Historical Events in 1900

Events 1 - 200 of 294

  • Jan 1 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
  • Jan 1 Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
  • Jan 1 British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established
  • Jan 2 E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
  • Jan 2 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
  • Jan 2 John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 3 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 5 Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
  • Jan 6 Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
  • Jan 6 Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 10 Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
  • Jan 12 Freeland Colony founded in US

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Jan 14 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • Jan 15 SCNEC soccer team forms
  • Jan 16 The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
  • Jan 16 The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
  • Jan 18 Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
  • Jan 21 The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
  • Jan 24 Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Jan 24 Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
  • Jan 26 Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
  • Jan 27 Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
  • Jan 27 Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
  • Jan 29 Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
  • Jan 29 American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis
  • Jan 31 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
  • Feb 2 Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
  • Feb 3 Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
  • Feb 3 Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
  • Feb 5 British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • Feb 5 The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
  • Feb 6 The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 7 British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
  • Feb 9 Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
  • Feb 10 Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
  • Feb 14 Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
  • Feb 14 Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
  • Feb 15 General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
  • Feb 15 British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, under siege by the Boers since October 1899
  • Feb 16 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
  • Feb 16 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
  • Feb 18 Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
  • Feb 18 Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
  • Feb 18 British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
  • Feb 19 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • Feb 22 Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 22 Hawaii became a US territory
  • Feb 23 Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Feb 23 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
  • Feb 27 Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
  • Feb 27 Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
  • Feb 27 In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
  • Feb 28 General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
  • Mar 3 US Steel Corporation organizes
  • Mar 5 American Hall of Fame founded
  • Mar 6 After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
  • Mar 7 Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
  • Mar 7 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
  • Mar 8 NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
  • Mar 10 Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • Mar 10 Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
  • Mar 11 British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms
  • Mar 12 President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
  • Mar 13 British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
  • Mar 13 In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
  • Mar 14 Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
  • Mar 14 US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
  • Mar 16 AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
  • Mar 16 Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
  • Mar 16 Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
  • Mar 17 Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
  • Mar 17 In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
  • Mar 18 Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
  • Mar 18 Japan uses its influence over Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a naval station at Korean Port of Masampo, the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
  • Mar 20 US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
  • Mar 24 New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
  • Mar 25 US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
  • Mar 26 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
  • Mar 27 Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
  • Mar 30 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
  • Mar 30 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony aboard Ambush II wins
  • Mar 31 At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
  • Apr 1 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
  • Apr 2 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • Apr 4 Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
  • Apr 4 British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
  • Apr 5 Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Apr 6 James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Apr 11 US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

  • Apr 12 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • Apr 14 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
  • Apr 15 Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov)
  • Apr 15 An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
  • Apr 16 US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
  • Apr 17 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
  • Apr 19 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
  • Apr 19 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
  • Apr 23 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • Apr 26 AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
  • Apr 30 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • May 1 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
  • May 1 Roermond soccer team forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • May 3 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
  • May 5 "The Billboard" began weekly publication
  • May 8 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
  • May 11 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title
  • May 12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • May 12 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • May 17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • May 17 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
  • May 18 Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
  • May 19 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
  • May 19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
  • May 20 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
  • May 22 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • May 22 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
  • May 23 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • May 24 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼
  • May 25 Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
  • May 26 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 27 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 28 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • May 28 Total solar eclipse occurs
  • May 28 In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
  • May 28 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
  • May 29 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • May 29 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • May 31 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • May 31 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • May 31 Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
  • May 31 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • Jun 1 British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • Jun 5 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 7 40th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 309 at St Andrews
  • Jun 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)
  • Jun 9 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • Jun 10 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking.
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
  • Jun 12 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.
  • Jun 14 Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • Jun 14 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • Jun 14 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • Jun 18 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 19 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 20 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 20 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • Jun 21 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
  • Jun 21 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 23 14th U.S. Women's National Championship: Myrtle McAteer beats Edith Parker (6-2, 6-2, 6-0)
  • Jun 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 26 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • Jul 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3 Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 4 17th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (4-6 6-4 6-4)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 4 24th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats Stan Smith (6-8 6-3 6-1 6-2)
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7 Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • Jul 8 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • Jul 11 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 13 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 19 Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
  • Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 25 Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country