Historical Events in 1901

  • Jan 1 The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • Jan 8 New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • Jan 9 NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • Jan 10 Oil discovered in Texas
  • Jan 18 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
  • Jan 21 Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC

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Jan 22 After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jan 24 1st games played in baseball's American League
  • Jan 24 Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children
  • Jan 24 Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
  • Jan 31 Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal

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Jan 31 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 31 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • Jan 31 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
  • Feb 2 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
  • Feb 2 Queen Victoria's funeral takes place.
  • Feb 2 Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • Feb 2 The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000
  • Feb 3 Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
  • Feb 4 Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Josef I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
  • Feb 5 Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • Feb 5 Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp
  • Feb 12 Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • Feb 18 H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

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Feb 18 Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 20 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
  • Feb 21 In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA
  • Feb 25 George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 25 US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan
  • Feb 26 British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
  • Feb 27 NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • Feb 27 A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • Mar 2 Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
  • Mar 2 The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • Mar 3 US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
  • Mar 4 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore |Roosevelt serves as Vice President

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 4 Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends

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Mar 6 In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Mar 11 Cincinnati Enquirer reports Balt mgr John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
  • Mar 12 Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • Mar 14 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
  • Mar 14 Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with England in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • Mar 15 Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
  • Mar 17 Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands

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Mar 17 At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

  • Mar 23 Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • Mar 25 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • Mar 29 Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first parliamentary election
  • Mar 29 63rd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall aboard Grudon wins
  • Apr 5 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • Apr 7 SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
  • Apr 15 1st British motorized burial
  • Apr 15 Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe
  • Apr 19 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6

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Apr 19 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Apr 24 1st AL game, Chic beats Cleve Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
  • Apr 25 Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run
  • Apr 25 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • Apr 25 In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)
  • Apr 26 Jimmy Collins, having left the Boston Beaneaters (NL), captains and manages his first game for the Boston Americans (against Baltimore)
  • Apr 28 1st soccer game between Belgium (8) & Netherlands (0)
  • Apr 28 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
  • Apr 29 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
  • Apr 29 Antisemitic riot in Budapest
  • May 1 Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
  • May 1 Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
  • May 1 Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
  • May 3 Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • May 8 In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • May 8 A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899
  • May 9 Cleve's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
  • May 9 The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne, though the first working session will not be until 21 May
  • May 9 A financial panic begins in the USA following the struggle between two groups to control the railroads between the Great Lakes and the Pacific
  • May 12 US President McKinley visits San Francisco
  • May 16 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School" (BG)
  • May 23 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
  • May 23 Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
  • May 23 Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
  • May 23 US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
  • May 24 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
  • May 28 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
  • May 28 Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • May 30 Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
  • May 31 At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • Jun 2 Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY)
  • Jun 6 41st British Golf Open: James Braid shoots a 309 at Muirfield
  • Jun 9 NY Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13
  • Jun 11 Cook Islands annexed & proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • Jun 12 In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • Jun 14 1st golf championship is played
  • Jun 15 7th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 331 at Myopia Hunt Club MA
  • Jun 17 The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.
  • Jun 20 Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a US college

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Jun 24 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • Jun 24 Jewish National Fund starts
  • Jun 29 15th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Myrtle McAteer (6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 2-6, 6-2)

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Jul 2 Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 3 18th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats Blanche Bingley (6-2 6-2)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 3 25th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore beats R Doherty (4-6 7-5 6-4 6-4)

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Jul 4 William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

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Jul 12 Cy Young wins his 300th game

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Jul 12 Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • Jul 12 In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • Jul 15 NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • Jul 16 The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 20 Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • Jul 22 Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • Jul 22 British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • Jul 24 O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
  • Jul 25 Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 31 Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
  • Aug 1 Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • Aug 5 Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4"
  • Aug 6 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
  • Aug 9 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • Aug 10 Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners
  • Aug 12 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • Aug 14 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • Aug 14 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • Aug 15 Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • Aug 15 Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • Aug 17 The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style
  • Aug 20 The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • Aug 21 Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching & spitting on an umpire
  • Aug 22 Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • Aug 27 21st U.S. Men's National Championship: William Larned beats Beals Wright (6-2, 6-8, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Aug 30 Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
  • Sep 1 Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2 Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Sep 3 Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • Sep 5 National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues forms
  • Sep 6 US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York
  • Sep 7 Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
  • Sep 12 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • Sep 14 Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo
  • Sep 16 Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.
  • Sep 17 Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • Sep 17 Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • Sep 19 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of Pres William McKinley
  • Sep 26 Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • Sep 26 Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Sep 28 Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed
  • Oct 2 First Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow
  • Oct 4 Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America's Cup
  • Oct 12 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion" as "The White House"
  • Oct 14 Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • Oct 18 Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
  • Oct 19 Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March" premieres in Liverpool
  • Oct 19 Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
  • Oct 24 First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • Oct 25 In Great Britain, Joseph Chamberlain, Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany it leads to widespread agitation against the British and eventual breakdown of negotiations for an Anglo-German alliance
  • Oct 26 First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • Oct 27 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
  • Oct 29 In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • Oct 30 Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers
  • Nov 1 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • Nov 4 Clyde Fitch's "Way of the World" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 7 A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • Nov 8 Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
  • Nov 11 Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
  • Nov 13 The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster.

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Nov 15 James J Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Nov 15 6th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 17-0 in Tuscaloosa
  • Nov 16 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
  • Nov 18 The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • Nov 20 Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris)
  • Nov 21 Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden
  • Nov 26 Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 27 U.S. Army War College is established in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 27 Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • Nov 28 Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G premieres
  • Nov 29 East 182nd Street in Bronx is paved & opened
  • Dec 2 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
  • Dec 3 Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns
  • Dec 4 Anne Russell's 'Girl and the judge' premieres in NYC
  • Dec 10 First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Dec 12 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Dec 13 Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
  • Dec 14 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • Dec 16 Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • Dec 24 Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards".
  • Dec 25 Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • Dec 31 In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma