Historical Events in 1899

  • Jan 1 Cuba liberated from Spanish rule by the US, American occupation continues till 1902
  • Jan 3 The first known use of the word automobile, was seen in an editorial in The New York Times.
  • Jan 5 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure-Charles Augustus Milverton (BG)
  • Jan 7 Walter Camp publishes his 1st All-American football team in Collier's
  • Jan 12 Lynmouth Lifeboat rescues 18 people from the stricken schooner Forest Hall off the coast of Devon
  • Jan 17 US takes possession of Wake Island in Pacific
  • Jan 19 Anglo-Egyptian Sudan forms
  • Jan 21 Opel manufactured its first automobile.
  • Jan 22 Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Emilio Aguinaldo is sworn in as President of the First Philippine Republic.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Jan 24 Belgium government of Vandenpeereboom forms
  • Jan 24 Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan
  • Jan 28 American Social Science Association incorporated by Congress
  • Feb 2 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • Feb 4 The Philippine-American War begins with fighting between American and Philippine revolutionary forces
  • Feb 6 Spanish-American War ends, peace treaty ratified by Senate
  • Feb 10 -39°F (-39°C), Milligan, Ohio (state lowest record temperature)
  • Feb 10 Treaty of Paris which ended the Spanish-American War is signed by President McKinley; US acquires Philippines, Puerto Rico & Guam
  • Feb 11 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • Feb 11 -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
  • Feb 12 -47°F (-44°C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)
  • Feb 12 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in US begins, Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Feb 13 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • Feb 13 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • Feb 13 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • Feb 14 US Congress begins using voting machines
  • Feb 16 Pelham Warner scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (Eng v SA Johannesburg)
  • Feb 16 President of France Félix Faure dies in office.
  • Feb 16 Knattspyrnufélag Reykjavíkur Iceland's first football club is founded.
  • Feb 18 80°F recorded in San Francisco, California
  • Feb 18 SF named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
  • Feb 18 Stanley Cup: Mont Shamrocks sweep Queens U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
  • Feb 20 Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
  • Feb 24 Western Washington University is established.
  • Mar 2 Pres McKinley signs bill creating Mt Rainier National Park (5th in US)
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
  • Mar 3 George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy
  • Mar 4 Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
  • Mar 5 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
  • Mar 6 "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid) patented by Felix Hoffmann at German company Bayer
  • Mar 14 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2
  • Mar 17 Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
  • Mar 18 Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering
  • Mar 21 British & French accord over West Africa
  • Mar 24 61st Grand National: George Williamson aboard Manifesto wins
  • Apr 1 NC Mutual opens doors for business
  • Apr 4 South Africa all out 35 vs England (Trott 4-19, Haigh 6-11)
  • Apr 11 Treaty of Paris ratifies ends war; Spain cedes Puerto Rico to US
  • Apr 18 John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria.

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Apr 19 3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38
  • Apr 24 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid
  • May 4 25th Kentucky Derby: Fred Taral aboard Manuel wins in 2:12
  • May 8 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 8 Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation (Alpha and Beta Particles)

  • May 9 John Burr patents an improved rotary blade lawn mower in the US
  • May 17 Victoria & Albert Museum foundation laid, London, England
  • May 18 World Goodwill Day-26 nations meet in 1st Hague Peace Conference
  • May 20 First speeding infraction by a New York cabbie driving an electric car - 12mph down Lexington Street
  • May 24 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
  • May 25 33rd Belmont: R Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
  • May 30 24th Preakness: R Clawson aboard Half Time wins in 1:47
  • May 31 -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
  • May 31 Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
  • Jun 1 Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes & Victor Trumper in Grace's last
  • Jun 2 Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings
  • Jun 3 W G Grace's last day of Test cricket aged 50 yrs 320 days
  • Jun 5 Alfred Dreyfus acquitted
  • Jun 8 39th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 310 at Royal St George's Golf Club

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jun 9 James J Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Jun 10 Improved Benevolent & Protective Order of Elks forms in Cincinnati
  • Jun 12 New Richmond Tornado: the eighth deadliest tornado in U.S. history kills 117 peoples and injures around 200.
  • Jun 16 Victor Trumper's 1st Test Cricket century 135* v England, Lord's
  • Jun 24 13th U.S. Women's National Championship: Marion Jones beats Maud Banks (6-1, 6-1, 7-5)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 27 16th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (6-2 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jun 27 23rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats Arthur Gore (1-6 4-6 6-3 6-3 6-3)
  • Jun 29 Brazo River in Texas floods 12 miles wide causing $10 mil damage
  • Jun 30 Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick Eng v Australia at Headingley
  • Jul 1 Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
  • Jul 1 SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
  • Jul 19 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers forms
  • Jul 29 1st motorcycle race, Manhattan Beach, NY
  • Jul 29 Southern California Golf Association forms
  • Jul 29 The First Hague Convention is signed.
  • Jul 31 Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
  • Aug 15 Louisville's Henry Dowling struck out 5 times in a game
  • Aug 21 19th U.S. Men's National Championship: Malcolm Whitman beats J. Parmly Paret (6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5)
  • Sep 4 8.3 earthquake shakes Yakutat Bay Alaska
  • Sep 6 Carnation processes its first can of evaporated milk
  • Sep 6 US minister of Foreign affairs John Hay publishes his "Open Through Note"
  • Sep 8 British government sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa
  • Sep 9 French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
  • Sep 10 2nd quake in 7 days (8.6) hits Yakutat Bay Alaska
  • Sep 13 Mackinder, Ollier and Brocherel make the first ascent of Batian (5,199m - 17,058 ft), the highest peak of Mount Kenya.
  • Sep 14 Henry Bliss becomes 1st automobile fatality in the US (NY)
  • Sep 15 5th US Golf Open: Willie Smith shoots a 315 at Baltimore CC MD
  • Sep 17 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
  • Sep 28 Transvaal mobilizes its army - leadup to Second Boer War
  • Oct 2 Orange Free state mobilizes
  • Oct 3 J S Thurman patents motor-driven vacuum cleaner
  • Oct 9 1st British troops reaches Durban, South Africa
  • Oct 9 South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
  • Oct 10 African-American inventor Issac R. Johnson patents the bicycle frame
  • Oct 11 South African Boers declare war on Great Britain
  • Oct 12 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
  • Oct 13 7,000 layid-off black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill departs to South Africa

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Oct 15 Cincinnati closes season with 16-1 & 19-3 victories over Cleve Spiders
  • Oct 17 Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
  • Oct 20 Battle at Talana Hill, Natal: British army vs Boers
  • Oct 20 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup
  • Oct 21 Battle at Elandslaagte Natal: (Boers vs British army)
  • Oct 22 British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
  • Oct 24 Battle at Rietfontein, South Africa: Boers vs British army
  • Oct 30 Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith
  • Oct 30 British Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill reaches Capetown
  • Nov 2 Boers begin siege of Ladysmith, Natal
  • Nov 3 James J Jeffries beats Tom Sharkey in 25 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Nov 11 Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora" premieres in London
  • Nov 12 British troops reach Durban Natal
  • Nov 15 Morning Post reporter Winston Churchill captured by Boers in Natal
  • Nov 18 Trumper scores 208 in 185 mins (1 five 25 fours) NSW v Qld
  • Nov 22 -23] Battle at Willow Grange, Natal (British vs Boer army)
  • Nov 23 Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
  • Nov 25 Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: General Methuen beats Farmers
  • Nov 28 Battle of Mud River (Boer general Cronjé beats British gen Methuen)
  • Dec 2 US & Germany agree to divide Samoa between them
  • Dec 2 Philippine-American War: The Battle of Tirad Pass, termed "The Filipino Thermopylae", is fought.
  • Dec 4 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • Dec 4 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor
  • Dec 9 Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • Dec 10 -15] British "Black Week" due to defeats in South Africa
  • Dec 10 Battle at Storm Berge South Africa - Boers vs British army
  • Dec 10 Frank Wedekind's "Der Kammersang" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 10 The Delta Sigma Phi fraternity is founded at the City College of New York.
  • Dec 12 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • Dec 12 George F Bryant of Boston patents the wooden golf tee
  • Dec 15 Battle at Colenso, South Africa (Boers-British army)
  • Dec 18 Field Marshal Lord Roberts appointed British supreme commander in South Africa
  • Dec 23 British Field Marshall Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • Dec 23 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • Dec 25 Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade
  • Dec 26 Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
  • Dec 29 British fleet seizes German Imperial Mail Steamer Bundesrath accused of carrying contraband