for first time in 50 yrs
  • Feb 23rd Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
  • Feb 24th Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15, Jarvis 4-27
  • Feb 25th Italian government decides to attack governor Baratieri of Eritrea
  • Feb 28th France dismisses Queen Ranavalona of Madagascar
  • Mar 1st Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 1st Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • Mar 2nd George Lohmann takes 9-28 v South Africa at Johannesburg
  • Mar 5th Italian premier Crispi resigns
  • Mar 5th Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
  • Mar 6th 1st auto in Detroit, Charles B King rides his "Horseless Carriage"
  • Mar 7th Gilbert & Sullivan's last operette "Grand Duke" premieres in London
  • Mar 8th Volunteers of America forms (NYC)
  • Mar 10th Bronx acquires O'Brien Square
  • Mar 10th Charilaos Vasilakos of Greece wins 1st modern marathon in 3:18 [OS]
  • Mar 10th After Bob Fitzsimmons KOs much larger Jim Corbett to win world Heavyweight championship he says, "The bigger they are, the harder they fall"
  • Mar 12th 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
  • Mar 14th Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
  • Mar 16th Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
  • Mar 20th Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
  • Mar 20th Uprising in Matabeleland
  • Mar 22nd Charilaos Vasilakos wins 1st marathon (3:18)
  • Mar 23rd Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 23rd The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels.
  • Mar 25th Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece [NS=Apr 6]
  • Mar 27th 58th Grand National: Mr David Campbell aboard The Soarer wins
  • Mar 28th The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
  • Apr 4th Announcement of Gold in Yukon
  • Apr 6th 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece [3/25 OS] American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history
  • Apr 10th Spiridon Louis wins 1st Olympic marathon (2:58:50)
  • Apr 12th Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13th John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston

  • Apr 15th First modern Olympic games close in Athens, Greece
  • Apr 19th Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published
  • Apr 20th 1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC
  • Apr 23rd Vitascope system of movie projection 1st shown at Koster & Bial's Music Hall (NYC)
  • Apr 25th Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado)
  • Apr 25th Sidney Jones & Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1st Seven days after parliament was dissolved, Charles Tupper is sworn in as the 6th Prime Minister of Canada

6th Prime Minister of Canada Charles Tupper
6th Prime Minister of Canada
Charles Tupper
  • May 4th 1st edition of London Daily Mail (halfpenny)
  • May 4th Grease fire ignites half ton of dynamite at Cripple Creek Colorado
  • May 6th 22nd Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Ben Brush wins in 2:07.75
  • May 6th Samuel Pierpont Langley flies his unpiloted Number 5 aircraft using a catapult launch from a boat on the Potomac River, USA. The aircraft travels almost 3/4 of a mile - ten times further than any previous heavier-than-air flying machine.
  • May 8th Yorkshire Cricket all out for 887 against Warwickshire
  • May 9th 1st horseless carriage show in London (featured 10 models)
  • May 14th Lowest US temperature in May recorded (-10°F /-23°C at Climax, Colorado)
  • May 15th Tornado kills 78 in Texas
  • May 18th US Supreme court affirms legitimacy of racial separation (Plessy v Ferguson)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18th Khodynka Tragedy: A mass panic on Khodynka Field, Moscow, during the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, results in the deaths of 1,389 people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19th 1st auto (Karl Benz) to arrive in Netherlands

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • May 20th The six ton chandelier of the Palais Garnier opera house in Paris falls on the crowd resulting in the death of one and the injury of many others.
  • May 26th 1st American intercollegiate bicycle race, Manhattan Beach NY
  • May 26th Dow Jones begins an index of 12 industrial stocks (closing is 40.94)
  • May 26th Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned
  • May 26th James Dunham murders six people in Campbell, California.
  • May 27th Bay District Race Track closes
  • May 27th Tornado hit St Louis, killing 255 & leaving thousands homeless
  • May 30th 1st car accident occurs, Henry Wells hits a cyclist in NYC
  • Jun 2nd 30th Belmont: Henry Griffin aboard Hastings wins in 2:24.5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2nd Guglielmo Marconi applies to patent the radio, accepted 2 July 1897

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4th Henry Ford takes his 1st Ford through streets of Detroit

