Historical Events in 1898

  • Jan 1 Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
  • Jan 1 Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
  • Jan 1 d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
  • Jan 4 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life & Letters" appears
  • Jan 6 1st telephone message from a submerged submarine, by Simon Lake
  • Jan 12 Itō Hirobumi begins his third term as Prime Minister of Japan.
  • Jan 13 Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
  • Jan 14 Joe Darling hits the 1st six in Tests (out of the ground)
  • Jan 19 Brown defeats Harvard 6-0 in 1st intercollegiate hockey game
  • Feb 1 1st auto insurance policy in US issued, by Travelers Insurance Co
  • Feb 8 John Ames Sherman patents 1st envelope folding & gumming mach (Mass)
  • Feb 11 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • Feb 15 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
  • Feb 22 Black postmaster lynched, his wife & 3 daughters shot in Lake City SC
  • Feb 23 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • Mar 2 Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
  • Mar 8 Richard Straus' "Don Quixote" premieres in Keulen
  • Mar 17 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 17 John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island

  • Mar 25 Intercollegiate Trapshooting Association formed in NYC
  • Mar 25 60th Grand National: John Gourley aboard Drogheda wins
  • Apr 8 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • Apr 11 President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration
  • Apr 12 Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy
  • Apr 19 2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00
  • Apr 20 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • Apr 21 Phillies' pitcher Bill Duggleby hits a grand slam on 1st at bat
  • Apr 21 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • Apr 22 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
  • Apr 22 Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
  • Apr 22 Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
  • Apr 22 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • Apr 22 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • Apr 24 US fleet under commodore Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines
  • Apr 24 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba
  • Apr 25 Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.
  • Apr 30 Championship wrestling match at Met turns into a brawl
  • May 1 George Dewey commands "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley" as US route Spanish fleet at Manila
  • May 3 Camp Merriman forms at Presidio (SF) (see 0517)
  • May 4 24th Kentucky Derby: Willie Simms aboard Plaudit wins in 2:09
  • May 8 The first games of the Italian Football League are played.
  • May 12 Louisiana adopts new constitution with "grandfather clause" designed to eliminate black voters
  • May 17 Camp Merritt forms in Presidio [see 0503]
  • May 19 US Congress passes the Private Mailing Card Act, allowing private publishers and printers to produce postcards though they had to be labelled "Private Mailing Cards" until 1901 and become known as "souvenir cards"
  • May 21 US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington, authorized
  • May 23 1st Philippine Expeditionary Troops sail from San Francisco
  • May 25 1st US troop transport to Manila leaves SF
  • May 26 32nd Belmont: F Littlefield aboard Bowling Brook wins in 2:32
  • May 26 SF approves City Charter, allows Municipal ownership of utilities
  • May 27 Arthur Pinero's "Trelawney of the Wells" premieres in London
  • Jun 1 Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
  • Jun 7 Social Democracy of America party holds 1st national convention, Chicago
  • Jun 9 China leases Hong Kong's new territories to Britain for 99 years
  • Jun 9 38th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 307 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Jun 10 US Marines land in Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11 1st US Marines (600) land at Guantanamo Cuba during Spanish-American War
  • Jun 11 23rd Preakness: Willie Simms riding Sly Fox wins in 1:49.75
  • Jun 11 Emperor De Zong proclaims reforms in Peking
  • Jun 12 Philippine nationalists declares independence from Spain to US control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Filipino revolutionary forces under General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the sovereignty and independence of the Philippine Islands from the colonial rule of Spain

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jun 13 Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital
  • Jun 14 France signs Niger Convention
  • Jun 15 US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii
  • Jun 15 US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba
  • Jun 16 China's emperor De Zong (Guang Xu) receives Kang Youwei
  • Jun 17 The United States Navy Hospital Corps is established.
  • Jun 18 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, NJ
  • Jun 18 4th US Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass
  • Jun 18 12th U.S. Women's National Championship: Juliette Atkinson beats Marion Jones (6-3, 5-7, 6-4, 2-6, 7-5)
  • Jun 21 Guam becomes a territory of US
  • Jun 23 Emilio Aguinaldo issues a decree replacing his dictatorial government with a revolutionary government, with himself as President
  • Jun 24 American troops drive Spanish forces from La Guasimas, Cuba

Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 28 15th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats L Martin (6-4 6-4)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jun 28 22nd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats L Doherty (6-3 6-3 2-6 5-7 6-1)
  • Jun 30 Winton Motor Carriage Company publishes the first known automobile ad in Scientific American using the headline “dispense with a horse.”

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 3 American troops captured deserted Wake Island
  • Jul 3 Dutch Automobile Club forms (KNAC)
  • Jul 3 Joshua Slocum completes 1st solo circumnavigation of the globe
  • Jul 3 US Navy defeats Spanish fleet in Santiago harbor, Cuba
  • Jul 4 French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
  • Jul 4 US flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)
  • Jul 6 US Senate agrees to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 7 US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii
  • Jul 8 Phillies' Red Donahue no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0
  • Jul 8 US battle fleet under Admiral Dewey occupies Isla Grande at Manila
  • Jul 8 The shooting death of crime boss Soapy Smith releases Skagway, Alaska from his iron grip.
  • Jul 10 Jean-Baptiste Marchands expedition reaches Fashoda at White Hippo
  • Jul 12 Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan
  • Jul 13 SF Ferry Building at foot of Market St opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 15 Camillo Golgi discovers the Golgi Apparatus (a delicate network inside cells essential for the transmission and reception of information between cells)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Camillo Golgi
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Camillo Golgi
  • Jul 17 Spanish American War: Spaniards surrender to US forces at Santiago de Cuba
  • Jul 21 Spain cedes Guam to USA
  • Jul 22 Crew of Belgium RV Belgica see 1st sunrise in 1600 hrs - 1st expedition to endure Antarctic winter
  • Jul 25 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay
  • Jul 27 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dancing Men" (BG)
  • Jul 28 Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
  • Jul 28 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"(BG)
  • Jul 30 Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes
  • Aug 9 Rudolf Diesel of Germany patents the diesel internal combustion engine
  • Aug 12 Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • Aug 12 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • Aug 13 US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
  • Aug 16 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • Aug 22 18th U.S. Men's National Championship: Malcolm Whitman beats Dwight F. Davis (3-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-1)
  • Aug 25 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • Aug 28 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • Aug 29 The Goodyear tire company is founded.
  • Sep 1 Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
  • Sep 1 Lord Kitchener's troops attack Omdurman, Sudan
  • Sep 2 Battle of Omdurman: Lord Kitchener retakes Sudan for Britain
  • Sep 2 Machine gun 1st used in battle
  • Sep 6 Lord Kitchener destroys Mahdi's tomb in Omdurman
  • Sep 9 Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
  • Sep 10 Lord Kitchener's ships sails from Kartoum to Fashoda
  • Sep 10 Empress Elizabeth of Austria is assassinated by Luigi Lucheni.
  • Sep 13 20,000 Paris construction workers go on strike
  • Sep 13 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film
  • Sep 15 National Afro-American Council forms in Rochester NY
  • Sep 18 Lord Kitchener's ships reach Fashoda, Sudan
  • Sep 21 Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China, imprisoning the Guangxu Emperor
  • Sep 26 Victor Herbert/Harry Smith's musical premieres in NYC
  • Sep 29 French troops reach Guinea & Sudan, Samori caught
  • Sep 30 City of NY established
  • Oct 1 Dutch railway Alkmaar-Receiver opens
  • Oct 1 Henry Huntington buys LA Railway
  • Oct 1 Jews are expelled from Kiev Russia
  • Oct 1 Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
  • Oct 1 The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
  • Oct 6 Gustav Mahler conducts 1st Wiener Philharmonic
  • Oct 6 Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston, Massachusetts.
  • Oct 8 First Canadian Intercollegiate football game: McGill beats Queen's, 3-2
  • Oct 12 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
  • Oct 18 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • Oct 20 NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
  • Nov 2 French government of Dupuy forms
  • Nov 2 Theodor Herzl arrives in Jerusalem
  • Nov 2 Cheerleading is started at the University of Minnesota with Johnny Campbell leading the crowd in cheering on the football team.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Fuhrmann Henschel" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 10 Race riot in Wilmington, NC (8 blacks killed)
  • Nov 22 Opera "Iris" premieres (Rome)
  • Nov 24 The International Conference of Rome for the Social Defense Against Anarchists opens.
  • Nov 26 -27) Snow/ice storm over US; 455 die
  • Nov 26 SS Portland “The Titanic of New England” leaves for Cape Cod, shipwrecked off Cape Ann, all 192 on board killed
  • Dec 10 Spanish-American War formally ended by the Treaty of Paris; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • Dec 10 The first western pilgrims were welcomed at The House of `Abdu'lláh Páshá
  • Dec 12 1st 1st-class game between NSW & Tasmania
  • Dec 18 Automobile speed record set-63 kph (39 mph)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 French Scientists Pierre and Marie Curie discover radium

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Dec 24 Herman Heijermans' "Ghetto" premieres in Amsterdam