Historical Events in 1904

Events 1 - 200 of 203

  • Jan 1st Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • Jan 4th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
  • Jan 4th In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted
  • Jan 5th -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jan 5th -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jan 5th England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7th Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jan 8th Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • Jan 11th Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising
  • Jan 12th Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17th Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 21st Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23rd Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 25th 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 25th J M Synge's "Ruders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • Jan 28th 1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them
  • Jan 29th 1st athletic letters given (Univ of Chicago football team)
  • Jan 31st Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth" premieres
  • Feb 4th John Millington Synge's "Well of Saints" premieres in Dublin
  • Feb 5th American occupation of Cuba ends
  • Feb 6th Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • Feb 7th Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)
  • Feb 9th Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, border of Manchuria
  • Feb 10th Japan and Russia declare war

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 17th Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly" premieres in Milan

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Giacomo Puccini
  • Feb 21st National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming Mich
  • Feb 22nd The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina; the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
  • Feb 22nd The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy
  • Feb 23rd United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • Feb 23rd Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
  • Feb 25th J M Synge's "Riders to the Sea" opens at Irish National Theater Society
  • Feb 25th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in 2 games
  • Feb 28th Vincent d'Indy's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29th Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Mar 1st England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
  • Mar 2nd "Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted
  • Mar 2nd Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 3rd Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5th Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • Mar 6th The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • Mar 8th Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick in his final Test Cricket match
  • Mar 9th Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes 1st hockey defenseman to score a goal
  • Mar 11th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
  • Mar 12th 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12th Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Mar 13th Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • Mar 14th In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the Supreme Court finds that the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; this is the first case that T. Roosevelt has undertaken in his 'trust-busting' campaign
  • Mar 18th First performance of Edward Elgar's "In the South (Alassio)"
  • Mar 25th 66th Grand National: Arthur Birch aboard Moifaa wins
  • Mar 28th Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • Apr 5th The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • Apr 8th Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • Apr 8th British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.
  • Apr 13th Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • Apr 13th US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • Apr 13th A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14th George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21st Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Apr 23rd American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
  • Apr 24th President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church
  • Apr 25th NY Highlander Jack Chesbro's 1st of 41 wins this year
  • Apr 26th Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • Apr 26th John C Watson leads the first Labour Government of Australian when Alfred Deakin resigns; Watson himself will resign in August
  • Apr 26th General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • Apr 27th The Australian Labor Party under Chris Watson becomes the first Labour government in the world
  • Apr 30th Ice cream cone makes its debut
  • May 2nd 30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior riding Elwood wins in 2:08.50
  • May 4th Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.
  • May 4th Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 5th Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Philadelphia A's (3-0)

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • May 6th American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting
  • May 7th Flexible Flyer trademark registered
  • May 9th The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.
  • May 11th Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace
  • May 17th Maurice Ravel's "Shéhérazade" premieres in Paris
  • May 18th In Morocco, a brigand, Raizuli, kidnaps Ion H. Perdicaris, an American citizen
  • May 21st Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) forms in Paris
  • May 21st France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • May 25th 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
  • May 26th In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • May 27th NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, NY Giants)
  • May 28th 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
  • May 30th Frank Chance gets hit by pitch 5 times in a doubleheader
  • May 30th The Japanese Army capture the City of Dairen after landing troops along the south coast of Manchuria
  • Jun 2nd Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
  • Jun 6th National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, NJ
  • Jun 10th 44th British Golf Open: Jack White shoots a 296 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jun 11th Cubs' Bob Wicker no-hits NY Giants, wins in 12th on 1 hitter, 1-0
  • Jun 11th German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • Jun 14th Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • Jun 14th At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • Jun 15th Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16th Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Jun 16th Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • Jun 21st Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade "Dougherty as a Yankee," 1st known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)
  • Jun 21st The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'
  • Jun 22nd Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • Jun 25th 18th U.S. Women's National Championship: May Sutton beats Elisabeth Moore (6-1, 6-2)
  • Jun 28th International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jun 28th The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks
  • Jun 29th 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe

Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 29th 21st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats Charlotte Cooper (6-0 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jun 29th 28th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley (6-1 7-5 8-6)
  • Jul 1st 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis
  • Jul 5th Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
  • Jul 5th 4th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Belgium in Wimbledon (5-0)
  • Jul 6th Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • Jul 6th The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B. Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 9th 10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club IL
  • Jul 15th 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • Jul 16th Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • Jul 19th Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • Jul 21st After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • Jul 21st Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH
  • Jul 23rd Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • Jul 24th 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France
  • Jul 28th Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • Jul 28th Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • Aug 3rd British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • Aug 7th Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
  • Aug 9th Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10th Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • Aug 10th Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • Aug 10th Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • Aug 10th Higlanders Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games
  • Aug 11th German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • Aug 11th The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • Aug 16th NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • Aug 17th Boston's Jesse Tannehell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 6-0
  • Aug 17th George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia
  • Aug 18th Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid
  • Aug 23rd Automobile tire chain patented
  • Aug 24th Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Aug 25th James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Aug 29th 3rd modern Olympic Games opens in St Louis, the 1st held in the U.S.
  • Aug 30th Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
  • Aug 31st 24th U.S. Men's National Championship: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (10-8, 6-4, 9-7)
  • Sep 3rd St Louis Olympics closes
  • Sep 4th Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • Sep 6th Soccer team Rheden forms
  • Sep 7th British forces in Tibet force the 13th Dalai Lama to sign a treaty granting Britain trading posts in Tibet and a guarantee that Tibet will not concede territory to foreign powers
  • Sep 9th Mounted police 1st used in NYC
  • Sep 9th Boston Herald again refers to NY baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2," Yankee name not official till 1913
  • Sep 19th Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
  • Sep 20th George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20th Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Wilbur Wright
  • Sep 21st The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today
  • Sep 23rd Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • Sep 25th Charles Follis is 1st black to play professional American football
  • Sep 26th Charles Kleins "Music Master" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26th Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • Sep 26th GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28th Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC
  • Sep 29th 1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio)
  • Sep 30th White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days
  • Oct 1st JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 1st Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
  • Oct 3rd France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • Oct 3rd Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • Oct 3rd Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • Oct 7th NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
  • Oct 8th 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
  • Oct 10th Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 10th Yanks 2 games out play 1st place Red Sox on final day doubleheader 41 game winner Chesbro loses 1st game & chance at pennant
  • Oct 10th Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • Oct 15th The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • Oct 16th Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • Oct 17th Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
  • Oct 18th Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • Oct 19th Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • Oct 20th Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • Oct 22nd Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • Oct 27th First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), fare one nickel
  • Oct 28th St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • Oct 29th First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
  • Oct 29th Interborough Rapid Transit subway opens in New York City
  • Nov 1st George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London
  • Nov 2nd British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • Nov 4th First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)
  • Nov 8th American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B. Parker (D)
  • Nov 8th Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug
  • Nov 9th 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
  • Nov 12th 9th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 29-5 in Birmingham
  • Nov 14th King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade
  • Nov 17th George Cohan's musical "Little Johnny Jones" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18th General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • Nov 23rd 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
  • Nov 28th Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
  • Dec 6th Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)
  • Dec 10th King Peter I of Serbia named nationalist regime
  • Dec 10th Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity.
  • Dec 12th CMS McClellan's "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 19th Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
  • Dec 24th German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • Dec 27th 'Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London