Historical Events in 1912

Events 1 - 200 of 245

  • Jan 1 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
  • Jan 1 Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
  • Jan 1 The Republic of China is established.
  • Jan 3 South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
  • Jan 3 10th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Christchurch (5-0)
  • Jan 4 Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • Jan 4 The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • Jan 5 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • Jan 5 The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • Jan 6 New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6 Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • Jan 8 Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • Jan 9 US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • Jan 10 Caillaux government in France resigns
  • Jan 10 World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • Jan 11 Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • Jan 12 -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
  • Jan 13 -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • Jan 14 Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Jan 23 The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • Jan 29 Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
  • Feb 2 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
  • Feb 7 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • Feb 8 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
  • Feb 8 British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • Feb 9 US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion
  • Feb 10 Hobbs & Rhodes make 323 cricket opening stand v Aust at MCG
  • Feb 12 China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 12 Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
  • Feb 13 England regains the Ashes
  • Feb 14 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
  • Feb 14 Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • Feb 15 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • Feb 16 VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • Feb 20 Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
  • Feb 22 J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • Feb 25 Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • Feb 26 Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
  • Feb 27 Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • Feb 28 Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50
  • Mar 1 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • Mar 1 Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
  • Mar 5 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • Mar 5 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole

Polar Explorer Roald Amundsen
Polar Explorer
Roald Amundsen
  • Mar 11 1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-min periods, formerly played in 30-min halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep
  • Mar 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • Mar 12 Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
  • Mar 12 Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
  • Mar 13 Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
  • Mar 13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • Mar 14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15 Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Mar 16 Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 17 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • Mar 22 Agnes Martin, Macklin Canada, Canadian-American abstract painter
  • Mar 27 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 29 Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
  • Mar 29 74th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Jerry M. wins
  • Mar 30 French protectorate in Morocco established
  • Apr 1 Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres.
  • Apr 2 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China
  • Apr 2 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • Apr 4 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
  • Apr 4 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • Apr 6 Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
  • Apr 8 Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • Apr 9 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
  • Apr 10 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • Apr 11 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY
  • Apr 11 Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
  • Apr 11 The British Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • Apr 13 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • Apr 14 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
  • Apr 15 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on
  • Apr 16 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • Apr 16 Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
  • Apr 17 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
  • Apr 18 The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • Apr 18 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • Apr 19 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of NY in 2:21:18.2
  • Apr 20 Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
  • Apr 20 Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
  • Apr 26 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)
  • Apr 27 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • Apr 29 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
  • Apr 29 Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin
  • May 1 Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
  • May 1 Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • May 4 Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • May 5 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
  • May 5 Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • May 7 Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer
  • May 8 Film and television production/distribution studio Paramount Pictures is founded
  • May 11 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4
  • May 13 Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain
  • May 15 37th Preakness: Clarnence Turner on Colonel Holloway wins in 1:56.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • May 18 A's beat Tigers 24-2, who use amateurs protesting Ty Cobbs suspension
  • May 18 Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies
  • May 19 AL Pres Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball
  • May 28 Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Aust v South Africa
  • May 29 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
  • May 29 Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • May 30 US Marines sent to Nicaragua
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Joe Dawson wins in 6:21:06.144 (120.060 km/h)
  • May 31 US marines land on Cuba
  • Jun 1 Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • Jun 4 Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
  • Jun 4 Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law
  • Jun 5 US marines invade Cuba (3nd time)
  • Jun 6 The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
  • Jun 7 St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
  • Jun 7 US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
  • Jun 8 Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • Jun 13 NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
  • Jun 15 26th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Eleonora Sears (6-4, 6-2)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 18 The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jun 19 Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
  • Jun 20 NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • Jun 20 NY Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
  • Jun 25 52nd British Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Muirfield
  • Jun 26 Gustav Mahler's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • Jul 3 NY Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak
  • Jul 4 Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
  • Jul 4 Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 6 Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
  • Jul 8 G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • Jul 8 Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 8 29th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Ethel Larcombe beats Charlotte Cooper (6-3 6-1)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 8 36th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats A Gore (6-4 6-4 4-6 6-4)
  • Jul 10 Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • Jul 12 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
  • Jul 14 Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
  • Jul 15 British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • Jul 16 Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • Jul 17 IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • Jul 18 Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • Jul 19 A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • Jul 20 Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
  • Jul 22 5th Olympic games in Stockholm, Sweden closes
  • Jul 22 In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • Jul 25 Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • Jul 28 10th Tour de France won by Odile Defraye of Belgium
  • Jul 31 RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
  • Jul 31 US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship)
  • Aug 2 18th US Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY
  • Aug 5 Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
  • Aug 7 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President
  • Aug 14 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • Aug 15 Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
  • Aug 19 Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key" premieres
  • Aug 20 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • Aug 20 Wash Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings
  • Aug 21 Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of Univ of British Columbia
  • Aug 22 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24 NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Aug 24 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • Aug 24 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • Aug 25 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • Aug 25 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • Aug 25 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 26 Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Aug 26 32nd U.S. Men's National Championship: Maurice McLoughlin beats Wallace F. Johnson (3-6, 2-6, 6-2, 6-4, 6-2)
  • Aug 27 Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes "Tarzan of the Apes"
  • Aug 30 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3 Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke" premieres

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Sep 4 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • Sep 6 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 7 Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Sep 9 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • Sep 11 Netherland Olympic Committee forms
  • Sep 11 Philadelphia A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
  • Sep 12 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • Sep 15 Red Sox pitcher Joe Wood ties then record of 16 straight wins
  • Sep 15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • Sep 17 Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles
  • Sep 19 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • Sep 19 Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
  • Sep 22 Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9/7/12)
  • Sep 23 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released
  • Sep 23 Mack Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
  • Sep 25 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 27 W. C. Handy publishes "Memphis Blues", considered the 1st blues song

Musician and Father of the Blues W. C. Handy
Musician and Father of the Blues
W. C. Handy
  • Sep 28 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
  • Sep 29 French/British troops lands on Samoa
  • Oct 1 Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 5 Red Sox defeat A's 3-0 for then AL record 105th win
  • Oct 5 Yanks win final game at Hilltop stadium
  • Oct 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • Oct 15 Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield
  • Oct 16 Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres
  • Oct 16 Boston beats NY Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series