Historical Events in 1914

Events 1 - 200 of 419

  • Jan 1 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • Jan 1 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jan 1 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • Jan 2 Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • Jan 3 Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 5 Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day
  • Jan 6 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • Jan 7 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal
  • Jan 10 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
  • Jan 10 Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo
  • Jan 10 Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
  • Jan 13 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

CommunicationModel T

Jan 14 Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 14 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 20 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • Jan 22 Paul Claudel's "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 24 Opera "Madeleine" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • Jan 26 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • Jan 26 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • Jan 27 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • Jan 28 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • Jan 28 Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated
  • Feb 1 NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt
  • Feb 1 Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • Feb 1 Tanganyika Railway opens
  • Feb 2 James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4 US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7 Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin
  • Feb 7 Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF
  • Feb 8 General Zamon becomes president of Haiti
  • Feb 10 In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners released from Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle, 11 in Port Elizabeth
  • Feb 12 Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 12 "The Squaw Man", 1st feature-length film shot in Hollywood, directed by Cecil B. DeMille and Oscar Apfel, is released in the US

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
  • Feb 13 American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC
  • Feb 14 High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
  • Feb 16 1st airplane flight from LA to SF
  • Feb 19 Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini" premieres in Turin
  • Feb 21 White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China
  • Feb 21 In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • Feb 24 Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 26 New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
  • Feb 26 HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
  • Feb 28 Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF)
  • Mar 1 Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • Mar 1 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Mar 7 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • Mar 9 Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9 US Sen albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Mar 10 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • Mar 14 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • Mar 18 White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China
  • Mar 19 Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
  • Mar 20 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • Mar 22 The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline
  • Mar 27 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
  • Mar 27 76th Grand National: Bill Smith aboard Sunloch wins
  • Apr 1 UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
  • Apr 4 "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in LA
  • Apr 6 American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded
  • Apr 8 US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • Apr 9 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • Apr 9 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • Apr 9 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" premieres

  • Apr 11 Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US
  • Apr 13 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • Apr 14 Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
  • Apr 20 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
  • Apr 20 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • Apr 20 US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
  • Apr 21 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22 Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Apr 24 A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Apr 27 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Apr 28 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • May 1 China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
  • May 6 British House of Lords rejects women's suffrage
  • May 7 US Congress establishes mother's day
  • May 9 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4
  • May 9 US President Woodrow Wilson proclaims Mother's Day
  • May 9 J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets.
  • May 14 Chic Jim Scott no-hits Cleve, gives up 2 hits in 10th & loses 1-0
  • May 15 Henri Rabaud's opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris
  • May 15 Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • May 15 US Colonel Edward House sails for Europe to persuade major powers to reduce armies and navies; from Germany, House reports: 'Everybody's nerves are tense; it only needs a spark to set the whole thing off'
  • May 16 American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City
  • May 16 Ewing Field baseball park opens near Masonic Street, San Francisco. Relocated a year later.
  • May 21 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8
  • May 21 Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota
  • May 25 British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
  • May 29 Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence River; 1,024 die
  • May 30 The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: René Thomas wins in 6:03:45.060 (132.729 km/h)
  • May 31 Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-1
  • Jun 2 Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
  • Jun 6 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • Jun 8 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 9 Honus Wagner is 2nd to get 3,000 hits

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Jun 13 Eleftherios Venizelos annouces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands
  • Jun 13 28th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Marie Wagner (6-2, 1-6, 6-1)
  • Jun 19 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
  • Jun 20 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • Jun 24 King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • Jun 26 The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"
  • Jun 27 Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 27 US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia

MurderAssassination

Jun 28 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Jun 29 Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • Jun 30 Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
  • Jul 1 Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
  • Jul 4 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 4 31st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (7-5 6-4)
  • Jul 4 38th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Norman Brookes beats A Wilding (6-4 6-4 7-5)
  • Jul 5 Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, & win World Series
  • Jul 5 Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7 Balt Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • Jul 9 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
  • Jul 10 Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles
  • Jul 11 Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jul 14 NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • Jul 15 Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16 Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • Jul 17 Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • Jul 18 US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
  • Jul 18 Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
  • Jul 19 Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
  • Jul 20 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23 Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25 Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • Jul 25 Last day of club cricket for W G Grace at age 66: he made 69 runs
  • Jul 25 Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 26 For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • Jul 26 Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 26 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 27 Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • Jul 27 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 28 Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
  • Jul 28 First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between NYC & SF
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
  • Aug 1 British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
  • Aug 1 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI
  • Aug 1 France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 1 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 2 Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • Aug 2 German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • Aug 2 German troops overthrows Luxembourg
  • Aug 2 Germany & Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance
  • Aug 2 Great Britain mobilizes
  • Aug 2 Postdam Conference ended
  • Aug 2 Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • Aug 2 Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place
  • Aug 3 1st seaworthy ship passes through the Panama Canal
  • Aug 3 Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army
  • Aug 3 French fleet sails to North Africa
  • Aug 3 German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • Aug 3 Germany invades Belgium & declares war on France in WW I
  • Aug 3 World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • Aug 3 Yankee catcher Nunamaker throws out 3 would be stealers in 1 inning
  • Aug 4 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • Aug 4 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • Aug 4 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • Aug 4 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war
  • Aug 4 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany
  • Aug 4 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 5 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Aug 5 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • Aug 5 Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • Aug 5 Massive German assault on forts around Liège
  • Aug 5 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • Aug 5 US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
  • Aug 5 Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • Aug 6 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • Aug 6 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • Aug 6 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
  • Aug 7 Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • Aug 7 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • Aug 7 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • Aug 7 German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium
  • Aug 7 Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK