Historical Events in 1903

  • Jan 1st In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2nd US President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola Miss, for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

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Jan 4th Topsy, an elephant, electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the "War of Currents" campaign.

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Jan 5th SF-Hawaii telegraph cable opens for public use
  • Jan 6th Dutch Press museum opens in Amsterdam
  • Jan 7th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Blanched Soldier" (BG)
  • Jan 7th Vincent d'Indy's opera "L'etranger" premieres in Brussells
  • Jan 9th 2 NYers buy Baltimore baseball franchise for $18,000 & moved it to NY
  • Jan 9th Baseball's National & American Leagues make peace
  • Jan 9th Wind Cave National Park, SD established
  • Jan 9th Frank Farrell & Bill Devery purchase AL Balt franchise for $18,000 & move it to NYC (Yankees)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12th Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jan 12th Rhodes Opera House burns in Boyertown Pa, killing 170
  • Jan 18th The first transatlantic radio transmission to originate in the United States is sent by a transmitter in Massachusetts
  • Jan 19th 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between US & England
  • Jan 19th New bicycle race "Tour de France" announced
  • Jan 21st "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 21st Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam
  • Jan 21st International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
  • Jan 22nd The Hay-Herran Treaty concerning the USA's right to the Panama Canal is signed by the Colombian Charge d'affaires in Washington, D.C. (never ratified)
  • Jan 29th Dutch railroad workers strike
  • Feb 3rd Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
  • Feb 4th Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winn Victorias, 2 games to 1 & 1 tie
  • Feb 7th VVV '03 Soccer team forms in Venlo
  • Feb 11th Anton Bruckner's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • Feb 11th US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign
  • Feb 14th US Department of Commerce & Labor forms
  • Feb 15th 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • Feb 16th -59°F (-51°C), Pokegama Dam, Minnesota (state record)
  • Feb 18th Kuyper government launches anti strike laws
  • Feb 20th Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
  • Feb 21st Cornerstone laid for US army war college, Washington, D.C.
  • Feb 22nd Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
  • Feb 23rd The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • Feb 23rd The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • Feb 28th Barney Dreyfuss & James Potter buys Philadelphia Phillies for $170,000

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Mar 2nd Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in NYC

1st US First Lady Martha Washington
1st US First Lady
Martha Washington
  • Mar 3rd North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
  • Mar 5th Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
  • Mar 10th Harry Gammeter, Cleveland, patents multigraph duplicating machine
  • Mar 10th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Montreal AAA in 2 games
  • Mar 12th NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
  • Mar 13th Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles
  • Mar 14th 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, FL
  • Mar 14th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
  • Mar 14th WB Yeats & Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass" premieres in Dublin
  • Mar 18th Following through on its attacks on Roman Catholic institutions, the French Government dissolves the Catholic religious orders
  • Mar 22nd NY Highlanders (Yankees) tickets 1st go on sale
  • Mar 22nd Niagera Falls runs out of water because of a drought
  • Mar 22nd US Anthracite Coal Commission, set up by President Theodore Roosevelt, submits its recommendations for shorter hours, a 10-per cent wage increase, and an 'open shop'
  • Mar 23rd Wright brothers obtain airplane patent
  • Mar 25th Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, is founded.
  • Mar 26th American Hotel opens in Amsterdam
  • Mar 27th 65th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Drumcree wins
  • Mar 31st Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ)
  • Apr 6th General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
  • Apr 6th The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • Apr 6th In Holland, railroad and dock workers go out on strike, but the government passes anti-strike bills, calls out troops, and promptly ends the strike on the 13th April
  • Apr 14th Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)
  • Apr 20th 7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8
  • Apr 22nd American Power Boat Association forms
  • Apr 22nd Highlanders (Yankees) 1st game in New York at Hilltop Park vs Washington Senators, lose 3-1 before 11,950
  • Apr 23rd NY Highlanders (Yankees) win their 2nd game beating Wash Senators 7-2
  • Apr 27th 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
  • Apr 27th Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens
  • Apr 29th Limestone slides at Turtle Mountain kill 9 (Frank, Alberta)
  • Apr 30th NY Highlanders (Yankees) 1st home game, (Hilltop Park-168th St & Broadway, Manhattan), they beat Wash Senators, 6-2
  • May 1st King Edward VII of Great Britain visits Paris, where he is feted in a first step toward improving Anglo-French relations, culminating in the sighing of the Entente Cordiale on 8 April, 1904
  • May 2nd 29th Kentucky Derby: Hal Booker riding Judge Himes wins in 2:09
  • May 3rd AVC Heracles (SC Heracles '74) soccer team forms in Almelo
  • May 6th Chicago White Sox commit 12 errors against Detroit Tigers
  • May 14th President Theodore Roosevelt visits San Francisco
  • May 16th 1st transcontinental motorcycle trip begins at SF (George Wymann)
  • May 17th Cleve Indians beat NY Highlanders 9-2 in Columbus Ohio
  • May 20th Britain's House of Commons begins a debate on the charges of poor administration and ill treatment of natives in Belgium's colony in the Congo Free State
  • May 22nd Launch of the White Star Liner SS Ionic.
  • May 23rd 1st automobile trip across US from San Francisco to NY, ended April 1
  • May 23rd 1st direct primary election law in US adopted, by Wisconsin
  • May 26th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Three Gables" (BG)
  • May 27th 37th Belmont: John Bullman aboard Africander wins in 2:21.75
  • May 27th Queen Wilhelmina opens Berlages Merchants bureau in Amsterdam
  • May 29th May coup d'etat: Alexander Obrenovich, King of Serbia, and Queen Draga, are assassinated in Belgrade by the Black Hand (Crna Ruka) organization.
  • May 30th 28th Preakness: W Gannon aboard Flocarline wins in 1:44.8
  • Jun 2nd Netherlands Korfball League forms
  • Jun 2nd Pirates win a triple header from Dodgers
  • Jun 6th President Emile Loubet of France and Minister of Foreign Affairs Theophile Declasse visit London, furthering the cause of Entente Cordiale between Britain and France
  • Jun 10th In Belgrade, Yugoslavia, a military coup d'etat- led by the Queen's brother-in-law and other offices - kills King Alexander I of Serbia, Queen Draga, and many officers
  • Jun 11th 43rd British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 300 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Jun 12th Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city
  • Jun 12th The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity is founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
  • Jun 15th The Serbian Assembly meets and elects Prince Peter Karageorgevich king
  • Jun 16th 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out victory 1-0 over White Sox

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16th Ford Motors under Henry Ford incorporates

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Jun 16th Pepsi Cola company forms
  • Jun 16th Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.
  • Jun 18th 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in SF; arrives NY 3-mo later
  • Jun 21st Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Mazarine Stone" takes place (BG)
  • Jun 24th Russia prohibits meetings dealing with Zionist
  • Jun 25th Yanks & White Sox end deadlocked at 6-6 in 18
  • Jun 25th Boston Beaneater Wiley Piatt is only 20th-century pitcher to lose 2 complete games in one day, falling to Pittsburgh 1-0 & 5-3
  • Jun 27th 9th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 307 at Baltusrol GC NJ
  • Jun 27th 17th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Marion Jones (7-5, 8-6)
  • Jun 29th British government protests against abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Jul 1st 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
  • Jul 1st 20th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (4-6 6-4 6-2)
  • Jul 1st 27th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley (7-5 6-3 6-0)
  • Jul 2nd AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
  • Jul 2nd Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
  • Jul 4th Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, Pres TR sends message
  • Jul 6th George Wyman arrives in NYC by motorcycle 51 days out of SF
  • Jul 17th The Russian Social Democratic Workers Party meets, first in Brussels and then London because their leaders have been forced into exile by the Russian Government
  • Jul 19th 1st Tour de France won by Maurice Garin of France
  • Jul 20th Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X, known as the 'pope of the poor and humble'
  • Jul 25th Castle on top of Telegraph Hil, San Francisco closes
  • Jul 26th 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker
  • Aug 2nd Unsuccessful uprising of Macedonians against Turkey
  • Aug 4th Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto of Venice elected Pope Pius X
  • Aug 8th 3rd Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Boston (4-1)
  • Aug 8th In 11th an old black ball is put into play against Cleve, Tigers' Nap Lajoie protests ignored, he hurls ball out of park & forfeits game
  • Aug 12th The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Aug 14th James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 10 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Aug 15th New Zealand's All Blacks play their first Rugby Test Match against Australia's Wallabies at the Sydney Cricket Ground in Sydney; New Zealand win 22-3
  • Aug 16th Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • Aug 17th Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University & begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America
  • Aug 19th Philadelphia Phillies suffer record 9th straight postponed game
  • Aug 23rd 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
  • Aug 26th Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
  • Aug 26th 23rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Laurence Doherty beats William Larned (6-0, 6-3, 10-8)
  • Aug 29th The Finance Minister, Count Witte, is dismissed in what is seen as a victory for those in Russia who want their country to expand into Manchuria and Korea in defiance of the Japanese
  • Aug 31st Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month
  • Sep 3rd Resolute beats Shamrock III (England) in 13th America's Cup
  • Sep 6th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Creeping Man" (BG)
  • Sep 7th Federation of American Motorcyclists organized in NY
  • Sep 9th 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel in Switzerland inaugurated
  • Sep 11th The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
  • Sep 14th NY Giant Red Ames no-hits St Louis, 5-0 in a 5 inning game
  • Sep 15th Queen Wilhelmina calls railroad strikers "criminals"
  • Sep 17th Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
  • Sep 18th Phillies' Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0
  • Sep 19th King Leopold II denies Belgian cruelty in Congo
  • Sep 21st First cowboy film "Kit Carson" premieres in US
  • Sep 22nd Italo Marchiony granted patent for ice cream cone
  • Sep 24th Alfred Deakin succeeds Edmund Barton as Australia premier
  • Sep 24th Bill Bradley becomes 1st Cleveland baseball player (Cleveland Naps) to hit for cycle
  • Sep 27th Wreck of the Old 97, a train crash made famous by the song of the same name.
  • Sep 30th New Gresham's School officially opened by Field Marshal Sir Evelyn Wood.
  • Oct 1st 1st baseball World Series, Pittsburgh Pirates vs Boston Pilgrims (Red Sox)
  • Oct 5th Sir Samuel Griffith is appointed the first Chief Justice of Australia and Sir Edmund Barton and Richard O'Connor are appointed as foundation justices.
  • Oct 6th The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
  • Oct 8th J M Synge's "In the Shadow of the Glen" premieres in Dublin
  • Oct 9th 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
  • Oct 10th The Women's Social and Political Union was formed by Emmeline Pankhurst to fight for women's rights in Britain.
  • Oct 12th Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 13th Pilgrims beat Pirates 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
  • Oct 13th Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 16th Homel, 1st Jewish self defense organization founded in Russia
  • Oct 20th US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
  • Oct 23rd 8th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 18-6 in Montgomery
  • Oct 24th First trotter to run a mile under 2 minutes (Lou Dillon 1:58.1)
  • Oct 24th George Sutton becomes billards champion
  • Oct 26th Yerba Buena is first Key System ferry to cross San Francisco Bay
  • Oct 30th In violation of their promise to evacuate Manchuria, the Russian reoccupy Mukden and reinforce their troops in Manchuria
  • Nov 2nd Lyceum Theater (New Lyceum) opens at 149 W 45th St NYC
  • Nov 2nd New Amsterdam Theater opens at 214 W 42nd St NYC
  • Nov 3rd Colombia grants independence to Panama
  • Nov 3rd Giovanni Giolitti becomes Permier of Italy; a progressive liberal, he will hold his post through most of the next decade and introduce social, agrarian and labor reforms
  • Nov 4th Panama and Colombia wake up to news that the insurrectionists have declared an independent Republic of Panama
  • Nov 6th USA recognizes independence of Panama
  • Nov 15th Eugen d'Albert's opera "Tiefland" premieres in Prague
  • Nov 16th V Herbert & H Smith' musical "Babette" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 17th Dahomey (Benin) becomes a French protectorate.
  • Nov 17th In the Treaty of Petropolis, Bolivia cedes the territory of Arce to Brazil; Bolivia gains rail and water outlets in the east
  • Nov 18th Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
  • Nov 19th Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 22nd Franklin Roosevelt and Eleanor Roosevelt are engaged

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Nov 23rd Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
  • Nov 23rd Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
  • Nov 24th Clyde Coleman of NYC patents automobile electric starter
  • Nov 24th George Ade's "County Chairman" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 27th Opera "Die Heugierigen Frauen" is produced (Munich)
  • Dec 1st "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • Dec 3rd Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • Dec 6th Sumatra Atjehs guerilla leader Panglima Polim surrenders
  • Dec 9th Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10th Nobel for physics awarded to Pierre and Marie Curie

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Dec 11th British forces under MacDonald & Younghusband march into Tibet
  • Dec 12th Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • Dec 13th Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone mound (NJ)
  • Dec 14th Reg Foster completes 287 England v Australia on Test Cricket debut
  • Dec 14th The Wright brothers attempt to fly the Wright Flyer for the first time at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
  • Dec 16th Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
  • Dec 16th The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel opens its doors to guests for the first time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 17th The Wright Brothers make their first sustained motorized aircraft flight at 10:35 AM, piloted by Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina

  • Dec 19th Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
  • Dec 27th "Sweet Adaline", a barbershop quartet favorite, is first sung
  • Dec 28th Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 29th French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad & Ubangi-Shari
  • Dec 30th Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
  • Dec 30th American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans