Historical Events in 1898

  • Jan 1st Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • Jan 1st Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
  • Jan 1st d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • Jan 4th 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life & Letters" appears
  • Jan 6th 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • Jan 12th Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • Jan 13th Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
  • Jan 14th Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
  • Jan 19th Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • Feb 1st 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • Feb 8th John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)
  • Feb 11th Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • Feb 15th USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
  • Feb 22nd Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City SC
  • Feb 23rd In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • Mar 2nd Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
  • Mar 8th Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • Mar 17th 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17th John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island

  • Mar 25th Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • Mar 25th 60th Grand National: John Gourley aboard Drogheda wins
  • Apr 8th Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • Apr 11th President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • Apr 12th Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy
  • Apr 19th 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
  • Apr 20th US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • Apr 21st Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
  • Apr 21st Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • Apr 22nd 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
  • Apr 22nd Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
  • Apr 22nd Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
  • Apr 22nd Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • Apr 22nd US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • Apr 24th US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
  • Apr 24th Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • Apr 25th Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.
  • Apr 30th Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • May 1st George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US route Spanish fleet at Manila
  • May 3rd Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
  • May 4th 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09
  • May 8th The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • May 12th Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • May 17th Camp Merritt forms in Presidio [see 0503]
  • May 19th US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards though they had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901 and become known as "souvenir cards"
  • May 21st US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, authorized
  • May 23rd 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • May 25th 1st US troop transport to Manila leaves SF
  • May 26th 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
  • May 26th SF approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • May 27th Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • Jun 1st Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • Jun 7th Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
  • Jun 9th China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
  • Jun 9th 38th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 307 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Jun 10th US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11th 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11th 23rd Preakness: Willie Simms riding Sly Fox wins in 1:49.75
  • Jun 11th Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • Jun 12th Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to US control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12th Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jun 13th Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
  • Jun 14th France signs Niger Convention
  • Jun 15th US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • Jun 15th US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • Jun 16th China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
  • Jun 17th The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
  • Jun 18th 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • Jun 18th 4th US Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass
  • Jun 18th 12th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones (6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5)
  • Jun 21st Guam becomes a territory of US
  • Jun 23rd Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President
  • Jun 24th American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba

Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 28th 15th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats L Martin (6-4 6-4)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jun 28th 22nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats L Doherty (6-3 6-3 2-6 5-7 6-1)
  • Jun 30th Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1st Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 3rd American troops captured deserted Wake Island
  • Jul 3rd Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • Jul 3rd Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
  • Jul 3rd US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • Jul 4th French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • Jul 4th US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
  • Jul 6th US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 7th US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 8th Phillies' Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
  • Jul 8th US battle fleet under Admiral Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
  • Jul 8th The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • Jul 10th Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • Jul 12th Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
  • Jul 13th SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 15th Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • Jul 17th Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • Jul 21st Spain cedes Guam to USA
  • Jul 22nd Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • Jul 25th 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
  • Jul 27th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men" (BG)
  • Jul 28th Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • Jul 28th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
  • Jul 30th Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes
  • Aug 9th Rudolf Diesel of Germany patents the diesel internal combustion engine
  • Aug 12th Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • Aug 12th Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • Aug 13th US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
  • Aug 16th Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • Aug 22nd 18th U.S. Men's National Championship: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight F. Davis (3-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Aug 25th 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • Aug 28th Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • Aug 29th The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • Sep 1st Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
  • Sep 1st Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • Sep 2nd Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • Sep 2nd Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • Sep 6th Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • Sep 9th Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • Sep 10th Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
  • Sep 10th Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • Sep 13th 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • Sep 13th Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • Sep 15th National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • Sep 18th Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • Sep 21st Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • Sep 26th Victor Herbert/Harry Smith's musical premieres in NYC
  • Sep 29th French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • Sep 30th City of NY established
  • Oct 1st Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • Oct 1st Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • Oct 1st Jews are expelled from Kiev Russia
  • Oct 1st Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • Oct 1st The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • Oct 6th Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
  • Oct 6th Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Oct 8th First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • Oct 12th Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • Oct 18th American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • Oct 20th NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • Nov 2nd French government of Dupuy forms
  • Nov 2nd Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
  • Nov 2nd Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 10th Race riot in Wilmington NC (8 blacks killed)
  • Nov 22nd Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • Nov 24th The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
  • Nov 26th -27) Snow/ice storm over US; 455 die
  • Nov 26th SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Cod, shipwrecked off Cape Ann, all 192 on board killed
  • Dec 10th Spanish-American War formally ended by the Treaty of Paris; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • Dec 10th The first western pilgrims were welcomed at The House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá
  • Dec 12th 1st 1st-class game between NSW & Tasmania
  • Dec 18th Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21st Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • Dec 24th Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam