Historical Events in 1904

Events 1 - 200 of 202

  • Jan 1 Neth Indies colony begins opium production
  • Jan 4 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
  • Jan 4 In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted
  • Jan 5 -34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record)
  • Jan 5 -42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record)
  • Jan 5 England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st international radio distress signal

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • Jan 8 Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen
  • Jan 11 Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising
  • Jan 12 Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

Author and Playwright Anton Chekhov
Author and Playwright
Anton Chekhov
  • Jan 21 Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style.

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 25 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 25 J M Synge's "Ruders to the Sea" premieres in Dublin
  • Jan 28 1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them
  • Jan 29 1st athletic letters given (Univ of Chicago football team)
  • Jan 31 Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth" premieres
  • Feb 4 John Millington Synge's "Well of Saints" premieres in Dublin
  • Feb 5 American occupation of Cuba ends
  • Feb 6 Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow
  • Feb 7 Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks)
  • Feb 9 Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, border of Manchuria
  • Feb 10 Japan and Russia declare war

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 17 Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly" premieres in Milan

Composer Giacomo Puccini
Composer
Giacomo Puccini
  • Feb 21 National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming Mich
  • Feb 22 The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina; the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908.
  • Feb 22 The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy
  • Feb 23 United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • Feb 23 Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
  • Feb 25 J M Synge's "Riders to the Sea" opens at Irish National Theater Society
  • Feb 25 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in 2 games
  • Feb 28 Vincent d'Indy's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 29 Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Mar 1 England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
  • Mar 2 "Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted
  • Mar 2 Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 3 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 5 Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer
Nikola Tesla
  • Mar 6 The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific
  • Mar 8 Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick in his final Test Cricket match
  • Mar 9 Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes 1st hockey defenseman to score a goal
  • Mar 11 Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
  • Mar 12 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Mar 13 Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated
  • Mar 14 In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the Supreme Court finds that the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; this is the first case that T. Roosevelt has undertaken in his 'trust-busting' campaign
  • Mar 18 First performance of Edward Elgar's "In the South (Alassio)"
  • Mar 25 66th Grand National: Arthur Birch aboard Moifaa wins
  • Mar 28 Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town
  • Apr 5 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • Apr 8 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • Apr 8 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.
  • Apr 13 Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Hereros chase away German army
  • Apr 13 US Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin
  • Apr 13 A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 14 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London

  • Apr 18 L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing
  • Apr 19 8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of NY in 2:38:04.4
  • Apr 19 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • Apr 20 George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London
  • Apr 20 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 21 Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Apr 23 American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
  • Apr 24 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church
  • Apr 25 NY Highlander Jack Chesbro's 1st of 41 wins this year
  • Apr 26 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • Apr 26 John C Watson leads the first Labour Government of Australian when Alfred Deakin resigns; Watson himself will resign in August
  • Apr 26 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • Apr 27 The Australian Labor Party under Chris Watson becomes the first Labour government in the world
  • Apr 30 Ice cream cone makes its debut
  • May 2 30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior riding Elwood wins in 2:08.50
  • May 4 Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal.
  • May 4 Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 5 Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Philadelphia A's (3-0)

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • May 6 American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting
  • May 7 Flexible Flyer trademark registered
  • May 9 The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph.
  • May 11 Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace
  • May 17 Maurice Ravel's "Shéhérazade" premieres in Paris
  • May 18 In Morocco, a brigand, Raizuli, kidnaps Ion H. Perdicaris, an American citizen
  • May 21 Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) forms in Paris
  • May 21 France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart
  • May 25 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
  • May 26 In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan
  • May 27 NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, NY Giants)
  • May 28 29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2
  • May 30 Frank Chance gets hit by pitch 5 times in a doubleheader
  • May 30 The Japanese Army capture the City of Dairen after landing troops along the south coast of Manchuria
  • Jun 2 Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis
  • Jun 6 National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, NJ
  • Jun 10 44th British Golf Open: Jack White shoots a 296 at Royal St George's Golf Club
  • Jun 11 Cubs' Bob Wicker no-hits NY Giants, wins in 12th on 1 hitter, 1-0
  • Jun 11 German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa
  • Jun 14 Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants
  • Jun 14 At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties
  • Jun 15 Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16 Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Jun 16 Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland.
  • Jun 21 Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade "Dougherty as a Yankee," 1st known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913)
  • Jun 21 The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth'
  • Jun 22 Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage
  • Jun 25 18th U.S. Women's National Championship: May Sutton beats Elisabeth Moore (6-1, 6-2)
  • Jun 28 International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jun 28 The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks
  • Jun 29 2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe

