Historical Events in 1913

Events 1 - 200 of 259

  • Jan 1st Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 1st 8th Australasian Championships: James Cecil Parke beats Alfred Beamish (3-6, 6-3, 1-6, 6-1, 7-5)
  • Jan 2nd National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2nd Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa.

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 6th Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7th William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 8th Frank Chance becomes Yankee manager
  • Jan 11th 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

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Jan 12th After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 13th Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16th British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17th Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18th Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19th Raymond Poincaré installed as president of France
  • Jan 21st Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time
  • Jan 23rd The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

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Jan 24th Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Franz Kafka

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Jan 26th Jim Thorpe relinquishes his 1912 Olympic medals for playing as a professional

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • Jan 29th Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30th UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill
  • Feb 2nd NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe
  • Feb 2nd NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3rd 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 3rd Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4th Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4th National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9th -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10th Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15th 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Feb 16th US President Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • Feb 17th 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

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Feb 17th NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Painter Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
Painter and Sculptor Marcel Duchamp
Painter and Sculptor
Marcel Duchamp
Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Feb 18th French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
  • Feb 18th President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19th 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19th Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20th King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
  • Feb 22nd Lowell HS, SF opens (on its 1st campus)
  • Feb 25th The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax
  • Feb 28th 6.8-m, 4000-kg elephant seal killed, South Georgia (S Atlantic)
  • Mar 1st 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
  • Mar 1st US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
  • Mar 3rd Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington, D.C.
  • Mar 4th 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4th US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
  • Mar 4th Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope" premieres in Monte Carlo
  • Mar 4th NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 8th Federal League organizes with 6 teams
  • Mar 8th Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10th Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Sydney (NS) Millionaires in 2 games
  • Mar 10th William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12th Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13th Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 14th John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Mar 14th South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15th 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15th Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17th The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
  • Mar 18th King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
  • Mar 21st -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400
  • Mar 24th Netherlands soccer team's 1st victory over England
  • Mar 24th Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway NYC
  • Mar 25th Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster in Ohio
  • Mar 25th Home of vaudeville, Palace Theatre, opens (NYC) starring Ed Wynn
  • Mar 26th Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26th Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami, & Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28th Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Apr 3rd British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
  • Apr 4th The Greek aviator Emmanuel Argyropoulos becomes the first pilot victim of the Hellenic Air Force when his plane crashes.
  • Apr 4th 75th Grand National: Percy Woodland aboard Covertcoat wins
  • Apr 8th 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • Apr 8th Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • Apr 9th Brooklyn Dodger's Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1-0
  • Apr 10th President Woodrow Wilson throws out 1st ball, Senators beat Yankees 2-1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 10th Walter Johnson begins string of 56 consecutive scoreless innings

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • Apr 10th During the Montenegrin siege of Scutari, the Montenegrin coastline is blockaded
  • Apr 14th Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • Apr 16th The Bulgarians and the Turks agree to an armistice that will be accepted by the other nations involved
  • Apr 19th 17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minn in 2:25:14.8
  • Apr 21st German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • Apr 22nd Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • Apr 24th Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • Apr 26th Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
  • May 1st Longacre Theater opens at 220 W 48th St NYC
  • May 6th King Nikita I of Montenegro vacates Skoetari, northern Albania
  • May 7th British House of Commons rejects women's right to vote
  • May 7th An ambassadorial conference in St Petersburg, Russia, awards the town of Silistria to Rumania in compensation for Bulgaria's other territorial gains in the First Balkan War
  • May 9th 17th amendment provides for election of senators by popular vote
  • May 10th 39th Kentucky Derby: Roscoe Goose aboard Donerail wins in 2:04.8
  • May 10th Yanks commit 8 errors & still beat Tigers 10-9 in 10 innings
  • May 12th Harry Green runs world record marathon (2:38:16.2)

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May 13th 1st four-engined aircraft built and flown (Igor Sikorsky, Russia)

Aviator Igor Sikorsky
Igor Sikorsky
  • May 14th Frans Hals museum opens in Haarlem, Netherlands
  • May 14th Wash Senator Walter Johnson ends record scorless streak at 56 innings
  • May 19th Webb Alien Land-Holding Bill passes, forbidding Japanese from owning land
  • May 20th 38th Preakness: James Butwell aboard Buskin wins in 1:53.4
  • May 26th US Actors' Equity Association forms (NYC)
  • May 26th Emily Duncan becomes Great Britain's first woman magistrate.

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May 29th Igor Stravinsky's ballet score The Rite of Spring is premiered in Paris, provoking a riot.

Composer Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
  • May 30th 1st Balkan War ends, Treaty of London
  • May 30th New country of Albania, forms
  • May 30th John McGraw joins Fred Clarke, Cap Anson, Frank Selee, & Connie Mack as managers who have won 1,000 games
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: Jules Goux wins in 6:35:05.108 (126.686 km/h)
  • May 31st 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
  • May 31st Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
  • Jun 1st The Serbian government concludes a ten-year treaty with Greece against Bulgaria; Serbia wishes to pursue Macedonian aspirations with Greece's help
  • Jun 2nd 1st strike settlement mediated by US Department of Labor - railroad clerks
  • Jun 2nd Demonstrations for general voting right in Netherlands
  • Jun 3rd Dutch 1st Chamber accepts Health laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4th Suffragette Emily Davison steps in front of King George V's horse Anmer at the Epsom Derby

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 5th Dutch Disability laws go into effect
  • Jun 6th Rabbit Maranville, is thrown out trying to steal home 3 times
  • Jun 7th 1st verifiable ascent of main summit of Denali (Mt McKinley), North America's highest mountain led by Hudson Stuck and Harry Karstens
  • Jun 11th Grand Vizir Mahmud Shevket Pasha is assassinated, resulting in continuing Young Turk terrorism until WWI
  • Jun 12th "Dachshund" by Pathe Freres, early animated cartoon, released
  • Jun 13th 45th Belmont: Roscoe Troxler aboard Prince Eugene wins in 2:18
  • Jun 13th Yanks win 13th game of year after losing 36 games
  • Jun 14th The South African Government pass the Immigration Act, which restricts the entry and free movement of Asians; it leads to widespread agitation and rioting by resident Indians, led by Gandhi
  • Jun 14th 27th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Dorothy Green (6-2, 7-5)
  • Jun 15th The Battle of Bud Bagsak in the Philippine concludes.
  • Jun 16th South African Government pass the segregationist Native Land Act, which restricts purchase or lease of land by native Africans
  • Jun 19th Natives Land Act, Act No 27, passed in South Africa: confines Africans to hopelessly overcrowded reserves and deprives them of rights to purchase land outside the native reserves
  • Jun 20th 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
  • Jun 20th Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
  • Jun 21st Tiny Broadwick is 1st woman to parachute from an airplane
  • Jun 24th 53rd British Golf Open: J H Taylor shoots a 304 at Hoylake Hoylake
  • Jun 25th Dutch Parliamentary election (confess party looses majority)
  • Jun 25th American Civil War veterans begin arriving at the Great Reunion of 1913.
  • Jun 29th The attack by Bulgarian General Michael Savov on Greek and Serbian positions leads to beginning of the second Balkan War
  • Jun 30th NY Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
  • Jun 30th To increase the peacetime strength of the German Army, the Reichstag pass the Army and Finance Bills, a massive defense buildup
  • Jul 1st Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 3rd Common tern banded in Maine; found dead in 1919 in Africa (1st bird known to have crossed the Atlantic)
  • Jul 3rd Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett's Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors.
  • Jul 4th 37th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats Maurice E. McLoughlin (8-6 6-3 10-8)
  • Jul 4th 30th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats W McNair (6-0 6-4)
  • Jul 5th Queen Wilhelmina meets SDAP-leader Troelstra
  • Jul 10th 134°F (57°C), Greenland Ranch, California (US record)
  • Jul 10th Romania declares war on Bulgaria
  • Jul 10th Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
  • Jul 12th 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • Jul 18th After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
  • Jul 19th Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
  • Jul 20th Turkish troops take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
  • Jul 21st The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
  • Jul 23rd Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot, Palestine
  • Jul 25th Carl Weilman strikes out 6 times in a 15 inning game
  • Jul 25th Pirates Max Carey goes hitless, but scores 5 runs against Phillies
  • Jul 25th A meeting in Johannesburg, called by the South African Native National Congress, now African National Congress, is attended by a large number of people from South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, and Swaziland
  • Jul 27th 11th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 28th 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
  • Jul 29th Albania becomes sovereignty under prince Wilhelm von Wied
  • Jul 30th Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
  • Aug 3rd Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8th Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10th 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • Aug 13th Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
  • Aug 13th Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16th Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19th Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20th 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20th Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 26th 33rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Maurice McLoughlin beats R. Norris Williams (6-4, 5-7, 6-3, 6-1)
  • Aug 27th Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27th Lt Peter Nestrov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • Aug 28th Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • Aug 29th Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 30th Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
  • Aug 31st Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands
  • Aug 31st Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 1st George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

  • Sep 1st Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
  • Sep 2nd Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 5th Phillies & Braves tie record of only 1 run in a double header, Phillies win 1st game 1-0, then a scoreless tie into 10th
  • Sep 6th 19th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jerry Travers
  • Sep 6th 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6th Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9th Association for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 10th Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10th George W Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10th Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 14th Cubs Larry Cheney hurls record 14-hit shutout against Giants (7-0)
  • Sep 15th 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16th Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • Sep 20th 19th US Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club MA
  • Sep 21st 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21st Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22nd Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22nd George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22nd The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23rd Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23rd Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23rd Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29th Sam S Shubert Theater opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29th Wash Senator Walter Johnson wins his 36th game
  • Sep 29th The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line
  • Oct 2nd Phillies beat NY Giants 2 games out of 3 in a tripleheader
  • Oct 3rd Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%)
  • Oct 4th Bkln Dodger Jake Daubert earns a new Chalmers auto as NL MVP