Historical Events in 1913

Events 1 - 200 of 259

  • Jan 1 Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 1 8th Australasian Championships: James Cecil Parke beats Alfred Beamish (3-6, 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 7-5)
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8 Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as president of France
  • Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing as a professional

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • Feb 2 NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 3 Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Feb 18 French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • Feb 22 Lowell HS, SF opens (on its 1st campus)
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • Feb 28 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
  • Mar 1 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
  • Mar 1 US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
  • Mar 3 Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
  • Mar 4 Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 4 NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 8 Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • Mar 24 Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster in Ohio
  • Mar 25 Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Apr 3 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
  • Apr 4 The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • Apr 4 75th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Covertcoat wins
  • Apr 8 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • Apr 8 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • Apr 9 Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
  • Apr 10 President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10 Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Apr 10 During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • Apr 14 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • Apr 16 The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • Apr 19 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minn in 2:25:14.8
  • Apr 21 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • Apr 22 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • Apr 24 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • Apr 26 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
  • May 1 Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • May 6 King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • May 7 British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • May 7 An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • May 9 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
  • May 10 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8
  • May 10 Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
  • May 12 Harry Green runs world record marathon (2:38:16.2)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 13 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • May 14 Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • May 14 Wash Senator Walter Johnson ends record scorless streak at 56 innings
  • May 19 Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • May 20 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
  • May 26 US Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)
  • May 26 Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris, provoking a riot.

Composer Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
  • May 30 1st Balkan War ends, Treaty of London
  • May 30 New country of Albania, forms
  • May 30 John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Jules Goux wins in 6:35:05.108 (126.686 km/h)
  • May 31 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • May 31 Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • Jun 1 The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • Jun 2 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • Jun 2 Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • Jun 3 Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Suffragette Emily Davison steps in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 5 Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • Jun 6 Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • Jun 7 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
  • Jun 11 Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • Jun 12 "Dachshund" by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released
  • Jun 13 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
  • Jun 13 Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • Jun 14 The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • Jun 14 27th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Dorothy Green (6-2, 7-5)
  • Jun 15 The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.
  • Jun 16 South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • Jun 19 Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • Jun 20 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • Jun 20 Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • Jun 21 Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • Jun 24 53rd British Golf Open: J H Taylor shoots a 304 at Hoylake Hoylake
  • Jun 25 Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • Jun 25 American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • Jun 29 The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War
  • Jun 30 NY Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
  • Jun 30 To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup
  • Jul 1 Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 3 Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • Jul 3 Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • Jul 4 37th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats Maurice E. McLoughlin (8-6 6-3 10-8)
  • Jul 4 30th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats W McNair (6-0 6-4)
  • Jul 5 Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • Jul 10 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, California (US record)
  • Jul 10 Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 10 Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • Jul 12 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • Jul 18 After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • Jul 19 Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
  • Jul 20 Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • Jul 21 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • Jul 23 Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • Jul 25 Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • Jul 25 Pirates Max Carey goes hitless, but scores 5 runs against Phillies
  • Jul 25 A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • Jul 27 11th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 28 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
  • Jul 29 Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied
  • Jul 30 Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • Aug 13 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 26 33rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Maurice McLoughlin beats R. Norris Williams (6-4, 5-7, 6-3, 6-1)
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 30 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
  • Aug 31 Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • Sep 1 Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
  • Sep 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 5 Phillies & Braves tie record of only 1 run in a double header, Phillies win 1st game 1-0, then a scoreless tie into 10th
  • Sep 6 19th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jerry Travers
  • Sep 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9 Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10 George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 14 Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)
  • Sep 15 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • Sep 20 19th US Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club MA
  • Sep 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21 Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29 Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29 Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game
  • Sep 29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • Oct 2 Phillies beat NY Giants 2 games out of 3 in a tripleheader
  • Oct 3 Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • Oct 4 Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP