Historical Events in 1909

  • Jan 1st Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
  • Jan 1st Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • Jan 1st In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income
  • Jan 2nd 1st official Dutch 11 city skate (Minne Hoekstra in 13:50)
  • Jan 5th Colombia recognizes Panama's independence
  • Jan 9th Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south)
  • Jan 14th Coöp. Far. Central Management forms
  • Jan 16th British explorers David, Mawson & Mackay reach south magnetic pole as part of the Nimrod Expedition
  • Jan 19th Eugene Walter's "Easiest Way" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 22nd Vassily Kandinsky forms Kunstlerverein in Munich
  • Jan 23rd 1st radio rescue at sea
  • Jan 25th Richard Strauss' premier of "Elektra" in Dresden
  • Jan 27th The Young Left is founded in Norway.
  • Jan 28th US military forces leave Cuba for 2nd time
  • Feb 1st US Assay Office in Salt Lake City, Utah opens
  • Feb 1st US forces withdraw from Cuba after liberal Jose Miguel Gomez becomes president; ensuing political instability will bring a threat of US intervention in 1912
  • Feb 2nd Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • Feb 8th France & Germany sign treaty about Morocco
  • Feb 9th 1st federal legislation prohibiting narcotics (opium)
  • Feb 9th 1st forestry school is incorporated at Kent, Ohio
  • Feb 12th National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
  • Feb 12th Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter & Wijnkoop)
  • Feb 12th Robert Fowler runs world record marathon (2:46:52.6)
  • Feb 16th 1st subway car with side doors goes into service (NYC)
  • Feb 16th Serbia mobilizes against Austria-Hungary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18th Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Feb 20th Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
  • Feb 21st John Galsworthy's "Strife" premieres in London
  • Feb 22nd Great White Fleet, 1st US fleet to circle the globe, returns to Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 23rd Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • Feb 24th The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
  • Feb 26th Austria and Turkey conclude an agreement in which Turkey recognizes Austria's 1908 annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and is to receive compensation
  • Mar 1st 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
  • Mar 2nd Great Britain, France, Germany & Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
  • Mar 3rd Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th William Howard Taft inaugrated as 27th US President during 10" snowstorm

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Mar 4th US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 6th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Griselda" premieres in Vienna

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Mar 10th Jack Johnson fights Victor McLaglen to no decision in 6 for box title
  • Mar 12th Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
  • Mar 14th Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
  • Mar 18th Einar Dessau of Denmark makes 1st ham broadcast
  • Mar 18th Russia and Bulgaria reach an agreement in which late 19th century Russian financial claims are cancelled to meet compensation due to Turkey from Bulgaria
  • Mar 21st Moran & MacFarland (US) wins Europe's 1st 6 day bicycle race (Berlin)
  • Mar 21st Germany sends Russia a diplomatic notes requesting recognition of the Austrian annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and cessation of support to Serbia in the controversy
  • Mar 26th August Strindberg's "Bjalb-jarle-ti" premieres in Stockholm
  • Mar 26th In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz
  • Mar 26th 71st Grand National: Georges Parfrement aboard Lutteur III wins
  • Mar 30th Queensboro Bridge opens, linking Manhattan & Queens
  • Mar 31st Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years
  • Mar 31st Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time
  • Mar 31st In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
  • Apr 6th 1st credit union forms in US
  • Apr 6th North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson
  • Apr 9th The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • Apr 11th Establishment of Tel Aviv by Jewish settlers (named 1910)
  • Apr 12th Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
  • Apr 13th In Constantinople the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign
  • Apr 14th Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London
  • Apr 15th NY Giant Red Ames 2nd no-hitter, loses in 13 on a 7 hitter to Dodgers
  • Apr 19th 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of NH in 2:53:36.8

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 19th Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • Apr 19th A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • Apr 24th Harry Hillman & Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • Apr 27th Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • May 1st Netherlands begins unity with Belgium

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

May 2nd Honus Wagner steals his way around bases in 1st inning against Cubs

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • May 3rd 35th Kentucky Derby: Vincent Powers on Wintergreen wins in 2:08.2
  • May 7th Construction begins on first 100 houses in Ahuzat Bayit (Tel Aviv)
  • May 8th Albert Raines runs world record marathon (2:46:04.6)
  • May 8th Frederick Barrett runs world record marathon (2:42:31)
  • May 10th Winchester's Fred Toney no-hits Lexington for 17 inning
  • May 12th 34th Preakness: Willie Doyle aboard Effendi wins in 1:39.8
  • May 13th Christian National Labor Workers (CNV) party begins in Netherlands
  • May 13th The first Giro d'Italia takes place in Milan: Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna is the winner.
  • May 17th White firemen on Georgia lroad strike to protest against hiring blacks
  • May 19th Jack Johnson fights Jack O'Brien to no decision in 6 for boxing title
  • May 22nd 1st San Francisco fireboat, David Scannell, launched
  • May 24th Bristol University granted Royal Charter
  • May 29th Frank "Home Run" Baker's 1st career home run
  • May 30th National Conference on the Negro is held
  • May 30th Reuben Siegel laid cornerstone of 1st home in Tel-Aviv
  • May 31st 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
  • Jun 1st Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
  • Jun 2nd 43rd Belmont: Eddie Dugan riding Joe Madden wins in 2:21.6
  • Jun 2nd Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Jun 7th Cleveland Industrial Exposition opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7th Mary Pickford made her screen debut at the age of 16.

Actress Mary Pickford
Actress
Mary Pickford
  • Jun 9th Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the USA, driving a Maxwell automobile 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days with three non-driving female companions.
  • Jun 11th 49th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 295 at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
  • Jun 12th "Shine On, Harvest Moon" by Ada Jones & Billy Murray hits #1
  • Jun 15th Representatives from England, Australia and South Africa meet at Lord's and form the Imperial Cricket Conference.
  • Jun 16th 1st US airplane sold commercially, by Glenn Curtiss for $5,000

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 16th Jim Thorpe makes his pro baseball pitching debut for Rocky Mount (ECL) with 4-2 win, this will cause him to forfeit his Olympic medals

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Jun 18th Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
  • Jun 20th 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham & Eleanor Waring)
  • Jun 23rd Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
  • Jun 24th 15th US Golf Open: George Sargent shoots a 290 at Englewood GC NJ
  • Jun 25th George Sargent wins US Open golf tournament
  • Jun 26th Victoria & Albert Museum opens in London
  • Jun 27th Etten-Leur 1st airplane flight in Neth (Belgium count De Lambert)
  • Jun 27th 23rd U.S. Women's National Championship: Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman beats Maud Barger-Wallach (6-0, 6-1)
  • Jun 28th 1st French air show, Concours d'Avation opens
  • Jun 30th Jack Johnson fights Tony Ross to no decision in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 3rd 26th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dora Boothby beats A Morton (6-4 4-6 8-6)
  • Jul 3rd 33rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Arthur Gore beats J Ritchie (6-8 1-6 6-2 6-2 6-2)
  • Jul 8th 1st pro baseball game (minor league) played under lights
  • Jul 12th 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)
  • Jul 14th Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 15th Ty Cobb hits 2 inside-the-park HRs

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • Jul 16th Det & Wash play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
  • Jul 19th Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
  • Jul 24th Bkln Dodger Nap Rucker strikes out 16 Pittsburgh Pirates
  • Jul 25th France's Louis Bleriot, makes 1st airplane flight across English Channel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 27th Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1h12m40s

  • Jul 30th John Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Jul 30th Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • Jul 31st Bill Burns pitching for White Sox has 2nd no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
  • Aug 1st British SS Waratah disappears on Sydney to London, 300 killed
  • Aug 1st 7th Tour de France won by Francois Faber of Luxembourg
  • Aug 2nd 1st Lincoln head pennies minted
  • Aug 2nd Army Air Corps formed as Army takes 1st delivery from Wright Brothers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4th Ump Tim Hurst instigates a riot by spitting at A's 2nd baseman Eddie Collins, who had questioned a call, this leads to Hurst's banishment

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Aug 6th Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
  • Aug 7th US issues 1st Lincoln penny
  • Aug 10th Algemeene Netherland Toonkunstenars Ver (ANTV) begins
  • Aug 11th SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • Aug 11th Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • Aug 18th Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
  • Aug 19th Indianapolis 500 race track opens
  • Aug 24th Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • Aug 26th Frank Tarrant scores cricket 145 & 13-67 for Middlesex v Gloucs
  • Aug 26th Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
  • Aug 27th Jack Chesbro's final Highlander game
  • Aug 27th 29th U.S. Men's National Championship: William Larned beats William Clothier (6-1, 6-2, 5-7, 1-6, 6-1)
  • Aug 29th AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
  • Aug 29th World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
  • Aug 30th Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
  • Aug 31st A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball
  • Aug 31st Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2)
  • Sep 2nd King Edward VII signs South Africa Act
  • Sep 6th Word received that American explorer Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole, 5 months earlier
  • Sep 7th Eugene Lefebvre becomes first pilot to die in an airplane craft, while test piloting new French-built Wright biplane at Juvisy
  • Sep 9th Jack Johnson fights Al Kaufman to no decision in 10 for boxing title
  • Sep 11th Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
  • Sep 12th World's first patent for synthetic rubber granted to German chemist Fritz Hofmann
  • Sep 13th Ty Cobb clinches AL HR title with his 9th HR (all inside-the-park)
  • Sep 17th Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
  • Sep 18th Largest paid baseball attendance (35,409), A's beat Tigers, 2-0 in Det
  • Sep 20th The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
  • Sep 25th Hudson-Fulton Celebration opens in NY
  • Sep 27th US President Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land (including Teapot Dome, Wyoming) for conservation purposes
  • Oct 2nd 1st rugby match (Twickenham)
  • Oct 8th Chicago Cubs beat NY Giants 4-2 in a playoff to win NL pennant
  • Oct 9th Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game
  • Oct 14th Pirates beat Tigers, 5-4, forces 1st full 7 game world series
  • Oct 16th Jack Johnson KOs Stanley Ketchel in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Oct 16th Pirates beat Tigers 4 games to 3 in 6th World Series
  • Oct 18th Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
  • Oct 24th Italy and Russia sign the Racconigi Pact in which both nations promise to support the status quo in the Balkans
  • Oct 26th Itō Hirobumi, Resident-General of Korea, and former Japanese Prime Minister, shot and killed by Korean nationalist in Harbin, China
  • Nov 4th Opera "Il Segreto di Susanna" is produced (Munich)
  • Nov 7th Knights of St Peter Claver founded in Mobile, Alabama; Ladies Auxiliary formed in 1922
  • Nov 11th Construction of US navy base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, begins
  • Nov 11th J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding" premieres in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12th Mackenzie King takes his seat in the House of Commons as Minister of Labour

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • Nov 13th 259 miners die in a fire at St Paul Mine at Cherry, Illinois
  • Nov 13th Ben Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 13th Collier's magazine accuses U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Ballinger of questionable dealings in Alaskan coal fields.
  • Nov 16th EVV Eindhoven soccer team forms
  • Nov 18th US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya
  • Nov 19th Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
  • Nov 20th Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Nov 23rd 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)
  • Nov 23rd Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes
  • Nov 26th Sigma Alpha Mu is founded in the City College of New York by 8 Jewish young men.
  • Nov 30th 9th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Sydney (5-0)
  • Nov 30th The British House of Lords rejects the 'People's Budget' prepared by David Lloyd George, which tried to shift the tax burden to the wealthy. This led to the Parliament Act intended to stop the unelected house overruling the will of the elected house.
  • Dec 1st 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • Dec 1st 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • Dec 4th 1st CFL Grey Cup: University of Toronto defeats Toronto Parkdale, 26-6
  • Dec 7th Belgian-born Leo Baekeland, Yonkers, NY, patents 1st thermosetting plastic (Bakelite)
  • Dec 8th Bird banding society found
  • Dec 9th 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
  • Dec 11th Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • Dec 11th Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • Dec 15th Thomas J Lynch becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 16th A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • Dec 17th Leopold II, king of Belgium, died in Laeken after a reign of exactly 44 years
  • Dec 21st 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
  • Dec 21st Clyde Fitch' "City" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 21st U of Coopenhagen rejects Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • Dec 23rd Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians