Historical Events in 1902

  • Jan 1st Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
  • Jan 1st 1st Rose Bowl: Michigan beats Stanford 49-0
  • Jan 3rd Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG
  • Jan 4th Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick v England at the MCG
  • Jan 4th The French Panama Canal Company offers to sell its right to build a canal to the US for 40 million; this will tip the balance away from those favoring a canal through Nicaraugua
  • Jan 8th 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill)
  • Jan 8th The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin
  • Jan 10th Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam)
  • Jan 10th Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
  • Jan 12th Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved
  • Jan 13th Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15th Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 18th Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama
  • Jan 23rd Winnipeg Victorias sweep Toronto Wellingtons in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • Jan 25th Aleksandr Skriabin's 2nd Symphony in C premieres in St Petersburg
  • Jan 27th 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • Jan 28th Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30th Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • Feb 1st China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • Feb 1st Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • Feb 1st US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • Feb 6th Young Women's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Feb 11th Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
  • Feb 15th Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • Feb 17th A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
  • Feb 18th Opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Feb 20th Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
  • Feb 21st Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • Feb 24th Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British
  • Feb 28th Jules Massenets opera premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 4th American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
  • Mar 6th Permanent US Census office created by legislation passed by Congress
  • Mar 7th Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • Mar 8th 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 10th Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10th A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Mar 17th Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winnipeg Victorias, 2 games to 1
  • Mar 18th Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18th Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Mar 18th Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • Mar 20th France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • Mar 21st 64th Grand National: David Read aboard Shannon Lass wins
  • Mar 25th Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
  • Mar 25th In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • Mar 28th 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • Apr 2nd Soccer team MVV '02 forms in Maastricht
  • Apr 2nd Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
  • Apr 2nd "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 4th Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
  • Apr 5th Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 5th In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • Apr 7th Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • Apr 8th Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • Apr 8th Growing unrest in Belgian society as people demand better education, better work and living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage, culminate in a demonstration organised by Socialists. In the rioting that ensues, many Belgians are killed
  • Apr 11th Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13th J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • Apr 15th Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Church in US"
  • Apr 15th Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • Apr 15th Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • Apr 18th Denmark is first country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • Apr 19th 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of NY in 2:43:12
  • Apr 20th Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
  • Apr 25th Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • Apr 28th Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date.
  • Apr 29th Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines
  • Apr 30th Debussy's opera "Pelléas et Mélissande" premieres in Paris
  • May 3rd 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75
  • May 6th British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die
  • May 6th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place" (BG)
  • May 6th Zulu assault at Holkrantz, South Africa
  • May 7th La Soufrière volcano on St Vincent kills 1,680 people
  • May 8th Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000
  • May 10th Portugal goes bankrupt, but its parliament passes a bill converting its external debt. Contributing to Portugal's troubles is a recent revolt in its colony of Angola, put down on 6 September

