Historical Events in 1903

  • Jan 1 In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion

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Jan 2 US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

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Jan 4 Topsy the elephant is electrocuted by her owners at Luna Park, Coney Island and filmed by Edison Manufacturing movie company

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 5 SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • Jan 6 Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
  • Jan 7 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blanched Soldier" (BG)
  • Jan 7 Vincent d'Indy's opera "L'etranger" premieres in Brussells
  • Jan 9 2 NYers buy Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 & moved it to NY
  • Jan 9 Baseball's National & American Leagues make peace
  • Jan 9 Wind Cave National Park, SD established
  • Jan 9 Frank Farrell & Bill Devery purchase AL Balt franchise for $18,000 & move it to NYC (Yankees)

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Jan 12 Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jan 12 Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • Jan 18 The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • Jan 19 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England
  • Jan 19 New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
  • Jan 21 "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 21 Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam
  • Jan 21 International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
  • Jan 22 The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • Jan 29 Dutch railroad workers strike
  • Feb 3 Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • Feb 4 Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winn Victorias, 2 games to 1 & 1 tie
  • Feb 7 VVV '03 Soccer team forms in Venlo
  • Feb 11 Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 11 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign
  • Feb 14 US Department of Commerce & Labor forms
  • Feb 15 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • Feb 16 -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
  • Feb 18 Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
  • Feb 20 Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
  • Feb 21 Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 22 Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
  • Feb 23 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • Feb 23 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • Feb 28 Barney Dreyfuss & James Potter buys Philadelphia Phillies for $170,000

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Mar 2 Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Mar 3 North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
  • Mar 5 Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
  • Mar 10 Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • Mar 10 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
  • Mar 12 NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
  • Mar 13 Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles
  • Mar 14 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
  • Mar 14 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
  • Mar 14 WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 18 Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
  • Mar 22 NY Highlanders (Yankees) tickets 1st go on sale
  • Mar 22 Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
  • Mar 22 US Anthracite Coal Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, submits its recommendations for shorter hours, a 10-per cent wage increase, and an 'open shop'
  • Mar 23 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • Mar 25 Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
  • Mar 26 American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • Mar 27 65th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Drumcree wins
  • Mar 31 Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ)
  • Apr 6 General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
  • Apr 6 The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • Apr 6 In Holland, railroad and dock workers go out on strike, but the government passes anti-strike bills, calls out troops, and promptly ends the strike on the 13th April
  • Apr 14 Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
  • Apr 20 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
  • Apr 22 American Power Boat Association forms
  • Apr 22 Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game in New York at Hilltop Park vs Washington Senators, lose 3-1 before 11,950
  • Apr 23 NY Highlanders (Yankees) win their 2nd game beating Wash Senators 7-2
  • Apr 27 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
  • Apr 27 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
  • Apr 29 Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kill 9 (Frank, Alberta)
  • Apr 30 NY Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St & Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Wash Senators, 6-2
  • May 1 King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904
  • May 2 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker riding Judge Himes wins in 2:09
  • May 3 AVC Heracles (SC Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
  • May 6 Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers
  • May 14 President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco
  • May 16 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at SF (George Wymann)
  • May 17 Cleve Indians beat NY Highlanders 9-2 in Columbus Ohio
  • May 20 Britain's House of Commons begins a debate on the charges of poor administration and ill treatment of natives in Belgium's colony in the Congo Free State
  • May 22 Launch of the White Star Liner SS Ionic.
  • May 23 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
  • May 23 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • May 26 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Three Gables" (BG)
  • May 27 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
  • May 27 Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
  • May 29 May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • May 30 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8
  • Jun 2 Netherlands Korfball League forms
  • Jun 2 Pirates win a triple header from Dodgers
  • Jun 6 President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • Jun 10 In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, a military coup d'etat- led by the Queen's brother-in-law and other offices - kills King Alexander I of Serbia, Queen Draga, and many officers
  • Jun 11 43rd British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 300 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Jun 12 Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • Jun 12 The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
  • Jun 15 The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king
  • Jun 16 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox

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Jun 16 Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 16 Pepsi Cola company forms

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Jun 16 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jun 18 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in SF; arrives NY 3-mo later
  • Jun 21 Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place (BG)
  • Jun 24 Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • Jun 25 Yanks & White Sox end deadlocked at 6-6 in 18
  • Jun 25 Boston Beaneater Wiley Piatt is only 20th-century pitcher to lose 2 complete games in one day, falling to Pittsburgh 1-0 & 5-3
  • Jun 27 9th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 307 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • Jun 27 17th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Marion Jones (7-5, 8-6)
  • Jun 29 British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Jul 1 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
  • Jul 1 20th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (4-6 6-4 6-2)
  • Jul 1 27th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley (7-5 6-3 6-0)
  • Jul 2 AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • Jul 2 Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
  • Jul 4 Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, Pres TR sends message
  • Jul 6 George Wyman arrives in NYC by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
  • Jul 17 The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • Jul 19 1st Tour de France won by Maurice Garin of France
  • Jul 20 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • Jul 25 Castle on top of Telegraph Hil, San Francisco closes
  • Jul 26 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • Aug 2 Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • Aug 4 Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • Aug 8 3rd Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Boston (4-1)
  • Aug 8 In 11th an old black ball is put into play against Cleve, Tigers' Nap Lajoie protests ignored, he hurls ball out of park & forfeits game
  • Aug 12 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Aug 14 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Aug 15 New Zealand's All Blacks play their first Rugby Test Match against Australia's Wallabies at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney; New Zealand win 22-3
  • Aug 16 Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • Aug 17 Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University & begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America
  • Aug 19 Philadelphia Phillies suffer record 9th straight postponed game
  • Aug 23 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • Aug 26 Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
  • Aug 26 23rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Laurence Doherty beats William Larned (6-0, 6-3, 10-8)
  • Aug 29 The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • Aug 31 Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • Sep 3 Resolute beats Shamrock III (England) in 13th America's Cup
  • Sep 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Creeping Man" (BG)
  • Sep 7 Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in NY
  • Sep 9 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel in Switzerland inaugurated
  • Sep 11 The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • Sep 14 NY Giant Red Ames no-hits St Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
  • Sep 15 Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
  • Sep 17 Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • Sep 18 Phillies' Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0
  • Sep 19 King Leopold II denies Belgian cruelty in Congo
  • Sep 21 First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US
  • Sep 22 Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
  • Sep 24 Alfred Deakin succeeds Edmund Barton as Australia premier
  • Sep 24 Bill Bradley becomes 1st Cleveland baseball player (Cleveland Naps) to hit for cycle
  • Sep 27 Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
  • Sep 30 New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • Oct 1 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
  • Oct 5 Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.
  • Oct 6 The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • Oct 8 J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • Oct 9 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • Oct 10 The Women's Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain.
  • Oct 12 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 13 Pilgrims beat Pirates 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
  • Oct 13 Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16 Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • Oct 20 US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • Oct 23 8th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-6 in Montgomery
  • Oct 24 First trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • Oct 24 George Sutton becomes billards champion
  • Oct 26 Yerba Buena is first Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay
  • Oct 30 In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria
  • Nov 2 Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • Nov 2 New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • Nov 3 Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • Nov 3 Giovanni Giolitti becomes Permier of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms
  • Nov 4 Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • Nov 6 USA recognizes independence of Panama
  • Nov 15 Eugen d'Albert's opera "Tiefland" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 16 V Herbert & H Smith' musical "Babette" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 17 Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • Nov 17 In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • Nov 18 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • Nov 19 Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate

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Nov 22 Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 23 Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
  • Nov 23 Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • Nov 24 Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter
  • Nov 24 George Ade's "County Chairman" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 27 Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
  • Dec 1 "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • Dec 3 Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • Dec 6 Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
  • Dec 9 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage

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Dec 10 Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie

Physicist Marie Curie
Marie Curie
  • Dec 11 British forces under MacDonald & Younghusband march into Tibet
  • Dec 12 Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Dec 13 Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone mound (NJ)
  • Dec 14 Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on Test Cricket debut
  • Dec 14 The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • Dec 16 Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • Dec 16 The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel opens its doors to guests for the first time

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Dec 17 The Wright Brothers make their first sustained motorized aircraft flight at 10:35 AM, piloted by Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

  • Dec 19 Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
  • Dec 27 "Sweet Adaline", a barbershop quartet favorite, is first sung
  • Dec 28 Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 29 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad & Ubangi-Shari
  • Dec 30 Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
  • Dec 30 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans