Historical Events in 1905

Events 1 - 200 of 213

  • Jan 1st 9 hour work day for diamond miners
  • Jan 2nd Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California
  • Jan 2nd Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia
  • Jan 2nd The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
  • Jan 5th Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara
  • Jan 5th National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates
  • Jan 14th Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 15th Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater
  • Jan 16th Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman completes eighth transaction in 8 months
  • Jan 16th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Dawson City (Yukon) in 2 games Ottawa Silver 7 beats Dawson City (Yukon) 23-2 for Stanley Cup, this is most lopsided playoff game, Frank McGee scores 14 goals
  • Jan 17th Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago
  • Jan 18th French government of Combes falls

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20th US begins supervising the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing President Theodore Roosevelt's "Corollary" to the Monroe Doctrine

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jan 22nd In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26th Arnold Schoenberg's "Pelleas und Melissande" premieres in Vienna

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Jan 26th Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea
  • Jan 26th World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa
  • Jan 27th Maurice Rouvier forms government in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 29th Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

  • Jan 31st 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
  • Jan 31st Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
  • Feb 1st Hague soccer team ADO forms
  • Feb 1st Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns
  • Feb 7th Dominican Rep signs treaty turning over customs collection to US
  • Feb 8th Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people
  • Feb 11th James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • Feb 11th Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • Feb 13th -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • Feb 13th -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • Feb 13th -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • Feb 15th 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
  • Feb 16th 1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston
  • Feb 17th Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall
  • Feb 18th Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben" premieres in Munich
  • Feb 23rd First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago
  • Feb 24th Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
  • Feb 25th The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingenwas, a Dutch social-democratic trade union, forms
  • Mar 3rd US Forest Service forms
  • Mar 3rd Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 10th Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang)
  • Mar 11th Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1
  • Mar 12th The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
  • Mar 24th A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers
  • Mar 25th Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South
  • Mar 28th Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 31st Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Mar 31st 67th Grand National: Frank Mason aboard Kirkland wins
  • Apr 1st British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • Apr 1st SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • Apr 2nd Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • Apr 4th Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
  • Apr 5th James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • Apr 6th Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • Apr 12th French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • Apr 12th Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
  • Apr 17th US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
  • Apr 17th The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
  • Apr 19th 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of NY in 2:38:25.4
  • Apr 21st The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • Apr 22nd Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • Apr 24th 1st-class Cricket debut of Jack Hobbs, Surrey v Gentlemen (18 & 28)
  • Apr 24th Senators execute a triple-play & beat Yankees 4-3
  • Apr 25th Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Aust season (NSW v Qld)
  • Apr 25th Whites win right to vote in South Africa
  • Apr 26th Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
  • Apr 27th World Exposition opens in Liège
  • Apr 29th 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX
  • Apr 29th Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon
  • Apr 30th 1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2nd French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work

Novelist Jules Verne
Novelist
Jules Verne
  • May 5th Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender"
  • May 8th In Russia, the Union of Unions organizes under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage
  • May 10th 31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13th James J Jeffries retires as boxing champion

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • May 14th 2nd official international soccer match, Netherlands beats Belgium 4-0
  • May 15th Las Vegas Nevada founded
  • May 15th Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville
  • May 17th Waseda U of Tokyo defeats LA High School 5-3 in baseball
  • May 19th Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ
  • May 22nd Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School
  • May 24th 39th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08
  • May 26th A pogrom against Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
  • May 27th 30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8
  • May 27th Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima
  • May 29th Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania
  • May 31st Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
  • Jun 1st Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
  • Jun 6th French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request
  • Jun 7th Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814)
  • Jun 8th US President Theodore Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate and end hostilities, offering his personal services
  • Jun 9th 45th British Golf Open: James Braid shoots a 318 at St Andrews
  • Jun 10th 1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Me
  • Jun 11th Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs)
  • Jun 13th NY Giant Christy Mathewson 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0
  • Jun 24th 19th U.S. Women's National Championship: Elisabeth Moore beats Helen Homans (6-4, 5-7, 6-1)
  • Jun 25th Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation
  • Jun 27th Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa
  • Jun 30th In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution'
  • Jun 30th The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier
  • Jun 30th Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1st Albert Einstein introduces his theory of special relativity

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 3rd Kuyper government forms in Holland
  • Jul 3rd Marvin Hart KOs Jack Hart in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 4th Philadelphia A's beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game
  • Jul 6th Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time.
  • Jul 7th 127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record)
  • Jul 8th Part of Angel Island in San Francisco Bay allocated for Immigration Detention Center
  • Jul 8th 22nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: May Bundy beats Dorothea Chambers (6-3 6-4)
  • Jul 8th 29th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats N Brookes (8-6 6-2 6-4)
  • Jul 8th The soldiers of the Russian battleship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Rumanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after
  • Jul 10th Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court
  • Jul 11th Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement
  • Jul 12th The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power
  • Jul 22nd Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0
  • Jul 24th 5th Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Wimbledon (5-0)
  • Jul 24th Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Emperor Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers
  • Jul 29th US Secretary of State William Howard Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to Japanese free rein in Korea in return for non-interference with the US in the Philippines
  • Jul 30th Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
  • Jul 30th 3rd Tour de France won by Louis Trousselier of France
  • Jul 31st Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
  • Aug 5th First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Theodore Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York
  • Aug 6th 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 9th Mistaking her husband for a burglar, Ty Cobb's mother kills him

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Aug 12th King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station
  • Aug 14th Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • Aug 15th Philadelphia A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings
  • Aug 16th Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • Aug 17th Dutch government of De Master begins
  • Aug 19th Russian Tsar Nicholas II installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers
  • Aug 20th Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus
  • Aug 24th Chicago Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings
  • Aug 29th Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville
  • Aug 30th Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
  • Aug 30th Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro
  • Aug 31st Mbunga rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East Africa
  • Aug 31st 25th U.S. Men's National Championship: Beals Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2, 6-1, 11-9)
  • Sep 1st Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1st Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Sep 5th Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit
  • Sep 5th The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Theodore Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator
  • Sep 5th 50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after it's victory over Russia
  • Sep 6th Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms
  • Sep 6th Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0
  • Sep 6th General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident)
  • Sep 8th Pittsburgh Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base & lose to Reds 8-3
  • Sep 10th Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes
  • Sep 14th Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated
  • Sep 14th Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname
  • Sep 14th RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man
  • Sep 18th Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam
  • Sep 20th Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
  • Sep 21st Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms
  • Sep 22nd 11th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club Mass
  • Sep 22nd Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed)
  • Sep 23rd Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken
  • Sep 27th 1st published blues composition forms sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues
  • Sep 27th Boston's Bill Dinneen no-hits Chicago White Sox, 2-0
  • Sep 27th The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².
  • Oct 1st František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 5th Orville and Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

Aviator Wilbur Wright
Aviator
Wilbur Wright
  • Oct 9th Philadelphia A's meet Giants in World Series, Giants win 3-0
  • Oct 14th NY Giants beats Philadelphia A's, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series
  • Oct 14th Giant's Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight World Series shutout

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 15th Claude Debussy's "La Mer" premieres

Composer Claude Debussy
Composer
Claude Debussy
  • Oct 15th Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands
  • Oct 16th The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred.
  • Oct 20th Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
  • Oct 20th Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
  • Oct 21st England Pilgrim Association beats All NY 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds
  • Oct 23rd Edward Milton Royle's play "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 25th 1st College Football Crab Bowl Classic: Navy beats Maryland 17-0 in Annapolis
  • Oct 26th First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
  • Oct 26th Union of Sweden & Norway ends
  • Oct 29th Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured
  • Oct 30th "October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30th George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

  • Oct 31st Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg
  • Nov 3rd Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
  • Nov 4th Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam
  • Nov 9th Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages
  • Nov 10th Sailors join the rebellion at Kronstadt naval base in Russia
  • Nov 11th High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass supprt
  • Nov 12th (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
  • Nov 14th David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West" premieres in NYC
  • Nov 16th Neth/Russ Count Witte becomes premier of Russia
  • Nov 17th The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea.
  • Nov 18th George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London
  • Nov 18th Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
  • Nov 18th 10th Iron Bowl: Alabama beats Auburn 30-0 in Birmingham
  • Nov 19th The steamer "Hilda" sinks in the English Channel (100 people drown)
  • Nov 21st 1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open
  • Nov 22nd British, Italian, Russian, French & Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos
  • Nov 23rd Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti
  • Nov 24th Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel
  • Nov 26th 1st Australasian Championships: Rodney Heath beats Albert Curtis (4-6, 6-3, 6-4, 6-4)
  • Nov 28th Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Fein in Dublin
  • Dec 4th British government of Balfour resigns
  • Dec 5th Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
  • Dec 9th French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state