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12th Some 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, let alone negotiate or submit to arbitration; Theodore Roosevelt later threatens to have the army run the mine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • May 15th Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft
  • May 15th Portugal bankrupt by revolt in Angola
  • May 16th 2 deaf-mutes face each other for 1st time as Dummy Hoy leads off for the Reds against Dummy Taylor of the Giants, Reds win 5-3
  • May 17th Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer.
  • May 19th Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • May 20th United States withdraws its troops from Cuba as the first Cuban president, Tomas Estrada Palma takes power
  • May 22nd 36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6
  • May 22nd US President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague
  • May 24th Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain
  • May 24th Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918
  • May 27th 27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
  • May 29th Dutch State Mine law forms
  • May 30th Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • May 31st Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
  • May 31st Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • May 31st Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law
  • Jun 1st Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
  • Jun 2nd 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5th Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jun 5th 42nd British Golf Open: Sandy Herd shoots a 307 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club
  • Jun 9th 1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia)
  • Jun 10th Patent for window envelope granted to H F Callahan
  • Jun 13th Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland
  • Jun 15th Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
  • Jun 15th Minor League's most lopsided baseball game: Corsicana 51; Texarkana 3 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Tx minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game
  • Jun 17th US Congress pass the New Lands Reclamation Act, which establishes a fund from sale of public lands to build irrigation dams for arid Western lands
  • Jun 23rd Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce
  • Jun 24th King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
  • Jun 26th Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • Jun 26th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26th Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Jun 27th 16th U.S. Women's National Championship: Marion Jones beats Elisabeth Moore (6-1, 1-0, ret.)
  • Jun 28th Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • Jun 28th US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • Jun 28th Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • Jun 30th Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • Jul 1st Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • Jul 1st Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
  • Jul 1st US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA
  • Jul 2nd John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 2nd 19th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Muriel Robb beats Charlotte Cooper (7-5 6-1)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 2nd 26th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A Gore (6-4 6-3 3-6 6-0)
  • Jul 3rd Excelsior soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • Jul 4th Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents
  • Jul 5th Australia won the one & only Test Cricket played at Sheffield
  • Jul 8th John McGraw, accused by Ban Johnson of trying to wreck Baltimore & Washington clubs, negotiates his release from the Orioles
  • Jul 11th British premier Lord Salisbury resigns
  • Jul 12th Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage
  • Jul 12th Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as Prime Minister on 11 July
  • Jul 14th The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • Jul 15th Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey
  • Jul 16th John McGraw named manager of NY Giants
  • Jul 16th Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford
  • Jul 17th Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL
  • Jul 17th Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia
  • Jul 19th NY Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw
  • Jul 24th Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England
  • Jul 24th In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 25th James J Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Jul 26th Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
  • Jul 29th Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US & Canada forms
  • Jul 30th Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)
  • Aug 1st Building begins on Dutch public housing
  • Aug 1st Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
  • Aug 4th The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
  • Aug 8th 2nd Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in New York (3-2)
  • Aug 9th Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria
  • Aug 13th England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • Aug 22nd US President Theodore Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car
  • Aug 27th 22nd U.S. Men's National Championship: William Larned beats Reginald Doherty (4-6, 6-2, 6-4, 8-6)
  • Aug 31st Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • Sep 1st Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time
  • Sep 2nd "A Trip To The Moon", the first science fiction film, released
  • Sep 3rd Pittsburgh Pirates, win earliest pennent (full season)
  • Sep 3rd Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client"
  • Sep 7th In Australia, the whole nation observes a 'day of humiliation' and prays for rain, as a terrible drought kills livestock and threatens crops; rain begins to appear on 10 September
  • Sep 10th Utrecht soccer team UVV forms
  • Sep 17th US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • Sep 20th Chicago White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
  • Sep 24th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Red Circle" (BG)
  • Sep 29th Impresario David Belasco opens his 1st Broadway theater

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2nd Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Oct 10th South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 10th American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • Oct 11th 8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City NY
  • Oct 11th Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia
  • Oct 11th Lawrence Auchterlonie wins US Open golf tournament
  • Oct 13th US President Theodore Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration
  • Oct 18th 7th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 23-0 in Birmingham
  • Oct 20th The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • Oct 21st In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25th Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • Oct 25th Santa Maria Guatemala hit by Earthquake; about 6,000 die
  • Nov 1st France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 13th "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad is first published in one volume (previously serialized) by William Blackwood in Edinburgh

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Joseph Conrad
  • Nov 15th Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist
  • Nov 18th Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
  • Nov 20th Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race
  • Nov 21st 1st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • Nov 21st Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League
  • Nov 21st The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years
  • Nov 25th Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Frauen" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 29th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 30th American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.
  • Dec 2nd Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
  • Dec 7th Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8th Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on US Supreme Court

  • Dec 9th AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
  • Dec 10th Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania.
  • Dec 11th The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products
  • Dec 13th British and German ships begin to bombard the Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with an ultimatum demanding damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Theodore Roosevelt to arbitrate
  • Dec 17th Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 18th British parliament passes the Education Act, which will come to be regarded as the most important legislation of Balfour's government
  • Dec 25th Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 25th Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements
  • Dec 26th Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)
  • Dec 28th 1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • Dec 28th Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US
  • Dec 31st Boers & British army sign peace treaty