Historical Events in 1901

  • Jan 1st The Commonwealth of Australia is formed when the British (Imperial) Parliament Act, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, comes into effect
  • Jan 8th New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes
  • Jan 9th NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605
  • Jan 10th Oil discovered in Texas
  • Jan 18th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re
  • Jan 21st Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 22nd After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Jan 24th 1st games played in baseball's American League
  • Jan 24th Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children
  • Jan 24th Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917
  • Jan 31st Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal

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Jan 31st Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 31st Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • Jan 31st Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
  • Feb 2nd Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization
  • Feb 2nd Queen Victoria's funeral takes place.
  • Feb 2nd Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • Feb 2nd The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000
  • Feb 3rd Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra
  • Feb 4th Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Josef I, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform
  • Feb 5th Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot
  • Feb 5th Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp
  • Feb 12th Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
  • Feb 18th H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18th Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Feb 20th 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
  • Feb 21st In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA
  • Feb 25th George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 25th US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan
  • Feb 26th British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers
  • Feb 27th NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
  • Feb 27th A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers
  • Mar 2nd Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
  • Mar 2nd The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops.
  • Mar 3rd US Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Department of Commerce
  • Mar 4th 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-National Intelligencer)

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Mar 4th William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as US president; Theodore |Roosevelt serves as Vice President

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
  • Mar 4th Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends

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Mar 6th In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Mar 11th Cincinnati Enquirer reports Balt mgr John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
  • Mar 12th Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
  • Mar 14th 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
  • Mar 14th Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with England in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria
  • Mar 15th Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
  • Mar 17th Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands

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Mar 17th At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death

  • Mar 23rd Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast
  • Mar 25th 55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa
  • Mar 29th Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first parliamentary election
  • Mar 29th 63rd Grand National: Arthur Nightingall aboard Grudon wins
  • Apr 5th Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • Apr 7th SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
  • Apr 15th 1st British motorized burial
  • Apr 15th Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe
  • Apr 19th 5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6

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Apr 19th In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Apr 24th 1st AL game, Chic beats Cleve Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
  • Apr 25th Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run
  • Apr 25th New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • Apr 25th In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit)
  • Apr 26th Jimmy Collins, having left the Boston Beaneaters (NL), captains and manages his first game for the Boston Americans (against Baltimore)
  • Apr 28th 1st soccer game between Belgium (8) & Netherlands (0)
  • Apr 28th Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
  • Apr 29th 27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75
  • Apr 29th Antisemitic riot in Budapest
  • May 1st Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox
  • May 1st Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League
  • May 1st Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo
  • May 3rd Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida
  • May 8th In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Philadelphia 12-4
  • May 8th A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899
  • May 9th Cleve's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2
  • May 9th The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne, though the first working session will not be until 21 May
  • May 9th A financial panic begins in the USA following the struggle between two groups to control the railroads between the Great Lakes and the Pacific
  • May 12th US President McKinley visits San Francisco
  • May 16th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School" (BG)
  • May 23rd 35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21
  • May 23rd Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13
  • May 23rd Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent
  • May 23rd US captures leader of Filipino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo
  • May 24th Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales.
  • May 28th 26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2
  • May 28th Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous)
  • May 30th Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated
  • May 31st At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected
  • Jun 2nd Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY)
  • Jun 6th 41st British Golf Open: James Braid shoots a 309 at Muirfield
  • Jun 9th NY Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cincinnati Reds 25-13
  • Jun 11th Cook Islands annexed & proclaimed part of New Zealand
  • Jun 12th In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution
  • Jun 14th 1st golf championship is played
  • Jun 15th 7th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 331 at Myopia Hunt Club MA
  • Jun 17th The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT.
  • Jun 20th Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a US college

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Jun 24th 1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
  • Jun 24th Jewish National Fund starts
  • Jun 29th 15th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Myrtle McAteer (6-4, 3-6, 7-5, 2-6, 6-2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 3rd 18th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats Blanche Bingley (6-2 6-2)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 3rd 25th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore beats R Doherty (4-6 7-5 6-4 6-4)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4th William Howard Taft, former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12th Cy Young wins his 300th game

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Jul 12th Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the non-union Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47
  • Jul 12th In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on
  • Jul 15th NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0
  • Jul 16th The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 20th Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony
  • Jul 22nd Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
  • Jul 22nd British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case
  • Jul 24th O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank.
  • Jul 25th Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War
  • Jul 31st Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
  • Aug 1st Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • Aug 5th Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4"
  • Aug 6th Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
  • Aug 9th 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • Aug 10th Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners
  • Aug 12th Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • Aug 14th SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • Aug 14th The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • Aug 15th Arch Rock, a danger to San Francisco Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro
  • Aug 15th Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property
  • Aug 17th The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style
  • Aug 20th The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony
  • Aug 21st Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching & spitting on an umpire
  • Aug 22nd Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
  • Aug 27th 21st U.S. Men's National Championship: William Larned beats Beals Wright (6-2, 6-8, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Aug 30th Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
  • Sep 1st Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 2nd Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Sep 3rd Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
  • Sep 5th National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues forms
  • Sep 6th US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York
  • Sep 7th Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China
  • Sep 12th Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
  • Sep 14th Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the youngest man to serve as US President, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo
  • Sep 16th Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.
  • Sep 17th Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
  • Sep 17th Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
  • Sep 19th 11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of Pres William McKinley
  • Sep 26th Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal
  • Sep 26th Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana)
  • Sep 28th Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed
  • Oct 2nd First Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow
  • Oct 4th Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America's Cup
  • Oct 12th Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion", "The White House"
  • Oct 14th Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16th Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians
  • Oct 18th Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights
  • Oct 19th Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March" premieres in Liverpool
  • Oct 19th Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
  • Oct 24th First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor)
  • Oct 25th In Great Britain, Joseph Chamberlain, Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany it leads to widespread agitation against the British and eventual breakdown of negotiations for an Anglo-German alliance
  • Oct 26th First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
  • Oct 27th 1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes"
  • Oct 29th In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
  • Oct 30th Battle at Bakenlaagte: Lieutenant-Colonel Benson's British unit vs Boers
  • Nov 1st Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
  • Nov 4th Clyde Fitch's "Way of the World" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 7th A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896
  • Nov 8th Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
  • Nov 11th Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
  • Nov 13th The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster.

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Nov 15th James J Jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Nov 15th 6th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 17-0 in Tuscaloosa
  • Nov 16th 3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds
  • Nov 18th The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty
  • Nov 20th Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris)
  • Nov 21st Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden
  • Nov 26th Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 27th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 27th U.S. Army War College is established in Washington, D.C.
  • Nov 27th Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain
  • Nov 28th Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G premieres
  • Nov 29th East 182nd Street in Bronx is paved & opened
  • Dec 2nd King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades
  • Dec 3rd Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns
  • Dec 4th Anne Russell's 'Girl and the judge' premieres in NYC
  • Dec 10th First Nobel Peace Prizes awarded (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10th First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Wilhelm Röntgen

CommunicationHistoric Communication

Dec 12th Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Dec 13th Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
  • Dec 14th 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
  • Dec 16th Boer general Kritzinger captured
  • Dec 24th Private companies allowed to use the word "postcard" in the US. Previously they were labelled "Private Mailing Cards" and known as "souvenir cards".
  • Dec 25th Battle at Tweefontein: British force camped on a hill is surprised by a Boer attack at 2am
  • Dec 31st In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma