Historical Events in 1897

  • Jan 1 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • Jan 8 Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
  • Jan 10 Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
  • Jan 10 Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • Jan 11 M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
  • Jan 14 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • Jan 23 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
  • Jan 23 Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • Jan 26 Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • Jan 27 British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Feb 1 Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • Feb 5 Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
  • Feb 10 NY Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
  • Feb 11 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • Feb 17 National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 17 Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of USA

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 5 American Negro Academy forms
  • Mar 9 Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
  • Mar 9 Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • Mar 9 Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)
  • Mar 11 A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • Mar 12 Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
  • Mar 13 San Diego State University is founded.
  • Mar 15 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • Mar 16 Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot" (BG)
  • Mar 17 Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Mar 19 Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
  • Mar 20 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
  • Mar 20 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
  • Mar 20 France signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • Mar 26 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard Manifesto wins
  • Mar 29 Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • Apr 5 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 19 1st Boston Marathon won by John J. McDermott in 2:55:10. Becomes the world's oldest annual marathon.
  • Apr 22 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
  • Apr 24 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
  • Apr 27 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • May 4 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5
  • May 4 Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
  • May 8 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼
  • May 11 Wash Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers
  • May 12 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • May 12 Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • May 14 Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • May 15 The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

  • May 18 Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
  • May 18 American baseball NY Giant William (Bill) Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game
  • May 18 Paul Dukas' "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18 "Dracula", by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

Novelist Bram Stoker
Bram Stoker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19 Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde
  • May 20 37th British Golf Open: Harold Hilton shoots a 314 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club
  • May 21 Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time
  • May 22 The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames was officially opened
  • May 29 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25
  • Jun 12 Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1500 casualties)
  • Jun 15 Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • Jun 16 A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
  • Jun 17 William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • Jun 19 Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends
  • Jun 19 11th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Elisabeth Moore (6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 24 Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
  • Jun 28 Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • Jun 29 Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball)
  • Jul 1 Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 1 14th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (5-7 7-5 6-2)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 1 21st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats H Mahony (6-4 6-4 6-3)
  • Jul 11 Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
  • Jul 16 The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal
  • Jul 17 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • Jul 18 Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • Jul 21 Tate Gallery opens in England
  • Jul 25 Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
  • Jul 26 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 27 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • Jul 27 Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
  • Aug 3 John McNally's musical "Good Mr Best" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 4 Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • Aug 10 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
  • Aug 14 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • Aug 17 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch (aka points)
  • Aug 19 1st electric taxis drive in London
  • Aug 21 Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • Aug 23 17th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Wilberforce Eaves (4-6, 8-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2)
  • Aug 27 Roger Bresnahan debuts as Wash Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)
  • Aug 30 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • Aug 31 General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Sep 1 The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • Sep 2 "McCal" magazine first published
  • Sep 7 George Davis (Giants) HR off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH
  • Sep 10 Lattimer Massacre - a sheriff's posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • Sep 11 After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • Sep 12 Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • Sep 17 3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill
  • Sep 18 Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of New York City" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 21 NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • Sep 23 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • Sep 25 1st British bus service opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4 George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 5 Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
  • Oct 8 Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
  • Oct 15 Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • Oct 15 King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • Oct 21 Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • Oct 22 World's first car dealer opens in London
  • Nov 23 Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • Nov 23 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • Nov 24 Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
  • Nov 25 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • Nov 29 1st motorcycle race (Surrey, England)
  • Dec 6 London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs.
  • Dec 9 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • Dec 12 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • Dec 12 Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in NY Journal
  • Dec 12 Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • Dec 14 Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity
  • Dec 16 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • Dec 27 Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
  • Dec 28 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 30 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • Dec 31 Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into NYC (1/1/1898)