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 6th 21st Preakness: Henry Griffin aboard Margrave wins in 1:51
  • Jun 6th Frank Samuelsen and George Harbo leave NY harbor to row across Atlantic; their 55 day record for rowing was not broken for 114 year
  • Jun 8th First car thief; Baron de Zuylen’s Peugeot is stolen by his mechanic in Paris
  • Jun 11th US Assay Office in Deadwood South Dakota authorized
  • Jun 12th J.T. Hearne sets a cricket record for the earliest date of taking 100 first-class wickets in a season.
  • Jun 13th 36th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 316 at Muirfield
  • Jun 15th Tsunami strikes Shinto festival on beach at Sanriku, Japan; 27,000 are killed, 9,000 injured and 13,000 houses destroyed.
  • Jun 16th Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, Calif
  • Jun 20th 10th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Juliette Atkinson (6-4, 4-6, 6-2, 6-2)
  • Jun 26th 1st movie theater in the US opens - Vitascope Hall in New Orleans, charging 10 cents for admission
  • Jun 30th W S Hadaway patents electric stove
  • Jul 1st Harbor of Ymuiden opens
  • Jul 1st Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier of Canada

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 8th William Jennings Bryan's "cross of gold" speech at Democratic convention in Chicago

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Jul 8th Charles Tupper resigns as Prime Minister of Canada after losing the June 23rd election, his 69-day term the shortest in Canadian history

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11th Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as the 7th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Jul 13th Ed Delahanty, becomes 2nd major leaguer to hit 4 HRs in a game
  • Jul 18th 2nd US Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
  • Jul 18th George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
  • Jul 18th Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut v Aust, Old Trafford
  • Jul 21st National Federation of Afro-American Women & Colored Women's

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 21st 13th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats A Pickering (6-2 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 21st 20th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Harold Mahony beats W Baddeley (6-2 6-8 5-7 8-6 6-3)
  • Jul 28th City of Miami incorporated
  • Aug 1st George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
  • Aug 6th France annexes Madagascar
  • Aug 11th Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • Aug 12th Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • Aug 16th Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Alaska by George Carmack
  • Aug 18th Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times
  • Aug 20th Dial telephone patented
  • Aug 23rd First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
  • Aug 26th Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • Aug 26th 16th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Fred Hovey (7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 1-6, 6-1)
  • Aug 27th Britain defeated Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM)
  • Aug 29th Chop suey invented in NYC by chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador
  • Aug 30th Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija
  • Aug 31st Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 7th A H Whiting wins 1st automobile race held on a closed-circuit track in Cranston, RI
  • Sep 21st General Kitchener's army occupies Dongola, Sudan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 22nd Queen Victoria surpasses her grandfather King George III as the longest reigning monarch in British history.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Oct 1st Sherlock Holmes adventure "Veiled Lodger" takes place (BG)
  • Oct 5th William Gillette's "Secret Service," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 6th Filipino nationalist Jose Rizal is arrested en route to Cuba via Spain and imprisoned in Barcelona

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Oct 8th Dow Jones starts reporting an average of selected industrial stocks
  • Oct 13th First public screening of a motion picture in New Zealand
  • Oct 17th Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
  • Oct 26th Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
  • Oct 27th 1st Pali Road completed in Hawaii (winds so strong streams flow UP!)
  • Oct 30th Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • Nov 1st First bare-breasted women (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Magazine
  • Nov 3rd J H Hunter patents portable weighing scales
  • Nov 3rd Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah elected 1st female senator

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 3rd William McKinley (R) defeats William Jennings Bryan (D) for president

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan
  • Nov 11th Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
  • Nov 11th Samuel Pierpont Langley's Number 6 'heavier-than-air' aircraft model flies over 1,500 m (5,000 ft).
  • Nov 14th Power plant at Niagara Falls begins operation
  • Nov 19th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
  • Nov 24th 1st US absentee voting law enacted by Vermont
  • Nov 26th 1st large indoor football game, University of Chicago beats U of Mich 7-6
  • Nov 26th A A Stagg of U Chicago creates American football huddle
  • Nov 27th "Also Sprach Zarathustra" (Thus Spake Zarathustra) debuts in Frankfurt
  • Dec 1st 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2nd Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die versunkene Glocke" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Dec 5th Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 6th D T Suzuki found the awakening at Engakuji temple, in Kamakura
  • Dec 8th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG)
  • Dec 10th 1st intercollegiate basketball game (Wesleyan beats Yale 4-3)
  • Dec 10th Alfred Jarry's "Ubu Roi" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 14th The Glasgow Underground Railway is opened by the Glasgow District Subway Company.
  • Dec 25th "Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
  • Dec 30th Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-5
  • Dec 30th Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish.