Historical Events in 1912

Events 1 - 200 of 245

  • Jan 1st 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
  • Jan 1st Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
  • Jan 1st The Republic of China is established.
  • Jan 3rd South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free
  • Jan 3rd 10th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Christchurch (5-0)
  • Jan 4th Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
  • Jan 4th The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
  • Jan 5th 1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria)
  • Jan 5th The Prague Party Conference takes place.
  • Jan 6th New Mexico becomes 47th state of the Union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 6th Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist Alfred Wegener
Meteorologist, Geologist, Astronomist
Alfred Wegener
  • Jan 8th Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms
  • Jan 9th US Marines send troops to Honduras
  • Jan 10th Caillaux government in France resigns
  • Jan 10th World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY)
  • Jan 11th Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts
  • Jan 12th -47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
  • Jan 13th -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
  • Jan 14th Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17th Captain Robert Scott's expedition arrives at the South Pole, one month after Roald Amundsen

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • Jan 23rd The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague.
  • Jan 29th Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA
  • Feb 2nd Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)
  • Feb 7th 2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40)
  • Feb 8th 1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla
  • Feb 8th British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength
  • Feb 9th US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion
  • Feb 10th Hobbs & Rhodes make 323 cricket opening stand v Aust at MCG
  • Feb 12th China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • Feb 12th Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
  • Feb 13th England regains the Ashes
  • Feb 14th 1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct
  • Feb 14th Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
  • Feb 15th Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • Feb 16th VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • Feb 20th Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
  • Feb 22nd J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph
  • Feb 25th Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg.
  • Feb 26th Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March)
  • Feb 27th Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
  • Feb 28th Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50
  • Mar 1st U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • Mar 1st Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
  • Mar 5th Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
  • Mar 5th Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • Mar 7th Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole
  • Mar 11th 1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-min periods, formerly played in 30-min halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep
  • Mar 11th Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12th Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low
  • Mar 12th Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
  • Mar 12th Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
  • Mar 13th Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
  • Mar 13th Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • Mar 14th King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 15th Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • Mar 16th Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 17th Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • Mar 22nd Agnes Martin, Macklin Canada, Canadian-American abstract painter
  • Mar 27th 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 29th Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"
  • Mar 29th 74th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Jerry M. wins
  • Mar 30th French protectorate in Morocco established
  • Apr 1st Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres.
  • Apr 2nd Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China
  • Apr 2nd Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • Apr 4th Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia
  • Apr 4th Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • Apr 6th Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
  • Apr 8th Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • Apr 9th 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
  • Apr 10th RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • Apr 11th RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY
  • Apr 11th Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid
  • Apr 11th The British Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • Apr 13th Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)
  • Apr 14th RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
  • Apr 15th RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on
  • Apr 16th Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • Apr 16th Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base)
  • Apr 17th 1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep")
  • Apr 18th The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City.
  • Apr 18th Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • Apr 19th 16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of NY in 2:21:18.2
  • Apr 20th Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
  • Apr 20th Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5
  • Apr 26th 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)
  • Apr 27th Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • Apr 29th 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)
  • Apr 29th Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin
  • May 1st Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms
  • May 1st Beverly Hills Hotel opens
  • May 4th Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes
  • May 5th 5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden
  • May 5th Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS)
  • May 7th Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer
  • May 8th Film and television production/distribution studio Paramount Pictures is founded
  • May 11th 38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4
  • May 13th Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain
  • May 15th 37th Preakness: Clarnence Turner on Colonel Holloway wins in 1:56.6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15th Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended

MLB Legend Ty Cobb
MLB Legend
Ty Cobb
  • May 18th A's beat Tigers 24-2, who use amateurs protesting Ty Cobbs suspension
  • May 18th Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies
  • May 19th AL Pres Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball
  • May 28th Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Aust v South Africa
  • May 29th 15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break
  • May 29th Ballets Russes premieres their ballet L'après-midi d'un faune (The Afternoon of a Faun) in Paris, choreographed by Vaslav Nijinsky
  • May 30th US Marines sent to Nicaragua
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Joe Dawson wins in 6:21:06.144 (120.060 km/h)
  • May 31st US marines land on Cuba
  • Jun 1st Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
  • Jun 4th Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses
  • Jun 4th Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law
  • Jun 5th US marines invade Cuba (3nd time)
  • Jun 6th The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century.
  • Jun 7th St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America"
  • Jun 7th US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane
  • Jun 8th Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures.
  • Jun 13th NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game
  • Jun 15th 26th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Eleonora Sears (6-4, 6-2)

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 18th The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Jun 19th Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College
  • Jun 20th NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice)
  • Jun 20th NY Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
  • Jun 25th 52nd British Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Muirfield
  • Jun 26th Gustav Mahler's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
  • Jul 3rd NY Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak
  • Jul 4th Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0
  • Jul 4th Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jul 6th Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6)
  • Jul 8th G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge
  • Jul 8th Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 8th 29th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Ethel Larcombe beats Charlotte Cooper (6-3 6-1)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 8th 36th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats A Gore (6-4 6-4 4-6 6-4)
  • Jul 10th Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6)
  • Jul 12th 1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC
  • Jul 14th Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
  • Jul 15th British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
  • Jul 16th Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske
  • Jul 17th IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden
  • Jul 18th Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
  • Jul 19th A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town.
  • Jul 20th Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
  • Jul 22nd 5th Olympic games in Stockholm, Sweden closes
  • Jul 22nd In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea
  • Jul 25th Comoros proclaimed a French colonies
  • Jul 28th 10th Tour de France won by Odile Defraye of Belgium
  • Jul 31st RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
  • Jul 31st US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship)
  • Aug 2nd 18th US Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY
  • Aug 5th Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.
  • Aug 7th Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President
  • Aug 14th 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • Aug 15th Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game
  • Aug 19th Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key" premieres
  • Aug 20th Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • Aug 20th Wash Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings
  • Aug 21st Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of Univ of British Columbia
  • Aug 22nd England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 24th NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Aug 24th District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • Aug 24th US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • Aug 25th 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • Aug 25th Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • Aug 25th The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Aug 26th Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Aug 26th 32nd U.S. Men's National Championship: Maurice McLoughlin beats Wallace F. Johnson (3-6, 2-6, 6-2, 6-4, 6-2)
  • Aug 27th Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes "Tarzan of the Apes"
  • Aug 30th St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 3rd Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke" premieres

Composer and Painter Arnold Schoenberg
Composer and Painter
Arnold Schoenberg
  • Sep 4th First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • Sep 6th NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Sep 7th Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit

Baseball Legend Eddie Collins
Baseball Legend
Eddie Collins
  • Sep 9th J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • Sep 11th Netherland Olympic Committee forms
  • Sep 11th Philadelphia A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
  • Sep 12th Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • Sep 15th Red Sox pitcher Joe Wood ties then record of 16 straight wins
  • Sep 15th War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • Sep 17th Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles
  • Sep 19th Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • Sep 19th Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda
  • Sep 22nd Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9/7/12)
  • Sep 23rd 1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released
  • Sep 23rd Mack Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt)
  • Sep 25th Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York.
  • Sep 27th W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912
  • Sep 28th SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die
  • Sep 29th French/British troops lands on Samoa
  • Oct 1st Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2nd Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 5th Red Sox defeat A's 3-0 for then AL record 105th win
  • Oct 5th Yanks win final game at Hilltop stadium
  • Oct 6th Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7th The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8th Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14th Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14th Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • Oct 15th Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield
  • Oct 16th Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres
  • Oct 16th Boston beats NY Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series