Sport awardTennis Open

Jun 29 21st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats Charlotte Cooper (6-0 6-3)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jun 29 28th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats Frank Riseley (6-1 7-5 8-6)
  • Jul 1 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis
  • Jul 5 Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn
  • Jul 5 4th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Belgium in Wimbledon (5-0)
  • Jul 6 Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan
  • Jul 6 The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B. Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jul 9 10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club IL
  • Jul 15 1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles
  • Jul 16 Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs
  • Jul 19 Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
  • Jul 21 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • Jul 21 Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH
  • Jul 23 Ice cream cone created during St Louis World Fair - the 1st cone reputedly by Charles E. Menches
  • Jul 24 2nd Tour de France won by Henri Cornet of France
  • Jul 28 Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama
  • Jul 28 Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies
  • Aug 3 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • Aug 7 Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96
  • Aug 9 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 10 Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • Aug 10 Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • Aug 10 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • Aug 10 Higlanders Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games
  • Aug 11 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • Aug 11 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • Aug 16 NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • Aug 17 Boston's Jesse Tannehell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 6-0
  • Aug 17 George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia
  • Aug 18 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid
  • Aug 23 Automobile tire chain patented
  • Aug 24 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Aug 25 James J Jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • Aug 29 3rd modern Olympic Games opens in St Louis, the 1st held in the U.S.
  • Aug 30 Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
  • Aug 31 24th U.S. Men's National Championship: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (10-8, 6-4, 9-7)
  • Sep 3 St Louis Olympics closes
  • Sep 4 Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet
  • Sep 6 Soccer team Rheden forms
  • Sep 7 British forces in Tibet force the 13th Dalai Lama to sign a treaty granting Britain trading posts in Tibet and a guarantee that Tibet will not concede territory to foreign powers
  • Sep 9 Mounted police 1st used in NYC
  • Sep 9 Boston Herald again refers to NY baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2," Yankee name not official till 1913
  • Sep 19 Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties
  • Sep 20 George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 20 Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • Sep 21 The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today
  • Sep 23 Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet
  • Sep 25 Charles Follis is 1st black to play professional American football
  • Sep 26 Charles Kleins "Music Master" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26 Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada
  • Sep 26 GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 28 Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC
  • Sep 29 1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio)
  • Sep 30 White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days
  • Oct 1 JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies
  • Oct 1 Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor
  • Oct 3 France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence
  • Oct 3 Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards
  • Oct 3 Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School
  • Oct 7 NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12)
  • Oct 8 1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY)
  • Oct 10 Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 10 Yanks 2 games out play 1st place Red Sox on final day doubleheader 41 game winner Chesbro loses 1st game & chance at pennant
  • Oct 10 Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089
  • Oct 15 The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000)
  • Oct 16 Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur
  • Oct 17 Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
  • Oct 18 Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne
  • Oct 19 Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through superintendence of American C.A. O'Reilley
  • Oct 20 Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; ecognizing Chile's possession of the coast, providing for construction of a railway linking La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast
  • Oct 22 Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
  • Oct 27 First section of New York subway - Lower Manhattan to Broadway Harlem, opened by Interborough Rapid Transit (IRT), fare one nickel
  • Oct 28 St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints
  • Oct 29 First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
  • Nov 1 George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London
  • Nov 2 British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing
  • Nov 4 First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium)
  • Nov 8 American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B. Parker (D)
  • Nov 8 Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug
  • Nov 9 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes
  • Nov 12 9th Iron Bowl: Auburn beats Alabama 29-5 in Birmingham
  • Nov 14 King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade
  • Nov 17 George Cohan's musical "Little Johnny Jones" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 18 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
  • Nov 23 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
  • Nov 28 Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa
  • Dec 6 Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)
  • Dec 10 King Peter I of Serbia named nationalist regime
  • Dec 10 Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity.
  • Dec 12 CMS McClellan's "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 19 Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905
  • Dec 24 German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children
  • Dec 27 'Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London
  • Dec 27 W B Yeats/Lady Gregory's "On Baile's Strand" premieres in Dublin