Historical Events for Year 1900

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Months in Year 1900: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 300

Jan 1st - 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
Jan 1st - British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
Jan 1st - Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
Jan 1st - British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.
Jan 2nd - E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
Jan 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
Jan 2nd - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
Jan 3rd - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
Jan 3rd - Perihelion Passage
Jan 5th - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
Jan 6th - Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
Jan 6th - Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso," premieres in Paris
Jan 10th - Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
Jan 12th - Freeland Colony founded in US
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini Jan 14th - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome
Jan 15th - SCNEC soccer team forms
Jan 16th - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
Jan 16th - The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
Jan 18th - Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
Jan 21st - The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
Jan 24th - Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Jan 24th - Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
Jan 26th - Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
Jan 27th - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
Jan 27th - Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
Jan 29th - Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
Jan 29th - American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis
Jan 31st - The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
Feb 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
Feb 3rd - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
Feb 3rd - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Feb 5th - British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 5th - The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
Feb 6th - The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 7th - British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 9th - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
Feb 10th - Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
Feb 14th - Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
Feb 14th - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
Feb 15th - General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
Feb 15th - British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, a city under siege by the Boers since October 1899, during the Boer War.
Feb 16th - 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
Feb 16th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
Feb 18th - Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
Feb 18th - Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
Feb 18th - British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
Feb 19th - British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
Feb 22nd - Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 22nd - Hawaii became a US territory
Feb 23rd - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 23rd - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
Feb 27th - Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
Feb 27th - Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
Feb 27th - In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
Feb 28th - General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
Mar 3rd - US Steel Corporation organizes
Mar 5th - American Hall of Fame founded
Mar 6th - After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
Mar 7th - Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
Mar 7th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
Mar 8th - NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
Mar 10th - Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Mar 10th - Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
Mar 11th - British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms
Mar 12th - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
Mar 13th - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
Mar 13th - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
Mar 14th - Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
Mar 14th - US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
Mar 16th - AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
Mar 16th - Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
Mar 16th - Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
Mar 17th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
Mar 17th - In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
Mar 18th - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
Mar 18th - Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
Mar 20th - US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
Mar 24th - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Mar 25th - US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
Mar 26th - 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
Mar 27th - Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
Mar 30th - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
Mar 30th - 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony aboard Ambush II wins
Mar 31st - At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
Apr 1st - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
Apr 2nd - 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
Apr 4th - Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
Apr 4th - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
Apr 5th - Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. JeffriesBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries Apr 6th - James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
Apr 11th - US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
Apr 11th - The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy
Apr 12th - The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
Apr 14th - Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
Apr 15th - Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov)
Apr 15th - An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
Apr 16th - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
Apr 17th - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
Apr 19th - 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
Apr 19th - Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10
Apr 23rd - 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
Engineer John Philip HollandEngineer John Philip Holland Apr 24th - Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer
Apr 26th - AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
Apr 30th - 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
Apr 30th - USA annexes Hawaii
Apr 30th - Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
May 1st - Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
May 1st - Roermond soccer team forms in Netherlands
May 2nd - George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London
May 3rd - 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
May 5th - "The Billboard" began weekly publication
May 8th - John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals
May 11th - James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw May 12th - Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
May 12th - Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
May 17th - British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
May 17th - In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
May 18th - Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
May 19th - Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
May 19th - World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
May 20th - 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
May 22nd - Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
May 22nd - Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
May 23rd - Associated Press News Service forms in NY
May 24th - 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼
May 25th - Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
May 26th - British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
May 27th - Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
May 28th - Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
May 28th - Solar eclipse occurs
May 28th - In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
May 28th - Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
May 29th - 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
May 29th - Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
May 31st - British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
May 31st - Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
May 31st - Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
May 31st - US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
Jun 1st - British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
Jun 5th - Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
Jun 6th - Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
Jun 6th - US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
Jun 7th - Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
Jun 7th - 40th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 309 at St Andrews
Jun 8th - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)
Jun 9th - In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
Jun 10th - In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking.
Jun 11th - -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
Jun 12th - In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
Jun 13th - In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.

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