Historical Events in 1902

  • Jan 1 Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
  • Jan 1 1st Rose Bowl: Michigan beats Stanford 49-0
  • Jan 3 Reg Duff 104 on Test debut, v England at MCG
  • Jan 4 Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick v England at the MCG
  • Jan 4 The French Panama Canal Company offers to sell its right to build a canal to the US for 40 million; this will tip the balance away from those favoring a canal through Nicaraugua
  • Jan 8 1st National Bowling Championship held (Chicago, Ill)
  • Jan 8 The United Irish League, a leading force for unification in all Ireland and independence from Britain, holds its convention in Dublin
  • Jan 10 Alphons Diepenbrock's "Te Deum" premieres (Amsterdam)
  • Jan 10 Although it has professed neutrality in the Boer War, German Chancellor von Bulow joins others in attacking British actions in South Africa
  • Jan 12 Uddevalla Suffrage Association is formally dissolved
  • Jan 13 Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 18 Despite reports that favor the US building a route through Nicaragua for a canal, a 'supplementary report' recommends the route through Panama
  • Jan 23 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Toronto Wellingtons in 2 for Stanley Cup
  • Jan 25 Aleksandr Skriabin's 2nd Symphony in C premieres in St Petersburg
  • Jan 27 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
  • Jan 28 Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 30 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • Feb 1 China's empress Tzu-hsi forbids binding woman's feet
  • Feb 1 Hermann Sudermanns "Es lebe das Leben" premieres in Berlin
  • Feb 1 US Secretary of State Hay protests granting Russia exclusive privileges in China, on ground that it runs contrary to the 'open door' policy granting all nations equal rights there
  • Feb 6 Young Women's Hebrew Association organizes in NYC
  • Feb 11 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
  • Feb 15 Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • Feb 17 A general strike in Barcelona and nearby towns leads to government-troop reprisals that leave 40 dead
  • Feb 18 Opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Feb 20 Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
  • Feb 21 Dr Harvey Cushing, 1st US brain surgeon, performs his 1st brain operation
  • Feb 24 Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British
  • Feb 28 Jules Massenets opera premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 4 American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
  • Mar 6 Permanent US Census office created by legislation passed by Congress
  • Mar 7 Boers beat British troop in Tweebosch Transvaal
  • Mar 8 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 2nd Symphony
  • Mar 10 Earthquake destroys Turkish city of Tochangri

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 10 A United States court of appeals rules that Thomas Edison did not invent the movie camera

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Mar 17 Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winnipeg Victorias, 2 games to 1
  • Mar 18 Enrico Caruso becomes 1st well-known performer to make a record

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 Arnold Schoenberg's "Verklärte Nacht" premieres in Vienna

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Mar 18 Turkey grants Germany syndicate the first concession to construct a railroad through Turkish territory to Baghdad, to be linked to Berlin
  • Mar 20 France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
  • Mar 21 64th Grand National: David Read aboard Shannon Lass wins
  • Mar 25 Irving W Colburn patents sheet glass drawing machine
  • Mar 25 In Russia, 567 students are tried for rioting and 'political disaffection' are found guilty; 95 are banished to Siberia
  • Mar 28 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
  • Apr 2 Soccer team MVV '02 forms in Maastricht
  • Apr 2 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
  • Apr 2 "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California
  • Apr 4 Cecil Rhodes scholarship fund forms with $10 million
  • Apr 5 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • Apr 5 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • Apr 7 Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • Apr 8 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • Apr 8 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • Apr 11 Battle at Rooiwal, South-Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • Apr 15 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Church in US"
  • Apr 15 Rioting and arson continue in Russia with peasants plundering estates to find food.
  • Apr 15 Russian minister of interior and head of secret police, Sipyengin, is assassinated by the 'Terror Brigade' of the Socialist Revolutionaries
  • Apr 18 Denmark is first country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals
  • Apr 19 6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of NY in 2:43:12
  • Apr 20 Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride
  • Apr 25 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • Apr 28 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date.
  • Apr 29 Congress extends the Chinese Exclusion Act (of 1882) prohibiting immigration of Chinese laborers from territories to the mainland, a rule clearly aimed at Chinese in the Philippines
  • Apr 30 Debussy's opera "Pelléas et Mélissande" premieres in Paris
  • May 3 28th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on Alan-a-Dale wins in 2:08.75
  • May 6 British SS Camorta sinks off Rangoon; 739 die
  • May 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Shoscombe Old Place" (BG)
  • May 6 Zulu assault at Holkrantz, South Africa
  • May 7 La Soufrière volcano on St Vincent kills 1,680 people
  • May 8 Mt Pelee erupts, wipes out St Pierre, Martinique, kills 30,000
  • May 10 Portugal goes bankrupt, but its parliament passes a bill converting its external debt. Contributing to Portugal's troubles is a recent revolt in its colony of Angola, put down on 6 September

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 140,000 miners of anthracite coal in Pennsylvania go out on a strike called by the United Mine Workers after the owners have refused to recognize the UMW, negotiate or submit to arbitration

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • May 15 Lyman Gilmore is 1st person to fly a powered craft
  • May 15 Portugal bankrupt by revolt in Angola
  • May 16 2 deaf-mutes face each other for 1st time as Dummy Hoy leads off for the Reds against Dummy Taylor of the Giants, Reds win 5-3
  • May 17 Greek archaeologist Valerios Stais discovers the Antikythera mechanism, an ancient mechanical analog computer.
  • May 19 Great Britain & Boers resume peace talks in Pretoria
  • May 20 United States withdraws its troops from Cuba as the first Cuban president, Tomas Estrada Palma takes power
  • May 22 36th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Mastermam wins in 2:22.6
  • May 22 US President Theodore Roosevelt signs a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agree to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague
  • May 24 Empire Day 1st celebrated in Britain
  • May 24 Cleve's Bill Bradley is 1st ALer to hit a HR run in 4 consecutive games, not duplicated until Babe Ruth does it June 25, 1918
  • May 27 27th Preakness: L Jackson aboard Old England wins in 1:45.8
  • May 29 Dutch State Mine law forms
  • May 30 Spanish King Alfonso XII, who was elected as a constitutional monarch, suspends the Cortes, Spain's parliament
  • May 31 Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
  • May 31 Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
  • May 31 Labor trouble and riots lead Spanish King Alfonso XII to impose martial law
  • Jun 1 Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
  • Jun 2 2nd statewide initiative & referendum law adopted, in Oregon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 5 Emperor Wilhelm II responds to growing demands from Polish and other Slavic peoples living within German territory by calling for more 'Germanization' of the slavs

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jun 5 42nd British Golf Open: Sandy Herd shoots a 307 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club
  • Jun 9 1st Automat restaurant opens (818 Chestnut St, Philadelphia)
  • Jun 10 Patent for window envelope granted to H F Callahan
  • Jun 13 Prussian Upper house gives 350 million marks to Poland
  • Jun 15 Canada's Maritime Provinces switch from Eastern to Atlantic time
  • Jun 15 Minor League's most lopsided baseball game: Corsicana 51; Texarkana 3 Justin Clark of Corsicana, Tx minors hits 8 home runs in 1 game
  • Jun 17 US Congress pass the New Lands Reclamation Act, which establishes a fund from sale of public lands to build irrigation dams for arid Western lands
  • Jun 23 Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce
  • Jun 24 King Edward VII develops appendicitis, delaying his coronation.
  • Jun 26 Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
  • Jun 26 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 26 Aga Khan III is appointed Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Jun 27 16th U.S. Women's National Championship: Marion Jones beats Elisabeth Moore (6-1, 1-0, ret.)
  • Jun 28 Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin
  • Jun 28 US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million
  • Jun 28 Germany, Italy, and the Austro-Hungarian Empire renew their Triple Alliance for six more years
  • Jun 30 Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive HRs in same inning
  • Jul 1 Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
  • Jul 1 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
  • Jul 1 US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA
  • Jul 2 John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 2 19th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Muriel Robb beats Charlotte Cooper (7-5 6-1)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 2 26th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A Gore (6-4 6-3 3-6 6-0)
  • Jul 3 Excelsior soccer team forms in Rotterdam
  • Jul 4 Civil government is established in the Philippines by a proclamation from US President Theodore Roosevelt, who offers a general amnesty to insurgents
  • Jul 5 Australia won the one & only Test Cricket played at Sheffield
  • Jul 8 John McGraw, accused by Ban Johnson of trying to wreck Baltimore & Washington clubs, negotiates his release from the Orioles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 11 British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury resigns

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Jul 12 Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 12 Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as British Prime Minister on 11 July

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Jul 14 The Campanile in St Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
  • Jul 15 Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex v Surrey
  • Jul 16 John McGraw named manager of NY Giants
  • Jul 16 Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji v Australia, at Old Trafford
  • Jul 17 Orioles forfeit to St Louis having only 5 players available to play they then forfeit their franchise back to the AL
  • Jul 17 Lord Tennyson, son of the poet, is named to succeed Lord Hopetown, first governor general of Australia
  • Jul 19 NY Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw
  • Jul 24 Victor Trumper scores a century for Australia before lunch 4th Test Cricket v England
  • Jul 24 In Turkey, the Sultan Abdul-Hamid, under pressure from within the Ottoman Empire, appoints a commission to consider reforms that might pacify Macedonian revolutionaries

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 25 James J Jeffries KOs Bob Fitzsimmons in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Jul 26 Australia beat England by 3 runs at Old Trafford
  • Jul 29 Union of Orthodox Rabbis of US & Canada forms
  • Jul 30 Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (NYC)
  • Aug 1 Building begins on Dutch public housing
  • Aug 1 Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
  • Aug 4 The Greenwich foot tunnel under the River Thames opens.
  • Aug 8 2nd Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in New York (3-2)
  • Aug 9 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria
  • Aug 13 England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • Aug 22 US President Theodore Roosevelt became 1st US chief executive to ride in a car
  • Aug 27 22nd U.S. Men's National Championship: William Larned beats Reginald Doherty (4-6, 6-2, 6-4, 8-6)
  • Aug 31 Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)
  • Sep 1 Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time
  • Sep 2 "A Trip To The Moon", the first science fiction film, released
  • Sep 3 Pittsburgh Pirates, win earliest pennent (full season)
  • Sep 3 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client"
  • Sep 7 In Australia, the whole nation observes a 'day of humiliation' and prays for rain, as a terrible drought kills livestock and threatens crops; rain begins to appear on 10 September
  • Sep 10 Utrecht soccer team UVV forms
  • Sep 17 US protests anti-semitism in Romania
  • Sep 20 Chicago White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
  • Sep 24 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Red Circle" (BG)
  • Sep 29 Impresario David Belasco opens his 1st Broadway theater

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Beatrix Potter's "The Tale of Peter Rabbit" is published by Frederick Warne & Co. in London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Oct 10 South Africa's President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Utrecht

MurderMurder of Interest

Oct 10 American outlaw Tom Horn's murder trial begins, and he is eventually found guilty and sentenced to death

Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter Tom Horn
Old West Lawman, Outlaw and Bounty Hunter
Tom Horn
  • Oct 11 8th US Golf Open: Laurie Auchterlonie shoots a 307 at Garden City, NY
  • Oct 11 Commencement of 1st Test Cricket between South Africa & Australia
  • Oct 13 US President Theodore Roosevelt threatens to start using army troops to work coal mines struck since 12 may; this brings the owners to agree to abide by a Commission of Arbitration
  • Oct 18 7th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 23-0 in Birmingham
  • Oct 20 The Chamber of Deputies appoints a committee to consider questions on the separation of Church and State in France
  • Oct 21 In the United States, a five month strike by United Mine Workers ends.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Maxim Gorky's "The Lower Depths" premieres in Moscow

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • Oct 25 Santa Maria Guatemala hit by Earthquake; about 6,000 die
  • Nov 1 France and Italy sign an Entente under which Italy agrees to remain neutral if France is attacked; this is France's attempt to neutralize the Triple Entente

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 13 "Heart of Darkness" by Joseph Conrad is first published in one volume (previously serialized) by William Blackwood in Edinburgh

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • Nov 15 Leopold II, King of Belgium almost assassinated by Italian anarchist
  • Nov 18 Brooklyn toymaker Morris Michton names the teddy bear after US President Teddy Roosevelt
  • Nov 20 Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race
  • Nov 21 1st night football game, Philadelphia Athletics beats Kanaweola AC, 39-0
  • Nov 21 Baseball's Philadelphia Athletics & Phillies form pro football teams, joining Pitts Stars in 1st attempt at a National Football League
  • Nov 21 The Canadian government appoints a commission to consider revising, classifying, and consolidating the many public statutes passed over the years
  • Nov 25 Franz Lehar's opera "Wiener Frauen" premieres in Vienna

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 29 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der arme Heinrich" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 30 American Old West: Second-in-command of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch gang, Kid Curry Logan, is sentenced to 20 years imprisonment with hard labor.
  • Dec 2 Soccer team Go Ahead forms in Deventer
  • Dec 7 Britain and Germany issue an ultimatum to Venezuela demanding that President Cipriano Castro pay claims for damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on US Supreme Court

  • Dec 9 AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
  • Dec 10 Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania.
  • Dec 11 The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products
  • Dec 13 British and German ships bombard Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with ultimatum demanding damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Theodore Roosevelt to arbitrate
  • Dec 17 Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist" premieres in Berlin
  • Dec 18 British parliament passes the Education Act, which will come to be regarded as the most important legislation of Arthur Balfour's government
  • Dec 25 Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 25 Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements
  • Dec 26 Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)
  • Dec 28 1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • Dec 28 Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US
  • Dec 31 Boers & British army sign peace treaty