Historical Events in 1897

  • Jan 1st 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
  • Jan 8th Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship
  • Jan 10th Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors
  • Jan 10th Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels
  • Jan 11th M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah)
  • Jan 14th 6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16th John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • Jan 23rd Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG)
  • Jan 23rd Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction.
  • Jan 26th Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army
  • Jan 27th British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Feb 1st Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
  • Feb 5th Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel
  • Feb 10th NY Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print"
  • Feb 11th White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • Feb 17th National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Feb 17th Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of USA

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 5th American Negro Academy forms
  • Mar 9th Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin)
  • Mar 9th Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot
  • Mar 9th Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official)
  • Mar 11th A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
  • Mar 12th Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
  • Mar 13th San Diego State University is founded.
  • Mar 15th 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden
  • Mar 16th Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot" (BG)
  • Mar 17th Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Mar 19th Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game
  • Mar 20th 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
  • Mar 20th 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
  • Mar 20th France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • Mar 26th 59th Grand National: Terry Kavanagh aboard Manifesto wins
  • Mar 29th Japan adopts Gold Standard
  • Apr 5th The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • Apr 19th 1st Boston Marathon won by John J. McDermott in 2:55:10. Becomes the world's oldest annual marathon.
  • Apr 22nd NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
  • Apr 24th 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House
  • Apr 27th Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • May 4th 23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5
  • May 4th Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200
  • May 8th 22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼
  • May 11th Wash Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers
  • May 12th 1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands
  • May 12th Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece
  • May 14th Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
  • May 15th The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17th The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

  • May 18th Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin)
  • May 18th American baseball NY Giant William (Bill) Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game
  • May 18th Paul Dukas' "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 18th "Dracula", by Irish author Bram Stoker is published by Archibald Constable and Company in London

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 19th Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer/Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • May 20th 37th British Golf Open: Harold Hilton shoots a 314 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club
  • May 21st Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time
  • May 22nd The Blackwall Tunnel, London, under the River Thames was officially opened
  • May 29th 31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25
  • Jun 12th Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1500 casualties)
  • Jun 15th Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election
  • Jun 16th A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later.
  • Jun 17th William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti
  • Jun 19th Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends
  • Jun 19th 11th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Elisabeth Moore (6-3, 6-3, 4-6, 3-6, 6-3)
  • Jun 24th Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas
  • Jun 28th Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia
  • Jun 29th Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball)
  • Jul 1st Bronx acquires Hutton Square

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 1st 14th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (5-7 7-5 6-2)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 1st 21st Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats H Mahony (6-4 6-4 6-3)
  • Jul 11th Salomon August Andrée leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole
  • Jul 16th The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal
  • Jul 17th 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon
  • Jul 18th Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits
  • Jul 21st Tate Gallery opens in England
  • Jul 25th Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories.
  • Jul 26th 37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record)
  • Jul 27th 14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)
  • Jul 27th Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns
  • Aug 3rd John McNally's musical "Good Mr Best" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 4th Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia
  • Aug 10th Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
  • Aug 14th The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • Aug 17th W B Purvis patents electric railway switch (aka points)
  • Aug 19th 1st electric taxis drive in London
  • Aug 21st Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division
  • Aug 23rd 17th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Wilberforce Eaves (4-6, 8-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2)
  • Aug 27th Roger Bresnahan debuts as Wash Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher)
  • Aug 30th The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • Aug 31st General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31st Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Sep 1st The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
  • Sep 2nd "McCal" magazine first published
  • Sep 7th George Davis (Giants) HR off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH
  • Sep 10th Lattimer Massacre - a sheriff's posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States.
  • Sep 11th After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
  • Sep 12th Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
  • Sep 17th 3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill
  • Sep 18th Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of New York City" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 21st NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus" editorial
  • Sep 23rd 1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming)
  • Sep 25th 1st British bus service opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 4th George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple," premieres in NYC

  • Oct 5th Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island
  • Oct 8th Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera
  • Oct 15th Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch
  • Oct 15th King Leopold II takes Belgian crown
  • Oct 21st Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated
  • Oct 22nd World's first car dealer opens in London
  • Nov 23rd Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars
  • Nov 23rd Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
  • Nov 24th Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston
  • Nov 25th Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
  • Nov 29th 1st motorcycle race (Surrey, England)
  • Dec 6th London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs.
  • Dec 9th Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • Dec 12th Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • Dec 12th Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in NY Journal
  • Dec 12th Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • Dec 14th Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity
  • Dec 16th 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
  • Dec 27th Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2
  • Dec 28th Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 30th Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • Dec 31st Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into NYC (1/1/1898)