Historical Events in 1914

Events 1 - 200 of 420

  • Jan 1st 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • Jan 1st Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jan 1st Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • Jan 2nd Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • Jan 3rd Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 5th Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day
  • Jan 6th Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • Jan 7th 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal
  • Jan 10th 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
  • Jan 10th Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo
  • Jan 10th Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
  • Jan 13th IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

CommunicationModel T

Jan 14th Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 14th The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16th Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17th Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 20th The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • Jan 22nd Paul Claudel's "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 24th Opera "Madeleine" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25th An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • Jan 26th 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • Jan 26th Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • Jan 27th A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • Jan 28th 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • Jan 28th Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated
  • Feb 1st NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt
  • Feb 1st Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed
  • Feb 1st Tanganyika Railway opens
  • Feb 2nd James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 4th US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 7th Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
  • Feb 7th Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF
  • Feb 8th General Zamon becomes president of Haiti
  • Feb 10th In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners are released from the Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters are released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle and 11 in Port Elizabeth
  • Feb 12th Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

Film release premierFilm Release

Feb 12th "The Squaw Man", 1st feature-length film shot in Hollywood, directed by Cecil B. DeMille and Oscar Apfel, is released in the US

Filmmaker and Director Cecil B. DeMille
Filmmaker and Director
Cecil B. DeMille
  • Feb 13th American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC
  • Feb 14th High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
  • Feb 16th 1st airplane flight from LA to SF
  • Feb 19th Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini" premieres in Turin
  • Feb 21st White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China
  • Feb 21st In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean
  • Feb 24th Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 26th New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated
  • Feb 26th HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
  • Feb 28th Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF)
  • Mar 1st Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • Mar 1st The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Mar 7th Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • Mar 9th Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 9th US Sen albert fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico"

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Mar 10th Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez
  • Mar 14th Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • Mar 18th White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China
  • Mar 19th Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
  • Mar 20th 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
  • Mar 21st US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 21st US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • Mar 22nd The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline
  • Mar 27th 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
  • Mar 27th 76th Grand National: Bill Smith aboard Sunloch wins
  • Apr 1st UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
  • Apr 4th "Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in LA
  • Apr 6th American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded
  • Apr 8th US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • Apr 9th "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • Apr 9th Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • Apr 9th US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11th George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" premieres

  • Apr 11th Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US
  • Apr 13th 1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2
  • Apr 14th Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
  • Apr 20th 18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2
  • Apr 20th 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • Apr 20th US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves
  • Apr 21st US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 22nd Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • Apr 24th A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25th US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Apr 27th Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Apr 28th 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • May 1st China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification
  • May 6th British House of Lords rejects women's suffrage
  • May 7th US Congress establishes mother's day
  • May 9th 40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4
  • May 9th US President Woodrow Wilson proclaims Mother's Day
  • May 9th J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets.
  • May 14th Chic Jim Scott no-hits Cleve, gives up 2 hits in 10th & loses 1-0
  • May 15th Henri Rabaud's opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris
  • May 15th Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • May 15th US Colonel Edward House sails for Europe to persuade major powers to reduce armies and navies; from Germany, House reports: 'Everybody's nerves are tense; it only needs a spark to set the whole thing off'
  • May 16th American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City
  • May 16th Ewing Field baseball park opens near Masonic Street, San Francisco. Relocated a year later.
  • May 21st 39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8
  • May 21st Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota
  • May 25th British House of Commons passes the Irish Home Rule Bill
  • May 29th Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence River; 1,024 die
  • May 30th The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City.
  • May 30th Indianapolis 500: René Thomas wins in 6:03:45.060 (132.729 km/h)
  • May 31st Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-1
  • Jun 2nd Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome
  • Jun 6th 1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway)
  • Jun 8th 34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jun 9th Honus Wagner is 2nd to get 3,000 hits

MLB Shortshop Honus Wagner
MLB Shortshop
Honus Wagner
  • Jun 13th Eleftherios Venizelos annouces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands
  • Jun 13th 28th U.S. Women's National Championship: Mary Browne beats Marie Wagner (6-2, 1-6, 6-1)
  • Jun 19th 54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club
  • Jun 20th 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
  • Jun 24th King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent
  • Jun 26th The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"
  • Jun 27th Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Jun 27th US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia


Jun 28th Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Jun 29th Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia.
  • Jun 30th Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
  • Jul 1st Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
  • Jul 4th 1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 4th 31st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (7-5 6-4)
  • Jul 4th 38th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Norman Brookes beats A Wilding (6-4 6-4 7-5)
  • Jul 5th Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, & win World Series
  • Jul 5th Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 7th Balt Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty

Baseball Legend Connie Mack
Baseball Legend
Connie Mack
  • Jul 9th 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
  • Jul 10th Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles
  • Jul 11th Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14th 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Jul 14th NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
  • Jul 15th Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
  • Jul 16th Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg)
  • Jul 17th Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1
  • Jul 18th US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
  • Jul 18th Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance
  • Jul 19th Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
  • Jul 20th Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
  • Jul 23rd Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult
  • Jul 25th Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary
  • Jul 25th Last day of club cricket for W G Grace at age 66: he made 69 runs
  • Jul 25th Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26th First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • Jul 26th For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war
  • Jul 26th Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens
  • Jul 26th 12th Tour de France won by Philippe Thys of Belgium
  • Jul 27th Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade
  • Jul 27th Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.
  • Jul 28th Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
  • Jul 28th First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow
  • Jul 28th Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29th 1st transcontinental phone link made between NYC & SF
  • Jul 29th Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29th British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29th Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29th In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30th Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30th French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30th John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30th After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31st German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jul 31st Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
  • Aug 1st British fleet reaches Scapa Flow
  • Aug 1st Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI
  • Aug 1st France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 1st Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 2nd Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • Aug 2nd German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • Aug 2nd German troops overthrows Luxembourg
  • Aug 2nd Germany & Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance
  • Aug 2nd Great Britain mobilizes
  • Aug 2nd Postdam Conference ended
  • Aug 2nd Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • Aug 2nd Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place
  • Aug 3rd 1st seaworthy ship passes through the Panama Canal
  • Aug 3rd Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army
  • Aug 3rd French fleet sails to North Africa
  • Aug 3rd German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • Aug 3rd Germany invades Belgium & declares war on France in WW I
  • Aug 3rd World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • Aug 3rd Yankee catcher Nunamaker throws out 3 would be stealers in 1 inning
  • Aug 4th WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • Aug 4th German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • Aug 4th WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • Aug 4th WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war
  • Aug 4th WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany
  • Aug 4th US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 5th 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Aug 5th Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • Aug 5th Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money
  • Aug 5th Massive German assault on forts around Liège
  • Aug 5th Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • Aug 5th US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
  • Aug 5th Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
  • Aug 6th WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • Aug 6th WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • Aug 6th WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • Aug 6th WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • Aug 6th Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
  • Aug 7th Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • Aug 7th French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • Aug 7th French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • Aug 7th German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium
  • Aug 7th Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK